Industrial Revolution MCQ Exam: Quiz!

25 Questions | Total Attempts: 296

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Industrial Revolution Quizzes & Trivia


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    What was the Industrial Revolution?
    • A. 

      Increased purchases of land by wealthy landowners to cultivate larger fields

    • B. 

      Increased output of machine-made goods that began in England during the 18th-century

    • C. 

      A widespread use of teenagers as factory laborers who worked 14 hour days, 6 days a week week

    • D. 

      Increased populations of urban areas during the 1800s

  • 2. 
    What was the main cause of the process of urbanization that occurred in 19th-century Britain and elsewhere in western Europe?
    • A. 

      Protestantism

    • B. 

      Industrialization

    • C. 

      Socialism

    • D. 

      Corporations

  • 3. 
    What is a stockholder in a corporation?
    • A. 

      Complete ownership of branch corporations

    • B. 

      Free goods produced by the corporation

    • C. 

      Someone who owns a share of a stock

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 4. 
    What is laissez-faire economics?
    • A. 

      Government workers set working conditions based on votes on relevant to their industry

    • B. 

      A committee sets working standards without interference from industry owners

    • C. 

      Working conditions based on government standards

    • D. 

      Owners set working conditions without government interference; free markets; “let them do as they choose”

  • 5. 
    What is the name for the voluntary associations of workers seeking labor reforms such as higher wages, shorter work weeks, and better working conditions?
    • A. 

      Unions

    • B. 

      Strikes

    • C. 

      Collective bargaining

    • D. 

      Utilitarianism

  • 6. 
    What was the impact of the steam engine on the production of British goods?
    • A. 

      Workers were not needed in mines anymore.

    • B. 

      It created medicine to stop malaria.

    • C. 

      It launched the railway age that brought increased transportation of people and materials.

    • D. 

      All of the above are true.

  • 7. 
    How did the Industrial Revolution affect cities?
    • A. 

      It created technology to clean them.

    • B. 

      It made them lose valuable sources of food.

    • C. 

      Population grew so fast that it created poor living conditions.

    • D. 

      It made the crime rate drop.

  • 8. 
    Which of the following was a key idea in the free-market system?
    • A. 

      Protect the nation's industries from foreign competition

    • B. 

      Establish minimum wages and maximum working hours

    • C. 

      Give government complete control of the means of production

    • D. 

      No government interference in economic matters

  • 9. 
    What is the most probable reason for the population growth in all cities between 1800 and 1850?
    • A. 

      The American Revolution

    • B. 

      Industrial Revolution

    • C. 

      New middle class

    • D. 

      Railroads

  • 10. 
    Did the philosophy of laissez-faire economics influence early industrialists?
    • A. 

      Yes

    • B. 

      No

    • C. 

      It's a toss up

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 11. 
    Which of the following statements are true of socialism and communism?
    • A. 

      Socialism and communism are two words that mean freedom.

    • B. 

      Socialism and communism are completely different.

    • C. 

      Communism is a form of complete socialism in which the government owns all production and property.

    • D. 

      Communism and socialism are part of the US Constitution.

  • 12. 
    An entrepreneur is a:
    • A. 

      Scientist.

    • B. 

      Preacher.

    • C. 

      Business person who takes a risk to make a profit.

    • D. 

      Personal secretary.

  • 13. 
    Who defended the free-market system of capitalism in the book, The Wealth of Nations?
    • A. 

      Adam Smith

    • B. 

      John Stuart Mill

    • C. 

      Jeremy Bentham

    • D. 

      William Wilberforce

  • 14. 
    With which of the following is Karl Marx most closely associated?
    • A. 

      Freedom

    • B. 

      Communism

    • C. 

      Utilitarianism

    • D. 

      Trade unionism

  • 15. 
    During the Industrial Revolution, which class created and obtained the newest wealth?
    • A. 

      The working class

    • B. 

      The middle class

    • C. 

      The nobility

    • D. 

      Unions

  • 16. 
    What powered the first locomotive?
    • A. 

      Batteries

    • B. 

      Alternating current

    • C. 

      Steam

    • D. 

      Nuclear

  • 17. 
    What are buildings that contain machines for manufacturing?
    • A. 

      Barns

    • B. 

      Factories

    • C. 

      Stadiums

    • D. 

      Schools

  • 18. 
    Back then, who were skilled workers, merchants, rich farmers, and professionals?
    • A. 

      Workers

    • B. 

      Lower class

    • C. 

      Middle class

    • D. 

      Upper class

  • 19. 
    Why did industrialism develop in the United States?
    • A. 

      It was a stroke of luck.

    • B. 

      Americans were just plain better than everyone else.

    • C. 

      The USA is the only country in North America.

    • D. 

      The USA had labor and natural resources.

  • 20. 
    The rise of the _________ class strengthened democracy.
    • A. 

      Lower class

    • B. 

      Working class

    • C. 

      Middle class

    • D. 

      Upper class

  • 21. 
    Why did some people call for reform during the Industrial Revolution?
    • A. 

      People in industrial cities had bad working conditions and bad living conditions.

    • B. 

      It was part of the religious movement.

    • C. 

      Reform went along with the expansion of empires.

    • D. 

      Reformers seemed popular.

  • 22. 
    Adam Smith described the economy and prices being controlled by an invisible ____________.
    • A. 

      Man

    • B. 

      Worker

    • C. 

      Hand

    • D. 

      Designer

  • 23. 
    What is a system of privately owned businesses trying to make a profit?
    • A. 

      Capitalism

    • B. 

      Communism

    • C. 

      Socialism

    • D. 

      Land grants

  • 24. 
    What label did Marx give to those employers who he identified as the “haves”?
    • A. 

      Bourgeoisie

    • B. 

      Proletariat

    • C. 

      Richies

    • D. 

      Hippies

  • 25. 
    What label did Marx give to those workers who he identified as the “have nots”?
    • A. 

      Bourgeoisie

    • B. 

      Proletariat

    • C. 

      Richies

    • D. 

      Hippies