Organizational Behavior Chapter 1

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Organizational Behavior Chapter 1 - Quiz


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    What makes a resource valuable?

    • A.

      High dollar value

    • B.

      Inimitable

    • C.

      Desirability

    • D.

      Availability

    • E.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    B. Inimitable
    Explanation
    Inimitability refers to the characteristic of a resource that cannot be easily imitated or replicated by competitors. This uniqueness gives the resource a competitive advantage and makes it valuable. High dollar value, desirability, and availability are not sufficient on their own to make a resource valuable. Therefore, the correct answer is inimitable.

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  • 2. 

    ________ is a field of study devoted to understanding, explaining and improving the attitudes and behaviors of individuals and groups in organizations.

    • A.

      Organizational Behavior

    • B.

      Scientific Management

    • C.

      Theory Evaluation

    • D.

      Sociology

    Correct Answer
    A. Organizational Behavior
    Explanation
    Organizational Behavior is the correct answer because it refers to the study of how individuals and groups behave within an organization. It involves understanding and explaining the attitudes and behaviors of people in order to improve organizational effectiveness. This field of study focuses on various aspects such as leadership, motivation, communication, and decision-making within an organizational context. By studying organizational behavior, researchers and practitioners aim to enhance employee satisfaction, productivity, and overall organizational performance.

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  • 3. 

    The primary outcomes of interest to OB researchers are:

    • A.

      Job performance and organizational commitment

    • B.

      Organizational culture and organizational structure

    • C.

      Team processes and team characteristics

    • D.

      Personality and ability

    • E.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    A. Job performance and organizational commitment
    Explanation
    The primary outcomes of interest to OB researchers are job performance and organizational commitment. These two factors are crucial in understanding employee behavior and effectiveness within an organization. Job performance refers to the extent to which employees are able to accomplish their tasks and meet the expectations of their role. Organizational commitment, on the other hand, refers to the level of dedication and loyalty employees have towards their organization. Both of these outcomes are important for understanding employee engagement, productivity, and overall organizational success.

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  • 4. 

    According to the integrative model of OB, the two types of group-level variables that impact individual-level attitudes and behaviors are:

    • A.

      Learning and decision making

    • B.

      Leadership and teams

    • C.

      Job performance and organizational commitment

    • D.

      Stress and motivation

    • E.

      Personality and ability

    Correct Answer
    B. Leadership and teams
    Explanation
    The integrative model of OB suggests that leadership and teams are two types of group-level variables that have an impact on individual-level attitudes and behaviors. This means that the way leaders lead and the dynamics within teams can influence how individuals feel and behave in the workplace. These variables are important because effective leadership and teamwork can lead to higher job satisfaction, motivation, and overall performance.

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  • 5. 

    The integrative model of OB includes a number of individual mechanisms that directly impact job performance and organizational commitment. Those mechanisms include:

    • A.

      Leadership styles and behavior

    • B.

      Organizational culture and organizational structure

    • C.

      Team processes and team characteristics

    • D.

      Stress and motivation

    • E.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. Stress and motivation
    Explanation
    The integrative model of OB includes various individual mechanisms that directly influence job performance and organizational commitment. These mechanisms encompass leadership styles and behavior, organizational culture and structure, team processes and characteristics, as well as stress and motivation. Therefore, the correct answer is "all of the above" as stress and motivation are indeed part of the integrative model of OB alongside the other mentioned mechanisms.

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  • 6. 

    What Beulah feels while thinking about her job and going about her day-to-day work is captured in her:

    • A.

      Personality

    • B.

      Job satisfaction

    • C.

      Leadership style

    • D.

      Motivation

    • E.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    B. Job satisfaction
    Explanation
    Job satisfaction refers to the level of contentment and fulfillment a person experiences in their job. It encompasses various aspects such as the work environment, relationships with colleagues, and the tasks and responsibilities involved in the job. Therefore, if Beulah's feelings about her job and her day-to-day work are captured in her job satisfaction, it means that her level of contentment and fulfillment in her job is accurately reflected in her feelings towards her work.

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  • 7. 

    Which of the following individual mechanisms captures the energetic forces that drive employees' work efforts?

    • A.

      Job satisfaction

    • B.

      Personality

    • C.

      Motivation

    • D.

      Ability

    • E.

      Stress

    Correct Answer
    C. Motivation
    Explanation
    Motivation is the correct answer because it refers to the internal and external forces that drive individuals to take action, put effort into their work, and achieve their goals. Motivation is essential in influencing employees' work efforts and can be influenced by factors such as rewards, recognition, job design, and personal goals. Job satisfaction, personality, ability, and stress can all indirectly affect motivation, but motivation specifically captures the energetic forces that drive employees' work efforts.

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  • 8. 

    __________ reflects the various traits and tendencies that describe how people act, with commonly studied traits including extraversion, conscientiousness, and agreeableness.

    • A.

      Sociology

    • B.

      Job satisfaction

    • C.

      Leadership

    • D.

      Personality

    • E.

      Organizational Structure

    Correct Answer
    D. Personality
    Explanation
    Personality reflects the various traits and tendencies that describe how people act. It includes characteristics such as extraversion, conscientiousness, and agreeableness. These traits help to define an individual's behavior, thoughts, and emotions, and can have a significant impact on their interactions with others and their overall well-being. Studying personality allows for a better understanding of human behavior and can be useful in various fields such as psychology, sociology, and organizational behavior.

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  • 9. 

    Which of the following mechanisms caputres shared knowledge about the rules, norms, and values that shape employee attutdes and behaviors?

    • A.

      Organizational structure

    • B.

      Organizational ability

    • C.

      Organizational culture

    • D.

      Job performance

    • E.

      Organizational leadership

    Correct Answer
    C. Organizational culture
    Explanation
    Organizational culture refers to the shared beliefs, values, norms, and behaviors that exist within an organization. It captures the collective knowledge about the rules, norms, and values that shape employee attitudes and behaviors. It influences how employees think, behave, and interact with each other and with external stakeholders. Organizational culture is a powerful mechanism that shapes the overall work environment and influences employee attitudes and behaviors, ultimately impacting job performance and organizational success.

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  • 10. 

    According to a study focused on Fortune's "100 Best Companies to Work for" list, the results revealed:

    • A.

      The 100 best firms were more profitable than their peers

    • B.

      The 100 best firms were less profitable than their peers

    • C.

      There was no difference in profitability between 100 best and their peers

    • D.

      The 100 best firms actually had a 19% higher turnover rate than their peers

    • E.

      The best 100 firms lost market value by more than 50% after getting on the list due to heavy expenditure related to value placed on OB

    Correct Answer
    A. The 100 best firms were more profitable than their peers
    Explanation
    The study found that the 100 best firms on Fortune's "100 Best Companies to Work for" list were more profitable than their peers. This suggests that these companies have a strong correlation between being a great place to work and financial success.

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  • 11. 

    ____________ summarize the statistical relationships between variables.

    • A.

      Data

    • B.

      Correlations

    • C.

      Observations

    • D.

      Collections

    • E.

      Methods of knowing

    Correct Answer
    B. Correlations
    Explanation
    Correlations summarize the statistical relationships between variables. Correlations measure the strength and direction of the relationship between two or more variables. They indicate whether the variables are positively or negatively related, and the magnitude of that relationship. Correlations are commonly used in statistical analysis to understand the association between variables and to make predictions or inferences based on the observed relationships.

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  • 12. 

    Which of the following takes all the correlations found in studies of a particular relationship and calculates a weighted average of them?

    • A.

      Human resource management

    • B.

      Resource-based view

    • C.

      Meta-analysis

    • D.

      Strategic management

    • E.

      Method of intuition

    Correct Answer
    C. Meta-analysis
    Explanation
    Meta-analysis is a statistical technique that combines the results of multiple studies on a specific topic to obtain a more precise estimate of the relationship between variables. It takes into account the correlations found in these studies and calculates a weighted average, giving more weight to studies with larger sample sizes or higher quality. This allows for a more comprehensive and reliable understanding of the relationship being studied.

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  • 13. 

    Which of the following is NOT a part of the Scientific Method?

    • A.

      Theory

    • B.

      Data

    • C.

      Hypothesis

    • D.

      Verification

    • E.

      They are all a part of the Scientific Method

    Correct Answer
    E. They are all a part of the Scientific Method
    Explanation
    The given answer is correct because all of the options listed (Theory, Data, Hypothesis, Verification) are indeed part of the Scientific Method. The Scientific Method is a systematic approach used by scientists to investigate natural phenomena, and it involves formulating a hypothesis, collecting and analyzing data, developing theories based on the data, and verifying the theories through further experimentation and observation. Therefore, all of the options listed are essential components of the Scientific Method.

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  • 14. 

    __________ is a collection of assertions, both verbal and symbolic, that specify how and why variables are related.

    • A.

      Theory

    • B.

      Hypothesis

    • C.

      Correlation

    • D.

      Meta-analysis

    Correct Answer
    A. Theory
    Explanation
    A theory is a collection of assertions, both verbal and symbolic, that specify how and why variables are related. It provides a framework for understanding and explaining phenomena by establishing relationships between variables. Theories are based on evidence and research, and they help to organize and explain complex concepts and observations in a particular field of study. They provide a foundation for further investigation and can be tested and refined through empirical research.

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  • 15. 

    ___________ describes the statistical relationship between 2 variables and can be positive or negative and range from 0 to + or - 1.

    • A.

      Meta-analysis

    • B.

      Method of Science

    • C.

      Correlation

    • D.

      Scientific data

    Correct Answer
    C. Correlation
    Explanation
    Correlation describes the statistical relationship between two variables and can be positive or negative. It measures the strength and direction of the relationship and ranges from 0 to + or - 1. A correlation coefficient of 0 indicates no relationship, while a coefficient of +1 or -1 indicates a perfect positive or negative relationship, respectively.

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  • 16. 

    In OB research, a .50 ____________ is considered _____________

    • A.

      Affiliation, moderate

    • B.

      Success rate, weak

    • C.

      Correlation, strong

    • D.

      Result, desirable

    Correct Answer
    C. Correlation, strong
    Explanation
    In OB research, a .50 correlation is considered strong. This means that there is a strong relationship between two variables. A correlation of .50 indicates a positive and moderate to strong association between the variables being studied. This suggests that as one variable increases, the other variable also tends to increase. It is a desirable outcome in research as it provides evidence of a significant relationship between variables.

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  • 17. 

    __________________ takes all of the correlations found in studies of a particular relationship and calculates a weighted average.

    • A.

      Correlation

    • B.

      Job analysis

    • C.

      Scientific research

    • D.

      Meta-analysis

    Correct Answer
    D. Meta-analysis
    Explanation
    Meta-analysis is a statistical technique that combines the results of multiple studies on a particular relationship to obtain a more precise estimate of the overall effect. It takes into account the correlations found in each study and calculates a weighted average, giving more weight to studies with larger sample sizes or greater methodological rigor. This allows researchers to draw more reliable conclusions by synthesizing the findings from various studies and identifying patterns or trends across different populations or settings.

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  • 18. 

    The effective management of organizational behavior can help a company become more profitable because:

    • A.

      It helps to tailor jobs to better suit your employees.

    • B.

      The utilization of resources is essential to profitability.

    • C.

      Poorly managed companies will not survive in the long run.

    • D.

      Good people are a valuable resource.

    Correct Answer
    D. Good people are a valuable resource.
    Explanation
    Effective management of organizational behavior can help a company become more profitable because good people are a valuable resource. When employees are skilled, motivated, and engaged, they can contribute to increased productivity, innovation, and customer satisfaction. Good people can also help attract and retain customers, build strong relationships with stakeholders, and drive overall business success. Therefore, investing in recruiting, developing, and retaining talented individuals can lead to improved financial performance and long-term profitability.

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  • 19. 

    The two primary outcomes of organizational behavior are:

    • A.

      Organizational culture and job satisfaction

    • B.

      Job performance and organizational commitment

    • C.

      Job satisfaction and job performance

    • D.

      Organizational commitment and organizational culture

    Correct Answer
    B. Job performance and organizational commitment
    Explanation
    The two primary outcomes of organizational behavior are job performance and organizational commitment. Job performance refers to the extent to which an individual effectively completes their tasks and responsibilities, while organizational commitment refers to an individual's dedication and loyalty to the organization. These two outcomes are important for the overall success and effectiveness of an organization as they contribute to employee productivity, engagement, and retention.

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  • 20. 

    With Method of ________, people hold firmly to some belief because it "just stands to reason".

    • A.

      Intuition

    • B.

      Science

    • C.

      Authority

    • D.

      Experience

    • E.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    A. Intuition
    Explanation
    The method referred to in the question is the method of intuition. People hold firmly to a belief because it "just stands to reason," which suggests that they rely on their gut feelings or instincts rather than logical reasoning or evidence from other sources such as science, authority, or personal experience. Therefore, the correct answer is intuition.

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Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Aug 22, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Sep 20, 2011
    Quiz Created by
    Rbow1985

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