Introduction To Business: HR And Culture Quiz

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Introduction To Business Quizzes & Trivia

Human Resource, Culture, and Diversity


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Human resources are the people who work for a business.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Human resources refer to the individuals who are employed by a company or organization. They are responsible for various tasks such as hiring, training, managing employee benefits, and ensuring compliance with labor laws. Therefore, it is correct to say that human resources are the people who work for a business.

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  • 2. 

    Computers and technology are drastically changing white collar jobs, but they have not yet impacted blue collar jobs to any great degree.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The statement suggests that computers and technology have not had a significant impact on blue collar jobs. However, this is not true. Computers and technology have indeed impacted blue collar jobs by automating tasks, increasing efficiency, and replacing certain job roles. For example, automation in manufacturing has led to job losses in industries such as assembly line work. Therefore, the statement is false.

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  • 3. 

    Most jobs today require at least a high school education.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Many jobs in today's society require a minimum educational qualification of a high school diploma. This is because a high school education provides individuals with basic knowledge and skills that are essential for most entry-level positions. Additionally, employers often prefer candidates who have completed high school as it demonstrates a level of commitment, discipline, and ability to learn and follow instructions. Therefore, it can be concluded that the statement "Most jobs today require at least a high school education" is true.

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  • 4. 

    A full time employee regularly works a schedule of a t least 30 hours or more per week.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    A full-time employee is typically expected to work a minimum of 30 hours or more per week. This means that they have a set schedule and are committed to working a significant amount of hours on a regular basis. Therefore, the statement "A full-time employee regularly works a schedule of at least 30 hours or more per week" is true.

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  • 5. 

    Employers are required by law to provide some benefits to employees.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Under employment laws, employers are legally obligated to offer certain benefits to their employees. These benefits may include health insurance, retirement plans, paid leave, and other similar provisions. The purpose of this requirement is to ensure that employees are provided with necessary support and protection in the workplace. Therefore, the statement "Employers are required by law to provide some benefits to employees" is true.

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  • 6. 

    The Civil Rights Act of 1964 prohibits job discrimination based on disabilities.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The Civil Rights Act of 1964 does not specifically address job discrimination based on disabilities. However, the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) was passed in 1990 to protect individuals with disabilities from discrimination in various areas, including employment. Therefore, the statement that the Civil Rights Act of 1964 prohibits job discrimination based on disabilities is false.

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  • 7. 

    Managers and employees do not always have the same immediate goals.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Managers and employees often have different roles and responsibilities within an organization, leading to different immediate goals. Managers are typically focused on achieving overall organizational objectives, while employees may have more specific goals related to their individual tasks or projects. This difference in goals can create tension and conflicts between managers and employees, as their priorities may not always align. Therefore, it is true that managers and employees do not always have the same immediate goals.

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  • 8. 

    Employment growth is expected to be SLOWEST over the next ten years in which of the following occupational categories?

    • A.

      Professional

    • B.

      Management

    • C.

      Sales and marketing

    • D.

      Production

    Correct Answer
    D. Production
    Explanation
    The correct answer is production. This means that the occupational category of production is expected to have the slowest employment growth over the next ten years compared to the other categories listed (professional, management, and sales and marketing). This could be due to various factors such as automation and outsourcing of production jobs, a shift in consumer demand towards services rather than goods, or a decline in the manufacturing industry.

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  • 9. 

    If your job involves a great deal of manual work, you are a

    • A.

      White collar worker

    • B.

      Blue collar worker

    • C.

      Pink collar worker

    • D.

      Yellow collar worker

    Correct Answer
    B. Blue collar worker
    Explanation
    A blue collar worker is someone whose job involves manual labor or physical work. They typically work in industries such as manufacturing, construction, or transportation. This is in contrast to white collar workers who typically work in professional or managerial roles, and pink collar workers who are often employed in service or caregiving occupations. Yellow collar worker is not a commonly used term to describe a specific type of worker.

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  • 10. 

    Which of the following is NOT a major goal of a human resources department?

    • A.

      Set prices on products and services

    • B.

      Match employees abilities with specific goals

    • C.

      Maintain a satisfying work environment

    • D.

      Protect employees health and well-being

    Correct Answer
    A. Set prices on products and services
    Explanation
    The human resources department is primarily responsible for managing and developing the organization's workforce. This includes tasks such as recruitment, training, performance management, and employee relations. Setting prices on products and services is typically the responsibility of the sales and marketing department or the finance department.

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  • 11. 

    A specific study of a job to identify in detail the job duties and skill requirements is called a

    • A.

      Job description

    • B.

      Job classification

    • C.

      Job review

    • D.

      Job analysis

    Correct Answer
    D. Job analysis
    Explanation
    Job analysis is the correct answer because it refers to the process of studying a job in detail to identify its specific duties and skill requirements. This involves gathering information about the tasks, responsibilities, and qualifications needed for a particular job. Job analysis helps in creating accurate job descriptions, determining job classifications, and conducting job reviews to ensure that the job is being performed effectively and efficiently.

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  • 12. 

    The final step in the hiring process is

    • A.

      Employee orientation

    • B.

      Deciding whether the employee will be permanent

    • C.

      Determining the employees duties

    • D.

      Conducting a job interview

    Correct Answer
    A. Employee orientation
    Explanation
    The final step in the hiring process is employee orientation. This step involves introducing the newly hired employee to the organization, its policies, procedures, and culture. Employee orientation helps the employee become familiar with their role, responsibilities, and expectations. It also provides an opportunity for the employee to meet their colleagues, learn about the company's values, and understand the benefits and resources available to them. Overall, employee orientation is crucial in ensuring a smooth transition for the new employee and setting them up for success in their new role.

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  • 13. 

    A compensation plan that combines wages or salary with an additional amount based on employee's performance

    • A.

      Piece rate

    • B.

      Commission

    • C.

      Base plus incentive

    • D.

      Time wage

    Correct Answer
    C. Base plus incentive
    Explanation
    A compensation plan that combines a base salary or wage with an additional amount based on employee performance is referred to as a base plus incentive plan. This means that employees receive a fixed amount as their base salary or wage, and they also have the opportunity to earn additional income based on their performance, such as meeting sales targets or achieving certain goals. This type of plan provides motivation for employees to perform well and can reward them for their hard work and achievements.

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  • 14. 

    The advancement of an employee to a position with greater responsibility is called a

    • A.

      Transfer

    • B.

      Promotion

    • C.

      Discharge

    • D.

      Termination

    Correct Answer
    B. Promotion
    Explanation
    Promotion refers to the advancement of an employee to a position with greater responsibility. It typically involves an increase in job title, salary, and benefits. This recognition is given to employees who have demonstrated exceptional performance, skills, and potential within the organization. A promotion is a positive career move that allows employees to take on more challenging roles and contribute to the growth and success of the company. It is a way for employers to reward and retain talented individuals while providing them with opportunities for professional development and advancement.

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  • 15. 

    The physical conditions and psychological atmosphere in which employees work is the

    • A.

      Work environment

    • B.

      Organizational culture

    • C.

      Corporate climate

    • D.

      Ergonomic climate

    Correct Answer
    A. Work environment
    Explanation
    The term "work environment" refers to the physical and psychological conditions in which employees work. It encompasses factors such as the physical layout of the workspace, the level of noise and lighting, and the overall atmosphere within the organization. It also includes the interactions between employees, their relationships with superiors, and the overall company culture. Therefore, "work environment" is the most appropriate term to describe the conditions and atmosphere in which employees work.

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  • 16. 

    This allows employees some choice in how their work days and work hours are arranged

    • A.

      Personal time

    • B.

      Family leave

    • C.

      Flextime

    • D.

      Flexspace

    Correct Answer
    C. Flextime
    Explanation
    Flextime refers to a flexible work arrangement that allows employees to have some control over their work hours and schedule. It gives them the freedom to choose when they start and finish their workday, as long as they complete the required number of hours. This arrangement provides employees with the opportunity to balance their personal and professional lives more effectively, as they can accommodate personal commitments and responsibilities. Therefore, flextime is the correct answer because it aligns with the statement that employees have the ability to arrange their work days and work hours according to their preferences.

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  • 17. 

    An organized group of employees who negotiate with employers about issues such as wages and working conditions is a

    • A.

      Cooperative

    • B.

      Credit union

    • C.

      Joint venture

    • D.

      Labor union

    Correct Answer
    D. Labor union
    Explanation
    A labor union is an organized group of employees that represents and negotiates on behalf of workers with employers. They advocate for better wages, benefits, and working conditions for their members. Labor unions play a crucial role in protecting workers' rights and ensuring fair treatment in the workplace. They engage in collective bargaining to reach agreements with employers, aiming to improve the overall well-being of workers within a specific industry or company.

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  • 18. 

    Examples are construction companies, engine manufacturers and coal mines

    • A.

      Service producing businesses

    • B.

      Goods producing businesses

    • C.

      Quasi producing businesses

    • D.

      Outsourcng

    Correct Answer
    B. Goods producing businesses
    Explanation
    The correct answer is goods producing businesses. This is because the examples given in the question, such as construction companies, engine manufacturers, and coal mines, are all involved in the production of tangible goods. These businesses are involved in the manufacturing, extraction, or construction industries, where they produce physical products that can be bought and sold.

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  • 19. 

    Human resource activity involving job analysis and job recruitment

    • A.

      Planning and staffing

    • B.

      Employee relations

    • C.

      Compensation and benefits

    • D.

      Performance management

    Correct Answer
    A. Planning and staffing
    Explanation
    The correct answer is planning and staffing. This is because planning and staffing involves activities such as job analysis and job recruitment, which are mentioned in the given statement. It is a crucial human resource activity that involves determining the organization's staffing needs, creating job descriptions, and attracting qualified candidates to fill those positions.

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  • 20. 

    A planned reduction in the number of employees needed

    • A.

      Downsizing

    • B.

      Outsourcing

    • C.

      Employee relations

    • D.

      Deflation

    Correct Answer
    A. Downsizing
    Explanation
    Downsizing refers to a deliberate and strategic decision made by a company to reduce its workforce. This reduction in the number of employees is typically done as a cost-cutting measure or to improve efficiency and productivity. It involves eliminating positions, laying off employees, or offering voluntary retirement packages. Downsizing can be a result of various factors such as economic downturns, mergers, technological advancements, or changes in business strategies. It aims to streamline operations, optimize resources, and align the workforce with the organization's goals and objectives.

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  • 21. 

    Human resource activity involving enforcement of company policy

    • A.

      Employee relations

    • B.

      Planning and staffing

    • C.

      Compensation and benefits

    • D.

      Performance management

    Correct Answer
    A. Employee relations
    Explanation
    Employee relations refers to the activities and processes involved in managing the relationship between employees and the organization. This includes promoting a positive work environment, addressing and resolving conflicts, fostering effective communication, and enforcing company policies. It focuses on maintaining a productive and harmonious relationship between the employees and the organization, ensuring that their rights and interests are protected. Therefore, employee relations aligns with the description provided in the question, making it the correct answer.

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  • 22. 

    Examples include insurance companies, retail stores and dentists

    • A.

      Service producing businesses

    • B.

      Goods producing businesses

    • C.

      Quasi producing businesses

    • D.

      Outsourcing

    Correct Answer
    A. Service producing businesses
    Explanation
    The correct answer is service producing businesses. This is because the examples given, such as insurance companies, retail stores, and dentists, are all businesses that primarily provide services rather than tangible goods. These businesses focus on offering intangible benefits or expertise to their customers, rather than producing physical products.

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  • 23. 

    Human resource activity involving managing promotions and terminations

    • A.

      Performance management

    • B.

      Compensation and benefits

    • C.

      Planning and staffing

    • D.

      Employee relationos

    Correct Answer
    A. Performance management
    Explanation
    Performance management involves managing promotions and terminations as part of the overall process of evaluating and improving employee performance. This includes setting performance goals, providing feedback and coaching, conducting performance appraisals, and making decisions about promotions or terminations based on performance outcomes. By actively monitoring and assessing employee performance, organizations can identify areas for improvement, recognize and reward high performers, and address underperformance effectively. Therefore, performance management aligns with the description of "human resource activity involving managing promotions and terminations."

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  • 24. 

    An employee to whom a company has made a long term committment

    • A.

      Permanent employee

    • B.

      Temporary employee

    • C.

      Part time employee

    • D.

      Outsourced personnel

    Correct Answer
    A. Permanent employee
    Explanation
    A permanent employee is someone who has been hired by a company with the intention of a long-term commitment. Unlike temporary or part-time employees, permanent employees are expected to work for the company on a regular basis and often receive benefits such as health insurance, retirement plans, and paid time off. This type of employment arrangement provides stability and security for both the employee and the employer, as it implies a higher level of commitment and investment in the individual's career growth within the company.

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  • 25. 

    Involves removing work from one company and sending it to another company to be completed at a lower cost

    • A.

      Outsourcing

    • B.

      Downsizing

    • C.

      Upsizing

    • D.

      Insourcing

    Correct Answer
    A. Outsourcing
    Explanation
    Outsourcing refers to the practice of transferring work from one company to another company, typically located in a different country, in order to benefit from lower costs. This process involves delegating specific tasks or operations to an external organization that specializes in that particular area, allowing the company to focus on its core competencies. By outsourcing, companies can take advantage of lower labor costs, access specialized skills, and increase operational efficiency.

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  • 26. 

    Human resource activity involving wage, salary, and benefits planning

    • A.

      Compensation and benefits

    • B.

      Planning and staffing

    • C.

      Employee relations

    • D.

      Performance management

    Correct Answer
    A. Compensation and benefits
    Explanation
    Compensation and benefits involve the planning and management of employee wages, salaries, and benefits. This includes determining appropriate pay structures, designing incentive programs, and ensuring compliance with legal requirements. It is an essential human resource activity as it helps attract and retain talented employees, motivates them to perform well, and ensures fair and competitive compensation.

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