World History Quiz: Industrialization

39 Questions | Attempts: 89

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World History Quiz: Industrialization - Quiz


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    What did the Dreyfus case in late nineteenth-century France illustrate?
    • A. 

      The cause for which suffragists had fought for nearly two centuries

    • B. 

      The strength of anti-Semitism in France and other parts of Western Europe

    • C. 

      The unfair taxation of serfs and others who did not have representation

    • D. 

      The brutality of the French Revolution and its lingering affects on soldiers

  • 2. 
    How did the Industrial Revolution shift the world balance of power?
    • A. 

      It leveled the playing field for all nations and regions of the world, whether developed or not.

    • B. 

      B. It gave a new found advantage to those countries that had traditionally been less-developed by bringing industry to them.

    • C. 

      It promoted competition between industrialized nations and increased poverty in less-developed countries.

    • D. 

      It all but eliminated trade for a time, leaving nations who still depended on foreign goods in dire need.

  • 3. 
    Laissez-faire economics stemmed from French economic philosophers of the Enlightenment. The term laissez faire refers to the economic policy of
    • A. 

      Demanding all industry and business be government-owned and operated.

    • B. 

      Allowing for strong government involvement in the setting of working conditions for industry and business.

    • C. 

      Letting owners of industry and business set working conditions without government interference.

    • D. 

      Requiring that owners of industry and business not set any working conditions.

  • 4. 
    During Europe's Agricultural Revolution, an increase in food production led directly to an increase in
    • A. 

      * commercial enterprise.

    • B. 

      * new technologies.

    • C. 

      * overseas trade.

    • D. 

      * the population.

  • 5. 
    During the Industrial Revolution, England experienced the greatest population migration from
    • A. 

      * inland areas to coastal areas.

    • B. 

      * small cities to large cities.

    • C. 

      * market centers to manufacturing centers.

    • D. 

      * agricultural settings to urban settings.

  • 6. 
    The illustration of a slum in 19th-century London shows I poor people dressed in rags and bare feet. II the harsh conditions of factory work. III how quickly disease was able to spread. IV the crowded conditions in which people lived.  
    • A. 

      * I and II only

    • B. 

      * II and III only

    • C. 

      * I and IV only

    • D. 

      * II and IV only

  • 7. 
    Which was a central criticism of capitalism during the Industrial Revolution?
    • A. 

      * dependence on foreign markets

    • B. 

      * exploitation of natural resources

    • C. 

      * the high cost of new machinery

    • D. 

      * unfair distribution of wealth

  • 8. 
    According to Marx and Engels, who should primarily control the factors of industrial production?
    • A. 

      Bourgeoisie

    • B. 

      Proletariat

    • C. 

      Government

    • D. 

      Churches

  • 9. 
    "The door of Scrooge's counting-house was open that he might keep his eye upon his clerk, who in a dismal little cell beyond, a sort of tank, was copying letters. Scrooge had a very small fire, but the clerk's fire was so very much smaller that it looked like one coal. But he couldn't replenish it, for Scrooge kept the coal-box in his own room. . . ." ~~ Charles Dickens, "A Christmas Carol" The quotation from A Christmas Carol is a good example of
    • A. 

      * classicism.

    • B. 

      * romanticism.

    • C. 

      * scientific observation.

    • D. 

      * social criticism.

  • 10. 
    All of the following were results of the agricultural revolution in Britain EXCEPT that
    • A. 

      * food prices decrease*

    • B. 

      * population increase*

    • C. 

      * the number of farmers increase*

    • D. 

      * the average size of farms increase*

  • 11. 
    An entrepreneur is a type of
    • A. 

      Scientist

    • B. 

      Inventor

    • C. 

      Business person

    • D. 

      Personal secretary

  • 12. 
    Which of the following did NOT improve as an EARLY result of the Industrial Revolution?
    • A. 

      * factory working conditions

    • B. 

      * the quality of clothing

    • C. 

      * the average person's diet

    • D. 

      * transportation

  • 13. 
    Which of the following did NOT improve as a long-term result of the Industrial Revolution?
    • A. 

      * living conditions for the average worker

    • B. 

      * educational opportunities

    • C. 

      * preservation of the environment

    • D. 

      * affordability of consumer goods

  • 14. 
    Utilitarianism held that government policies should promote
    • A. 

      * wars and epidemics to kill off excess people.

    • B. 

      * public ownership of the means of production.

    • C. 

      * the complete independence of each individual.

    • D. 

      * the greatest good for the greatest number of people.

  • 15. 
    Nineteenth-century socialists argued that government should
    • A. 

      * leave the economy alone.

    • B. 

      * actively plan the economy.

    • C. 

      * destroy the economy.

    • D. 

      * allow the economy to be controlled by the bourgeoise.

  • 16. 
    How might small farmers of the agricultural revolution be compared to the working class of the Industrial Revolution?
    • A. 

      * Both endured long working hours.

    • B. 

      * Both suffered job losses due to progress.

    • C. 

      * Both lived in climates of social restructuring.

    • D. 

      * All of these

  • 17. 
    How did the War of 1812 help pave the way for the United States to industrialize?
    • A. 

      * The British blockade forced it to develop its own industries.

    • B. 

      * Materials left over from the war influenced new American inventions.

    • C. 

      * British prisoners from the war greatly increased the U.S. workforce.

    • D. 

      * Under the Treaty of Ghent, Britain assisted in U.S. industry.

  • 18. 
    How did the impact of worldwide industrialization affect the relationships between industrialized nations and non-industrialized nations?
    • A. 

      * It was the driving force behind imperialism.

    • B. 

      * It weakened economic ties between nations.

    • C. 

      * Industrialized nations exploited their overseas colonies for slaves.

    • D. 

      * all of these

  • 19. 
    What were the long-term effects of Marx and Engels's The Communist Manifesto?
    • A. 

      * Working classes worldwide demanded a "dictatorship of the proletariat."

    • B. 

      * Marx and Engels's predictions proved correct as economic forces alone ruled society.

    • C. 

      * In the 1900s, Marxism inspired revolutionaries such as Russia's Lenin.

    • D. 

      * During 1848 and 1849 revolts shook Europe but were suppresse*

  • 20. 
    Which of the following statements are true of socialism and communism?
    • A. 

      * Socialism and communism are two words for the same ideology.

    • B. 

      * Socialism and communism are two completely different and unrelated ideologies.

    • C. 

      * Communism is a form of complete socialism in which the people own all production and property.

    • D. 

      * Communism gives control of a country to its people and socialism gives control of industry to the people.

  • 21. 
    Which of the following factors MOST contributed to the shorter life span of those living in cities as opposed to those in the country?
    • A. 

      * long working hours

    • B. 

      * illness caused by unhealthy living conditions

    • C. 

      * inadequate housing

    • D. 

      * excessive garbage

  • 22. 
    Which of the following was a key idea in the free-market system?
    • A. 

      * protect the nation's industries from foreign competition

    • B. 

      * establish minimum wages and maximum working hours

    • C. 

      * give government complete control of the means of production

    • D. 

      * refuse to interfere in either domestic or international economic matters

  • 23. 
    How did landowners and aristocrats view wealthy members of the middle class?
    • A. 

      * regarded highly

    • B. 

      * looked down upon

    • C. 

      * as equals

    • D. 

      * as outcasts

  • 24. 
    What was the benefit of being a stockholder in a corporation?
    • A. 

      * complete ownership of branch corporations

    • B. 

      * free goods produced by the corporation

    • C. 

      * not personally responsible for its debts

    • D. 

      * All of these

  • 25. 
    What were the three factors of production required to drive the industrial revolution?
    • A. 

      * land, labor, capital

    • B. 

      * government, military, colonies

    • C. 

      * raw materials, natural resources, man-made goods

    • D. 

      * road, railway, and water transport

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