Industrial Revolution Quiz 2018

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Michelle BYRD
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Industrial Revolution Quiz 2018 - Quiz

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    The switch from handmade to machine made goods was called _________________________.  (Mass Production or Industrial Revolution) Select one to type as your answer

    Explanation
    The switch from handmade to machine-made goods was referred to as the Industrial Revolution. This period marked a significant shift in manufacturing processes, where traditional methods were replaced by mechanized production. The introduction of new machinery and technologies revolutionized industries, leading to increased productivity, economic growth, and societal changes. The Industrial Revolution had a profound impact on various sectors, including textiles, mining, transportation, and agriculture, ultimately shaping the modern world as we know it.

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  • 2. 

    Urbanization: _____________Immigration: movement to new country 

    • A.

      Movement to cities

    • B.

      Movement to farms

    • C.

      Movement of peoples across Europe

    • D.

      Movement to USA

    Correct Answer
    A. Movement to cities
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "movement to cities". Urbanization refers to the process of population shift from rural areas to urban areas, resulting in the growth of cities. Immigration, on the other hand, refers to the movement of people from one country to another. Therefore, the connection between urbanization and immigration is that urbanization involves the movement of people to cities, while immigration involves the movement of people to a new country.

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  • 3. 

    Select the nation where the Industrial Revolution began.

    • A.

      USA

    • B.

      China

    • C.

      France

    • D.

      England

    Correct Answer
    D. England
    Explanation
    The Industrial Revolution began in England. This is because England was the first country to experience a significant shift from manual labor to machine-based manufacturing, which revolutionized the textile industry and led to advancements in other sectors such as iron production and transportation. The development of steam power and the invention of machines like the spinning jenny and the steam engine played a crucial role in this transformation. England's abundant natural resources, such as coal and iron ore, also contributed to its early industrialization.

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  • 4. 

    What is a cottage industry? 

    • A.

      Improved working conditions for those who worked in factories

    • B.

      Using large machines in a home setting rather than a factory

    • C.

      Working and making goods at home rather than in large factories

    • D.

      Making cottages in factories

    Correct Answer
    C. Working and making goods at home rather than in large factories
    Explanation
    A cottage industry refers to a system where individuals work and produce goods from their homes rather than in large factories. This allows for a more decentralized and flexible production process, often involving small-scale production and local craftsmanship. This approach can provide individuals with the opportunity to work from home and have more control over their working conditions and schedules. It also promotes the utilization of local resources and skills, contributing to the development of local economies.

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  • 5. 

    Select the invention that does not belong with the First Industrial Revolution of England.

    • A.

      Steam engine

    • B.

      Spinning jenny

    • C.

      Cotton gin

    • D.

      Elevator

    Correct Answer
    D. Elevator
    Explanation
    The elevator does not belong with the First Industrial Revolution of England because it was not invented during that time period. The First Industrial Revolution, which occurred in the late 18th and early 19th centuries, was characterized by the mechanization of industries such as textiles and the development of steam-powered machinery. The steam engine, spinning jenny, and cotton gin were all significant inventions that played a role in this revolution. However, the elevator was not invented until the mid-19th century and was not directly associated with the industrial advancements of that time.

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  • 6. 

    The Enclosure Movement had a negative effect on poor farmers. 

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The Enclosure Movement refers to the process of converting common lands into privately owned, enclosed fields. This resulted in the displacement of poor farmers who relied on these lands for their livelihoods. With the loss of access to common lands, these farmers were forced to either become wage laborers or migrate to urban areas in search of work. This led to increased poverty, unemployment, and social unrest among the poor farmers. Therefore, the Enclosure Movement had a negative effect on them.

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  • 7. 

    Use the following statement about Latin American Revolutions in order to answer the question below: Do not compare the enemy’s physical forces with your own. The physical cannot compare with spirit. They are animals, you are humans. They are enslaved, you are liberated. You will win if you fight. Because God makes those who persevere victorious. Based on the quote, what did Bolivar believe?– Simón Bolívar (paraphrase)

    • A.

      Freedom from foreign rule was necessary to address local economic problems.

    • B.

      Latin American rebels would succeed despite the inferior power/technologies of military

    • C.

      Independence movements need to remake(change) society and liberate nations

    • D.

      Catholic Church should play an important role in reforming societies

    Correct Answer
    B. Latin American rebels would succeed despite the inferior power/technologies of military
    Explanation
    Bolivar believed that Latin American rebels would succeed in their fight for independence, even though they had inferior power and technologies compared to the enemy's military forces. He emphasized that the spirit and determination of the rebels, coupled with their desire for liberation, would ultimately lead them to victory. Bolivar's belief was rooted in the idea that perseverance and the divine intervention of God would ensure their success.

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  • 8. 

    Select the main problem that working people faced during the Industrial Revolution.

    • A.

      Poor working conditions, long hours, dangerous & loud machinery

    • B.

      Use of child labor

    • C.

      Dirty neighborhoods- pollution, disease, trash in streets

    • D.

      All of the Above

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the Above
    Explanation
    During the Industrial Revolution, working people faced numerous challenges. Poor working conditions, including long hours and dangerous machinery, posed a significant problem. Additionally, the use of child labor further exacerbated the difficulties faced by workers. Moreover, the industrialization led to dirty neighborhoods with pollution, disease, and trash in the streets, creating an unhealthy and unsanitary living environment. Therefore, the correct answer is "All of the Above" as all the options listed were main problems faced by working people during the Industrial Revolution.

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  • 9. 

    Which statement would best describe the working conditions that people encountered during the Industrial Revolution?

    • A.

      Workers spent long hours in the factories, often fourteen hours a day, six days a week

    • B.

      The work was repetitive and boring, people would fall asleep on the job

    • C.

      Work was dangerous so they set up sick leave for those who were injured

    • D.

      Children under the age of 15 were not allowed to work because the machines were dangerous and loud

    Correct Answer
    A. Workers spent long hours in the factories, often fourteen hours a day, six days a week
    Explanation
    During the Industrial Revolution, workers faced grueling working conditions, often spending long hours in factories for six days a week. This answer accurately reflects the harsh reality of the time, where workers were subjected to exhausting schedules and little time for rest or leisure.

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  • 10. 

    Determine which of the following resources would not be a reason why England served as the center of the Industrial Revolution  

    • A.

      Population

    • B.

      Rivers

    • C.

      Coal and iron

    • D.

      Trees

    Correct Answer
    D. Trees
    Explanation
    England served as the center of the Industrial Revolution because of its population, rivers, coal, and iron resources. However, trees were not a significant factor in England's industrialization. While trees were used for construction and fuel, they were not as crucial to the development of industries such as textiles, ironworks, and machinery. England's access to abundant coal and iron, as well as its dense population and navigable rivers, were more significant factors in driving industrialization.

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  • 11. 

    The negative impact/effects of the Industrial Revolution could be best described as? 

    • A.

      Pollution- water and air

    • B.

      Growth of the middle class

    • C.

      Child labor

    • D.

      Both A and C

    Correct Answer
    D. Both A and C
    Explanation
    The negative impact/effects of the Industrial Revolution can be best described as both pollution (water and air) and child labor. The Industrial Revolution brought about rapid industrialization and urbanization, leading to increased pollution of water and air due to the release of harmful chemicals and gases from factories. Additionally, the demand for cheap labor resulted in the exploitation of children who were forced to work in hazardous conditions in factories. Both pollution and child labor were significant negative consequences of the Industrial Revolution.

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  • 12. 

    Life in the tenements could be best described as.... 

    • A.

      Overcrowded with several people living in one room

    • B.

      A new way of living in the city

    • C.

      Homes that were designed for comfort and luxury

    • D.

      Tenements were within walking distance to the textile mills

    Correct Answer
    A. Overcrowded with several people living in one room
    Explanation
    Life in the tenements could be best described as overcrowded with several people living in one room. Tenements were often small, cramped apartments that housed multiple families or individuals. Due to the high demand for housing in cities, many people had to share a single room, leading to overcrowding and a lack of privacy. This living arrangement was a result of limited space and affordable housing options for the working class during that time period.

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  • 13. 

    The invention of the cotton gin increased the need for cotton and slave labor.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The invention of the cotton gin, a machine that efficiently removed seeds from cotton fibers, revolutionized the cotton industry. It made cotton production much faster and more profitable, leading to an increased demand for cotton. To meet this demand, more land was cultivated with cotton, which in turn increased the need for slave labor to work on these cotton plantations. Therefore, the statement that the invention of the cotton gin increased the need for cotton and slave labor is true.

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  • 14. 

    By the mid 1800's where did most people live in England? 

    • A.

      Farms

    • B.

      Along rivers

    • C.

      Near the coast

    • D.

      Cities

    Correct Answer
    D. Cities
    Explanation
    During the mid 1800s, most people lived in cities in England. This was a result of the Industrial Revolution, which led to rapid urbanization and the growth of industries in urban areas. Cities provided job opportunities in factories and mills, attracting people from rural areas. Additionally, cities offered better access to amenities and services such as schools, hospitals, and transportation networks. The concentration of people in cities during this time period marked a significant shift in population distribution away from rural areas.

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  • Current Version
  • Aug 22, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Feb 01, 2018
    Quiz Created by
    Michelle BYRD
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