Fundamental Attribution Error Quiz

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Fundamental Attribution Error Quiz - Quiz

What Do You Know About Fundamental Attribution Error? Can you pass this fundamental attribution error quiz? One person can be viewed as having different characteristics, but people tend to judge them based on how they behave other than what makes them behave in that particular way. Take up this quiz and see how much you understand this theory as an aspiring psychiatrist and its setbacks. All the best to you!


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    What is the basic concept/idea behind Fundamental Attribution Error?

    • A.

      People tend to overestimate/attribute too much to dispositional factors and underestimate situational factors.

    • B.

      People tend to overestimate situational factors and underestimate dispositional factors.

    • C.

      People tend to attribute their actions to factors, unmeasurable

    • D.

      There is no theory

    Correct Answer
    A. People tend to overestimate/attribute too much to dispositional factors and underestimate situational factors.
    Explanation
    The basic concept behind the Fundamental Attribution Error is that people tend to attribute the behavior of others to dispositional factors (internal characteristics or personality traits) rather than considering situational factors (external circumstances or environment). This means that individuals often overestimate the influence of someone's personality or character in determining their behavior, while underestimating the impact of the situation they are in. This cognitive bias can lead to misunderstandings and incorrect judgments about others' actions.

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  • 2. 

    When we talk about our own behavior, we reverse the fundamental attribution error.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The explanation for the given correct answer is that when we talk about our own behavior, we tend to attribute our actions to external factors rather than internal characteristics. This is known as the fundamental attribution error. It is a cognitive bias where we tend to overemphasize the role of personal traits and underestimate the influence of situational factors when explaining the behavior of others. However, when it comes to our own behavior, we are more likely to consider external factors and circumstances as the cause of our actions.

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  • 3. 

    Why would the Magician be able to choose the right card every single time?

    • A.

      Magic, duh!- why else?! Harry potter is based on something.

    • B.

      Illusion?- it was by chance, the people imagined things, and he got lucky.

    • C.

      Situational?- because of the context, his job as a magician at that wedding is to entertain. His presence would be pointless.

    • D.

      I don't know.

    Correct Answer
    C. Situational?- because of the context, his job as a magician at that wedding is to entertain. His presence would be pointless.
    Explanation
    The magician would be able to choose the right card every single time because it is his job as a magician at the wedding to entertain the guests. If he were unable to choose the right card, his presence would be pointless and he would not be able to provide the entertainment that is expected of him.

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  • 4. 

    We explain a person's behavior with 5 types of attribution.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The statement is false because there are actually three types of attribution, not five. The three types are internal attribution, external attribution, and situational attribution. Internal attribution refers to explaining behavior based on a person's internal qualities or characteristics, while external attribution refers to explaining behavior based on external factors or circumstances. Situational attribution refers to explaining behavior based on the specific situation or context in which it occurs. Therefore, the statement that there are five types of attribution is incorrect.

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  • 5. 

    We tend to overemphasize situational attribution.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    This statement suggests that we do not overemphasize situational attribution. Situational attribution refers to attributing someone's behavior to external factors or circumstances rather than their internal traits or characteristics. However, research has shown that people often tend to overemphasize dispositional or internal factors when explaining behavior, rather than considering situational factors. This is known as the fundamental attribution error. Therefore, the statement is false as it contradicts the commonly observed tendency to overemphasize dispositional attribution.

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  • 6. 

    Social psychology is the field of psych dealing with how we think about other people, communicate, in relationships and groups, as well as being influenced by others.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The statement accurately describes social psychology as the field of psychology that focuses on understanding how individuals think about others, communicate, form relationships, and behave in groups. It also acknowledges the impact of social influence on individuals. Therefore, the answer "True" is correct.

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  • 7. 

    Which factor did Bowlby not consider? And what were the examples?

    • A.

      Situational; they didn't know the environment and the people.

    • B.

      Dispositional; the children had emotional attachments to the parents.

    • C.

      Situational; they were scared of hospitals.

    • D.

      Situational; they were scared of doctors from the beginning because of previous experience.

    Correct Answer
    A. Situational; they didn't know the environment and the people.
    Explanation
    Bowlby did not consider the situational factor of the children not knowing the environment and the people. This means that Bowlby did not take into account the unfamiliarity and lack of knowledge the children had about their surroundings and the individuals present.

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  • 8. 

    Why did people wrongly rate the game show host as the most intelligent person?

    • A.

      Because he/she knew all the answers and looked the smartest

    • B.

      Because he/she wrote the questions and failed to consider how the game was made

    • C.

      Because they were told so

    • D.

      Because they assumed so

    Correct Answer
    B. Because he/she wrote the questions and failed to consider how the game was made
    Explanation
    People wrongly rated the game show host as the most intelligent person because he/she wrote the questions and failed to consider how the game was made. This means that the host had an advantage over the contestants by having prior knowledge of the questions and answers. As a result, the host appeared to be more intelligent than they actually were.

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  • 9. 

    The theory of how we explain others' behavior is known as

    • A.

      Impression theory

    • B.

       inferential analysis theory

    • C.

      Cognitive dissonance theory

    • D.

      Attribution theory

    Correct Answer
    D. Attribution theory
    Explanation
    The theory of how we explain others' behavior is known as attribution theory. This theory suggests that individuals tend to attribute the behavior of others to either internal factors (such as personality traits or abilities) or external factors (such as situational factors or luck). It emphasizes the importance of making inferences about the causes of behavior in order to understand and predict others' actions. Attribution theory helps us make sense of the social world by providing a framework for understanding the reasons behind people's behavior.

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  • 10. 

    The person's stable, enduring traits, personality, ability, and emotions:

    • A.

      Attribution theory

    • B.

      Situational attribution

    • C.

      Both A & B

    • D.

      Dispositional attribution

    Correct Answer
    D. Dispositional attribution
    Explanation
    Dispositional attribution refers to the tendency to explain someone's behavior based on their stable, enduring traits, personality, ability, and emotions. This means that when we make a dispositional attribution, we attribute the behavior to the person's internal characteristics rather than the situation or external factors. In this case, the correct answer suggests that the person's stable, enduring traits, personality, ability, and emotions are explained by dispositional attribution.

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  • Current Version
  • Aug 20, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Sep 16, 2009
    Quiz Created by
    Maraortega
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