Psychology Quiz: Milgram's Experiment Questions!

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Psychology Quiz: Milgrams Experiment Questions! - Quiz

Milgram’s study is a series of experiments conducted by psychologist Stanley Milgram, which measured the willingness of study participants to obey an authority figure who instructed them to do various tasks of moral conflict. What do you know about it?


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    What was the sampling method in Milgram's Study?

    • A.

      Self-Volunteered Sampling.

    • B.

      Random Sampling.

    • C.

      Opportunity Sampling.

    • D.

      Strange Sampling.

    Correct Answer
    A. Self-Volunteered Sampling.
    Explanation
    Milgram's Study used a self-volunteered sampling method, where participants willingly volunteered themselves to take part in the study. This means that individuals who were interested or motivated to participate were more likely to be included in the study, potentially introducing bias into the sample. This method allowed Milgram to gather data from individuals who were willing to engage in the study's controversial procedures, such as administering electric shocks to others, which may not have been possible with other sampling methods.

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  • 2. 

    How much was the participants paid for turning up to participate in the experiment?

    • A.

      £4.30

    • B.

      $4.50

    • C.

      $4.00

    • D.

      $0.50p

    Correct Answer
    B. $4.50
    Explanation
    The participants were paid $4.50 for turning up to participate in the experiment.

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  • 3. 

    Participants were misleaded by Milgram, they were told a cover story, what did they believe the experiment was about?

    • A.

      Obedience to an authority figure.

    • B.

      The effect of punishment on learning.

    • C.

      The effect of punishment on obedience.

    • D.

      Nothing. They were not told anything about the experiment's aims.

    Correct Answer
    B. The effect of punishment on learning.
    Explanation
    Participants in Milgram's experiment were misled and given a cover story. They were led to believe that the experiment was about the effect of punishment on learning. This cover story was used to deceive participants and create a situation where they would be more likely to obey the authority figure conducting the experiment. By framing the experiment as a study on punishment and learning, participants were more likely to follow instructions and administer what they believed to be electric shocks to another person. This deception was a crucial aspect of the study in order to examine obedience to authority.

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  • 4. 

    Who was "Mr Wallace"? What was his part in the experiment?

    • A.

      The "experimenter" who was a confederate.

    • B.

      The "learner" who was a participant.

    • C.

      The "experimenter" who was a participant.

    • D.

      The "learner" who was a confederate.

    Correct Answer
    D. The "learner" who was a confederate.
    Explanation
    Mr. Wallace was the person who played the role of the "learner" in the experiment. He was not a genuine participant, but rather a confederate who was working with the experimenter. This means that Mr. Wallace was aware of the true nature of the experiment and was instructed to act in a specific way to elicit certain responses from the actual participant. His part in the experiment was to pretend to receive electric shocks and provide responses based on a predetermined script, in order to study the participant's obedience to authority.

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  • 5. 

    How many participants didn't go up to 450v?

    • A.

      40.

    • B.

      14.

    • C.

      5.

    • D.

      15.

    Correct Answer
    B. 14.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is 14. This means that out of all the participants, 14 of them did not go up to 450v.

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  • 6. 

    Which of these phrases was not a verbal prod used by Milgram?

    • A.

      "Please continue"

    • B.

      "The experiment requires you to continue"

    • C.

      "It is absolutely essential that you continue"

    • D.

      "The experiment will be useless if you do not continue"

    Correct Answer
    D. "The experiment will be useless if you do not continue"
    Explanation
    Milgram used various verbal prods to encourage participants to continue the experiment, including phrases like "Please continue," "The experiment requires you to continue," and "It is absolutely essential that you continue." However, the phrase "The experiment will be useless if you do not continue" was not a verbal prod used by Milgram. This phrase implies that the experiment's outcome would be affected if the participant did not continue, which was not a tactic employed by Milgram in his study.

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  • 7. 

    Which of these ethical guidelines did Milgram not break?

    • A.

      Deception.

    • B.

      Debriefing.

    • C.

      Right to Withdraw.

    • D.

      Protection from Harm.

    Correct Answer
    B. Debriefing.
    Explanation
    Milgram did not break the ethical guideline of debriefing. Debriefing refers to the process of providing participants with a thorough explanation of the study, its purpose, and any deception that may have been involved, as well as addressing any concerns or negative feelings that may have arisen during the study. While Milgram's famous obedience experiments involved deception and potentially caused psychological distress to participants, he did conduct debriefing sessions afterwards to ensure that participants understood the true nature of the study and to address any emotional or psychological harm that may have occurred.

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  • 8. 

    With of these statements is not a disadvantage of Milgram's Study sample?

    • A.

      The sample was ethnocentric.

    • B.

      The sample was androcentric.

    • C.

      The sample only contained 20-50 year old men.

    • D.

      All the soldiers in World War 2 were male, and all the participants in the sample were male.

    Correct Answer
    D. All the soldiers in World War 2 were male, and all the participants in the sample were male.
    Explanation
    The statement "All the soldiers in World War 2 were male, and all the participants in the sample were male" is not a disadvantage of Milgram's Study sample because it aligns with the objective of the study. Milgram's study aimed to investigate obedience to authority, specifically in relation to male soldiers during World War 2. Therefore, having a sample consisting only of men, similar to the soldiers involved in the war, is not a disadvantage but rather a deliberate choice to ensure relevance and generalizability to the research question.

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  • 9. 

    Define or explain what 'Agentic State' means?

    • A.

      When individuals make their own decisions based on their own ideas, beliefs and experiences.

    • B.

      When individuals give up their responibilities and instead act upon the beliefs of an authority figure.

    • C.

      When individuals do not give up their responibilities and do not act upon others beliefs.

    • D.

      When individuals act upon free will.

    Correct Answer
    B. When individuals give up their responibilities and instead act upon the beliefs of an authority figure.
    Explanation
    The term "Agentic State" refers to a psychological phenomenon where individuals relinquish their personal responsibilities and instead conform to the beliefs and directives of an authority figure. In this state, individuals may act upon the instructions given by the authority figure without questioning or critically evaluating them. This concept is often associated with obedience to authority and can be observed in situations such as Milgram's obedience experiments, where participants followed the instructions of an experimenter despite causing harm to others.

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  • 10. 

    Which of these responces from participants were not observed when the participants were in extreme tension?

    • A.

      Sweating.

    • B.

      Trembling.

    • C.

      Participants biting their lips.

    • D.

      Groaning.

    • E.

      Nervous laughter.

    • F.

      Participants talking to themselves.

    • G.

      Seizures.

    Correct Answer
    F. Participants talking to themselves.
    Explanation
    When individuals are in extreme tension, they may exhibit physical symptoms such as sweating, trembling, biting their lips, groaning, and experiencing nervous laughter. They may also experience seizures. However, talking to oneself is not typically observed as a response to extreme tension.

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