Industrial Revolution Vocab Practice

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Industrial Revolution Quizzes & Trivia

Industrial Revolution Vocab Practice


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    What is the Industrial Revolution?

    • A.

      The system of producing large numbers of identical items in factories.

    • B.

      The period of time of rapid and radical changes that occurred in how products were produced during the 18th and 19th centuries.

    • C.

      The period of time with radical advancements in the fields of chemistry, physics, anatomy, and math.

    • D.

      The belief that the government should not interfere with business.

    Correct Answer
    B. The period of time of rapid and radical changes that occurred in how products were produced during the 18th and 19th centuries.
    Explanation
    The Industrial Revolution refers to a period of significant and rapid changes in the way products were produced during the 18th and 19th centuries. This period was marked by the transition from hand production methods to machine-based manufacturing in factories. It brought about advancements in technology, such as the steam engine, which revolutionized transportation and production processes. The Industrial Revolution had a profound impact on society, leading to urbanization, the growth of capitalism, and significant social and economic changes.

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  • 2. 

    What are the factors of production?

    • A.

      Basic resources for industrialization, such as land, capital, labor.

    • B.

      The money and property necessary to start a business.

    • C.

      When multiple companies collectively determine the price of a good.

    • D.

      The belief that governments needs to make as much money as they can.

    Correct Answer
    A. Basic resources for industrialization, such as land, capital, labor.
    Explanation
    The factors of production are the basic resources required for industrialization, which include land, capital, and labor. These factors are essential for the production of goods and services. Land refers to natural resources such as land itself, minerals, and water. Capital refers to the financial resources and physical assets needed for production. Labor refers to the human effort and skills involved in the production process. These factors work together to create and produce goods and services in an economy.

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  • 3. 

    Who is Jethro Tull?

    • A.

      Father of the American auto industry.

    • B.

      Inventor of the seed drill, which revolutionized agriculture.

    • C.

      Inventor of the power loom, which changed the textile industry.

    • D.

      The “father” of capitalism.

    Correct Answer
    B. Inventor of the seed drill, which revolutionized agriculture.
    Explanation
    Jethro Tull is known as the inventor of the seed drill, which revolutionized agriculture. The seed drill was a significant innovation in farming as it allowed for more efficient and precise planting of seeds. Before the seed drill, seeds were typically sown by hand, resulting in uneven distribution and wastage. Tull's invention enabled farmers to plant seeds in straight rows at the correct depth, leading to increased crop yields and improved productivity. This invention had a profound impact on agriculture, contributing to the advancement of farming techniques and ultimately revolutionizing the industry.

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  • 4. 

    Who is Eli Whitney?

    • A.

      Created new technology for making steel.

    • B.

      Created the cotton gin, which made the textile industry more efficient.

    • C.

      Led the expansion of the US steel industry.

    • D.

      Discovered electricity and created the light bulb.

    Correct Answer
    B. Created the cotton gin, which made the textile industry more efficient.
    Explanation
    Eli Whitney is known for creating the cotton gin, which revolutionized the textile industry by significantly increasing efficiency. The cotton gin was a machine that separated cotton fibers from the seeds, making the process much faster and easier. This invention had a profound impact on the economy of the Southern United States, as it increased cotton production and made it more profitable. Whitney's cotton gin played a crucial role in the growth of the textile industry and the expansion of cotton cultivation in the US.

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  • 5. 

    Who is Henry Bessemer?

    • A.

      Created new technology for making steel.

    • B.

      Created the first diesel engine.

    • C.

      Invented vulcanized rubber.

    • D.

      Father of the American auto industry.

    Correct Answer
    A. Created new technology for making steel.
    Explanation
    Henry Bessemer is known for creating new technology for making steel. This technology, known as the Bessemer process, revolutionized the steel industry by making the production of steel more efficient and cost-effective. The process involved blowing air through molten iron to remove impurities and produce high-quality steel. Bessemer's invention played a crucial role in the industrialization and development of the steel industry, making him a significant figure in the history of steel production.

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  • 6. 

    Who is Robert Fulton?

    • A.

      Inventor of the steam ship, which changed the goods were transported.

    • B.

      The “father” of capitalism.

    • C.

      Discovered electricity and created the light bulb.

    • D.

      Inventor of the power loom, which changed the textile industry.

    Correct Answer
    A. Inventor of the steam ship, which changed the goods were transported.
    Explanation
    Robert Fulton is known as the inventor of the steamship, which revolutionized the transportation of goods. Before the steamship, goods were primarily transported by sailing ships, which were slower and less reliable. Fulton's invention allowed for faster and more efficient transportation, leading to significant advancements in trade and commerce. The steamship played a crucial role in the Industrial Revolution and had a lasting impact on global transportation systems.

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  • 7. 

    What are tenements?

    • A.

      Basic resources for industrialization, such as land, capital, labor.

    • B.

      The collection of telegraph cables that spanned the Atlantic Ocean.

    • C.

      When multiple companies collectively determine the price of a good.

    • D.

      Cramped, shabby apartment buildings where workers lived during the Industrial Revolution.

    Correct Answer
    D. Cramped, shabby apartment buildings where workers lived during the Industrial Revolution.
    Explanation
    Tenements refer to cramped, shabby apartment buildings where workers lived during the Industrial Revolution. These buildings were characterized by poor living conditions, overcrowding, and lack of basic amenities. Tenements were often occupied by low-income workers and their families, who faced harsh living conditions and limited access to sanitation and clean water. These structures played a significant role in urbanization and the development of industrial cities, serving as housing for the growing working class population during the Industrial Revolution.

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  • 8. 

    What is capitalism?

    • A.

      The rapid and radical changes that occurred in how products were produced during the 18th and 19th centuries.

    • B.

      When a company has complete control of the production of a good.

    • C.

      When the government controls all production of goods.

    • D.

      The economic system in which individuals rather than governments control the factors of production and industry.

    Correct Answer
    D. The economic system in which individuals rather than governments control the factors of production and industry.
    Explanation
    Capitalism is an economic system where individuals, rather than governments, have control over the factors of production and industry. In capitalism, private individuals and businesses own and operate the means of production, such as factories, land, and resources. The goal is to generate profit and accumulate wealth through free market competition. This system encourages entrepreneurship, innovation, and individual initiative. Unlike systems where the government controls production, capitalism allows for individual freedom and choice in economic decision-making.

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  • 9. 

    What is mass production?

    • A.

      The system of producing large numbers of identical items in factories.

    • B.

      The money and property necessary to start a business.

    • C.

      Basic resources for industrialization, such as land, capital, labor.

    • D.

      The belief that governments needs to make as much money as they can.

    Correct Answer
    A. The system of producing large numbers of identical items in factories.
    Explanation
    Mass production refers to the system of manufacturing a large quantity of identical items in factories. This method allows for efficient and cost-effective production by using assembly lines and specialized machinery. It revolutionized the manufacturing industry, enabling the production of goods on a massive scale, reducing costs, and increasing productivity. This method is commonly used in industries such as automotive, electronics, and consumer goods.

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  • 10. 

    What is a monopoly?

    • A.

      When a company has complete control of the production of a good.

    • B.

      Basic resources for industrialization, such as land, capital, labor.

    • C.

      When multiple companies collectively determine the price of a good.

    • D.

      The economic system in which individuals rather than governments control the factors of production and industry.

    Correct Answer
    A. When a company has complete control of the production of a good.
    Explanation
    A monopoly occurs when a company has exclusive control over the production and distribution of a particular good or service. This means that there are no other competing firms in the market, allowing the monopolistic company to set prices and dictate terms without facing significant competition. This can lead to higher prices for consumers and reduced choices in the market. Monopolies are often regulated by governments to prevent abuse of power and to promote fair competition.

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  • 11. 

    What is a cartel?

    • A.

      When a company has complete control of the production of a good.

    • B.

      Cramped, shabby apartment building where workers lived during the Industrial Revolution.

    • C.

      When multiple companies collectively determine the price of a good.

    • D.

      The belief that the government should not interfere with business.

    Correct Answer
    C. When multiple companies collectively determine the price of a good.
    Explanation
    A cartel refers to a situation where multiple companies join together to collectively determine the price of a good. In a cartel, these companies collude to manipulate the market and restrict competition, often leading to higher prices for consumers. This practice is usually illegal and anticompetitive, as it undermines the principles of a free market economy.

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  • 12. 

    Who is Henry Ford?

    • A.

      Father of the American auto industry.

    • B.

      Created the cotton gin, which made the textile industry more efficient.

    • C.

      Led the expansion of the US steel industry.

    • D.

      Created the telegraph, changing communications.

    Correct Answer
    A. Father of the American auto industry.
    Explanation
    Henry Ford is known as the Father of the American auto industry because he revolutionized the production of automobiles with the introduction of the assembly line. He founded the Ford Motor Company and developed the Model T, the first affordable car for the masses. Ford's innovations in manufacturing and his commitment to mass production techniques transformed the automobile industry and made cars more accessible to the general public, leading to the widespread adoption of automobiles in America.

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  • 13. 

    Who is JP Morgan?

    • A.

      Inventor of the seed drill, which revolutionized agriculture.

    • B.

      Banker and financier of the Industrial Revolution.

    • C.

      Created new technology for making steel.

    • D.

      Created the steam engine

    Correct Answer
    B. Banker and financier of the Industrial Revolution.
    Explanation
    JP Morgan was a prominent banker and financier during the Industrial Revolution. He played a crucial role in providing financial support to various industries and businesses, contributing to the rapid growth and development of the economy. His banking and financing activities helped fuel the industrialization process and facilitated the expansion of industries such as railroads, steel, and electricity. Morgan's influence and wealth made him one of the most powerful and influential figures in the business world during his time.

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  • 14. 

    What is laissez-faire?

    • A.

      When a company has complete control of the production of a good.

    • B.

      Cramped, shabby apartment buildings where workers lived during the Industrial Revolution.

    • C.

      The economic system in which individuals rather than governments control the factors of production and industry.

    • D.

      The belief that the government should not interfere with business.

    Correct Answer
    D. The belief that the government should not interfere with business.
    Explanation
    Laissez-faire is the belief that the government should not interfere with business. This economic system advocates for minimal government intervention in the economy, allowing individuals and businesses to freely control the factors of production and industry. In a laissez-faire system, there is no government regulation or control over the production of goods and services, and businesses are able to operate without government interference. This approach is based on the belief that free markets and individual freedom lead to the most efficient allocation of resources and economic growth.

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  • 15. 

    Who is Adam Smith?

    • A.

      Created the cotton gin, which made the textile industry more efficient.

    • B.

      Inventor of the seed drill, which revolutionized agriculture.

    • C.

      The “father” of capitalism.

    • D.

      Inventor of the steam ship, which changed the goods were transported.

    Correct Answer
    C. The “father” of capitalism.
    Explanation
    Adam Smith is known as the "father" of capitalism. He was a Scottish economist and philosopher who wrote the influential book "The Wealth of Nations" in 1776. In this book, Smith outlined the principles of free-market capitalism, advocating for limited government intervention and the importance of self-interest and competition in driving economic growth. Smith's ideas had a significant impact on the development of modern economics and continue to shape economic theory and policy today.

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  • Current Version
  • Mar 21, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Feb 07, 2013
    Quiz Created by
    Spanglli
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