MGT 501 Human Resource Management Lesson 11

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MGT 501 Human Resource Management  Lesson 11 - Quiz

Legal context of HR decisions


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Mangers must understand the legal issues that affect the practices of HRM

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Managers must understand the legal issues that affect the practices of HRM because HRM involves various activities such as recruitment, hiring, training, and performance management, all of which are subject to legal regulations. Managers need to be aware of these legal issues to ensure that their HR practices are compliant with the law and to avoid any potential legal liabilities. Understanding legal issues also helps managers make informed decisions and take appropriate actions when dealing with employee-related matters. Therefore, it is important for managers to have a good understanding of the legal aspects of HRM.

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  • 2. 

    Understanding the Legal Environment is Important because(Tick all which are applicable)

    • A.

      It helps you to do the right thing.

    • B.

      Help you to realize the limitations

    • C.

      Directly help you to achieve the objectives of organization

    • D.

      Minimize potential liability

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. It helps you to do the right thing.
    B. Help you to realize the limitations
    D. Minimize potential liability
    Explanation
    Understanding and complying with HR law is important for three reasons. It helps the company to do
    the right thing, to realize the limitations of the HR and legal departments, and it limits potential liability.

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  • 3. 

    Non-compliance with Law can lead to poor job performance

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Doing the Right Thing
    Compliance with the law is the right thing to do. The primary requirement of these laws is to mandate
    good management practice. Operating within these laws has benefits beyond simple legal compliance.
    Discriminatory practices not only create potential legal liability, but also lead to poor employee morale
    and low job satisfaction, which can lead to poor job performance

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  • 4. 

    The function of the legal department is to try to limit damage after it has already occurred.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Realizing the Limitations of the HR and Legal Departments
    If managers make poor decisions, the HR department neither always be able to resolve the situation nor
    can a firm’s legal department solve problems created by managers. The function of the legal
    department is to try to limit damage after it has already occurred.

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  • 5. 

    A situation in which employment decisions are not affected by discrimination.

    • A.

      Fair employment

    • B.

      Employment Discrimination

    • C.

      Favoritism

    • D.

      Affirmative action

    Correct Answer
    A. Fair employment
    Explanation
    Employment discrimination
    To make an employment decision, not on the basis of legitimate job-related factors...Any employment
    decision: hiring, promotions, pay, discipline, etc fail to use job-related factors (e.g., essential job
    qualifications, job performance, etc.), and for employment decisions Instead, of legitimate factors
    employer uses false stereotypes and prejudices. Law Prohibits Discrimination in Hiring, Compensation,
    terms, conditions or privileges of employment based on Race, religion, color, sex, national origin and
    Physical Disability.
    Fair employment
    A situation in which employment decisions are not affected by discrimination.

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  • 6. 

    The major EEO laws cut across nearly every aspect of managing human resources.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Laws affecting HRM:
    The laws affecting HRM can be divided into two broad categories: equal employment opportunity
    (EEO) laws and other laws. The major EEO laws cut across nearly every aspect of managing human
    resources.

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  • 7. 

    __________ is  strategy intended to achieve fair employment by urging employers to hire certain groups of people who were discriminated against in the past

    • A.

      Fair employment

    • B.

      Affirmative action

    • C.

      Civil Rights

    • D.

      Age Discrimination

    Correct Answer
    B. Affirmative action
    Explanation
    Affirmative action
    A strategy intended to achieve fair employment by urging employers to hire certain groups of people
    who were discriminated against in the past Steps that are taken for the purpose of eliminating the
    present effects of past discrimination

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  • 8. 

    Equal Pay Act of 1963 requires the same pay for men and women who do the same job in the same organization. Basically this law provides protection against discrimination based upon sex.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Equal Pay Act of 1963
    This law requires the same pay for men and women who do the same job in the same organization.
    Basically this law provides protection against discrimination based upon sex.

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  • 9. 

    ___________ prohibits discrimination against qualified individuals with disabilities.

    • A.

      ADA

    • B.

      ADEA

    • C.

      EEO

    Correct Answer
    A. ADA
    Explanation
    THE AMERICANS WITH DISABILITIES ACT (ADA)
    The Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA), passed in 1990, prohibits discrimination against qualified
    individuals with disabilities. Persons discriminated against because they have a known association or
    relationship with a disabled individual also is protected.

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  • 10. 

    To make an employment decision, not on the basis of legitimate job related factors

    • A.

      Affirmative Action

    • B.

      Equal Employment Opportunity (EEO)

    • C.

      Employment discrimination

    Correct Answer
    C. Employment discrimination
    Explanation
    Employment discrimination refers to the act of making employment decisions without considering legitimate job-related factors. This means that individuals are being treated unfairly or unjustly in the workplace based on factors such as race, gender, age, religion, or disability. It is a violation of equal employment opportunity (EEO) laws and goes against the principles of affirmative action, which aim to promote equal opportunities and fair treatment in employment.

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  • Current Version
  • Mar 22, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Mar 23, 2009
    Quiz Created by
    Zubair
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