The Gothic Architecture Quiz: Trivia Facts!

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The Gothic Architecture Quiz: Trivia Facts! - Quiz

Do you know anything about gothic architecture? Gothic architecture is an architectural style that thrived in Europe during the high and late middle ages. It came to fruition in the 12th century Northern France and England. The distinguishing element of Gothic architecture is the work done in churches, and they also built many cherished cathedrals. Taking this quiz will help you see how much you know about gothic architecture. Take this quiz and learn more about gothic architecture.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    The crowning ornament of a pinnacle spire or roof.

    Explanation
    A finial is a decorative ornament that is typically placed on top of a pinnacle, spire, or roof. It adds a finishing touch and enhances the overall aesthetic of the structure. Finials are often designed in various shapes and styles, such as a ball, a cross, or a floral motif. They serve both a functional and decorative purpose, providing a visually appealing element while also helping to protect the structure from weathering.

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  • 2. 

    An elongated triangular form, narrowing towards the top and extending to the air.

    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Pinnacle." A pinnacle is an elongated triangular form that narrows towards the top and extends into the air. It is often used to describe a tall, pointed structure or peak, such as the top of a mountain or the spire of a building. The word "pinnacle" implies a sense of height, prominence, and grandeur.

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  • 3. 

    A carved or molded grotesque figure protruding from the top of a wall designed to carry out water.

    Explanation
    A gargoyle is a decorative architectural feature commonly found on buildings, especially Gothic cathedrals. It is a carved or molded grotesque figure that is positioned on the top of a wall. The primary purpose of a gargoyle is to function as a water spout, diverting rainwater away from the building's walls to prevent damage. However, they also serve an ornamental purpose, adding a unique and sometimes intimidating aesthetic to the structure. Gargoyles are often depicted as mythical creatures or animals and have become iconic symbols of Gothic architecture.

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  • 4. 

    The Sphere-shaped crowning ornament of a pinnacle.

    Explanation
    An orb finial is a sphere-shaped crowning ornament that is typically placed on top of a pinnacle. It adds a decorative element to the structure and gives it a finished look. The orb shape symbolizes completeness and perfection, making it a fitting choice for the top of a pinnacle.

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  • 5. 

    The usually triangular part of the wall enclosing the sloping faces of a pitched roof.

    Explanation
    A gable is the triangular part of a wall that is formed by the sloping faces of a pitched roof. It is typically found at the ends of a building, where the roof slopes down from a peak to the eaves. The gable provides structural support to the roof and also adds aesthetic appeal to the overall design of the building. It is a distinctive feature commonly seen in traditional architectural styles.

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  • 6. 

    Ornamental stonework set within the aperture of a window.

    Explanation
    Curvilinear tracery refers to the ornamental stonework that is set within the aperture of a window. This type of tracery is characterized by its flowing and curved lines, creating intricate and decorative patterns. It is commonly found in Gothic architecture, where it adds a sense of elegance and beauty to the windows. The term "curvilinear" emphasizes the use of curves and arcs in the design, distinguishing it from other types of tracery that may feature straight lines or more geometric patterns. Overall, curvilinear tracery is a key element in window design, enhancing the aesthetic appeal of the architectural structure.

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  • 7. 

    Part of the tower where the bells are hung.

    Explanation
    A belfry is a part of a tower where the bells are hung. It is typically a separate structure or room within the tower that houses the bells and provides a space for them to be rung. The belfry is usually located at the top of the tower, allowing the sound of the bells to carry over a long distance. The word "belfry" comes from the Old French word "berfrei" which means a tower or turret for bells.

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  • 8. 

    A narrow, tall structure, here projecting from the crossing or west end of the church.

    Explanation
    The given definition describes a structure that is narrow and tall, typically found at the crossing or west end of a church. This structure is commonly known as a tower.

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  • 9. 

    The roughly triangular space created between the outer side of an arch's curve.

    Explanation
    The term "spandrel" refers to the roughly triangular space that is formed between the outer side of an arch's curve. In architecture, this space is often filled with decorative elements or left open for aesthetic purposes. The spandrel serves as a transition between the arch and the surrounding structure, providing support and adding visual interest to the design.

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  • 10. 

    Circular window delineated with often highly complex tracery that gives it the appearance of a multipetalled rose.

    Explanation
    A rose window is a circular window that is often decorated with intricate and complex designs, resembling the petals of a rose. The tracery, or the decorative stone work, on the window adds to its beauty and gives it a unique appearance. The term "rose window" is used to describe this specific type of circular window with elaborate tracery.

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  • 11. 

    A masonry structure providing support to a wall.

    Explanation
    A buttress is a masonry structure that is used to provide support to a wall. It is typically built against the exterior of a wall and helps to reinforce and stabilize it. Buttresses are often seen in the architecture of cathedrals and other large buildings, where they are used to counteract the lateral forces exerted on the walls. They can be designed in various shapes and sizes depending on the specific needs of the structure.

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  • 12. 

    A large entranceway composed of three openings typically found at the west end of medieval cathedrals.

    Explanation
    A tri-partite portal refers to a large entranceway composed of three openings commonly found at the west end of medieval cathedrals. This architectural feature is characterized by its division into three distinct sections or compartments. The term "tri-partite" indicates the presence of three parts or divisions within the portal. The use of such portals in medieval cathedrals served both functional and symbolic purposes, providing a grand entrance while also representing the Holy Trinity.

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  • 13. 

    A small dormer window set into a spire often louvered.

    Explanation
    A lucarne is a small dormer window that is typically set into a spire and is often louvered. This architectural feature is commonly used to provide ventilation and natural light to attic spaces or upper floors of a building. The term "lucarne" is derived from French and is commonly used in architectural terminology.

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  • 14. 

    A series of arched recesses in a wall designed to hold statues or simply provide surface variegation.

    Explanation
    An arcade of niches refers to a series of arched recesses in a wall that are specifically designed to hold statues or provide decorative variation on the surface. This architectural feature is commonly found in buildings and structures where statues or decorative elements are desired. The term "arcade" refers to a series of arches, while "niches" are the recessed areas within the arches where statues or decorative items can be placed. The combination of these two elements creates an arcade of niches, which serves both functional and aesthetic purposes in architectural design.

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  • 15. 

    A bracket projecting from a wall to support a structure alone.

    Explanation
    A corbel is a bracket that projects from a wall to support a structure alone. It is commonly used in architecture to provide additional support for structures such as beams or balconies. The corbel is typically made of stone, wood, or metal and is designed to bear the weight of the structure above it. This architectural element has been used for centuries and can be found in various styles of buildings around the world.

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  • 16. 

    A low protective wall running along the edge of the roof.

    Explanation
    A parapet is a low protective wall that runs along the edge of a roof. It serves as a barrier to prevent people from falling off the roof and also provides some protection from wind and other elements. Parapets are commonly found on buildings with flat roofs or rooftops that are accessible to the public. They can be made of various materials such as brick, stone, or concrete, and can have decorative elements or be plain and functional.

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  • 17. 

    A column composed of several shafts.

    Explanation
    A clustered column is a type of chart that displays multiple columns side by side, representing different categories or groups. In this case, the column is composed of several shafts, indicating that there are multiple shafts grouped together in the chart. This term accurately describes the visual representation of the data, making it the correct answer.

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  • 18. 

    A small gable used to top a buttress.

    Explanation
    A gablet is a small gable that is used to top a buttress. A gable is a triangular portion of a wall between the edges of a dual-pitched roof, and a buttress is a support structure that projects from a wall to provide additional strength. Therefore, a gablet is a decorative element that is placed on top of a buttress, adding aesthetic appeal to the structure.

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  • 19. 

    A window shape formed by tracery using eight foils.

    Explanation
    An octofoil window is a window shape formed by tracery using eight foils. Tracery refers to the ornamental stonework or ironwork that forms a pattern or design within a window. In this case, the tracery creates a window shape with eight foils, which are the individual curved sections within the window frame. The term "octofoil" is derived from the Latin words "octo" meaning eight, and "foil" referring to the curved sections. Therefore, an octofoil window is a specific type of window design characterized by its eight foils arranged in a symmetrical pattern.

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  • 20. 

    A window piercing the upper storey of the nave, transepts, and looking over the aisle roof.

    Explanation
    A clerestory window is a type of window that is located in the upper storey of a building, such as a nave or transept. It is positioned in a way that it pierces through the wall and overlooks the roof of the lower aisle. This type of window is designed to let in natural light and provide ventilation to the upper part of the building. It is often found in churches or other large buildings with high ceilings.

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  • 21. 

    A statue set in an arched recess in a wall surface.

    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Niche with statue" because a niche is a recess in a wall that is often used to display a statue or other decorative objects. In this context, the statue is set within an arched recess in the wall surface, which perfectly fits the description of a niche with a statue.

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  • 22. 

    A tracery formed from a series of continuously curving bars.

    Explanation
    Curvilinear tracery and flowing tracery both refer to a type of architectural design characterized by a series of continuously curving bars. This type of tracery is often found in Gothic architecture, where it adds a sense of fluidity and elegance to windows, arches, and other decorative elements. The use of curvilinear and flowing lines in tracery creates a sense of movement and harmony in the overall design, enhancing the aesthetic appeal of the structure.

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  • 23. 

    A window giving light to a crypt.

    Explanation
    An undercroft window refers to a window that is located in the undercroft, which is a space typically found beneath a building or a church. Undercroft windows are often small and positioned close to the ground, allowing only limited light to enter the crypt or underground space. These windows serve the purpose of providing some illumination to the crypt, while also maintaining a sense of privacy and security due to their low position.

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  • 24. 

    An exterior set of steps leading to a grand entranceway or portal.

    Explanation
    A perron refers to an exterior set of steps leading to a grand entranceway or portal. It is a term commonly used in architecture to describe a flight of steps that provide access to an elevated entrance or platform. The word "perron" is derived from the French language and is often used to describe the entrance of a prominent building or a distinguished residence.

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  • 25. 

    A window piercing the outer wall of the aisles.

    Explanation
    An aisle window refers to a window that is located in the outer wall of the aisles. This means that the window is positioned in such a way that it allows for natural light to enter the aisle area. It could also provide a view to the outside, depending on its placement and size.

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  • 26. 

    One of the largest Benedictine monasteries. comprises an abbey church and a  square cloister court. it was built by several master masons and master carpenters. it is geometrically in style w/ pinnacles and tracery windows.

    • A.

      Winchester cathedral

    • B.

      Westminster abbey

    • C.

      York

    • D.

      Rheims

    Correct Answer
    B. Westminster abbey
    Explanation
    Westminster Abbey is the correct answer because it is one of the largest Benedictine monasteries and it consists of an abbey church and a square cloister court. It was constructed by multiple master masons and master carpenters. The architectural style of Westminster Abbey is geometric, featuring pinnacles and tracery windows.

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  • 27. 

    Has the greatest total length (560 ft.) than-any medieval cathedral.

    • A.

      Winchester cathedral

    • B.

      Westminster abbey

    • C.

      York

    • D.

      Rheims

    Correct Answer
    A. Winchester cathedral
    Explanation
    Winchester Cathedral has the greatest total length of 560 ft, making it longer than any other medieval cathedral listed.

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  • 28. 

    Famous for its 500 statues.

    • A.

      Winchester cathedral

    • B.

      Westminster abbey

    • C.

      York

    • D.

      Rheims

    Correct Answer
    D. Rheims
    Explanation
    Rheims is famous for its 500 statues.

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  • 29. 

    Largest in area and width in any English medieval cathedral.

    • A.

      Winchester cathedral

    • B.

      Westminster abbey

    • C.

      York

    • D.

      Reims

    Correct Answer
    C. York
    Explanation
    York is the correct answer because it is known for having the largest area and width among all English medieval cathedrals. While Winchester Cathedral and Westminster Abbey are also famous cathedrals in England, they do not hold the title for being the largest in terms of area and width. Reims, on the other hand, is a cathedral located in France and is not relevant to the question.

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  • 30. 

    One of the oldest french gothic church. it was begun by Bishop Maurice de Sully.

    • A.

      Winchester cathedral

    • B.

      Notre dame, paris

    • C.

      Westminster abbey

    • D.

      Rhiems

    Correct Answer
    B. Notre dame, paris
    Explanation
    Notre Dame, Paris is the correct answer because it is one of the oldest French Gothic churches that was begun by Bishop Maurice de Sully. The statement accurately describes the historical background and architectural significance of Notre Dame, making it the most appropriate choice among the given options.

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  • 31. 

    Famous for its 160 stained glass windows:

    • A.

      Chartres cathedral

    • B.

      Rhiems cathedral

    • C.

      Amiens cathedral

    • D.

      Beauvais cathedral

    Correct Answer
    A. Chartres cathedral
    Explanation
    Chartres Cathedral is famous for its 160 stained glass windows. The cathedral is renowned for its exceptional stained glass collection, which spans from the 12th to the 13th century. These windows depict biblical stories and scenes from the lives of saints, and they are considered masterpieces of medieval art. The stained glass windows of Chartres Cathedral are admired for their vibrant colors, intricate details, and the way they capture and transmit light, creating a truly awe-inspiring experience for visitors.

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  • 32. 

    Coronation church of France, west facade is famous for its 500 statues.

    • A.

      Chartres cathedral

    • B.

      Rhiems cathedral

    • C.

      Amiens cathedral

    • D.

      Beauvais cathedral

    Correct Answer
    B. Rhiems cathedral
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Rhiems Cathedral. The west facade of Rhiems Cathedral is famous for its 500 statues.

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  • 33. 

    The counterpart of Salisbury of England, famous for its carved woodwork in the choir stalls. designed by Robert de lurches.

    • A.

      Chartres cathedral

    • B.

      Rhiems cathedral

    • C.

      Amiens cathedral

    • D.

      Beauvais cathedral

    Correct Answer
    C. Amiens cathedral
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Amiens Cathedral. Amiens Cathedral is known for its carved woodwork in the choir stalls, which were designed by Robert de Lurches. It is the counterpart of Salisbury Cathedral in England, which also has notable woodwork. Chartres Cathedral, Reims Cathedral, and Beauvais Cathedral are all famous cathedrals in France, but they are not specifically known for their carved woodwork in the choir stalls.

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  • 34. 

    Considered w/ loftiest vaults in Europe at 157 ft. and 6 inches.

    • A.

      Chartres cathedral

    • B.

      Rhiems cathedral

    • C.

      Amiens cathedral

    • D.

      Beauvais cathedral

    Correct Answer
    D. Beauvais cathedral
    Explanation
    Beauvais Cathedral is considered to have the loftiest vaults in Europe at a height of 157 ft. and 6 inches. This means that the ceilings of Beauvais Cathedral are higher than those of Chartres Cathedral, Rhiems Cathedral, and Amiens Cathedral. The height of the vaults in Beauvais Cathedral is a notable architectural feature that sets it apart from the other cathedrals mentioned.

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  • 35. 

    Surrounded by moat water.

    • A.

      Caracassone

    • B.

      Avignon

    • C.

      Roven

    • D.

      Floating castle

    Correct Answer
    A. Caracassone
    Explanation
    Caracassone is the correct answer because it is a fortified city in France that is surrounded by a moat. The moat water acts as a defensive barrier, making it harder for enemies to attack the city. This feature is unique to Caracassone and distinguishes it from the other options listed.

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  • 36. 

    Has a palace w/c was the headquarters of the Popes.

    • A.

      Caracassone

    • B.

      Avignon

    • C.

      Roven

    • D.

      Floating castle

    Correct Answer
    B. Avignon
    Explanation
    Avignon is the correct answer because it is known for having a palace that was the headquarters of the Popes. The Palais des Papes, located in Avignon, was the residence of the Popes in the 14th century and served as the center of the Catholic Church during that time. It is a significant historical and architectural landmark, attracting tourists from around the world.

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  • 37. 

    The largest cathedral in northern Europe covering with approx. area of 91,000 sq. m.

    • A.

      S. elizabeth marburge

    • B.

      Cologne cathedral

    • C.

      Limburg cathedral

    • D.

      St. etienne, bourges cathedral

    Correct Answer
    B. Cologne cathedral
    Explanation
    Cologne Cathedral is the correct answer because it is the largest cathedral in northern Europe with an approximate area of 91,000 sq. m. The other options, S. Elizabeth Marburge, Limburg Cathedral, and St. Etienne, Bourges Cathedral, do not hold the distinction of being the largest cathedral in northern Europe.

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  • 38. 

    Characteristics example of a "hall church"

    • A.

      S. elizabeth marburge

    • B.

      Cologne cathedral

    • C.

      Limburg cathedral

    • D.

      St. etienne, bourges cathedral

    Correct Answer
    A. S. elizabeth marburge
  • 39. 

    Largest medieval cathedral in Europe 2nd largest in the world.

    • A.

      S. elizabeth marburge

    • B.

      Cologne cathedral

    • C.

      Seville cathedral spain

    • D.

      St. etienne, bourges cathedral

    Correct Answer
    C. Seville cathedral spain
    Explanation
    Seville Cathedral in Spain is the correct answer because it is the largest medieval cathedral in Europe and the second largest in the world. This means that it surpasses the other options mentioned, such as Cologne Cathedral and St. Etienne, Bourges Cathedral, in terms of size and grandeur.

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