Protein Synthesis In The Cellular Factory Quiz

15 Questions | Total Attempts: 235

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Protein Synthesis In The Cellular Factory Quiz

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Ribosomes are used directly to make __________________ in all cells.
    • A. 

      Carbohydrates

    • B. 

      Lipids

    • C. 

      Proteins

    • D. 

      Energy

  • 2. 
    How many codons are needed to form one amino acid?
    • A. 

      1

    • B. 

      3

    • C. 

      4

    • D. 

      6

  • 3. 
    The correct pairing of nitrogenous bases in DNA is:
    • A. 

      Adenine with Guanine; Thymine with Cytosine

    • B. 

      Adenine with Uracil; Guanine with Cytosine

    • C. 

      Cytosine with Guanine; Adenine with Thymine

    • D. 

      Uracil with Thymine; Cytosine with Gunanine

  • 4. 
    Nucleotides are composed of:
    • A. 

      Phosphate-Sugar-Nitrogen Base

    • B. 

      Phosphate-Sugar-Phosphate

    • C. 

      Nitrogen Base-Phosphate-Nitrogen Base

    • D. 

      Sugar-Phosphate-Sugar

  • 5. 
    Double stranded nucleic acid:
    • A. 

      MRNA

    • B. 

      TRNA

    • C. 

      DNA

    • D. 

      Nucleotide

  • 6. 
    Messenger RNA is found in:
    • A. 

      Nucleus and Cytoplasm

    • B. 

      Cytoplasm only

    • C. 

      Nucleus only

    • D. 

      None of the above

  • 7. 
    Which RNA sequence is produced using the DNA sequence AGCTACACT
    • A. 

      TCGATGTGA

    • B. 

      UCGAUGUGA

    • C. 

      AGCUACACU

    • D. 

      UCGUACACU

  • 8. 
    What is the correct role of the tRNA (transfer RNA)
    • A. 

      Reads every triplet at a time

    • B. 

      Pass on genes from one generation to the next

    • C. 

      Carries the message

    • D. 

      Delivers amino acids

  • 9. 
    What sugar does RNA contain?
    • A. 

      Table Sugar

    • B. 

      Glucose

    • C. 

      Ribose

    • D. 

      Deoxyribose

  • 10. 
    Which of these processes occurs when a molecule of mRNA is made
    • A. 

      Transcription

    • B. 

      Replication

    • C. 

      Translation

    • D. 

      Excretion

  • 11. 
    Which of these occurs when an amino acid is linked in the ribosome
    • A. 

      Transcription

    • B. 

      Translation

    • C. 

      Replication

    • D. 

      Excretion

  • 12. 
    What is produced during transcription?
    • A. 

      RNA polymerase

    • B. 

      Proteins

    • C. 

      RNA molecules

    • D. 

      DNA molecules

  • 13. 
    What enzyme is used in replication
    • A. 

      RNA polymerase

    • B. 

      DNA polymerase

    • C. 

      Lipase

    • D. 

      Sucrase duplicator

  • 14. 
    Amino acids are transferred to the polypeptide chain by a specific tRNA. This tRNA is matched based on:
    • A. 

      Anti-codon

    • B. 

      Natural abiliity

    • C. 

      RNA polymerase

    • D. 

      Binding capacity

  • 15. 
    A mutation is caused by:
    • A. 

      A change in protein

    • B. 

      A change in DNA bases

    • C. 

      A change in cytoplasm

    • D. 

      A change in cell processes

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