Industrial Revolution Practice #2

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Industrial Revolution Practice #2 - Quiz


Industrial Revolution Practice #2


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    What are unions?

    • A.

      When workers join together to promote their common interests within their jobs.

    • B.

      The political/economic system in which the government controls some of the industries.

    • C.

      When workers refuse to work in order to gain something, ex: better working conditions.

    • D.

      The name that Marx gave the business owners.

    Correct Answer
    A. When workers join together to promote their common interests within their jobs.
    Explanation
    Unions are formed when workers come together to collectively advocate for their shared interests within their workplace. By joining a union, workers can negotiate better wages, working conditions, and benefits. Unions also provide a platform for workers to address grievances and ensure their rights are protected. This answer accurately describes the purpose and function of unions in representing and advancing the interests of workers.

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  • 2. 

    What are strikes?

    • A.

      When workers join together to promote their common interests within their jobs.

    • B.

      The name that Marx gave to the working class.

    • C.

      When workers refuse to work in order to gain something, ex: better working conditions.

    • D.

      The political/economic system in which the government controls some of the industries.

    Correct Answer
    C. When workers refuse to work in order to gain something, ex: better working conditions.
    Explanation
    Strikes refer to the situation when workers collectively decide to stop working as a means to achieve certain goals or demands, such as better working conditions. It is a form of protest or negotiation tactic used by workers to put pressure on employers or authorities to meet their demands. During a strike, workers may refuse to perform their job duties, resulting in a temporary halt in productivity until their demands are addressed or resolved. Strikes can be an effective tool for workers to assert their rights and improve their working conditions.

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  • 3. 

    What is the bourgeoisie? (in socialist thought)

    • A.

      The political/economic system in which the government controls some of the industries.

    • B.

      The political/economic system in which the government controls all of the industries, usually by force.

    • C.

      When workers refuse to work in order to gain something, ex: better working conditions.

    • D.

      The name that Marx gave the business owners.

    Correct Answer
    D. The name that Marx gave the business owners.
    Explanation
    The bourgeoisie refers to the business owners in Marxist theory. According to Marx, the bourgeoisie are the capitalist class who own and control the means of production in a capitalist society. They are characterized by their ownership of capital and their exploitation of the working class. Marx used this term to highlight the class conflict between the bourgeoisie and the proletariat, and the inherent contradictions of capitalism.

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  • 4. 

    What is Socialism?

    • A.

      When workers refuse to work in order to gain something, ex: better working conditions.

    • B.

      The political/economic system in which the government controls some of the industries.

    • C.

      The political/economic system in which the government controls all of the industries, usually by force.

    • D.

      The political system in which the government takes over industries peacefully through voting, and the people retain partial control over the economy.

    Correct Answer
    B. The political/economic system in which the government controls some of the industries.
    Explanation
    Socialism is a political/economic system in which the government controls some of the industries. This means that the government has the power to regulate and manage certain sectors of the economy, such as healthcare, education, and transportation. In a socialist system, the aim is to promote equality and ensure that resources are distributed fairly among the population. The government's role is to oversee the economy and ensure that the needs of the people are met, while still allowing for some private ownership and market competition.

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  • 5. 

    What is the Proletariat?

    • A.

      When workers refuse to work in order to gain something, ex: better working conditions.

    • B.

      When workers join together to promote their common interests within their jobs.

    • C.

      The name that Marx gave to the working class.

    • D.

      The name that Marx gave the business owners.

    Correct Answer
    C. The name that Marx gave to the working class.
    Explanation
    The term "Proletariat" refers to the working class, as named by Marx. It represents the group of individuals who sell their labor in order to earn a living. This term is often associated with the idea of class struggle and the division between the working class and the bourgeoisie, or the capitalist class. Marx believed that the proletariat would eventually rise up against the bourgeoisie and establish a classless society.

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  • 6. 

    Who is Karl Marx?

    • A.

      Was the primary author of the Communist Manifesto (is more famous that the other author) who is known for creating a more radical form of socialism.

    • B.

      The lesser known author of the Communist Manifesto, as a historian, he provided a historical perspective of economic oppression throughout the years.

    Correct Answer
    A. Was the primary author of the Communist Manifesto (is more famous that the other author) who is known for creating a more radical form of socialism.
    Explanation
    Karl Marx was the primary author of the Communist Manifesto and is more famous than the other author. He is known for creating a more radical form of socialism.

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  • 7. 

    Who is Friedrich Engels?

    • A.

      Was the primary author of the Communist Manifesto (is more famous that the other author) who is known for creating a more radical form of socialism.

    • B.

      The lesser known author of the Communist Manifesto, as a historian, he provided a historical perspective of economic oppression throughout the years.

    Correct Answer
    B. The lesser known author of the Communist Manifesto, as a historian, he provided a historical perspective of economic oppression throughout the years.
    Explanation
    Friedrich Engels is the lesser known author of the Communist Manifesto. He was a historian who provided a historical perspective of economic oppression throughout the years.

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  • 8. 

    What is Democratic Socialism?

    • A.

      When workers join together to promote their common interests within their jobs.

    • B.

      The political system in which the government takes over industries peacefully through voting, and the people retain partial control over the economy.

    • C.

      The political/economic system in which the government controls all of the industries, usually by force.

    • D.

      The political/economic system in which the government controls some of the industries.

    Correct Answer
    B. The political system in which the government takes over industries peacefully through voting, and the people retain partial control over the economy.
    Explanation
    Democratic Socialism is a political system where the government acquires industries through voting without the use of force. In this system, the people still have some control over the economy. This means that the government takes over industries peacefully and allows the people to retain partial control over the economy.

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  • 9. 

    What is communism?

    • A.

      The political/economic system in which the government controls some of the industries.

    • B.

      The political system in which the government takes over industries peacefully through voting, and the people retain partial control over the economy.

    • C.

      When workers join together to promote their common interests within their jobs.

    • D.

      The political/economic system in which the government controls all of the industries, usually by force.

    Correct Answer
    D. The political/economic system in which the government controls all of the industries, usually by force.
    Explanation
    Communism is a political and economic system where the government has complete control over all industries, typically through coercion or force. In a communist society, there is no private ownership of property or means of production, and the government centrally plans and manages the economy. This answer accurately describes the fundamental characteristics of communism, emphasizing the government's control over all industries.

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  • Current Version
  • Feb 28, 2024
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Feb 13, 2013
    Quiz Created by
    Spanglli
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