World History - Chapter 25 Test The Industrial Revolution

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World History - Chapter 25 Test The Industrial Revolution - Quiz

A summary of students' knowledge of the Industrial Revolution (including the revolution in arts).


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Cities grew by the millions due to the?

    • A.

      Decreased mobility of urban dwellers

    • B.

      Existence of government housing subsidies

    • C.

      Promise of available employment

    • D.

      Existence of a drought throughout the nation's rural area

    Correct Answer
    C. Promise of available employment
    Explanation
    The promise of available employment is the most likely explanation for cities growing by the millions. When there are job opportunities and the potential for a better standard of living in urban areas, people are attracted to move there in search of employment and economic opportunities. This can lead to rapid population growth in cities as people migrate from rural areas in search of a better life.

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  • 2. 

    What were illegal at the start of the Industrial Revolution, but workers still tried to initiate reforms?

    • A.

      Urbanizations

    • B.

      Contaminated

    • C.

      Tenements

    • D.

      Labor Unions

    Correct Answer
    D. Labor Unions
    Explanation
    During the start of the Industrial Revolution, labor unions were illegal, but workers still attempted to initiate reforms through these organizations. Despite facing legal barriers, workers recognized the need for collective action to address the harsh working conditions, low wages, and long hours they were subjected to. Labor unions provided a platform for workers to come together, voice their concerns, and demand better treatment and improved working conditions. These unions played a crucial role in advocating for workers' rights and ultimately contributed to significant labor reforms and improvements in the industrial sector.

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  • 3. 

    Which of the following was NOT a danger of being a miner?

    • A.

      Explosions and flooding in mines

    • B.

      Coal dust harming your lungs

    • C.

      Working in darkness

    • D.

      Clean working conditions

    Correct Answer
    D. Clean working conditions
  • 4. 

    One problem for the industrial working class poor was that the drinking water had this problem?

    • A.

      Contaminated

    • B.

      Urbanized

    • C.

      Tenement

    • D.

      Stressed

    Correct Answer
    A. Contaminated
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "contaminated". One problem for the industrial working class poor was that the drinking water was contaminated. This means that the water was polluted or impure, making it unsafe for consumption. Contaminated water can lead to various health issues and diseases, further exacerbating the already difficult living conditions of the working class poor.

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  • 5. 

    Which group benefited the most from the Industrial Revolution?

    • A.

      The working class

    • B.

      Farmers

    • C.

      The nobility

    • D.

      The middle class

    Correct Answer
    D. The middle class
    Explanation
    The middle class benefited the most from the Industrial Revolution because they experienced significant social and economic mobility. As industrialization led to the growth of factories and urbanization, the middle class emerged as the new entrepreneurs, businessmen, and professionals. They had access to better job opportunities, higher wages, and improved living standards. Additionally, the middle class played a crucial role in driving technological advancements and innovations during this period. They were able to accumulate wealth and social status, becoming the dominant social group in society.

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  • 6. 

    Workers often packed into tiny ____________ as they struggled to survive in the slums?

    • A.

      Contaminations

    • B.

      Tenements

    • C.

      Labor unions

    • D.

      Cottages

    Correct Answer
    B. Tenements
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "tenements" because the question asks about the living conditions of workers in slums. Tenements refer to overcrowded and poorly maintained apartment buildings, which were common in slum areas during the time period being referred to. Workers packed into these tiny tenements as they struggled to survive in the slums. The other options, such as contaminations, labor unions, and cottages, do not accurately describe the living conditions of workers in slums.

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  • 7. 

    Which group of people helped channel worker's anger away from revolution and toward social reform?

    • A.

      The factory owners

    • B.

      The Methodists

    • C.

      The Luddites

    • D.

      The Utopians

    Correct Answer
    B. The Methodists
    Explanation
    During the Industrial Revolution, workers faced harsh working conditions and low wages, which led to anger and frustration. The Methodists, a religious group, played a significant role in channeling this anger away from revolution and towards social reform. They emphasized personal piety, hard work, and moral behavior, encouraging workers to find solace and hope in their faith rather than resorting to violent means. The Methodists promoted social justice and advocated for better working conditions, education, and support for the poor, providing an alternative path to change that focused on peaceful reform rather than revolution.

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  • 8. 

    Effects of industrialization included which of the following?

    • A.

      Increased unemployment

    • B.

      Rapid urbanization

    • C.

      Safer working conditions

    • D.

      Shorter work days

    Correct Answer
    B. Rapid urbanization
    Explanation
    Industrialization led to rapid urbanization as people moved from rural areas to cities in search of employment opportunities in factories and industries. This mass migration from rural to urban areas resulted in the growth of cities and the development of urban infrastructure. The concentration of people in cities also led to the emergence of slums and overcrowding. Rapid urbanization had both positive and negative effects, such as the creation of new jobs and economic growth, but also issues like poor living conditions and social inequality.

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  • 9. 

    Eight-hour work days, improved safety measures, and the outlawing of child labor were all accomplishments fought for by?

    • A.

      Labor unions

    • B.

      Mutual-aid societies

    • C.

      Business leaders

    • D.

      The bourgeois

    Correct Answer
    A. Labor unions
    Explanation
    Labor unions fought for and achieved several important accomplishments, including eight-hour work days, improved safety measures, and the outlawing of child labor. Through collective bargaining and advocacy, labor unions were able to secure these rights and protections for workers. They played a crucial role in advocating for fair working conditions and better treatment for employees, ultimately leading to significant improvements in labor standards.

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  • 10. 

    Where did the Industrial Revolution begin?

    • A.

      United States

    • B.

      England

    • C.

      Africa

    • D.

      China

    Correct Answer
    B. England
    Explanation
    The Industrial Revolution began in England. England was the first country to experience a significant shift from hand production methods to machines and mechanized production. This revolution brought about major changes in agriculture, manufacturing, mining, and transportation, leading to the development of factories, urbanization, and economic growth. England's abundant natural resources, such as coal and iron ore, along with its stable political and economic conditions, contributed to its position as the birthplace of the Industrial Revolution.

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  • 11. 

    Seed drill invented by who?

    • A.

      Robert Bakewell

    • B.

      Jethro Tull

    Correct Answer
    B. Jethro Tull
    Explanation
    Jethro Tull is the correct answer because he is credited with inventing the seed drill. The seed drill is a mechanical device used in agriculture to sow seeds efficiently and at a consistent depth. Tull's invention revolutionized farming practices by allowing for more precise and efficient planting, leading to increased crop yields. Robert Bakewell, on the other hand, is known for his contributions to animal breeding and improvement of livestock.

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  • 12. 

    Selective Breeding

    Correct Answer
    Robert Bakewell
    Explanation
    Robert Bakewell is associated with selective breeding. He was an English agriculturalist who played a significant role in the development of modern livestock breeding techniques during the 18th century. Bakewell focused on improving the quality of livestock by selectively breeding animals with desirable traits, such as increased meat production or improved wool quality. His innovative methods and careful selection of breeding stock resulted in the creation of new breeds and greatly influenced the agricultural industry.

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  • 13. 

    John Kay

    Correct Answer
    Flying Shuttle
    Explanation
    The given answer "Flying Shuttle" is correct because John Kay is associated with the invention of the Flying Shuttle. The Flying Shuttle was a key innovation in the textile industry during the Industrial Revolution. It allowed weavers to work faster and produce wider fabrics, revolutionizing the efficiency of the weaving process. John Kay's invention had a significant impact on the textile industry and played a crucial role in advancing industrialization.

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  • 14. 

    James Hargreaves

    Correct Answer
    Spinning Jenny
    Explanation
    James Hargreaves is associated with the invention of the Spinning Jenny. The Spinning Jenny was a significant invention during the Industrial Revolution, as it revolutionized the textile industry by allowing multiple spindles of thread to be spun at once. This invention greatly increased the efficiency and productivity of textile production, leading to a significant increase in the availability of textiles and ultimately contributing to the growth of the industrial economy.

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  • 15. 

    Abraham Darby

    • A.

      Coal to coke for lighting

    • B.

      Steam locomotive

    Correct Answer
    A. Coal to coke for lighting
    Explanation
    Abraham Darby is associated with the process of converting coal into coke for lighting purposes. Coke is a fuel derived from coal that burns hotter and cleaner, making it more suitable for lighting. Darby's innovation in the 18th century revolutionized the use of coal as a source of energy for lighting, replacing the less efficient and smoky alternatives. This development played a significant role in the Industrial Revolution by providing a more reliable and efficient source of lighting for homes and industries.

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  • 16. 

    Henry Cort

    Correct Answer
    Puddling Furnace
  • 17. 

    Edmund Cartwright

    Correct Answer
    Power loom
    Explanation
    Edmund Cartwright is credited with inventing the power loom. The power loom revolutionized the textile industry by mechanizing the process of weaving fabric. Prior to its invention, weaving was a labor-intensive and time-consuming task done by hand. The power loom automated this process, significantly increasing the speed and efficiency of textile production. This invention played a crucial role in the Industrial Revolution, leading to the mass production of textiles and the growth of the textile industry.

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  • 18. 

    Eli Whitney

    Correct Answer
    Cotton Gin
    Explanation
    Eli Whitney is known for inventing the Cotton Gin. The Cotton Gin was a revolutionary machine that revolutionized the cotton industry by automating the process of separating cotton fibers from the seeds. Before the invention of the Cotton Gin, this process was done manually and was extremely labor-intensive. The Cotton Gin increased the production of cotton and made it more profitable, leading to a significant growth in the cotton industry and contributing to the expansion of slavery in the United States.

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  • 19. 

    Steam engine innovator

    Correct Answer
    James Watt
    Explanation
    James Watt is known as the steam engine innovator. He made significant improvements to the design of the steam engine, making it more efficient and practical for industrial use. His innovations, including the separate condenser and the double-acting engine, revolutionized the steam engine industry and played a crucial role in the Industrial Revolution. Watt's inventions and improvements paved the way for the widespread adoption of steam power and had a profound impact on the development of modern industry and transportation.

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  • 20. 

    Steamship

    Correct Answer
    Robert Fulton
    Explanation
    Robert Fulton is the correct answer because he was an American inventor who is widely credited with developing the first commercially successful steamboat called the Clermont. This steamboat revolutionized transportation by using steam power instead of traditional sails or oars. Fulton's steamboat design paved the way for the development of steamships, which played a crucial role in the Industrial Revolution and the expansion of global trade and travel.

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  • 21. 

    Macadam Road

    Correct Answer
    John McAdam
    Explanation
    John McAdam is the correct answer because he was a Scottish engineer who invented the macadam road construction method. This method involved layering small stones and compacting them to create a durable and smooth road surface. The term "macadam road" is derived from his name, making John McAdam the most likely explanation for the given answer.

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  • 22. 

    Richard Trevithick

    Correct Answer
    Steam locomotive
    Explanation
    Richard Trevithick is known for inventing the steam locomotive. His invention revolutionized transportation by using steam power to propel trains, which allowed for faster and more efficient travel. The steam locomotive played a crucial role in the Industrial Revolution and paved the way for the development of modern railways.

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  • 23. 

    Wireless Telegraph/Radio

    Correct Answer
    Gugliemo Marconi
    Explanation
    Gugliemo Marconi is the correct answer because he is credited with inventing wireless telegraphy, which later evolved into radio communication. Marconi's experiments and developments in the late 19th and early 20th centuries revolutionized long-distance communication by enabling messages to be transmitted wirelessly through the use of radio waves. His work laid the foundation for modern wireless communication systems and made significant contributions to the field of telecommunications.

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  • 24. 

    Nitroglycerin

    Correct Answer
    Alfred Nobel
    Explanation
    Alfred Nobel is the correct answer because he was the inventor of nitroglycerin. Nitroglycerin is a highly explosive substance that is used in various applications, including as a component in dynamite. Alfred Nobel's invention of nitroglycerin revolutionized the field of explosives and had a significant impact on industries such as mining and construction. Additionally, Alfred Nobel is well-known for establishing the Nobel Prizes, which are awarded annually in recognition of outstanding achievements in various fields.

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  • 25. 

    Issac Singer

    Correct Answer
    sewing machine
    Explanation
    Issac Singer is known for inventing the sewing machine.

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  • 26. 

    Lowell, MA

    Correct Answer
    Francis Cabot Lowell
    Explanation
    Francis Cabot Lowell is the correct answer because the question provides the location "Lowell, MA" and the name "Francis Cabot Lowell". Since the question does not specify what type of information is being asked for, it can be inferred that the answer is the person associated with the location mentioned. Therefore, Francis Cabot Lowell, who is known for his role in the development of the textile industry in Lowell, Massachusetts, is the correct answer.

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  • 27. 

    "High pop. of people will always be poor"

    Correct Answer
    David Ricardo
    Explanation
    David Ricardo was an economist who developed the theory of comparative advantage and is known for his work on international trade. However, the given quote does not directly relate to his theories or ideas. Without further context or information, it is difficult to determine the specific meaning or context of this quote. Therefore, an explanation for this quote is not available.

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  • 28. 

    Natural Law of Economics

    Correct Answer
    Thomas Malthus
    Explanation
    Thomas Malthus is associated with the concept of the Natural Law of Economics. He was an economist and demographer who proposed the theory of population growth and its impact on economic development. According to Malthus, population tends to grow exponentially while resources increase linearly, leading to a scarcity of resources. This scarcity, in turn, drives competition and affects economic systems. Malthus' ideas had a significant influence on the field of economics and continue to be debated and discussed today.

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  • 29. 

    Utilitarianism founder

    Correct Answer
    Jeremy Bentham
    Explanation
    Jeremy Bentham is considered the founder of Utilitarianism, a moral theory that focuses on maximizing overall happiness and minimizing overall suffering. Bentham believed that the moral worth of an action is determined by its consequences, and that the goal of ethics should be to create the greatest amount of happiness for the greatest number of people. He developed the principle of the "greatest happiness principle," which states that actions are right insofar as they promote happiness and wrong insofar as they produce unhappiness. Bentham's ideas have had a significant influence on the field of ethics and continue to be studied and debated today.

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  • 30. 

    Feminist Utopian Socialist

    Correct Answer
    Charles Fourier
    Explanation
    Charles Fourier was a French philosopher and social theorist who is known for his ideas on utopian socialism. He believed in creating a society where gender equality and social harmony are prioritized. Fourier's vision of a feminist utopian socialist society involved the abolition of traditional gender roles and the establishment of communal living arrangements called "phalanxes." In these phalanxes, men and women would work together in equal partnership and share in the responsibilities of child-rearing and household chores. Fourier's ideas were influential in shaping the feminist movement and continue to inspire discussions on gender equality and social justice.

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  • 31. 

    How did a few large companies come to dominate industrial economies by the late 1800s?

    • A.

      By buying smaller companies or driving them out of business

    • B.

      By creating partnerships with national banks

    • C.

      By establishing multinational corporations throughout the globe

    • D.

      By lobbying national governments for favorable legislation

    Correct Answer
    A. By buying smaller companies or driving them out of business
    Explanation
    In the late 1800s, a few large companies came to dominate industrial economies by buying smaller companies or driving them out of business. This strategy allowed the larger companies to increase their market share and eliminate competition. By acquiring smaller companies, they could expand their operations and gain access to new markets. Additionally, driving smaller companies out of business ensured that the dominant companies had control over the industry, allowing them to dictate prices and set standards. This consolidation of power led to the rise of monopolies and oligopolies in various industries.

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  • 32. 

    Buildings where people came to use machines were called:

    • A.

      Factories

    • B.

      Stores

    • C.

      Outlets

    • D.

      Globalization

    Correct Answer
    A. Factories
    Explanation
    The correct answer is factories. Buildings where people came to use machines were called factories. Factories were industrial buildings where workers operated machinery to produce goods on a large scale. This term is commonly associated with the Industrial Revolution, when manufacturing processes became mechanized and centralized in these buildings. Stores and outlets are typically retail establishments where goods are sold, while globalization refers to the interconnectedness and integration of economies and cultures worldwide.

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  • 33. 

    What was Jason Watt's contribution to industrialize in England?

    • A.

      He invented a less expenisive way to manufacture steel.

    • B.

      He invented a more efficient steam engine.

    • C.

      He invented the internal combustion engine.

    • D.

      He invented the method of interchangable parts

    Correct Answer
    B. He invented a more efficient steam engine.
    Explanation
    Jason Watt's contribution to industrialize in England was inventing a more efficient steam engine. This invention played a significant role in the industrial revolution by revolutionizing transportation and powering machinery. The more efficient steam engine allowed for increased productivity and faster transportation, which in turn fueled economic growth and the development of industries such as manufacturing, mining, and transportation.

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  • 34. 

    The first person to bring the knowledge of machines to America was:

    • A.

      Henry Bessimer

    • B.

      Samuel Slater

    • C.

      James Watts

    • D.

      Andrew Carnagie

    Correct Answer
    B. Samuel Slater
    Explanation
    Samuel Slater is considered the first person to bring the knowledge of machines to America. He was an English-born industrialist who immigrated to the United States in the late 18th century. Slater is known as the "Father of the American Industrial Revolution" because he brought the plans and knowledge of textile machinery from Britain and successfully built the first water-powered cotton mill in America. His contribution revolutionized the American textile industry and laid the foundation for future industrial advancements in the country.

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  • 35. 

    The first machines were powered by: 

    • A.

      Coal

    • B.

      Water

    • C.

      Oil

    • D.

      Wood

    Correct Answer
    B. Water
    Explanation
    In the early stages of industrialization, water was commonly used as a power source for machines. Waterwheels and watermills were used to harness the energy from flowing water and convert it into mechanical power. This power was then used to operate various machinery, such as mills, pumps, and textile machines. Water power was advantageous because it was readily available and could be used in areas with abundant water resources. Additionally, water power was a renewable energy source, making it a sustainable choice for powering machines during that time period.

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  • 36. 

    What changed as a result of the Industrial Revolution?

    • A.

      People moved from cities to farms in the country.

    • B.

      People spent more time with their families.

    • C.

      People moved from small farms to towns and cities.

    • D.

      People started enjoying vacations.

    Correct Answer
    C. People moved from small farms to towns and cities.
    Explanation
    As a result of the Industrial Revolution, there was a significant shift in population from small farms to towns and cities. This occurred due to the rise of factories and industrialization, which created job opportunities in urban areas. Many people left their agricultural lifestyles behind and moved to urban centers in search of employment and better living conditions. This mass migration from rural areas to cities led to the growth of urban populations and the development of urban infrastructure and industries.

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  • 37. 

    What invention made the  steel industry more successeful?

    • A.

      Interchangable parts

    • B.

      The Bessemer process

    • C.

      The internal combustion engine

    • D.

      The iron ore inductor

    Correct Answer
    B. The Bessemer process
    Explanation
    The correct answer is the Bessemer process. The Bessemer process was a revolutionary method for producing steel, which greatly increased its availability and reduced its cost. This process involved blowing air through molten iron to remove impurities and create a stronger and more malleable form of steel. The Bessemer process played a crucial role in the expansion of the steel industry, as it made steel production faster, cheaper, and more efficient. This invention allowed for the mass production of steel, which in turn led to the construction of railways, bridges, and buildings on a larger scale.

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  • 38. 

    The invention of machine tools that could create part after the part after part of the same size and shape allowed for the use of 

    • A.

      Highly skilled employees

    • B.

      Interchangable parts

    • C.

      Interlocking joints

    • D.

      More effecient power loans

    Correct Answer
    B. Interchangable parts
    Explanation
    The invention of machine tools that could create interchangeable parts allowed for the use of highly skilled employees. This is because with interchangeable parts, workers could specialize in producing specific components rather than needing to be skilled in creating an entire product from scratch. This increased efficiency and productivity in manufacturing processes.

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  • 39. 

    What machine wove cloth and ended the cottage industries?

    • A.

      The Power Loom

    • B.

      The Cotton Gin

    • C.

      The External Combustion Engine

    • D.

      The Internal Combustion Engine

    Correct Answer
    A. The Power Loom
    Explanation
    The power loom is the correct answer because it revolutionized the textile industry by mechanizing the process of weaving cloth. Before the power loom, cloth was typically woven by hand in cottage industries. The introduction of the power loom led to the decline of these cottage industries as it could produce cloth at a much faster rate and with less labor. This advancement in technology had a significant impact on the textile industry and ultimately ended the dominance of cottage industries in cloth production.

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  • 40. 

    What region was the center of the American Industrial Revolution?

    • A.

      The Southeast

    • B.

      The Midwest

    • C.

      The Mid Atlantic

    • D.

      New England

    Correct Answer
    D. New England
    Explanation
    New England was the center of the American Industrial Revolution because it had several key factors that contributed to its success. It had access to natural resources such as water power and timber, which were essential for industrialization. Additionally, New England had a skilled workforce and a strong entrepreneurial spirit. The region also had a well-developed transportation network, including rivers and canals, which facilitated the movement of goods and raw materials. These factors combined to make New England the hub of industrial activity during this period.

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  • 41. 

    The demand for coal increased as a result of the:

    • A.

      Gossamer Engine

    • B.

      Hydropowered Engine

    • C.

      Lowell Engine

    • D.

      Steam Engine

    Correct Answer
    D. Steam Engine
    Explanation
    The steam engine revolutionized transportation and industrial processes, leading to a significant increase in the demand for coal. The steam engine was powered by burning coal to produce steam, which in turn drove the engine's machinery. This new technology enabled factories, ships, and trains to operate more efficiently and on a larger scale. As a result, the demand for coal skyrocketed as it became the primary source of fuel to power the steam engines, leading to an increased need for mining and production of coal.

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  • 42. 

    Which of the following was a factor which allowed for the development of mass production?

    • A.

      The creation of more sophisticated advertising strategies

    • B.

      The specialization of workers in a single step of manufacturing process

    • C.

      The use of chemical fertalizers and mechanized reapers and harvesters

    • D.

      The creation of vertical monopolies across a single industry

    Correct Answer
    B. The specialization of workers in a single step of manufacturing process
    Explanation
    The specialization of workers in a single step of the manufacturing process allowed for the development of mass production. By assigning specific tasks to individual workers, each worker could become highly skilled and efficient in their particular area, leading to increased productivity and output. This division of labor enabled factories to produce goods at a much faster rate and lower cost, making mass production possible.

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  • 43. 

    The American car maker Henry Ford was the first large-scale manufacturer to use

    • A.

      Interchangable parts

    • B.

      Unskilled workers in a single step of the production process

    • C.

      The assembly line method of production

    • D.

      The corporate business structure

    Correct Answer
    C. The assembly line method of production
    Explanation
    The correct answer is the assembly line method of production. Henry Ford revolutionized the manufacturing industry by implementing the assembly line method, which involved dividing the production process into smaller tasks and having workers specialize in one specific task. This allowed for increased efficiency and productivity, as well as the ability to produce goods at a much faster rate. Ford's adoption of the assembly line method was a major breakthrough in large-scale manufacturing and had a significant impact on the industry as a whole.

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  • 44. 

    What was one effect of the mechanization of agriculture?

    • A.

      Many farmers abandoned the raising of livestock

    • B.

      Farmers needed more acreage to produce the same amount of food as before

    • C.

      Fewer farmers were needed to grow food.

    • D.

      Small landholders started weaving cloth.

    Correct Answer
    C. Fewer farmers were needed to grow food.
    Explanation
    The mechanization of agriculture led to fewer farmers being needed to grow food. With the introduction of machines and technology, tasks that were once done manually by farmers were now automated, reducing the need for a large labor force. This resulted in a decrease in the number of farmers required to produce the same amount of food.

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  • 45. 

    During the enclosure movement in England, landowners

    • A.

      Expanded the private property rights of their tenants

    • B.

      Funded the manufacturing ventures of men who lived on their land

    • C.

      Sold their land to small farmers who had previously rented it

    • D.

      Took away land from the people who could not prove ownership

    Correct Answer
    D. Took away land from the people who could not prove ownership
    Explanation
    During the enclosure movement in England, landowners took away land from the people who could not prove ownership. This was a result of the landowners asserting their private property rights and consolidating land for their own use. Those who were unable to provide proof of ownership were displaced and lost their access to the land they had previously used for farming or other purposes. This process led to the concentration of land in the hands of a few wealthy landowners and contributed to social and economic inequality during that time.

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  • 46. 

    The Industrial Revolution began in

    • A.

      Germany

    • B.

      America

    • C.

      England

    • D.

      France

    Correct Answer
    C. England
    Explanation
    The Industrial Revolution began in England. England was the birthplace of the Industrial Revolution, which was a period of rapid industrialization and technological advancements that transformed the economic and social structure of society. England had abundant natural resources, such as coal and iron, which were essential for industrial development. It also had a stable political and legal system, a strong agricultural sector, and a growing population, all of which contributed to the conditions necessary for the Industrial Revolution to take place.

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  • 47. 

    Which of the following was NOT a result of The Industrial Revolution?

    • A.

      A decrease in child labor

    • B.

      Pollution

    • C.

      The use of clocks

    • D.

      An increase in the middle class

    Correct Answer
    A. A decrease in child labor
    Explanation
    The Industrial Revolution led to various significant changes, including pollution, the use of clocks, and an increase in the middle class. However, it did not result in a decrease in child labor. In fact, child labor was prevalent during the Industrial Revolution, with children often working in factories and mines under harsh conditions. The revolution brought about advancements in technology and increased demand for labor, leading to the exploitation of child workers.

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  • 48. 

    With the spinning mule 1 person could do the same work as 3 thousand people

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The spinning mule was a revolutionary invention in the textile industry during the Industrial Revolution. It greatly increased productivity by combining the spinning jenny and the water frame. With the spinning mule, one person could operate multiple spindles simultaneously, allowing them to produce much more yarn than before. This meant that the work of thousands of people could be done by just one person. Therefore, the statement that one person could do the same work as 3 thousand people with the spinning mule is true.

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  • 49. 

    John Bessemer invented the Cotton Gin.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The given statement is false. John Bessemer did not invent the Cotton Gin. The Cotton Gin was actually invented by Eli Whitney in the late 18th century. The Cotton Gin revolutionized the cotton industry by automating the separation of cotton seeds from the fibers, making cotton production much more efficient. John Bessemer, on the other hand, is known for his invention of the Bessemer process, a method for mass-producing steel.

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  • 50. 

    The Luddites started a riot and tried to destroy the new textile machines that had put them out of business. 

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The Luddites were a group of early 19th-century English textile workers who protested against the new industrial machinery that was replacing their jobs. They believed that these machines would take away their livelihoods and disrupt their traditional way of life. In response, they started riots and destroyed the textile machines in an attempt to protect their jobs and livelihoods. Therefore, the statement that the Luddites started a riot and tried to destroy the new textile machines that had put them out of business is true.

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Quiz Review Timeline +

Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Aug 31, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Feb 23, 2014
    Quiz Created by
    Bgalang
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