Chapter 9 Review Industrial Revolution

25 Questions

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Industrial Revolution Quizzes & Trivia

Industrial revolution is the process of change from an agrarian and handicraft economy to one dominated by industry and machine manufacturing. This process began in Britain in the 18th century and from there spread to other parts of the world. Test your understanding of the industrial revolution by taking up the chapter 9 review below.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    What was the Industrial Revolution?
    • A. 

      Increased purchases of land by wealthy landowners to cultivate larger fields

    • B. 

      Increased output of machine-made goods that began in England during the 18th-century

    • C. 

      A widespread use of teenagers as factory laborers who worked 14 hour days, 6 days a week week

    • D. 

      Increased populations of urban areas during the 1800s

  • 2. 
    What was the main cause of the process of urbanization that occurred in 19th-century Britain and elsewhere in western Europe?
    • A. 

      Protestantism

    • B. 

      Industrialization

    • C. 

      Socialism

    • D. 

      Corporations

  • 3. 
    What is a stockholder in a corporation?
    • A. 

      Complete ownership of branch corporations

    • B. 

      Free goods produced by the corporation

    • C. 

      Someone who owns a share of a stock

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 4. 
    What is laissez-faire economics?
    • A. 

      Government workers set working conditions based on votes on relevant to their industry

    • B. 

      A committee sets working standards without interference from industry owners

    • C. 

      Working conditions based on government standards

    • D. 

      Owners set working conditions without government interference; free markets; “let them do as they choose”

  • 5. 
    What is the name for the voluntary associations of workers seeking labor reforms such as higher wages, shorter work weeks, and better working conditions?
    • A. 

      Unions

    • B. 

      Strikes

    • C. 

      Collective bargaining

    • D. 

      Utilitarianism

  • 6. 
    What was the impact of the steam engine on the production of British goods?
    • A. 

      Workers were not needed in mines anymore.

    • B. 

      It created medicine to stop malaria.

    • C. 

      It launched the railway age that brought increased transportation of people and materials.

    • D. 

      All of the above are true.

  • 7. 
    How did the Industrial Revolution affect cities?
    • A. 

      It created technology to clean them.

    • B. 

      It made them lose valuable sources of food.

    • C. 

      Population grew so fast that it created poor living conditions.

    • D. 

      It made the crime rate drop.

  • 8. 
    Which of the following was a key idea in the free-market system?
    • A. 

      Protect the nation's industries from foreign competition

    • B. 

      Establish minimum wages and maximum working hours

    • C. 

      Give government complete control of the means of production

    • D. 

      No government interference in economic matters

  • 9. 
    What is the most probable reason for the population growth in all cities between 1800 and 1850?
    • A. 

      The American Revolution

    • B. 

      Industrial Revolution

    • C. 

      New middle class

    • D. 

      Railroads

  • 10. 
    Did the philosophy of laissez-faire economics influence early industrialists?
    • A. 

      Yes

    • B. 

      No

    • C. 

      It's a toss up

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 11. 
    Which of the following statements are true of socialism and communism?
    • A. 

      Socialism and communism are two words that mean freedom.

    • B. 

      Socialism and communism are completely different.

    • C. 

      Communism is a form of complete socialism in which the government owns all production and property.

    • D. 

      Communism and socialism are part of the US Constitution.

  • 12. 
    An entrepreneur is a
    • A. 

      Scientist.

    • B. 

      Preacher.

    • C. 

      Business person who takes a risk to make a profit.

    • D. 

      Personal secretary.

  • 13. 
    Who defended the free-market system of capitalism in the book, The Wealth of Nations?
    • A. 

      Adam Smith

    • B. 

      John Stuart Mill

    • C. 

      Jeremy Bentham

    • D. 

      William Wilberforce

  • 14. 
    With which of the following is Karl Marx most closely associated?
    • A. 

      Freedom

    • B. 

      Communism

    • C. 

      Utilitarianism

    • D. 

      Trade unionism

  • 15. 
    During the Industrial Revolution, which class created and obtained the most new wealth? 
    • A. 

      The working class

    • B. 

      The middle class

    • C. 

      The nobility

    • D. 

      Unions

  • 16. 
    What powered the first locomotive?
    • A. 

      Batteries

    • B. 

      Alternating current

    • C. 

      Steam

    • D. 

      Nuclear

  • 17. 
    What are buildings that contain machines for manufacturing?
    • A. 

      Barns

    • B. 

      Factories

    • C. 

      Stadiums

    • D. 

      Schools

  • 18. 
    Back then, who were skilled workers, merchants, rich farmers, and professionals?
    • A. 

      Workers

    • B. 

      Lower class

    • C. 

      Middle class

    • D. 

      Upper class

  • 19. 
    Why did industrialism develop in the United States?
    • A. 

      It was a stroke of luck.

    • B. 

      Americans were just plain better than everyone else.

    • C. 

      The USA is the only country in North America.

    • D. 

      The USA had labor and natural resources.

  • 20. 
    The rise of the _________ class strengthened democracy.
    • A. 

      Lower class

    • B. 

      Working class

    • C. 

      Middle class

    • D. 

      Upper class

  • 21. 
    Why did some people call for reform during the Industrial Revolution?
    • A. 

      People in industrial cities had bad working conditions and bad living conditions.

    • B. 

      It was part of the religious movement.

    • C. 

      Reform went along with the expansion of empires.

    • D. 

      Reformers seemed popular.

  • 22. 
    Adam Smith described the economy and prices being controlled by an invisible ____________.
    • A. 

      Man

    • B. 

      Worker

    • C. 

      Hand

    • D. 

      Designer

  • 23. 
    What is a system of privately owned businesses trying to make a profit?
    • A. 

      Capitalism

    • B. 

      Communism

    • C. 

      Socialism

    • D. 

      Land grants

  • 24. 
    What label did Marx give to those employers who he identified as the “haves”?
    • A. 

      Bourgeoisie

    • B. 

      Proletariat

    • C. 

      Richies

    • D. 

      Hippies

  • 25. 
    What label did Marx give to those workers who he identified as the “have nots”?
    • A. 

      Bourgeoisie

    • B. 

      Proletariat

    • C. 

      Richies

    • D. 

      Hippies