Industrial Revolution MCQ Exam: Quiz!

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Industrial Revolution MCQ Exam: Quiz! - Quiz


Have you ever explored the history of the Industrial Revolution? It occurred in the 1800s when handicraft production switched over to using machines. The Industrial Revolution was illustrated by steam power, factories' progress, and the mass production of manufactured goods. The change of pace was exciting for people as they watched their lives become easier due to the Industrial Revolution. This quiz will surely help you to manufacture a passing grade on your exam.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    What was the Industrial Revolution?

    • A.

      Increased purchases of land by wealthy landowners to cultivate larger fields

    • B.

      Increased output of machine-made goods that began in England during the 18th-century

    • C.

      A widespread use of teenagers as factory laborers who worked 14 hour days, 6 days a week week

    • D.

      Increased populations of urban areas during the 1800s

    Correct Answer
    B. Increased output of machine-made goods that began in England during the 18th-century
    Explanation
    The Industrial Revolution refers to the period of time when there was a significant increase in the production of machine-made goods, which started in England during the 18th century. This was a time of major technological advancements and the transition from handmade goods to mass production using machinery. It led to the growth of factories and the development of new industries, transforming the economic and social structure of society. The increased output of machine-made goods revolutionized the way goods were produced and had a profound impact on the global economy.

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  • 2. 

    What was the main cause of the process of urbanization that occurred in 19th-century Britain and elsewhere in western Europe?

    • A.

      Protestantism

    • B.

      Industrialization

    • C.

      Socialism

    • D.

      Corporations

    Correct Answer
    B. Industrialization
    Explanation
    The main cause of the process of urbanization that occurred in 19th-century Britain and elsewhere in western Europe was industrialization. This period saw a significant shift from agrarian economies to industrial economies, with the development of factories and mass production. This led to an increased demand for labor, which in turn attracted people from rural areas to cities in search of employment opportunities. The growth of industries and urban areas resulted in the expansion of cities and the rise of urban populations.

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  • 3. 

    What is a stockholder in a corporation?

    • A.

      Complete ownership of branch corporations

    • B.

      Free goods produced by the corporation

    • C.

      Someone who owns a share of a stock

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    C. Someone who owns a share of a stock
    Explanation
    A stockholder in a corporation refers to someone who owns a share of a stock. This means that they have invested in the company and have become a partial owner. Stockholders have certain rights, such as the right to vote in shareholder meetings and the potential to receive dividends. They also have the potential to make a profit if the value of the stock increases. Therefore, the correct answer is "someone who owns a share of a stock."

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  • 4. 

    What is laissez-faire economics?

    • A.

      Government workers set working conditions based on votes on relevant to their industry

    • B.

      A committee sets working standards without interference from industry owners

    • C.

      Working conditions based on government standards

    • D.

      Owners set working conditions without government interference; free markets; “let them do as they choose”

    Correct Answer
    D. Owners set working conditions without government interference; free markets; “let them do as they choose”
    Explanation
    Laissez-faire economics refers to a system where owners are allowed to set working conditions without any interference from the government. It promotes free markets and the idea of "letting them do as they choose." In this system, there is minimal government intervention and regulations, allowing businesses to operate freely and make their own decisions regarding working conditions.

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  • 5. 

    What is the name for the voluntary associations of workers seeking labor reforms such as higher wages, shorter work weeks, and better working conditions?

    • A.

      Unions

    • B.

      Strikes

    • C.

      Collective bargaining

    • D.

      Utilitarianism

    Correct Answer
    A. Unions
    Explanation
    Unions are the name for voluntary associations of workers seeking labor reforms such as higher wages, shorter work weeks, and better working conditions. Unions act as a collective voice for workers, advocating for their rights and negotiating with employers on their behalf. Through collective bargaining, unions aim to secure better employment terms and protect the interests of their members. Strikes can be a tactic used by unions to put pressure on employers to meet their demands. Utilitarianism, on the other hand, is a philosophical theory that focuses on maximizing overall happiness and well-being and is not directly related to labor reforms or workers' associations.

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  • 6. 

    What was the impact of the steam engine on the production of British goods?

    • A.

      Workers were not needed in mines anymore.

    • B.

      It created medicine to stop malaria.

    • C.

      It launched the railway age that brought increased transportation of people and materials.

    • D.

      All of the above are true.

    Correct Answer
    C. It launched the railway age that brought increased transportation of people and materials.
    Explanation
    The steam engine had a significant impact on the production of British goods by launching the railway age. This led to increased transportation of people and materials, allowing for more efficient movement of goods across the country. The railway network facilitated the growth of industries and enabled the expansion of markets, contributing to the overall increase in production and trade of British goods.

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  • 7. 

    How did the Industrial Revolution affect cities?

    • A.

      It created technology to clean them.

    • B.

      It made them lose valuable sources of food.

    • C.

      Population grew so fast that it created poor living conditions.

    • D.

      It made the crime rate drop.

    Correct Answer
    C. Population grew so fast that it created poor living conditions.
    Explanation
    During the Industrial Revolution, cities experienced a rapid increase in population due to migration from rural areas to urban centers for employment opportunities. This influx of people led to overcrowding, inadequate housing, and unsanitary living conditions, resulting in poor living conditions. The rapid growth of cities outpaced the development of infrastructure and basic amenities, exacerbating the problem. This answer accurately reflects the negative impact of the Industrial Revolution on cities, highlighting the consequences of the population explosion on living standards.

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  • 8. 

    Which of the following was a key idea in the free-market system?

    • A.

      Protect the nation's industries from foreign competition

    • B.

      Establish minimum wages and maximum working hours

    • C.

      Give government complete control of the means of production

    • D.

      No government interference in economic matters

    Correct Answer
    D. No government interference in economic matters
    Explanation
    The key idea in the free-market system is no government interference in economic matters. This means that the government does not intervene in the market and allows the forces of supply and demand to determine prices, allocate resources, and regulate the economy. In a free-market system, individuals and businesses have the freedom to make their own economic decisions without government intervention or regulation.

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  • 9. 

    What is the most probable reason for the population growth in all cities between 1800 and 1850?

    • A.

      The American Revolution

    • B.

      Industrial Revolution

    • C.

      New middle class

    • D.

      Railroads

    Correct Answer
    B. Industrial Revolution
    Explanation
    The most probable reason for the population growth in all cities between 1800 and 1850 is the Industrial Revolution. This period saw significant advancements in technology, manufacturing, and transportation, leading to increased urbanization and job opportunities in cities. The Industrial Revolution brought about the mechanization of industries, which attracted people from rural areas to cities in search of employment and a better life. The growth of industries also led to the development of urban infrastructure, such as housing, transportation, and sanitation, which further facilitated population growth in cities.

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  • 10. 

    Did the philosophy of laissez-faire economics influence early industrialists?

    • A.

      Yes

    • B.

      No

    • C.

      It's a toss up

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    A. Yes
    Explanation
    The philosophy of laissez-faire economics did indeed influence early industrialists. Laissez-faire economics promotes minimal government intervention in the economy, allowing businesses and individuals to operate freely without excessive regulations. This ideology aligns with the interests of industrialists who sought to maximize their profits and expand their businesses without restrictions. Early industrialists benefited from the laissez-faire approach as it allowed them to pursue their economic goals with minimal interference, leading to the rapid growth of industries during the Industrial Revolution.

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  • 11. 

    Which of the following statements are true of socialism and communism?

    • A.

      Socialism and communism are two words that mean freedom.

    • B.

      Socialism and communism are completely different.

    • C.

      Communism is a form of complete socialism in which the government owns all production and property.

    • D.

      Communism and socialism are part of the US Constitution.

    Correct Answer
    C. Communism is a form of complete socialism in which the government owns all production and property.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is that communism is a form of complete socialism in which the government owns all production and property. This statement accurately describes the relationship between communism and socialism, highlighting that communism is an extreme form of socialism where the government has complete control over the means of production and ownership. It distinguishes communism as a specific type of socialism rather than implying that socialism and communism are completely different or synonymous with freedom. It also clarifies that communism and socialism are not part of the US Constitution.

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  • 12. 

    An entrepreneur is a:

    • A.

      Scientist.

    • B.

      Preacher.

    • C.

      Business person who takes a risk to make a profit.

    • D.

      Personal secretary.

    Correct Answer
    C. Business person who takes a risk to make a profit.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "business person who takes a risk to make a profit." An entrepreneur is someone who starts and operates a business, taking on financial risks in the hopes of making a profit. This involves identifying opportunities, organizing resources, and managing the business. While scientists may conduct research and experiments, preachers focus on religious teachings, and personal secretaries provide administrative support, none of these roles encompass the full scope of what an entrepreneur does.

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  • 13. 

    Who defended the free-market system of capitalism in the book, The Wealth of Nations?

    • A.

      Adam Smith

    • B.

      John Stuart Mill

    • C.

      Jeremy Bentham

    • D.

      William Wilberforce

    Correct Answer
    A. Adam Smith
    Explanation
    Adam Smith defended the free-market system of capitalism in his book, The Wealth of Nations. In this influential work, Smith argued that individuals pursuing their own self-interest in a free-market economy would ultimately benefit society as a whole. He emphasized the importance of competition, division of labor, and the invisible hand of the market in promoting economic growth and prosperity. Smith's ideas laid the foundation for modern economics and continue to shape our understanding of capitalism and its benefits.

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  • 14. 

    With which of the following is Karl Marx most closely associated?

    • A.

      Freedom

    • B.

      Communism

    • C.

      Utilitarianism

    • D.

      Trade unionism

    Correct Answer
    B. Communism
    Explanation
    Karl Marx is most closely associated with communism. He was a philosopher, economist, and political theorist who co-authored "The Communist Manifesto" and wrote "Das Kapital." Marx believed in the abolition of private property and the establishment of a classless society where the means of production are owned and controlled by the community as a whole. His ideas greatly influenced the development of socialist and communist movements around the world.

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  • 15. 

    During the Industrial Revolution, which class created and obtained the newest wealth?

    • A.

      The working class

    • B.

      The middle class

    • C.

      The nobility

    • D.

      Unions

    Correct Answer
    B. The middle class
    Explanation
    During the Industrial Revolution, the middle class created and obtained the newest wealth. This is because the Industrial Revolution brought about significant changes in society, including the rise of capitalism and the expansion of trade and industry. The middle class, consisting of merchants, professionals, and skilled workers, took advantage of these economic opportunities and became the driving force behind the creation and accumulation of wealth. They were able to invest in new industries, establish businesses, and benefit from the growing market economy, leading to their rise in wealth and social status.

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  • 16. 

    What powered the first locomotive?

    • A.

      Batteries

    • B.

      Alternating current

    • C.

      Steam

    • D.

      Nuclear

    Correct Answer
    C. Steam
    Explanation
    The first locomotive was powered by steam. Steam locomotives used the power of steam to generate motion. Water was heated in a boiler to produce steam, which then moved pistons that drove the locomotive's wheels. This invention revolutionized transportation in the early 19th century, allowing for faster and more efficient movement of goods and people.

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  • 17. 

    What are buildings that contain machines for manufacturing?

    • A.

      Barns

    • B.

      Factories

    • C.

      Stadiums

    • D.

      Schools

    Correct Answer
    B. Factories
    Explanation
    Factories are buildings that contain machines for manufacturing. They are specifically designed and equipped with machinery and equipment to produce goods or products on a large scale. Unlike barns, stadiums, or schools, factories are dedicated to industrial production and usually have specialized areas for different manufacturing processes. Therefore, factories are the correct answer in this context.

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  • 18. 

    Back then, who were skilled workers, merchants, rich farmers, and professionals?

    • A.

      Workers

    • B.

      Lower class

    • C.

      Middle class

    • D.

      Upper class

    Correct Answer
    C. Middle class
    Explanation
    During that time, skilled workers, merchants, rich farmers, and professionals were categorized as the middle class. This group of individuals held a higher social and economic status compared to the lower class, which consisted of laborers and peasants. The middle class had a level of wealth and education that allowed them to engage in trade, own businesses, and pursue specialized professions, distinguishing them from the lower and upper classes.

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  • 19. 

    Why did industrialism develop in the United States?

    • A.

      It was a stroke of luck.

    • B.

      Americans were just plain better than everyone else.

    • C.

      The USA is the only country in North America.

    • D.

      The USA had labor and natural resources.

    Correct Answer
    D. The USA had labor and natural resources.
    Explanation
    Industrialism developed in the United States because the country had an abundance of labor and natural resources. With a large population and vast reserves of raw materials such as coal, iron, and oil, the United States was able to establish and expand its industrial base. This enabled the country to develop a strong manufacturing sector, leading to economic growth and technological advancements. The availability of labor and resources created favorable conditions for industrialization, making the United States a leading industrial power.

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  • 20. 

    The rise of the _________ class strengthened democracy.

    • A.

      Lower class

    • B.

      Working class

    • C.

      Middle class

    • D.

      Upper class

    Correct Answer
    C. Middle class
    Explanation
    The rise of the middle class strengthened democracy because this social group typically possesses a moderate amount of wealth and education, allowing them to actively participate in politics and advocate for their interests. The middle class often values stability, equality, and social mobility, which are important principles in a democratic society. Their increasing numbers and influence can lead to a more balanced distribution of power and a greater focus on the needs and aspirations of the majority, ultimately strengthening democratic institutions.

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  • 21. 

    Why did some people call for reform during the Industrial Revolution?

    • A.

      People in industrial cities had bad working conditions and bad living conditions.

    • B.

      It was part of the religious movement.

    • C.

      Reform went along with the expansion of empires.

    • D.

      Reformers seemed popular.

    Correct Answer
    A. People in industrial cities had bad working conditions and bad living conditions.
    Explanation
    During the Industrial Revolution, some people called for reform because they witnessed the harsh realities of working and living conditions in industrial cities. The rapid growth of industries led to overcrowded and unsanitary living conditions, as well as long working hours, low wages, and dangerous working conditions. These poor conditions prompted individuals to advocate for change and improvements in order to address the social and economic inequalities that were prevalent during this time.

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  • 22. 

    Adam Smith described the economy and prices being controlled by an invisible ____________.

    • A.

      Man

    • B.

      Worker

    • C.

      Hand

    • D.

      Designer

    Correct Answer
    C. Hand
    Explanation
    Adam Smith described the economy and prices being controlled by an invisible "hand". This concept is known as the "invisible hand" and refers to the idea that in a free market, self-interested individuals will unintentionally promote the general welfare of society through their economic actions. Smith argued that individuals pursuing their own self-interests in the market would lead to the best outcomes for society as a whole, as if guided by an invisible hand.

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  • 23. 

    What is a system of privately owned businesses trying to make a profit?

    • A.

      Capitalism

    • B.

      Communism

    • C.

      Socialism

    • D.

      Land grants

    Correct Answer
    A. Capitalism
    Explanation
    Capitalism is a system where privately owned businesses aim to generate profits. In this economic system, individuals and corporations have the freedom to own and control their own resources and make independent decisions on production, distribution, and pricing. The main goal is to accumulate wealth and maximize profits through competition and market forces. Unlike socialism or communism, capitalism relies on a free market economy with minimal government intervention, allowing for innovation, entrepreneurship, and individual initiative.

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  • 24. 

    What label did Marx give to those employers who he identified as the “haves”?

    • A.

      Bourgeoisie

    • B.

      Proletariat

    • C.

      Richies

    • D.

      Hippies

    Correct Answer
    A. Bourgeoisie
    Explanation
    Marx gave the label of "bourgeoisie" to those employers who he identified as the "haves". The bourgeoisie refers to the capitalist class who own the means of production and exploit the proletariat, the working class. Marx believed that the bourgeoisie controlled the economy and held the majority of wealth and power in society, while the proletariat were the oppressed class who were exploited for their labor.

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  • 25. 

    What label did Marx give to those workers who he identified as the “have nots”?

    • A.

      Bourgeoisie

    • B.

      Proletariat

    • C.

      Richies

    • D.

      Hippies

    Correct Answer
    B. Proletariat
    Explanation
    Marx gave the label "proletariat" to those workers who he identified as the "have nots". The term refers to the working class who do not own the means of production and are therefore dependent on selling their labor to the bourgeoisie, the capitalist class. Marx believed that the proletariat had the potential to overthrow the bourgeoisie and establish a classless society.

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