Industrial Revolution Test 2018

Approved & Edited by ProProfs Editorial Team
The editorial team at ProProfs Quizzes consists of a select group of subject experts, trivia writers, and quiz masters who have authored over 10,000 quizzes taken by more than 100 million users. This team includes our in-house seasoned quiz moderators and subject matter experts. Our editorial experts, spread across the world, are rigorously trained using our comprehensive guidelines to ensure that you receive the highest quality quizzes.
Learn about Our Editorial Process
| By Michelle BYRD
M
Michelle BYRD
Community Contributor
Quizzes Created: 97 | Total Attempts: 30,544
Questions: 20 | Attempts: 88

SettingsSettingsSettings
Industrial Revolution Test 2018 - Quiz

What have you learned? ? ?


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    The switch from handmade to machine made goods was called _________________________.  (Mass Production or Industrial Revolution) Select one to type as your answer

    Explanation
    The switch from handmade to machine-made goods was a significant period of time characterized by the development of new technologies and the transformation of industries. This period, known as the Industrial Revolution, brought about the mechanization of production processes, leading to increased productivity and the mass production of goods. It marked a shift from traditional methods of production to the use of machinery, ultimately revolutionizing the way goods were manufactured.

    Rate this question:

  • 2. 

    Urbanization: _____________Immigration: movement to new country 

    • A.

      Movement to cities

    • B.

      Movement to farms

    • C.

      Movement of peoples across Europe

    • D.

      Movement to USA

    Correct Answer
    A. Movement to cities
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "movement to cities." Urbanization refers to the process of people moving from rural areas to urban areas, resulting in the growth and development of cities. Immigration, on the other hand, refers to the act of individuals moving to a new country. Therefore, the relationship between urbanization and immigration is that urbanization involves the movement of people to cities, while immigration involves the movement of people to a new country.

    Rate this question:

  • 3. 

    Select the nation where the Industrial Revolution began.

    • A.

      USA

    • B.

      China

    • C.

      France

    • D.

      England

    Correct Answer
    D. England
    Explanation
    The Industrial Revolution began in England. This is because England had a unique combination of factors that contributed to its emergence as the birthplace of the Industrial Revolution. These factors included a stable political and economic system, a large population, abundant natural resources such as coal and iron, a strong agricultural sector, and a well-developed transportation network. Additionally, England had a culture of innovation and entrepreneurship, which further facilitated the development and spread of industrialization.

    Rate this question:

  • 4. 

    What is a cottage industry? 

    • A.

      Improved working conditions for those who worked in factories

    • B.

      Using large machines in a home setting rather than a factory

    • C.

      Working and making goods at home rather than in large factories

    • D.

      Making cottages in factories

    Correct Answer
    C. Working and making goods at home rather than in large factories
    Explanation
    A cottage industry refers to a system where individuals work and produce goods from their homes instead of working in large factories. This allows for a more decentralized and flexible approach to manufacturing, as individuals can work at their own pace and convenience. It also provides an opportunity for individuals to have greater control over their working conditions and to work in a more comfortable environment. Cottage industries are typically characterized by small-scale production and often involve traditional and artisanal methods of manufacturing.

    Rate this question:

  • 5. 

    Select the invention that does not belong with the First Industrial Revolution of England.

    • A.

      Steam engine

    • B.

      Spinning jenny

    • C.

      Cotton gin

    • D.

      Elevator

    Correct Answer
    D. Elevator
    Explanation
    The elevator does not belong with the First Industrial Revolution of England because it was not invented during that time period. The First Industrial Revolution, which took place from the late 18th to early 19th century, was characterized by advancements in manufacturing and the introduction of new machinery. The steam engine, spinning jenny, and cotton gin were all significant inventions that played a crucial role in revolutionizing the textile industry and increasing productivity. However, elevators were not developed until the mid-19th century and were not directly associated with the industrial revolution in England.

    Rate this question:

  • 6. 

    The Enclosure Movement had a negative effect on poor farmers. 

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The Enclosure Movement refers to the process of converting common lands into privately owned fenced-in fields during the 18th and 19th centuries in England. This had a negative effect on poor farmers because they lost their access to common lands where they could graze their livestock and grow crops. As a result, they were forced to either become wage laborers or migrate to urban areas, leading to increased poverty and unemployment among the rural poor. This disrupted the traditional agrarian way of life and widened the gap between the rich landowners and the poor farmers.

    Rate this question:

  • 7. 

    Select the main problem that working people faced during the Industrial Revolution.

    • A.

      Poor working conditions, long hours, dangerous & loud machinery

    • B.

      Use of child labor

    • C.

      Dirty neighborhoods- pollution, disease, trash in streets

    • D.

      All of the Above

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the Above
    Explanation
    During the Industrial Revolution, working people faced several challenges. Poor working conditions, such as cramped spaces and lack of ventilation, made their work environment uncomfortable and unsafe. They also had to endure long working hours, which often led to fatigue and exhaustion. The use of dangerous and loud machinery further increased the risk of accidents and injuries. Additionally, child labor was prevalent, with young children being forced to work in hazardous conditions instead of receiving an education. Moreover, the neighborhoods where these workers lived were often dirty and polluted, leading to the spread of diseases and the accumulation of trash in the streets. Therefore, all of the options mentioned - poor working conditions, use of child labor, and dirty neighborhoods - were main problems faced by working people during the Industrial Revolution.

    Rate this question:

  • 8. 

    Which statement would best describe the working conditions that people encountered during the Industrial Revolution?

    • A.

      Workers spent long hours in the factories, often fourteen hours a day, six days a week

    • B.

      The work was repetitive and boring, people would fall asleep on the job

    • C.

      Work was dangerous so they set up sick leave for those who were injured

    • D.

      Children under the age of 15 were not allowed to work because the machines were dangerous and loud

    Correct Answer
    A. Workers spent long hours in the factories, often fourteen hours a day, six days a week
    Explanation
    During the Industrial Revolution, workers faced grueling working conditions, including long hours in the factories, typically fourteen hours a day, six days a week. The work was monotonous and dull, leading to people falling asleep on the job. Additionally, the working environment was hazardous, but there were no provisions for sick leave for those injured. The answer accurately reflects the demanding and exhausting nature of the working conditions during this period.

    Rate this question:

  • 9. 

    Determine which of the following resources would not be a reason why England served as the center of the Industrial Revolution  

    • A.

      Population

    • B.

      Rivers

    • C.

      Coal and iron

    • D.

      Trees

    Correct Answer
    D. Trees
    Explanation
    England served as the center of the Industrial Revolution due to its abundant population, rivers, coal, and iron resources. However, trees were not a significant factor in England's industrial development. While trees were used for construction and fuel, they were not as crucial as coal and iron in powering the industrial machinery and infrastructure. Additionally, England's dense population and rivers provided a ready labor force and transportation network, respectively, which further contributed to its industrial growth.

    Rate this question:

  • 10. 

    The negative impact/effects of the Industrial Revolution could be best described as? 

    • A.

      Pollution- water and air

    • B.

      Growth of the middle class

    • C.

      Child labor

    • D.

      Both A and C

    Correct Answer
    D. Both A and C
    Explanation
    The negative impact/effects of the Industrial Revolution can be best described as both pollution (water and air) and child labor. The rapid growth of industries during this period led to significant pollution of water and air due to the release of toxic chemicals and emissions. Additionally, the Industrial Revolution also saw the widespread exploitation of children as laborers, who were often subjected to dangerous and unhealthy working conditions. Therefore, both pollution and child labor were major negative consequences of the Industrial Revolution.

    Rate this question:

  • 11. 

    Life in the tenements could be best described as.... 

    • A.

      Overcrowded with several people living in one room

    • B.

      A new way of living in the city

    • C.

      Homes that were designed for comfort and luxury

    • D.

      Tenements were within walking distance to the textile mills

    Correct Answer
    A. Overcrowded with several people living in one room
    Explanation
    Life in the tenements could be best described as overcrowded with several people living in one room. Tenements were small, cramped apartments that were often occupied by multiple families or individuals. The lack of space and resources meant that people had to share living quarters, leading to overcrowding. This living arrangement was a result of the rapid urbanization and industrialization during the time, where large numbers of people migrated to cities in search of work. The overcrowded conditions in tenements often led to poor sanitation, health issues, and a lack of privacy for the residents.

    Rate this question:

  • 12. 

    The invention of the cotton gin increased the need for cotton and slave labor.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The invention of the cotton gin, a machine that efficiently removed seeds from cotton fibers, revolutionized the cotton industry. This led to a significant increase in cotton production and subsequently increased the demand for cotton. To meet this demand, more slaves were needed to work on cotton plantations, resulting in an increased need for slave labor. Therefore, the statement is true.

    Rate this question:

  • 13. 

    By the mid 1800's where did most people live in England? 

    • A.

      Farms

    • B.

      Along rivers

    • C.

      Near the coast

    • D.

      Cities

    Correct Answer
    D. Cities
    Explanation
    During the mid-1800s, most people in England lived in cities. This was due to the rapid industrialization and urbanization that occurred during this time period. The Industrial Revolution led to the growth of cities as people moved from rural areas to urban centers in search of employment opportunities in factories and industries. The cities offered better job prospects and amenities compared to rural areas, attracting a large population. As a result, cities became the primary residential areas for the majority of people in England during this period.

    Rate this question:

  • 14. 

    Adam Smith: The Wealth of NationsKarl Marx: _____________________

    • A.

      Magna Carta

    • B.

      Communist Manifesto

    • C.

      Declaration of Rights of Man

    • D.

      Common Sense

    Correct Answer
    B. Communist Manifesto
    Explanation
    Karl Marx is known for his influential work called the Communist Manifesto. This book, written in collaboration with Friedrich Engels, outlines the principles of communism and criticizes capitalism. It argues for the overthrow of the bourgeoisie (capitalist class) by the proletariat (working class) to establish a classless society. Marx's ideas had a significant impact on the development of socialist and communist movements around the world.

    Rate this question:

  • 15. 

    Market Economy:______________: ___________Command Economy: less freedom in economic choices : North Korea

    • A.

      Limited choices with trade: China

    • B.

      Freedom in economic choices: USA

    • C.

      Norway: USA

    • D.

      People are told what to purchase by government: Cuba

    Correct Answer
    B. Freedom in economic choices: USA
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "freedom in economic choices: USA." This is because the USA operates under a market economy, where individuals and businesses have the freedom to make their own economic decisions regarding what to produce, how to produce it, and for whom to produce. In a market economy, the government's role is limited, allowing for greater individual freedom and choice in economic matters.

    Rate this question:

  • 16. 

    Capitalism was written about in which book  which was released in 1776?

    • A.

      Adam Smith- The Wealth of Nations

    • B.

      Karl Marx- Communist Manifesto

    • C.

      Thomas Paine- Common Sense

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    A. Adam Smith- The Wealth of Nations
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Adam Smith- The Wealth of Nations. In this book, published in 1776, Adam Smith discusses the principles of capitalism and its economic implications. He argues for the benefits of free markets, division of labor, and the pursuit of self-interest in driving economic growth and prosperity. The Wealth of Nations is considered one of the foundational texts of modern economics and has had a significant influence on the development of capitalist theories and policies.

    Rate this question:

  • 17. 

    Determine which of the following would not be a statement or phrase associated with capitalism.

    • A.

      Competition of corporations

    • B.

      Supply and demand drives the cycle of the economy

    • C.

      Government owned/controlled all of the banks and factories

    • D.

      Privately owned business

    Correct Answer
    C. Government owned/controlled all of the banks and factories
    Explanation
    The phrase "government owned/controlled all of the banks and factories" would not be associated with capitalism because capitalism is an economic system characterized by private ownership and control of businesses and resources, rather than government ownership and control. In capitalism, businesses are typically owned and operated by individuals or private entities, and the government's role is usually limited to regulating and overseeing the market, rather than directly owning and controlling the means of production.

    Rate this question:

  • 18. 

    Karl Marx described the history as he knew it as a time of ___________________?

    • A.

      Class struggle- rich and poor

    • B.

      Independence

    • C.

      Power and profits

    • D.

      War and conflict with other nations

    Correct Answer
    A. Class struggle- rich and poor
    Explanation
    Karl Marx believed that throughout history, there has been a constant struggle between the wealthy ruling class (rich) and the working class (poor). He argued that this class struggle was the driving force behind societal change and the catalyst for revolutions. According to Marx, the rich exploit the labor of the poor to accumulate power and profits, which perpetuates inequality and leads to social conflict. Therefore, the correct answer is "class struggle- rich and poor."

    Rate this question:

  • 19. 

    Karl Marx was unhappy with the Industrial Revolution capitalists society and decided to create a new theory that created equality for working class.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Karl Marx was indeed unhappy with the capitalist society that emerged during the Industrial Revolution. He believed that this system created inequality and exploitation of the working class. In response, Marx developed a new theory called Marxism, which aimed to create equality and eliminate class struggle. This theory advocated for the overthrow of the capitalist system and the establishment of a socialist society where the means of production would be owned collectively by the working class. Therefore, the statement is true.

    Rate this question:

Advertisement
×

Wait!
Here's an interesting quiz for you.

We have other quizzes matching your interest.