Industrial Revolution Ultimate Quiz: Trivia!

45 Questions | Total Attempts: 335

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Industrial Revolution Ultimate Quiz: Trivia!

What do you think about the Industrial Revolution? Without the Industrial Revolution, we would not have many of the advancements we have today. It was the transition to innovative manufacturing practices in Europe and the United States. It allowed for growth and development. For example, going from using their hands to produce goods to using machines. This top-notch quiz will take you into the new world of technology in the 1800s. Have fun with it.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    What was the Industrial Revolution?
    • A. 

      Increased populations of urban areas during the 1800s

    • B. 

      A widespread use of teenagers as factory laborers who worked 14 hour days, 6 days a week

    • C. 

      Increased output of machine-made goods that began in England during the 18th-century

    • D. 

      Increased purchases of land by wealthy landowners to cultivate larger fields

  • 2. 
    Which of the following was a result of the agricultural revolution?
    • A. 

      All of the below are true.

    • B. 

      Many small farmers became tenant farmers or moved to cities.

    • C. 

      Enclosures were large fields created by wealthy landowners.

    • D. 

      Landowners experimented with new agricultural methods like crop rotation.

  • 3. 
    What were the three factors of production required to drive the industrial revolution?
    • A. 

      Government, military, colonies

    • B. 

      Raw materials, natural resources, man-made goods

    • C. 

      Road, railway, and water transport

    • D. 

      Resources that were needed to produce goods and services: land, labor, capital

  • 4. 
    What was the main cause of the process of urbanization that occurred in 19th-century Britain and elsewhere in western Europe?
    • A. 

      Industrialization

    • B. 

      Protestantism

    • C. 

      Socialism

    • D. 

      Corporations

  • 5. 
    What is a stockholder in a corporation?
    • A. 

      Someone who owns a share of a stock

    • B. 

      Free goods produced by the corporation

    • C. 

      Complete ownership of branch corporations

    • D. 

      Spices

  • 6. 
    What is laissez-faire economics?
    • A. 

      A committee sets working standards without interference from industry owners

    • B. 

      Government workers set working conditions based on votes on relevant to their industry

    • C. 

      Working conditions based on government standards

    • D. 

      Owners set working conditions without government interference; free markets; “let them do as they choose”

  • 7. 
    What is the name for the voluntary associations of workers seeking labor reforms such as higher wages, shorter work weeks, and better working conditions?
    • A. 

      Unions

    • B. 

      Collective bargaining

    • C. 

      Strikes

    • D. 

      Utilitarianism

  • 8. 
    Which of the following is an example of a reform movement?
    • A. 

      Women's rights

    • B. 

      Abolition of slavery

    • C. 

      Public education

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 9. 
    In what way did the Agricultural Revolution pave the way for the Industrial Revolution?
    • A. 

      It increased food supplies.

    • B. 

      It led to population growth.

    • C. 

      It caused farmers to leave the rural areas and move to the cities to find work.

    • D. 

      All of the above are true.

  • 10. 
    What was the impact of the steam engine on the production of British goods?
    • A. 

      Workers were not needed in mines anymore.

    • B. 

      It created medicine to stop malaria.

    • C. 

      It launched the railway age that brought increased transportation of people and materials.

    • D. 

      All of the above are true.

  • 11. 
    How did the Industrial Revolution affect cities?
    • A. 

      Population grew so fast that it created poor living conditions.

    • B. 

      It made them lose valuable sources of food.

    • C. 

      It made the crime rate drop.

    • D. 

      It created technology to clean them.

  • 12. 
    Which of the following was a key idea in the free-market system?
    • A. 

      Protect the nation's industries from foreign competition

    • B. 

      Establish minimum wages and maximum working hours

    • C. 

      Limited or no government interference in economic matters

    • D. 

      Give government complete control of the means of production

  • 13. 
    What is the most probable reason for the population growth in all cities between 1800 and 1850?
    • A. 

      Railroads

    • B. 

      New middle class

    • C. 

      The American Revolution

    • D. 

      Industrial Revolution

  • 14. 
    What was a benefit of the railroad in Britain?
    • A. 

      It offered cheap transportation for materials and goods.

    • B. 

      It encouraged people to emigrate to other countries.

    • C. 

      It eliminated hundreds of thousands of jobs.

    • D. 

      It displaced England's agricultural and fishing industries.

  • 15. 
    Did the philosophy of laissez-faire economics influence early industrialists?
    • A. 

      Yes

    • B. 

      No

    • C. 

      It’s a toss up.

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 16. 
    Which of the following statements are true of socialism and communism?
    • A. 

      Socialism and communism are two words that mean freedom.

    • B. 

      Communism is a form of complete socialism in which the government owns all production and property.

    • C. 

      Socialism and communism are completely different.

    • D. 

      Communism and socialism are part of the US Constitution.

  • 17. 
    In the 1700s, the process of enclosure tended to increase:
    • A. 

      Farmers' reliance on a single cash crop.

    • B. 

      The use of the broadcast method of seeding.

    • C. 

      The size of farms.

    • D. 

      The amount of common land available for grazing.

  • 18. 
    Which of the following was the first area to undergo major industrialization?
    • A. 

      Banking

    • B. 

      Railroads

    • C. 

      Coal mining

    • D. 

      Textile production

  • 19. 
    An entrepreneur is a:
    • A. 

      Preacher.

    • B. 

      Scientist

    • C. 

      Business person who takes a risk to make a profit.

    • D. 

      Personal secretary.

  • 20. 
    Who defended the free-market system of capitalism in the book, The Wealth of Nations?
    • A. 

      Adam Smith

    • B. 

      John Stuart Mill

    • C. 

      Jeremy Bentham

    • D. 

      William Wilberforce

  • 21. 
    Nineteenth-century socialists argued that government should
    • A. 

      Leave the economy alone.

    • B. 

      Let the invisible hand of the market control the economy.

    • C. 

      Actively plan the economy and control economic activity.

    • D. 

      Allow the economy to be controlled by the bourgeoisie.

  • 22. 
    With which of the following is Karl Marx most closely associated?
    • A. 

      Freedom

    • B. 

      Communism

    • C. 

      Utilitarianism

    • D. 

      Trade unionism

  • 23. 
    Which areas followed right behind Britain in the Industrial Revolution?
    • A. 

      Belgium, Germany, and the United States

    • B. 

      Egypt, the Middle East, and India

    • C. 

      Paraguay, Uruguay, and Chile

    • D. 

      Kansas, the Snowy Range, and Nebraska

  • 24. 
    A ___________ is a type of business owned by stockholders who share in its profits but are not personally responsible for its debts.
    • A. 

      Factory

    • B. 

      Church

    • C. 

      Corporation

    • D. 

      School

  • 25. 
    During the Industrial Revolution, which class created and obtained the most new wealth?
    • A. 

      The working class

    • B. 

      The middle class

    • C. 

      Unions

    • D. 

      The nobility

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