Industrial Revolution 2019- Final Review

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| By Michelle BYRD
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Michelle BYRD
Community Contributor
Quizzes Created: 97 | Total Attempts: 30,544
Questions: 16 | Attempts: 139

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Revolution Quizzes & Trivia

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    It was easy to move in and out of social classes within Latin American society.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The statement is false because it was not easy to move in and out of social classes within Latin American society. Latin American society has historically been characterized by a rigid social hierarchy based on factors such as race, ethnicity, and socioeconomic status. Social mobility was limited, and individuals born into lower social classes often faced significant barriers to upward mobility.

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  • 2. 

    During the Age of Exploration, the Treaty of Tordesillas divided up Latin America among which countries?

    • A.

      Spain

    • B.

      France

    • C.

      Portugal

    • D.

      England

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Spain
    C. Portugal
    Explanation
    During the Age of Exploration, the Treaty of Tordesillas was signed between Spain and Portugal in 1494. This treaty aimed to divide the newly discovered lands in Latin America between these two countries. According to the treaty, Spain was granted control over most of the territories in the Americas, including present-day Central and South America, while Portugal gained control over territories in Africa, Asia, and Brazil. Therefore, the correct answer is Spain and Portugal.

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  • 3. 

    Which of the following inspired Latin American colonies to revolt against Spain?

    • A.

      The Venezuelan Congress

    • B.

      Members of the wealthy class

    • C.

      Enlightenment thinkers

    • D.

      French Revolution

    Correct Answer(s)
    C. Enlightenment thinkers
    D. French Revolution
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Enlightenment thinkers and French Revolution. Enlightenment thinkers such as Voltaire, Rousseau, and Montesquieu spread ideas of liberty, equality, and individual rights which influenced the Latin American colonies to question Spanish colonial rule. The French Revolution, with its ideals of liberty, equality, and fraternity, also inspired the colonies to seek independence and overthrow Spanish rule. These intellectual and political movements played a significant role in inspiring the Latin American colonies to revolt against Spain.

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  • 4. 

    Which statement would best describe the working conditions that people encountered during the Industrial Revolution?

    • A.

      Workers spent long hours in the factories, often fourteen hours a day, six days a week

    • B.

      The work was repetitive and boring, people would fall asleep on the job

    • C.

      Work was dangerous so they set up sick leave for those who were injured

    • D.

      Children under the age of 15 were not allowed to work because the machines were dangerous and loud

    Correct Answer
    A. Workers spent long hours in the factories, often fourteen hours a day, six days a week
    Explanation
    During the Industrial Revolution, workers endured grueling working conditions, often spending long hours in factories for up to fourteen hours a day, six days a week. This statement highlights the harsh reality of their work schedule, emphasizing the excessive amount of time they spent laboring in the factories.

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  • 5. 

    Karl Marx was unhappy with the Industrial Revolution capitalists society and decided to create a new theory that created equality for working class.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Karl Marx was indeed unhappy with the capitalist society that emerged during the Industrial Revolution. He believed that this system created inequality and exploitation, particularly for the working class. As a result, Marx developed a new theory called Marxism, which aimed to create a more equal society by advocating for the abolition of private property and the establishment of a classless society. Therefore, the statement that Marx wanted to create equality for the working class is true.

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  • 6. 

    Life in the tenements could be best described as.... 

    • A.

      Overcrowded with several people living in one room

    • B.

      A new way of living in the city

    • C.

      Homes that were designed for comfort and luxury

    • D.

      Tenements were within walking distance to the textile mills

    Correct Answer
    A. Overcrowded with several people living in one room
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "overcrowded with several people living in one room." This is because tenements were often small, cramped apartments that housed multiple families or individuals in a single room. The living conditions were extremely crowded and lacked privacy or personal space.

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  • 7. 

    By the mid 1800's where did most people live in England? 

    • A.

      Farms

    • B.

      Along rivers

    • C.

      Near the coast

    • D.

      Cities

    Correct Answer
    D. Cities
    Explanation
    During the mid-1800s, most people in England lived in cities. This was due to the rapid industrialization and urbanization that occurred during this time period. The Industrial Revolution led to the growth of cities as people moved from rural areas to urban centers in search of employment opportunities in factories and industries. Cities became hubs of economic activity and offered better access to amenities and services compared to rural areas. The population boom in cities resulted in overcrowding and poor living conditions, but it also brought about significant social and cultural changes.

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  • 8. 

    Adam Smith: The Wealth of NationsKarl Marx: _____________________

    • A.

      Magna Carta

    • B.

      Communist Manifesto

    • C.

      Declaration of Rights of Man

    • D.

      Common Sense

    Correct Answer
    B. Communist Manifesto
    Explanation
    Karl Marx is known for his influential work called the Communist Manifesto. In this book, Marx outlines his theory of communism and criticizes the capitalist system. He argues for the overthrow of the bourgeoisie and the establishment of a classless society. The Communist Manifesto has had a significant impact on political and economic thought, and it remains a foundational text for socialist and communist movements around the world.

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  • 9. 

    Determine which of the following would not be a statement or phrase associated with capitalism.

    • A.

      Competition of corporations

    • B.

      Supply and demand drives the cycle of the economy

    • C.

      Government owned/controlled all of the banks and factories

    • D.

      Privately owned business

    Correct Answer
    C. Government owned/controlled all of the banks and factories
    Explanation
    The phrase "government owned/controlled all of the banks and factories" would not be associated with capitalism because capitalism is an economic system characterized by private ownership of businesses and minimal government intervention. In a capitalist system, banks and factories are typically privately owned and operated by individuals or corporations, rather than being controlled by the government.

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  • 10. 

    The switch from handmade to machine made goods is best described as...

    • A.

      Industrial Revolution

    • B.

      Cottage Industries

    • C.

      Imperialism

    • D.

      Socialism

    Correct Answer
    A. Industrial Revolution
    Explanation
    The switch from handmade to machine-made goods refers to a significant period in history known as the Industrial Revolution. This revolution, which occurred during the 18th and 19th centuries, marked a transition from traditional hand production methods to the use of machines and factories for mass production. It led to advancements in technology, increased productivity, and significant social and economic changes. Therefore, the correct answer is the Industrial Revolution.

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  • 11. 

     Dr. Robert Baker, reports on street conditions in England "In the manufacturing towns of England... additions have been made without regard to either the personal comfort of the inhabitants or the necessaries which congregation requires... neighbourhoods have arisen in which there is neither water nor out-office, not any conveniences for the absolute domestic wants of the occupiers... the streets present architecture of various orders, causeways, dangerous on account of steps, cellar windows without protection, here and there posts and rails, and everywhere clothes lines intersecting them, by which repeated accidents have been occasioned... many cases of broken legs by these unprotected cellars, and by horsemen dismounted by neglected clothes-lines hanging across the streets, were recorded."  In the above primary source, what would be the best title or heading about the Industrial Revolution? 

    • A.

      Machines of the Industrial Revolution

    • B.

      Tenement Life of the Industrial Revolution

    • C.

      The Enclosure Movement

    • D.

      Karl Marx and Adam Smith led change during the Industrial Revolution

    Correct Answer
    B. Tenement Life of the Industrial Revolution
    Explanation
    The given primary source describes the poor living conditions in the manufacturing towns of England during the Industrial Revolution. It highlights the lack of basic amenities, dangerous streets, and accidents caused by neglected infrastructure. Therefore, the best title or heading that accurately reflects the content of the source would be "Tenement Life of the Industrial Revolution," as it focuses on the living conditions and hardships faced by the inhabitants during this period.

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  • 12. 

    The immediate aim of the Communist is the same as that of all the other proletarian (working class) parties: formation of the proletariat into a class, overthrow of the bourgeois supremacy, conquest of political power by the proletariat. . . . All property relations in the past have continually been subject to historical change consequent upon the change in historical conditions. . . . The distinguishing feature of Communism is not the abolition of property generally, but the abolition of bourgeois property. But modern bourgeois private property is the final and most complete expression of the system of producing and appropriating products, that is based on class antagonisms, on the exploitation of the many by the few. In this sense, the theory of the Communists may be summed up in the single sentence: Abolition  (get rid of )of private property. According to the Communist Manifesto by Karl Marx, what is one central theme of the communists?  

    • A.

      Destruction of private property

    • B.

      Ownership of property for all people

    • C.

      Wealth determined by rebellion

    • D.

      Free market society

    Correct Answer
    A. Destruction of private property
    Explanation
    The central theme of the communists, according to the Communist Manifesto by Karl Marx, is the destruction of private property. The manifesto states that the distinguishing feature of communism is not the abolition of property generally, but specifically the abolition of bourgeois (capitalist) property. It argues that modern bourgeois private property is the result of class antagonisms and exploitation, and the theory of the communists can be summed up as the abolition of private property.

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  • 13. 

    The Wealth of Nations by Adam Smith  "Some of the best English writers upon commerce (trade) set out with observing, that the wealth of a country consists, not in its gold and silver only, but in its lands, houses, and consumable goods of all different kinds. In the course of their reasonings, however, the lands, houses, and consumable goods seem to slip out of their memory, and the strain of their argument frequently supposes that all wealth consists in gold and silver, and that to multiply those metals is the great object of national industry and commerce." According to Adam Smith, some people forget what in determining the wealth of a nation? 

    • A.

      Wealth should just be gold and silver

    • B.

      Wealth should be only be in houses and gold

    • C.

      Wealth should be gold, silver and houses, land, and other consumable goods (things you purchase)

    • D.

      Wealth should be just what the national military acquires through power and money

    Correct Answer
    C. Wealth should be gold, silver and houses, land, and other consumable goods (things you purchase)
    Explanation
    According to Adam Smith, some people forget that in determining the wealth of a nation, it should not just be limited to gold and silver. Instead, wealth should also include houses, land, and other consumable goods of different kinds. These writers initially acknowledge this broader definition of wealth but then tend to focus solely on gold and silver, assuming that multiplying these metals is the main objective of national industry and commerce. However, Smith argues that wealth should encompass a wider range of assets and goods.

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  • 14. 

    In the system of socialism, people are allowed to own businesses and government can still have a very influencial role in how things are run. 

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    In a socialist system, individuals are indeed allowed to own businesses. However, the government still maintains a significant role in regulating and influencing the operations of these businesses. This ensures that the government can prioritize the collective welfare and prevent exploitation, while still allowing individuals to engage in entrepreneurial activities. Therefore, the statement is true.

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  • 15. 

    Select the nation where the Industrial Revolution began.

    • A.

      USA

    • B.

      China

    • C.

      France

    • D.

      England

    Correct Answer
    D. England
    Explanation
    The Industrial Revolution began in England. This period of rapid industrialization and technological advancements started in the late 18th century and continued into the 19th century. England was the birthplace of many significant inventions and innovations that transformed industries such as textiles, iron, and coal mining. The country's favorable geographical location, availability of resources, and a growing population played a crucial role in kickstarting the Industrial Revolution. The advancements in England eventually spread to other nations and had a profound impact on the world's economic and social development.

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  • 16. 

    Use the following statement about Latin American Revolutions in order to answer the question below: Do not compare the enemy’s physical forces with your own. The physical cannot compare with spirit. They are animals, you are humans. They are enslaved, you are liberated. You will win if you fight. Because God makes those who persevere victorious. Based on the quote, what did Bolivar believe?– Simón Bolívar (paraphrase)

    • A.

      Freedom from foreign rule was necessary to address local economic problems.

    • B.

      Latin American rebels would succeed despite the inferior power/technologies of military

    • C.

      Independence movements need to remake(change) society and liberate nations

    • D.

      Catholic Church should play an important role in reforming societies

    Correct Answer
    B. Latin American rebels would succeed despite the inferior power/technologies of military
    Explanation
    Bolivar believed that Latin American rebels would succeed in their fight for independence, even though they were at a disadvantage in terms of military power and technology. He emphasized the importance of spirit and perseverance, stating that they were humans fighting against animals, and that God would make those who persevere victorious. This suggests that Bolivar had confidence in the determination and resilience of the rebels, and believed that their cause would ultimately prevail.

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