Pharmacology Pharmacokinetics Introduction Quiz!

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Pharmacology Pharmacokinetics Introduction Quiz! - Quiz

Different drugs have different ways in which they enter the body and attack the base for an illness or diseases. The pharmacokinetic process is concerned with the absorption, distribution and elimination of drugs. In the Pharmacology class we got to learn more on pharmacokinetics and the test below is designed to see how much you understood. Give it a try!


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    What describes the action of the body on the drug?

    • A.

      Pharmacodynamics

    • B.

      Pharmacokinetics

    • C.

      Microbiology

    • D.

      Physiology

    • E.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    B. Pharmacokinetics
    Explanation
    Pharmacokinetics refers to the study of how the body affects a drug, including its absorption, distribution, metabolism, and excretion. It focuses on understanding how the drug moves through the body and is processed, which can influence its effectiveness and safety. This includes factors such as how the drug is absorbed into the bloodstream, how it is distributed to different tissues and organs, how it is metabolized or broken down, and how it is eliminated from the body. Therefore, pharmacokinetics accurately describes the action of the body on the drug.

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  • 2. 

    What describes the action of a drug on the body?

    • A.

      Pharmacodynamics

    • B.

      Pharmacokinetics

    • C.

      Microbiology

    • D.

      Physiology

    • E.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    A. Pharmacodynamics
    Explanation
    Pharmacodynamics refers to the study of how a drug interacts with the body and produces its effects. It involves understanding the mechanisms of action, the biochemical and physiological effects, and the relationship between drug concentration and its effect on the body. This includes studying the drug-receptor interactions, signal transduction pathways, and the overall impact on the body's functions. Therefore, pharmacodynamics accurately describes the action of a drug on the body.

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  • 3. 

    What is the entry of drugs into the plasma?

    • A.

      Absorption

    • B.

      Distribution

    • C.

      Elimination

    • D.

      Metabolism

    • E.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    A. Absorption
    Explanation
    Absorption refers to the process by which drugs enter the bloodstream from the site of administration. It involves the movement of drugs across biological barriers, such as the gastrointestinal tract or the skin, and their subsequent entry into the plasma. Once in the plasma, drugs can then be distributed to various tissues and organs, metabolized by the body's enzymes, and eliminated from the body. Therefore, the entry of drugs into the plasma is correctly described as absorption.

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  • 4. 

    Which of the following is a disadvantage of using oral drugs

    • A.

      First pass effect

    • B.

      Low bioavailability

    • C.

      Overdose overcome by antidotes

    • D.

      A and B

    • E.

      B and C

    Correct Answer
    D. A and B
    Explanation
    The correct answer is A and B. The first pass effect refers to the metabolism of a drug in the liver before it reaches systemic circulation, which can result in a significant reduction in the drug's bioavailability. This means that a smaller amount of the drug will be available to produce its intended effect. Low bioavailability refers to the percentage of the drug that actually reaches systemic circulation unchanged. Both of these factors can limit the effectiveness of oral drugs compared to other routes of administration.

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  • 5. 

    Which of the following is an advantage of sublingual administration?

    • A.

      Rapid absorption

    • B.

      Convenient

    • C.

      Avoid harsh GI environment

    • D.

      Avoid first pass-metabolism

    • E.

      All off the above

    Correct Answer
    E. All off the above
    Explanation
    Sublingual administration has several advantages. Firstly, it allows for rapid absorption of the medication into the bloodstream as the sublingual mucosa has a rich blood supply. Additionally, it is a convenient method as it does not require swallowing or the use of needles. Sublingual administration also bypasses the harsh gastrointestinal (GI) environment, which can degrade some medications. Lastly, it avoids first-pass metabolism, where the medication is partially metabolized by the liver before reaching systemic circulation. Therefore, all of the given options are advantages of sublingual administration.

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  • 6. 

    Which of the following routes have the highest bioavailability?

    • A.

      Oral

    • B.

      IM

    • C.

      IV

    • D.

      SC

    • E.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    C. IV
    Explanation
    The intravenous (IV) route has the highest bioavailability compared to the other routes mentioned. When a drug is administered intravenously, it is directly injected into the bloodstream, bypassing the digestive system and any potential barriers to absorption. This allows for the drug to be rapidly and completely absorbed, resulting in a higher bioavailability. In contrast, oral, intramuscular (IM), and subcutaneous (SC) routes may have lower bioavailability due to factors such as incomplete absorption, first-pass metabolism, or slower absorption rates.

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  • 7. 

    Which of the following is a disadvantage of IM administration?

    • A.

      Larger volumes can be used

    • B.

      Can affect lab tests

    • C.

      Painful

    • D.

      A and C

    • E.

      B and C

    Correct Answer
    E. B and C
    Explanation
    The disadvantage of IM (intramuscular) administration is that it can affect lab tests and it can be painful. IM administration involves injecting medication into the muscle, which can cause discomfort and pain. Additionally, the injection site can sometimes interfere with certain lab tests, leading to inaccurate results. Therefore, the correct answer is B and C.

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  • 8. 

    What is the fraction of unchanged drugs reaching systemic circulation?

    • A.

      Elimination

    • B.

      Bioavailability

    • C.

      Metabolism

    • D.

      Drug displacement

    • E.

      Volume of distribution (Vd)

    Correct Answer
    B. Bioavailability
    Explanation
    Bioavailability refers to the fraction of an unchanged drug that reaches the systemic circulation after administration. It is a measure of the extent and rate at which a drug is absorbed and becomes available at the site of action. Factors such as metabolism, drug displacement, and volume of distribution can affect bioavailability. Therefore, the correct answer is bioavailability.

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  • 9. 

    Which of the following are well-perfused tissues?

    • A.

      Brain

    • B.

       skeletal

    • C.

      Bone

    • D.

      Adipose

    • E.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    A. Brain
    Explanation
    The brain is a well-perfused tissue because it has a rich blood supply. This is necessary for the brain to receive a constant supply of oxygen and nutrients, as well as to remove waste products. The brain requires a high amount of energy and oxygen to function properly, and its blood vessels ensure that these requirements are met.

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  • 10. 

    Which of the following are poorly perfused tissues?

    • A.

      Heart

    • B.

      Brain

    • C.

      Liver

    • D.

      Kidneys

    • E.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    E. None of the above
    Explanation
    All of the listed tissues (heart, brain, liver, kidneys) are well perfused, meaning they receive an adequate blood supply. The term "poorly perfused" refers to tissues that do not receive enough blood flow, which can lead to inadequate oxygen and nutrient delivery. Therefore, the correct answer is "none of the above" as none of the listed tissues are poorly perfused.

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  • 11. 

    Where are large fenestrations or slit junctions located?

    • A.

      Bone

    • B.

      Brain

    • C.

      Skin

    • D.

      Liver

    • E.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. Liver
    Explanation
    Large fenestrations or slit junctions are located in the liver. These structures are found in the endothelial cells lining the liver sinusoids, which are specialized blood vessels in the liver. The presence of fenestrations allows for the exchange of substances between the blood and the liver cells, facilitating the filtration and processing of blood in the liver. This unique feature of the liver plays a crucial role in its functions, such as detoxification, metabolism, and nutrient storage.

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  • 12. 

    Where are tight junctions created by two adjoining cells located?

    • A.

      Bone

    • B.

      Brain

    • C.

      Skin

    • D.

      Liver

    • E.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    B. Brain
    Explanation
    Tight junctions are specialized connections between cells that are found in various tissues throughout the body. However, in the context of this question, tight junctions are specifically located in the brain. These junctions play a crucial role in creating a barrier between cells in the brain, known as the blood-brain barrier, which helps regulate the movement of substances in and out of the brain to maintain its proper function and protect it from harmful substances.

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  • 13. 

    What takes up a large amount of drug?

    • A.

      Muscles

    • B.

      Adipose

    • C.

      Brain

    • D.

      A and B

    • E.

      A and C

    Correct Answer
    D. A and B
    Explanation
    Muscles and adipose tissue both take up a large amount of drugs. Muscles have a high blood supply and a large surface area, allowing for efficient drug absorption. Adipose tissue, or fat, can also store drugs for a longer duration due to its high lipid content. Therefore, drugs can accumulate in both muscles and adipose tissue, leading to a larger overall drug distribution in the body.

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  • 14. 

    The volume of distribution (Vd) for a drug that is completely retained in the vascular compartment would be?

    • A.

      High

    • B.

      Low

    • C.

      Unchanged

    • D.

      Cannot be determined

    Correct Answer
    B. Low
    Explanation
    If a drug is completely retained in the vascular compartment, it means that it does not distribute extensively into other tissues or compartments in the body. In this case, the volume of distribution (Vd) would be low because the drug remains primarily in the blood vessels and does not spread out into the tissues. Therefore, the drug is confined to a smaller volume, resulting in a low Vd.

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  • 15. 

    The volume of distribution (Vd) for a drug highly bound in peripheral tissues would be?

    • A.

      High

    • B.

      Low

    • C.

      Unchanged

    • D.

      Cannot be determine

    Correct Answer
    A. High
    Explanation
    When a drug is highly bound in peripheral tissues, it means that a large portion of the drug is distributed and accumulated in these tissues. This results in a larger volume of distribution (Vd) for the drug, indicating that it is extensively distributed throughout the body beyond the plasma compartment. Therefore, the correct answer is "high."

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  • 16. 

    Drugs bound to albumin are inactive.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Drugs that are bound to albumin are considered inactive because they are unable to exert their pharmacological effects while bound to the protein. When drugs are bound to albumin, they are unable to interact with their target receptors or enzymes, thus rendering them inactive. Only the unbound or free fraction of drugs can interact with their targets and produce therapeutic effects. Therefore, the statement "Drugs bound to albumin are inactive" is true.

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  • 17. 

    Binding of drugs to albumin is irreversible.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The statement that binding of drugs to albumin is irreversible is false. Drug molecules can bind to albumin reversibly, meaning that they can associate and dissociate from albumin. This reversible binding allows for the transportation of drugs in the bloodstream and their release at the target site.

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  • 18. 

    Which of the following does albumin have the strongest affinity for?

    • A.

      Amionic drugs

    • B.

      Hydrophilic drugs

    • C.

      Hydrophobic drugs

    • D.

      A and B

    • E.

      A and C

    Correct Answer
    E. A and C
    Explanation
    Albumin has the strongest affinity for both amionic drugs and hydrophobic drugs. Amionic drugs are positively charged and can bind to albumin through electrostatic interactions. On the other hand, hydrophobic drugs can bind to albumin through hydrophobic interactions. Therefore, albumin can bind to both types of drugs, making the answer A and C correct.

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  • 19. 

    A patient with an edema would have an increased volume of distribution (Vd) if?

    • A.

      The patient was taking an anionic drug

    • B.

      The patient was taking a hydrophobic drug

    • C.

      The patient was taking a hydrophilic drug

    • D.

      An edema always causes an increase in Vd

    • E.

      An edema always causes an decrease in Vd

    Correct Answer
    C. The patient was taking a hydrophilic drug
    Explanation
    Edema is the abnormal accumulation of fluid in the interstitial spaces, which can increase the volume of distribution (Vd) of drugs. Hydrophilic drugs have a higher affinity for water and tend to distribute more in the extracellular fluid, including the interstitial spaces where edema occurs. Therefore, if the patient is taking a hydrophilic drug, it is likely to contribute to an increased Vd in the presence of edema.

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  • 20. 

    Only free drugs can act on target sites and can be eliminated.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The statement is true because only free drugs, meaning drugs that are not bound or attached to any other molecules, can effectively interact with target sites in the body and produce a therapeutic effect. Bound or attached drugs are usually inactive and cannot exert their desired pharmacological actions. Additionally, only free drugs can be eliminated from the body through various processes such as metabolism and excretion. Bound drugs, on the other hand, may remain in the body for longer durations as they are not easily eliminated.

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Nicolette Natale |BA |
Medical Expert
Nicolette is an accomplished physician, research coordinator, and medical writer, boasting over 6 years of expertise in healthcare, research, psychology, and education. Her qualifications include a D.O. from Nova Southeastern University and B.A. degrees in English Literature and Psychology from the University of Miami. Nicolette is deeply involved in medical research and patient care, demonstrating a commitment to advancing the field of medicine.

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  • Current Version
  • Jan 09, 2024
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team

    Expert Reviewed by
    Nicolette Natale
  • Feb 05, 2011
    Quiz Created by
    Pharmdnate
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