Industrial Revolution Quiz Questions And Answer

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Industrial Revolution Quiz Questions And Answer - Quiz

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    What was Jason Watt's contribution to industrialize in England?

    • A.

      He invented a less expenisive way to manufacture steel.

    • B.

      He invented a more efficient steam engine.

    • C.

      He invented the internal combustion engine.

    • D.

      He invented the method of interchangable parts

    Correct Answer
    B. He invented a more efficient steam engine.
    Explanation
    Jason Watt's contribution to industrialize in England was inventing a more efficient steam engine. This invention played a crucial role in the Industrial Revolution, as it allowed for increased productivity and the development of various industries such as transportation, manufacturing, and agriculture. The more efficient steam engine provided a reliable and cost-effective source of power, leading to significant advancements in technology and the overall growth of the industrial sector in England.

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  • 2. 

    The first person to bring the knowledge of machines to America was:

    • A.

      Henry Bessimer

    • B.

      Samuel Slater

    • C.

      James Watts

    • D.

      Andrew Carnagie

    Correct Answer
    B. Samuel Slater
    Explanation
    Samuel Slater is the correct answer because he is widely regarded as the "Father of the American Industrial Revolution." Slater was a British textile worker who immigrated to the United States in the late 18th century. He brought with him the knowledge and skills of textile machinery, particularly the spinning jenny, which revolutionized the American textile industry. Slater's establishment of the first successful cotton-spinning mill in America in Pawtucket, Rhode Island, marked the beginning of industrialization in the country. His contributions played a significant role in shaping America's industrial development and economic growth.

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  • 3. 

    The first machines were powered by: 

    • A.

      Coal

    • B.

      Water

    • C.

      Oil

    • D.

      Wood

    Correct Answer
    B. Water
    Explanation
    In the early stages of industrialization, before the advent of steam engines, water was commonly used as a power source for machines. Waterwheels were used to harness the energy of flowing water and convert it into mechanical power. This power was then utilized to operate various machines and equipment. Water was a convenient and widely available source of energy, especially in areas with rivers or streams. It was used to power mills, sawmills, textile machines, and many other types of machinery during that time period.

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  • 4. 

    What changed as a result of the Industrial Revolution?

    • A.

      People moved from cities to farms in the country.

    • B.

      People spent more time with their families.

    • C.

      People moved from small farms to towns and cities.

    • D.

      People started enjoying vacations.

    Correct Answer
    C. People moved from small farms to towns and cities.
    Explanation
    As a result of the Industrial Revolution, people moved from small farms to towns and cities. The Industrial Revolution brought about significant changes in the economy, technology, and social structure. With the rise of factories and mechanized production, there was a shift from agricultural work to industrial work. This led to a migration of people from rural areas to urban centers in search of employment opportunities. Towns and cities became hubs of industry and commerce, offering better job prospects and a higher standard of living. This mass movement of people from farms to urban areas was a key consequence of the Industrial Revolution.

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  • 5. 

    What invention made the  steel industry more successeful?

    • A.

      Interchangable parts

    • B.

      The Bessemer process

    • C.

      The internal combustion engine

    • D.

      The iron ore inductor

    Correct Answer
    B. The Bessemer process
    Explanation
    The Bessemer process is the correct answer because it revolutionized the steel industry by making the production of steel more efficient and cost-effective. This process involved blowing air through molten iron to remove impurities and create a higher quality steel. The Bessemer process allowed for mass production of steel, which led to the expansion of the steel industry and its success.

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  • 6. 

    The invention of machine tools that could create part after the part after part of the same size and shape allowed for the use of 

    • A.

      Highly skilled employees

    • B.

      Interchangable parts

    • C.

      Interlocking joints

    • D.

      More effecient power loans

    Correct Answer
    B. Interchangable parts
    Explanation
    The invention of machine tools that could create interchangeable parts revolutionized manufacturing processes. With interchangeable parts, different components could be produced to the same size and shape, allowing for easy replacement and repair. This increased efficiency and reduced the need for highly skilled employees to manually create each part. Interchangeable parts also facilitated mass production and assembly line techniques, leading to significant advancements in industrialization.

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  • 7. 

    What machine wove cloth and ended the cottage industries?

    • A.

      The Power Loom

    • B.

      The Cotton Gin

    • C.

      The External Combustion Engine

    • D.

      The Internal Combustion Engine

    Correct Answer
    A. The Power Loom
    Explanation
    The Power Loom is the correct answer because it revolutionized the textile industry by automating the process of weaving cloth. Before the invention of the Power Loom, cloth was primarily woven by hand in cottage industries. However, the Power Loom mechanized the weaving process, leading to increased production and the decline of cottage industries. This machine played a significant role in the Industrial Revolution and the transition from manual labor to machine-based production.

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  • 8. 

    What region was the center of the American Industrial Revolution?

    • A.

      The Southeast

    • B.

      The Midwest

    • C.

      The Mid Atlantic

    • D.

      New England

    Correct Answer
    D. New England
    Explanation
    New England was the center of the American Industrial Revolution. This region had abundant natural resources such as water power, forests, and harbors, which provided the necessary infrastructure for industrialization. Additionally, New England had a skilled workforce, access to trade routes, and a strong entrepreneurial spirit. These factors allowed industries such as textile manufacturing, shipbuilding, and machinery production to thrive, making New England the epicenter of the American Industrial Revolution.

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  • 9. 

    The demand for coal increased as a result of the:

    • A.

      Gossamer Engine

    • B.

      Hydropowered Engine

    • C.

      Lowell Engine

    • D.

      Steam Engine

    Correct Answer
    D. Steam Engine
    Explanation
    The steam engine revolutionized industries by providing a more efficient and reliable source of power. It replaced traditional methods of energy, such as hydropower and gossamer engines, and allowed for increased production and transportation capabilities. As a result, the demand for coal, which was used as fuel for steam engines, increased significantly. The steam engine's impact on the industrial revolution and its ability to power machinery and locomotives led to a higher demand for coal as it became the primary energy source for these engines.

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  • 10. 

    Which of the following was a factor which allowed for the development of mass production?

    • A.

      The creation of more sophisticated advertising strategies

    • B.

      The specialization of workers in a single step of manufacturing process

    • C.

      The use of chemical fertalizers and mechanized reapers and harvesters

    • D.

      The creation of vertical monopolies across a single industry

    Correct Answer
    B. The specialization of workers in a single step of manufacturing process
    Explanation
    The specialization of workers in a single step of the manufacturing process allowed for the development of mass production. By dividing the manufacturing process into smaller, specialized tasks, workers could become highly skilled and efficient in their specific area. This increased productivity and allowed for the production of goods on a larger scale. It also enabled the use of assembly lines, where each worker would focus on a specific task, leading to faster and more efficient production.

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  • 11. 

    The American car maker Henry Ford was the first large-scale manufacturer to use

    • A.

      Interchangable parts

    • B.

      Unskilled workers in a single step of the production process

    • C.

      The assembly line method of production

    • D.

      The corporate business structure

    Correct Answer
    C. The assembly line method of production
    Explanation
    The correct answer is the assembly line method of production. This method revolutionized the manufacturing industry by allowing for mass production of goods. Instead of skilled workers completing a product from start to finish, the assembly line divided the production process into smaller tasks that could be completed by unskilled workers. This increased efficiency and productivity, leading to lower costs and higher output. Henry Ford's implementation of the assembly line in his car manufacturing plants played a significant role in the growth of the American automobile industry.

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  • 12. 

    What was one effect of the mechanization of agriculture?

    • A.

      Many farmers abandoned the raising of livestock

    • B.

      Farmers needed more acreage to produce the same amount of food as before

    • C.

      Fewer farmers were needed to grow food.

    • D.

      Small landholders started weaving cloth.

    Correct Answer
    C. Fewer farmers were needed to grow food.
    Explanation
    The mechanization of agriculture led to fewer farmers being needed to grow food. This is because machines and technology increased efficiency and productivity on farms, reducing the need for manual labor. With the introduction of machinery such as tractors and harvesters, tasks that were previously done by hand became automated, allowing a smaller number of farmers to handle larger areas of land and produce more food. This shift in farming methods resulted in a decrease in the overall number of farmers required to meet the food demands of the population.

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  • 13. 

    During the enclosure movement in England, landowners

    • A.

      Expanded the private property rights of their tenants

    • B.

      Funded the manufacturing ventures of men who lived on their land

    • C.

      Sold their land to small farmers who had previously rented it

    • D.

      Took away land from the people who could not prove ownership

    Correct Answer
    D. Took away land from the people who could not prove ownership
    Explanation
    During the enclosure movement in England, landowners took away land from the people who could not prove ownership. This was a result of the landowners asserting their private property rights and consolidating their land holdings. The enclosure movement involved the fencing off of common lands, which were previously shared by the community, and converting them into private property. As a result, individuals who could not provide legal documentation proving their ownership of the land were forcibly removed from the land, leading to the displacement of many rural communities.

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  • 14. 

    How did a few large companies come to dominate industrial economies by the late 1800s?

    • A.

      By buying smaller companies or driving them out of business

    • B.

      By creating partnerships with national banks

    • C.

      By establishing multinational corporations throughout the globe

    • D.

      By lobbying national governments for favorable legislation

    Correct Answer
    A. By buying smaller companies or driving them out of business
    Explanation
    During the late 1800s, a few large companies were able to dominate industrial economies by buying smaller companies or driving them out of business. This strategy allowed the dominant companies to acquire their competitors and eliminate competition, thus consolidating their power and market share. By controlling a significant portion of the market, these companies could dictate prices, set industry standards, and influence the overall direction of the economy. This practice of mergers and acquisitions was a key factor in the rise of monopolies and the concentration of economic power in the hands of a few dominant corporations.

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  • 15. 

    Buildings where people came to use machines were called:

    • A.

      Factories

    • B.

      Stores

    • C.

      Outlets

    • D.

      Globalization

    Correct Answer
    A. Factories
    Explanation
    Buildings where people came to use machines were called factories. Factories are industrial spaces where workers operate machinery to produce goods on a large scale. This term is commonly associated with the Industrial Revolution, where the shift from manual labor to machine-based production occurred. Factories played a crucial role in the development of modern manufacturing and the growth of urban areas. They allowed for increased productivity and efficiency, leading to advancements in technology and the expansion of industries.

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  • 16. 

    The Industrial Revolution began in

    • A.

      Germany

    • B.

      America

    • C.

      England

    • D.

      France

    Correct Answer
    C. England
    Explanation
    The Industrial Revolution began in England because it was the first country to experience significant advancements in technology, such as the steam engine and mechanized textile production. These innovations led to the transformation of traditional industries and the rise of factories, sparking a period of rapid industrialization. England's access to natural resources, such as coal and iron ore, also played a crucial role in fueling this revolution. The country's political stability and favorable economic conditions further contributed to its emergence as the epicenter of the Industrial Revolution.

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  • 17. 

    Which of the following was NOT a result of The Industrial Revolution?

    • A.

      A decrease in child labor

    • B.

      Pollution

    • C.

      The use of clocks

    • D.

      An increase in the middle class

    Correct Answer
    A. A decrease in child labor
    Explanation
    The Industrial Revolution led to various significant changes, including pollution, the use of clocks, and an increase in the middle class. However, it did not result in a decrease in child labor. In fact, child labor increased during this period as children were often employed in factories and mines due to their small size and ability to perform certain tasks. The Industrial Revolution brought about advancements in technology and production, but it also exploited the labor of children, leading to harsh working conditions and long hours.

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  • 18. 

    With the spinning mule 1 person could do the same work as 3 thousand people

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The spinning mule was a machine used in the textile industry during the Industrial Revolution. It was able to spin cotton into yarn much faster and more efficiently than traditional methods. By using the spinning mule, one person could produce the same amount of yarn that would have required the labor of three thousand people using manual spinning techniques. This increased productivity revolutionized the textile industry and allowed for mass production of yarn and textiles. Therefore, the statement "With the spinning mule 1 person could do the same work as 3 thousand people" is true.

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  • 19. 

    John Bessemer invented the Cotton Gin.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
  • 20. 

    The Luddites started a riot and tried to destroy the new textile machines that had put them out of business. 

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The Luddites were a group of 19th-century English textile workers who protested against the introduction of new machinery that threatened their jobs. They believed that these machines would replace their skilled labor and cause unemployment. In response, they resorted to riots and sabotage, targeting the textile machines that they saw as the cause of their economic hardship. This answer is true because it accurately reflects the actions and motivations of the Luddites during that time.

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Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Sep 01, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Jan 02, 2013
    Quiz Created by
    Amickd
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