Health Economics First Exam

30 Questions | Total Attempts: 333

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Health Economics First Exam - Quiz

Health Economics First ExamWelcome to our exam :) I hope that all of you will do well :)30 questions , 45 minsGet ready , GO :)


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    One of this is NOT true about "Economics":
    • A. 

      It is the science of scarcity

    • B. 

      It analyses how choices are structured and prioritized to minimize welfare

    • C. 

      The science that deals with the consequences of resources scarcity

    • D. 

      We need it because what we want is unlimited

    • E. 

      None of the above

  • 2. 
    Why Health Economics?
    • A. 

      Similarities between physicians and economists

    • B. 

      Advances in knowledge

    • C. 

      Different countries across the world adopt the same health care systems

    • D. 

      Two of the above

    • E. 

      All of the above

  • 3. 
    "a branch of economics concerned with issues related to efficiency,effectiveness,value and behavior in the production and consumption of health and health care" is the definition of:
    • A. 

      Health care system

    • B. 

      Health

    • C. 

      Social Gradient

    • D. 

      Health economics

    • E. 

      Two of the above

  • 4. 
    "the level of functional or metabolic efficiency of a living being" is the definition of:
    • A. 

      Mortality

    • B. 

      Disability

    • C. 

      Quality of life

    • D. 

      Health

    • E. 

      Disease

  • 5. 
    All of these are attributes of optimal health EXCEPT:
    • A. 

      The mental of psychological dimension of health

    • B. 

      Freedom from disease

    • C. 

      Ability to deal with stress

    • D. 

      Anatomical integrity

    • E. 

      None of the above

  • 6. 
    All of these are dimensions of health EXCEPT:
    • A. 

      Emotional dimension

    • B. 

      Social dimension

    • C. 

      Environmental dimension

    • D. 

      Economic dimension

    • E. 

      Ethical dimension

  • 7. 
    ALMA ATA DECLARATION(1978) :
    • A. 

      The first international declaration underlining the importance of primary health care

    • B. 

      Considered Health a basic human right

    • C. 

      Economics and social development is of basic importance to attain "health for all"

    • D. 

      Two of the above

    • E. 

      All of the above

  • 8. 
    "Health for all":
    • A. 

      Was adopted at the international conference on primary health care (PHC)

    • B. 

      Achievement of a level of health that will enable every individual lead a socially and economically productive

    • C. 

      Is the diagnosis,treatment,and prevention of disease and injury

    • D. 

      Organized activities to achieve an optimal level of health for a defined population

    • E. 

      Two of the above

  • 9. 
    One of this is NOT true about "Primary Health Care":
    • A. 

      Universally accessible

    • B. 

      Affordable cost

    • C. 

      Includes acute care

    • D. 

      Essential health care

    • E. 

      Includes many maternal and child health care services

  • 10. 
    The level of Health Care that involves care of patients with all manner of "Chronic Diseases" is:
    • A. 

      Primary Health Care

    • B. 

      Secondary Health Care

    • C. 

      Tertiary Health Care

    • D. 

      None of the above

  • 11. 
    Tertiary health care:
    • A. 

      The first referral level

    • B. 

      Provided by the district hospitals

    • C. 

      Intermediate level of health care

    • D. 

      Provide training programs

    • E. 

      Two of the above

  • 12. 
    All of these are characteristics of hospital-based,curative-oriented EXCEPT:
    • A. 

      Sometimes it adds diseases to those admitted like nosocomial infection

    • B. 

      It's limited to people complaining of advanced disease

    • C. 

      Based on sophisticated technology

    • D. 

      Involves a wide scope of health care

    • E. 

      Two of the above

  • 13. 
    All of these are factors affect the access to health care EXCEPT:
    • A. 

      Physical environment factors

    • B. 

      Social factors

    • C. 

      Economic factors

    • D. 

      Health policies

  • 14. 
    Important similarities between physicians and economists include:
    • A. 

      Realistic approach to life's problems

    • B. 

      Reliance on quantitative information

    • C. 

      Both must take difficult choices

    • D. 

      Both compare benefits and risks for good decision

    • E. 

      All of the above

  • 15. 
    One of these is TRUE about physicians and economists:
    • A. 

      Physicians are usually concerned with large aggregations

    • B. 

      Economists are usually concerned about individual people

    • C. 

      Both may face uncertainty

    • D. 

      Both deal with patients

    • E. 

      None of the above

  • 16. 
    Economics can contribute in health care services by all of these EXCEPT:
    • A. 

      Quantifying over time the resources used

    • B. 

      Assist the choice of future development

    • C. 

      Determination of the consequences of particular choices

    • D. 

      Asses efficiency

    • E. 

      None of the above

  • 17. 
    All of these are true about "Priority" Except:
    • A. 

      Ranking of problems,needs or soultions

    • B. 

      Based on views derived from data and intelligent judgment

    • C. 

      Followed when resources are adequate

    • D. 

      Different across countries

    • E. 

      None of the above

  • 18. 
    Factors that are taken into consideration when prioritization are:
    • A. 

      Community concern

    • B. 

      Extent of the problem

    • C. 

      The ability to solve the problem

    • D. 

      Two of the above

    • E. 

      All of the above

  • 19. 
    One of these is NOT a reason of escalating(increasing) health care costs:
    • A. 

      Population increase (particularly the elderly)

    • B. 

      Lifestyle factors

    • C. 

      Inequities in access to health care

    • D. 

      Hospital care

    • E. 

      Increasing role of governments and social insurance

  • 20. 
    All of these are Characteristics of healthy population except:
    • A. 

      Lower mortality for cancer and chronic

    • B. 

      Improving health outcome

    • C. 

      Decreased life expectancy

    • D. 

      Lower infant and maternal mortality

    • E. 

      Two of the above

  • 21. 
    "Universal coverage" means:
    • A. 

      Access to health care when people need it

    • B. 

      Ability to pay or equity in financing

    • C. 

      Availability at affordable cost

    • D. 

      Equity in access and equity in health

    • E. 

      All of the above

  • 22. 
    The leading cause of death worldwide is:
    • A. 

      Cancer

    • B. 

      Diabetes

    • C. 

      Cardiovascular

    • D. 

      Pulmonary

    • E. 

      Smoking

  • 23. 
    The WHO classified two broad areas of social determinants of health,one of these is correct about first area:
    • A. 

      It's the distribution of power,money and resources

    • B. 

      It's about daily living conditions

    • C. 

      Includes gender equity

    • D. 

      Includes access to health care

    • E. 

      Two of the above

  • 24. 
    One of these is correct:
    • A. 

      Health inequities: a population where there is a significant disparity in the overall rate of disease incidence,morbidity,mortality in the population

    • B. 

      Equity:the absence of systematic disparities in health between groups with different levels

    • C. 

      Health inequities:systemic and avoidable disparities in health

    • D. 

      Efficiency:minimizing the benefits from available resources

    • E. 

      Two of the above

  • 25. 
    Material conditions of life determine health by:
    • A. 

      Influencing the quality of individual development

    • B. 

      Influencing the quality of family life and interaction

    • C. 

      Influencing the quality of community environments

    • D. 

      All of the above

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