History Of Industrialization Quiz: MCQ Trivia!

25 Questions | Total Attempts: 1373

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History Of Industrialization Quiz: MCQ Trivia!

What do you understand about the history of industrialization? Do you think you know enough to pass this quiz? The Industrial Revolution began in the United States in 1793. It is most associated with the theory of communism. The Industrial Revolution led to workers coming together to receive better pay and working conditions. Take this quiz and see how much you know about the Industrial Revolution.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Industrial growth was made possible by all of the following EXCEPT 
    • A. 

      Strict government laws and regulations

    • B. 

      Abundant natural resources

    • C. 

      A large labor force

    • D. 

      The development of the railroad

  • 2. 
    Mass production is a term that can be best defined as
    • A. 

      Number of hours employees are required to work

    • B. 

      Manufacture of large quantities of a product quickly and cheaply

    • C. 

      Profit made by a large business or corporation

    • D. 

      Formation of a business monopoly

  • 3. 
    How did the increase in factories likely affect the prices of goods?
    • A. 

      The prices went down

    • B. 

      The prices went up

    • C. 

      The prices stayed the same

    • D. 

      The prices instantly doubled

  • 4. 
    How did the railroad fuel the growth of industrialization in the US?
    • A. 

      The railroad stopped Ashley and Morgan from moving west

    • B. 

      Raw materials in the west could now be transported to factories in the east

    • C. 

      Manufactured products could be shipped more quickly throughout the nation

    • D. 

      Both "B" and "C" are correct

  • 5. 
    Many children worked in factories rather than attend school in the late 1800s because
    • A. 

      The wages were high

    • B. 

      Families needed money to survive

    • C. 

      The work was easy and safe

    • D. 

      There were no public schools.

  • 6. 
    The formation of labor unions in the late 1800s was mainly a response to
    • A. 

      Passage of federal laws that favored workers

    • B. 

      Laws restricting immigration and naturalization

    • C. 

      Economic depressions that led to high unemployment

    • D. 

      Poor working conditions and low wages in many industries

  • 7. 
    The tragedy at the Triangle Shirtwaist Factory of 1911 drew national attention to the need to 
    • A. 

      Restrict immigration

    • B. 

      Establish a full time fire department

    • C. 

      Protect the safety of workers

    • D. 

      Improve city apartments

  • 8. 
    In the US, which development was a result of the other three?
    • A. 

      Unsanitary working conditions in factories

    • B. 

      Unequal distribution of profits between manegment and workers

    • C. 

      Formation of labor unions

    • D. 

      12-hour workday

  • 9. 
    In the late 1800's, most strikes by unions were unsuccessful mainly because
    • A. 

      Government usually supported business instead of workers

    • B. 

      Unions were considered to be constitutional

    • C. 

      Strikes had never been used before in labor disputes

    • D. 

      Strikers failed to use violent tactics

  • 10. 
    A major result of the development of labor unions is that
    • A. 

      Poverty has been eliminated throughout the United States

    • B. 

      Workers have better working conditions today.

    • C. 

      The free market economy has been destroyed.

    • D. 

      There is increased trade with European nations

  • 11. 
    Collective bargaining allows 
    • A. 

      Employers to fire any worker who goes on strike

    • B. 

      Workers to influence the government

    • C. 

      Workers in unions to negotiate with employers.

    • D. 

      For a minimum wage

  • 12. 
    According to the theory of Laissez-faire, there should be 
    • A. 

      Active government involvement in industries.

    • B. 

      Minimum government regulations, if any at all.

    • C. 

      High tariffs (taxes) on imported goods.

    • D. 

      Unemployment insurance, minimum wage, and other government regulations

  • 13. 
    What is the effect of monopolies on consumers? 
    • A. 

      There is so much competition they do not know who has the best product.

    • B. 

      The prices are so low that consumers buy too many products.

    • C. 

      Consumers are not affected by monopolies.

    • D. 

      The price of goods becomes very high

  • 14. 
    One reason John D. Rockefeller, Andrew Carnegie, and J. Pierpont Morgan were sometimes called robber barons was that they 
    • A. 

      Robbed from the rich to give to the poor

    • B. 

      Made unnecessarily risky investments

    • C. 

      Used ruthless business tactics against their competitors

    • D. 

      Stole money from the federal government

  • 15. 
    Corporations have advantages over small businesses because they
    • A. 

      Can raise large amounts of capital through the sale of stock

    • B. 

      Have fewer government regulations than other types of businesses have

    • C. 

      Exist only as long as the original owner lives

    • D. 

      Are more easily organized

  • 16. 
    In an economy that believes in capitalism and a free enterprise profits go to the 
    • A. 

      State government

    • B. 

      Individual business owners

    • C. 

      All of society equally.

    • D. 

      National government

  • 17. 
    Between 1865 and 1920, railroad companies contributed to the economic development of the US by
    • A. 

      Ending the need for water transportation

    • B. 

      Providing the most efficient means of transportation over long distances

    • C. 

      Concentrating on military

    • D. 

      Encouraging farm workers' unions

  • 18. 
    Which business owner controlled the Standard Oil Company?
    • A. 

      Andrew Carnegie

    • B. 

      J.P. Morgan

    • C. 

      Cornelius Vanderbilt

    • D. 

      J.D. Rockefeller

  • 19. 
    Carnegie and Rockefeller were considered philanthropists when they 
    • A. 

      Gave in to the demands of unions

    • B. 

      Limited competition.

    • C. 

      Donated millions of dollars to various charities.

    • D. 

      Former monopolies

  • 20. 
    This individual was the highly successful leader of the American Federation of Labor (AFL). 
  • 21. 
    The name of the early labor union, which was headed by Terence Powderly, which allowed both skilled and unskilled workers to join?
  • 22. 
    A court order from a judge generally ordering a stop to a workers' strike.
  • 23. 
    The economy of the US is based on the belief that private citizens should own businesses and profit from the business. 
  • 24. 
    A railroad baron, who used ruthless tactics to end business competition and consolidate railroad lines in the northeast US.
  • 25. 
    An adaptation of the theory of evolution, this idea states that business is like nature and that it should be viewed as the "survival of the fittest" in which those who should succeed rise to the top, while those who don't fail. 
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