World History Quiz: Industrialization

39 Questions | Total Attempts: 72

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World History Quiz: Industrialization

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Which of the following art movements is this from: Romanticism, Realism, or Impressionism? How can you tell? (Explain)
  • 2. 
    How did the industrialization of Europe help to bring about a change from romanticism to realism in art and literature?
  • 3. 
    Why did the Industrial Revolution occur in Great Britain before it occurred elsewhere in Europe?
  • 4. 
    Why might the philosophy of communism have appealed to many 19th-century factory workers?
  • 5. 
    What did the Dreyfus case in late nineteenth-century France illustrate?
    • A. 

      The cause for which suffragists had fought for nearly two centuries

    • B. 

      The strength of anti-Semitism in France and other parts of Western Europe

    • C. 

      The unfair taxation of serfs and others who did not have representation

    • D. 

      The brutality of the French Revolution and its lingering affects on soldiers

  • 6. 
    How did the Industrial Revolution shift the world balance of power?
    • A. 

      It leveled the playing field for all nations and regions of the world, whether developed or not.

    • B. 

      B. It gave a new found advantage to those countries that had traditionally been less-developed by bringing industry to them.

    • C. 

      It promoted competition between industrialized nations and increased poverty in less-developed countries.

    • D. 

      It all but eliminated trade for a time, leaving nations who still depended on foreign goods in dire need.

  • 7. 
    Laissez-faire economics stemmed from French economic philosophers of the Enlightenment. The term laissez faire refers to the economic policy of
    • A. 

      Demanding all industry and business be government-owned and operated.

    • B. 

      Allowing for strong government involvement in the setting of working conditions for industry and business.

    • C. 

      Letting owners of industry and business set working conditions without government interference.

    • D. 

      Requiring that owners of industry and business not set any working conditions.

  • 8. 
    During Europe's Agricultural Revolution, an increase in food production led directly to an increase in
    • A. 

      * commercial enterprise.

    • B. 

      * new technologies.

    • C. 

      * overseas trade.

    • D. 

      * the population.

  • 9. 
    During the Industrial Revolution, England experienced the greatest population migration from
    • A. 

      * inland areas to coastal areas.

    • B. 

      * small cities to large cities.

    • C. 

      * market centers to manufacturing centers.

    • D. 

      * agricultural settings to urban settings.

  • 10. 
    Which was a central criticism of capitalism during the Industrial Revolution?
    • A. 

      * dependence on foreign markets

    • B. 

      * exploitation of natural resources

    • C. 

      * the high cost of new machinery

    • D. 

      * unfair distribution of wealth

  • 11. 
    According to Marx and Engels, who should primarily control the factors of industrial production?
    • A. 

      Bourgeoisie

    • B. 

      Proletariat

    • C. 

      Government

    • D. 

      Churches

  • 12. 
    "The door of Scrooge's counting-house was open that he might keep his eye upon his clerk, who in a dismal little cell beyond, a sort of tank, was copying letters. Scrooge had a very small fire, but the clerk's fire was so very much smaller that it looked like one coal. But he couldn't replenish it, for Scrooge kept the coal-box in his own room. . . ." ~~ Charles Dickens, "A Christmas Carol" The quotation from A Christmas Carol is a good example of
    • A. 

      * classicism.

    • B. 

      * romanticism.

    • C. 

      * scientific observation.

    • D. 

      * social criticism.

  • 13. 
    All of the following were results of the agricultural revolution in Britain EXCEPT that
    • A. 

      * food prices decrease*

    • B. 

      * population increase*

    • C. 

      * the number of farmers increase*

    • D. 

      * the average size of farms increase*

  • 14. 
    An entrepreneur is a type of
    • A. 

      Scientist

    • B. 

      Inventor

    • C. 

      Business person

    • D. 

      Personal secretary

  • 15. 
    Which of the following did NOT improve as an EARLY result of the Industrial Revolution?
    • A. 

      * factory working conditions

    • B. 

      * the quality of clothing

    • C. 

      * the average person's diet

    • D. 

      * transportation

  • 16. 
    Which of the following did NOT improve as a long-term result of the Industrial Revolution?
    • A. 

      * living conditions for the average worker

    • B. 

      * educational opportunities

    • C. 

      * preservation of the environment

    • D. 

      * affordability of consumer goods

  • 17. 
    Utilitarianism held that government policies should promote
    • A. 

      * wars and epidemics to kill off excess people.

    • B. 

      * public ownership of the means of production.

    • C. 

      * the complete independence of each individual.

    • D. 

      * the greatest good for the greatest number of people.

  • 18. 
    Nineteenth-century socialists argued that government should
    • A. 

      * leave the economy alone.

    • B. 

      * actively plan the economy.

    • C. 

      * destroy the economy.

    • D. 

      * allow the economy to be controlled by the bourgeoise.

  • 19. 
    How might small farmers of the agricultural revolution be compared to the working class of the Industrial Revolution?
    • A. 

      * Both endured long working hours.

    • B. 

      * Both suffered job losses due to progress.

    • C. 

      * Both lived in climates of social restructuring.

    • D. 

      * All of these

  • 20. 
    How did the War of 1812 help pave the way for the United States to industrialize?
    • A. 

      * The British blockade forced it to develop its own industries.

    • B. 

      * Materials left over from the war influenced new American inventions.

    • C. 

      * British prisoners from the war greatly increased the U.S. workforce.

    • D. 

      * Under the Treaty of Ghent, Britain assisted in U.S. industry.

  • 21. 
    How did the impact of worldwide industrialization affect the relationships between industrialized nations and non-industrialized nations?
    • A. 

      * It was the driving force behind imperialism.

    • B. 

      * It weakened economic ties between nations.

    • C. 

      * Industrialized nations exploited their overseas colonies for slaves.

    • D. 

      * all of these

  • 22. 
    What were the long-term effects of Marx and Engels's The Communist Manifesto?
    • A. 

      * Working classes worldwide demanded a "dictatorship of the proletariat."

    • B. 

      * Marx and Engels's predictions proved correct as economic forces alone ruled society.

    • C. 

      * In the 1900s, Marxism inspired revolutionaries such as Russia's Lenin.

    • D. 

      * During 1848 and 1849 revolts shook Europe but were suppresse*

  • 23. 
    Which of the following statements are true of socialism and communism?
    • A. 

      * Socialism and communism are two words for the same ideology.

    • B. 

      * Socialism and communism are two completely different and unrelated ideologies.

    • C. 

      * Communism is a form of complete socialism in which the people own all production and property.

    • D. 

      * Communism gives control of a country to its people and socialism gives control of industry to the people.

  • 24. 
    Which of the following factors MOST contributed to the shorter life span of those living in cities as opposed to those in the country?
    • A. 

      * long working hours

    • B. 

      * illness caused by unhealthy living conditions

    • C. 

      * inadequate housing

    • D. 

      * excessive garbage

  • 25. 
    Which of the following was a key idea in the free-market system?
    • A. 

      * protect the nation's industries from foreign competition

    • B. 

      * establish minimum wages and maximum working hours

    • C. 

      * give government complete control of the means of production

    • D. 

      * refuse to interfere in either domestic or international economic matters

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