Protein Synthesis Biological Process Quiz Questions

26 Questions | Total Attempts: 74

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Protein Synthesis Biological Process Quiz Questions

Protein synthesis is a fundamental biological process by which individual cells build their specific proteins. This can be done by two means – transcription and translation. What else can you tell us about this process? Let’s find out.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Why must transcription take place?
  • 2. 
    What makes up RNA?
    • A. 

      Amino acids

    • B. 

      Nucleic acids

    • C. 

      Nucleic bases

  • 3. 
    What are the three forms of RNA?
  • 4. 
    What is gene expression?
  • 5. 
    What are the two stages of gene expression?
  • 6. 
    An mRNA strand is being matched up to a DNA strand inside the nucleus. What is this stage of gene expression called?
  • 7. 
    What enzyme helps with transcription?
  • 8. 
    How many bases (nucleotides) code for one amino acid?
  • 9. 
    What is a 3-nucleotide code on mRNA called?
  • 10. 
    What is the 3-antinucleotide code on tRNA called?
  • 11. 
    Transcribe the following DNA strand. (no spaces,add slashes, like below)AAC/TTA/AAA/GGC
  • 12. 
    The following mRNA strand codes for 4 amino acids.AAUUUGCCGUUU
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 13. 
    What are proteins made of?
  • 14. 
    Where do cells get amino acids with which to build the proteins that they need?
    • A. 

      Cytoplasm

    • B. 

      Food

    • C. 

      The sun

  • 15. 
    Where does protein synthesis take place?
  • 16. 
    The decoding of mRNA into a protein is called what?
  • 17. 
    What nucleic acid is linked to the term: codon?
  • 18. 
    What is another name for protein?
  • 19. 
    Which amino acid is the start code?
    • A. 

      Glutamine

    • B. 

      Proline

    • C. 

      Methionine

    • D. 

      Serine

  • 20. 
    How is RNA different from DNA?
    • A. 

      Has double helix

    • B. 

      Has single strand

    • C. 

      Is loacted in nucleus

    • D. 

      Is located in and out of nucleus

    • E. 

      Has guanine

    • F. 

      Has uracil

    • G. 

      Has thymine

    • H. 

      Has an R instead of D

  • 21. 
    This nucleic acid makes up the ribosome's structure
  • 22. 
    This nucleic acid brings amino acids to the ribosome for protein making
  • 23. 
    This nucleic acid brings instructions from inside the nucleus to the ribosome
  • 24. 
    This nucleic acid has instructions for gene expression.
  • 25. 
    A segment on DNA that gives a code for protein making on DNA is also called a(n):
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