Psychology Quiz On Early Childhood Development! Trivia

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Psychology Quiz On Early Childhood Development! Trivia - Quiz


Why is psychology during early childhood development essential? Psychology during early childhood development is crucial because you can identify learning concerns early on. You can also pinpoint any behaviors that are not typical or normal for a growing child. Children may develop differently from each other as individuals, but there is a definite standard of routine, even with their weight. This quiz shows you why early childhood is a crucial time.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Behavioral theories of learning emphasize?

    Explanation
    Behavioral theories of learning emphasize observable actions. This means that these theories focus on studying and understanding behaviors that can be directly observed and measured. They believe that learning occurs through a process of conditioning, where behaviors are shaped and modified based on the consequences they bring. By focusing on observable actions, behavioral theories aim to explain how individuals acquire new behaviors and how they can be changed through reinforcement or punishment.

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  • 2. 

    Rays temper tantrums have finally driven his mother to her wit's end. Rays mom says she will ignore the tantrums no matter what. This plan is an example of 

    Explanation
    The plan of ignoring Ray's tantrums is an example of extinction. Extinction is a behavioral technique that involves withholding reinforcement for a particular behavior, which eventually leads to the decrease and eventual elimination of that behavior. In this case, by ignoring Ray's tantrums, his mother is not giving him any attention or reinforcement for his behavior. Over time, Ray may realize that his tantrums are not effective in getting his mother's attention, and thus, the tantrums may decrease and eventually stop altogether.

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  • 3. 

    Operant conditioning differs from classical conditioning by

    Explanation
    Operant conditioning differs from classical conditioning by focusing on the consequences of voluntary behavior. In operant conditioning, behavior is shaped through reinforcement or punishment, which are consequences that follow the behavior. This type of conditioning emphasizes the role of the individual's active participation in the learning process, as they voluntarily engage in certain behaviors to either receive rewards or avoid punishments. On the other hand, classical conditioning involves learning through the association of stimuli and involuntary responses.

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  • 4. 

    Mr. Lynch always uses his mean face to shop undesirable behavior in his 1st-period class. However, even though he looks at Tommy with his mean face he still talks out of turn. Tommy is talking out of turn more and more frequently. For Tommy, the mean face is apparently a

    Explanation
    The mean face that Mr. Lynch uses is intended to discourage undesirable behavior in his class. However, in the case of Tommy, it seems that the mean face is actually reinforcing his behavior of talking out of turn. This suggests that Tommy perceives the mean face as a positive reinforcement, meaning that it is increasing the frequency of his behavior.

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  • 5. 

    Removing an aversive stimulus to increase the frequency of behavior exemplifies...

    Explanation
    Negative reinforcement involves removing or avoiding an aversive stimulus in order to increase the frequency of a behavior. In this case, the aversive stimulus is removed, resulting in an increase in the behavior. This is different from punishment, where an aversive stimulus is applied to decrease the frequency of a behavior. So, the correct answer is negative reinforcement.

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  • 6. 

    You take out the garbage in order to get your father to stop pestering you. Your behavior is influenced by

    Explanation
    The behavior of taking out the garbage is influenced by negative reinforcement because it helps to remove or avoid the negative stimulus of being pestered by your father. By taking out the garbage, you are able to escape the unpleasant situation and therefore increase the likelihood of repeating this behavior in the future to avoid being pestered again.

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  • 7. 

    Please remember to put your name on each page is an example of what?

    Explanation
    The given correct answer, "Cueing," suggests that the statement "Please remember to put your name on each page" is an example of a cueing technique. In this context, cueing refers to providing prompts or reminders to help individuals remember or recall information. By instructing someone to put their name on each page, it serves as a cue to remind them to do so and helps in ensuring that their name is included on every page.

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  • 8. 

    The most effective reprimands are those that are 

    Explanation
    Soft and private reprimands are considered the most effective because they are less likely to cause embarrassment or humiliation to the individual being reprimanded. By delivering the reprimand in a gentle and non-confrontational manner, it allows the person to reflect on their actions without feeling attacked or defensive. Additionally, addressing the issue privately ensures that the person's dignity is preserved and prevents unnecessary gossip or negative impact on their reputation. This approach promotes a more constructive and respectful environment for addressing and resolving conflicts.

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  • 9. 

    Gaining weight from ages 2-3 is an example of what

    Explanation
    Gaining weight from ages 2-3 is an example of maturation because it is a natural and expected process that occurs as a child grows and develops. Maturation refers to the biological and physical changes that happen over time, such as increases in height, weight, and the development of motor skills. During this period, children typically experience a growth spurt and gain weight as their bodies mature and their bones and muscles develop. This is a normal part of the maturation process and is influenced by genetic factors and overall health.

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  • 10. 

    All developmental theories have the following general principle in common: Development is/occurs

    Explanation
    The correct answer is "development is gradual." This principle is shared by all developmental theories, indicating that development does not happen suddenly or in a short period of time. Instead, it is a gradual and continuous process that occurs over an extended period. This means that individuals grow and change slowly over time, acquiring new skills, knowledge, and abilities gradually as they develop. This principle emphasizes the importance of patience and understanding in supporting and facilitating the developmental process.

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  • 11. 

    If John is introduced to the concept of fractions today he will not be able to start adding and subtracting them tomorrow. what general principle of development is illustrated.

    Explanation
    The given answer, "development takes place gradually," explains that the concept of fractions cannot be learned and applied immediately. It implies that John needs time to understand and grasp the concept before he can start adding and subtracting fractions. This aligns with the general principle of development, which states that learning and growth occur gradually over time rather than instantly.

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  • 12. 

    The last part of the brain to develop fully is the 

    Explanation
    The frontal lobe is the last part of the brain to develop fully. This is because it is responsible for higher-order cognitive functions such as decision-making, problem-solving, and impulse control. These abilities require a high level of neural connectivity and integration, which takes time to develop. Additionally, the frontal lobe is involved in personality development and self-awareness, which also take time to mature. Therefore, the frontal lobe is the last region of the brain to reach full development.

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  • 13. 

    According to Piaget the foundation for development in all humans is supplied by 

    Explanation
    Piaget believed that maturation plays a crucial role in the development of all humans. Maturation refers to the biological and genetic factors that influence development, such as physical growth and the maturing of the brain. Piaget argued that as children mature physically and mentally, they are able to progress through different stages of cognitive development. Maturation provides the foundation for acquiring new knowledge, skills, and understanding of the world. It is an ongoing process that allows individuals to adapt and adjust to their environment as they grow and develop.

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  • 14. 

    Piaget's basic blocks of think and memory are 

    Explanation
    Piaget's basic blocks of thinking and memory are called schemas. Schemas refer to mental frameworks or structures that individuals use to organize and interpret information. They are formed through experiences and interactions with the environment. Schemas help individuals make sense of new information by relating it to existing knowledge and understanding. They provide a foundation for cognitive development and play a crucial role in memory and problem-solving abilities. By using schemas, individuals can effectively process and store information, leading to the development of higher-order thinking skills.

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  • 15. 

    Jennie saw a rock sinking in water "All rocks sink" Then she saw pumice float and was told it was a rock. She was asked again if all rocks sink "Well most do" In Piaget's terms, what process did Jeannine use

    Explanation
    Jennie initially believed that all rocks sink based on her observation of a rock sinking in water. However, when she saw pumice, which is also a rock, floating on water, she had to modify her previous belief. She then acknowledged that while most rocks do sink, there are exceptions like pumice. This process of adjusting her existing belief to accommodate new information is known as accommodation in Piaget's terms.

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  • 16. 

    When we try a particular strategy and it does not work the discomfort we experience is called

    Explanation
    When we try a particular strategy and it does not work, we often feel a sense of discomfort or unease. This feeling is known as disequilibrium. It occurs when there is a mismatch between our expectations and the actual outcome. Disequilibrium is a natural part of the learning process as it motivates us to reassess our strategies and seek new approaches in order to restore balance and achieve success.

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  • 17. 

    According to Piaget people pass through the four stages of cognitive development.

    Explanation
    Piaget's theory of cognitive development states that individuals progress through four distinct stages of cognitive development in the same sequence. These stages include the sensorimotor stage, the preoperational stage, the concrete operational stage, and the formal operational stage. Each stage builds upon the previous one, with individuals acquiring new cognitive abilities and ways of thinking as they mature. This suggests that individuals cannot skip or reverse the order of these stages, as they must pass through them in a specific sequence.

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  • 18. 

    Michelle covers her own eyes b/c she thinks her friends won't see her. What stage of Piaget's cognitive theory.

    Explanation
    In Piaget's cognitive theory, the sensorimotor stage occurs from birth to around 2 years old, during which infants learn about the world through their senses and actions. Michelle's behavior of covering her own eyes suggests that she is in the sensorimotor stage. At this stage, children often engage in actions like peek-a-boo, where they believe that by covering their own eyes, they become invisible to others. This behavior reflects their understanding of object permanence and their developing sense of self.

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  • 19. 

    In the sensorimotor stage of development, a child begins to develop________

    Explanation
    In the sensorimotor stage of development, a child begins to develop goal-directed actions. This means that they start to engage in purposeful behaviors and actions to achieve specific outcomes or objectives. During this stage, infants learn to coordinate their sensory perceptions with their motor abilities, allowing them to actively explore and interact with their environment. They develop an understanding that their actions can lead to desired results, such as reaching for a toy or crawling towards an object of interest. This development of goal-directed actions is an important milestone in a child's cognitive and motor development.

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  • 20. 

    Billy refuses to drink his orange juice from the 1/2 full glass he wants his favorite cup b/c when the same juice is dumped in there it appears full. What cognitive concept is this? (Piaget)

    Explanation
    This question refers to the cognitive concept of conservation, which is a key aspect of Piaget's theory of cognitive development. Conservation refers to the understanding that certain properties of objects, such as volume or quantity, remain the same even when their appearance or arrangement changes. In this scenario, Billy's refusal to drink his orange juice from a half-full glass and instead wanting his favorite cup because the juice appears full when poured into it demonstrates a lack of conservation. He is focusing solely on the visual appearance of the juice rather than understanding that the amount of liquid remains the same regardless of the container it is in.

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  • 21. 

    According to Vygotsky, a child cultural development is 

    Explanation
    According to Vygotsky, a child's cultural development is co-constructed through learning and shared experiences. This means that a child's development is not solely determined by their individual abilities or characteristics, but also by the social and cultural context in which they grow up. Learning and development occur through interactions with others, such as parents, teachers, and peers, as well as through participation in cultural practices and activities. These shared experiences shape a child's understanding of the world and contribute to their cognitive, social, and emotional development.

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  • 22. 

    Vygotsky's view of cognitive development differs from Piagets in the importance and emphasis placed on a person's_______

    Explanation
    Vygotsky's view of cognitive development differs from Piaget's in the importance and emphasis placed on a person's interpersonal interactions. According to Vygotsky, cognitive development is strongly influenced by social interactions and the cultural context in which a person grows up. He believed that learning occurs through collaboration with others, and that individuals acquire knowledge and skills by interacting with more knowledgeable others. In contrast, Piaget focused more on individual exploration and the role of the individual's own actions and experiences in cognitive development.

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  • 23. 

    The role of "private speech" in Vygotsky's view is to 

    Explanation
    Private speech refers to the practice of talking to oneself out loud, often seen in young children. According to Vygotsky's view, private speech serves as a tool for children to regulate their own thinking and behavior. It helps them to plan, guide, and monitor their actions. By engaging in private speech, children are able to reinforce their understanding of new words and concepts, as they verbalize and reflect upon their own thoughts. Therefore, private speech encourages children to learn new words and enhances their cognitive development.

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  • 24. 

    According to Vygotsky, scaffolding represents 

    Explanation
    Vygotsky believed that scaffolding refers to the external support provided to children to help them solve problems independently. This support can come in the form of guidance, prompts, or assistance from more knowledgeable individuals, such as teachers or parents. The goal of scaffolding is to gradually reduce the support as the child becomes more capable, allowing them to develop their problem-solving skills and become independent learners.

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  • 25. 

    The zone of proximal development is the area where students may solve a problem__________

    Explanation
    The zone of proximal development refers to the range of tasks or problems that a student can solve with assistance or guidance from a more knowledgeable individual, such as a teacher or peer. It represents the difference between what a student can do independently and what they can achieve with support. This concept emphasizes the importance of providing appropriate scaffolding and assistance to students to help them reach their full potential and develop new skills.

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  • 26. 

    The period considered to be the most sensitive for language development occurs ____________

    Explanation
    During the preschool years, children experience rapid language development. This is the period when they are exposed to a rich language environment and begin to acquire vocabulary, grammar, and communication skills. Their brains are highly receptive to language input, and they engage in various language activities, such as listening, speaking, and interacting with others. This sensitive period is crucial for laying the foundation of language skills, as it sets the stage for further language development in later years.

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  • 27. 

    According to Erickson if a child fails to resolve a crisis at an early stage the child is apt to__________

    Explanation
    If a child fails to resolve a crisis at an early stage according to Erickson, it means that they have not successfully developed the necessary skills and abilities to handle similar challenges in the future. This can lead to difficulties in resolving later crises because they have not learned how to effectively cope with and overcome obstacles. It suggests that unresolved issues can have a cumulative effect on a child's development and their ability to navigate future challenges successfully.

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  • 28. 

    Regarding self-concept: Older children's academic self-concept may be quite different than their physical self-concept. True or False?

    Explanation
    As children grow older, their self-concept tends to become more complex and differentiated. This means that they start to develop a more nuanced understanding of themselves in different domains, such as academics and physical abilities. It is common for older children to have a different perception of their academic abilities compared to their physical abilities. Therefore, it is true that older children's academic self-concept may be quite different than their physical self-concept.

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  • 29. 

    Cultural Tools 

    Explanation
    The term "cultural tools" refers to various artifacts and systems that are used by individuals in a society to communicate, think, solve problems, and create knowledge. These tools can include physical objects like computers and scales, as well as abstract systems like language. By utilizing these cultural tools, people are able to interact with their environment, exchange information, and develop new ideas and understanding.

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  • 30. 

    Accommodation

    Explanation
    Accommodation refers to the process of modifying existing cognitive schemes or creating new ones in order to incorporate new information or experiences that do not fit into existing mental structures. This process allows individuals to adjust their understanding of the world and adapt their thinking to accommodate new knowledge or perspectives. It is an essential aspect of cognitive development as it enables individuals to refine their understanding and make sense of novel or contradictory information.

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  • 31. 

    Assimilation

    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Fitting new info into existing schemes." Assimilation refers to the process of incorporating new information into existing cognitive structures or mental frameworks. It involves fitting new experiences or knowledge into pre-existing schemas or categories that individuals have already developed. This process allows individuals to make sense of new information by relating it to what they already know, thereby expanding their understanding and adapting their existing cognitive structures.

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  • 32. 

    Shaping

    Explanation
    Shaping refers to the process of reinforcing each small step of progress towards a new desired goal. This means that instead of expecting immediate achievement of the final goal, individuals are rewarded and encouraged for making incremental progress. By reinforcing these small steps, individuals are more likely to continue working towards the larger goal and ultimately achieve success. This approach is often used in behavior modification and training techniques to encourage desired behaviors and skills development.

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  • 33. 

    Behavior Modifications

    Explanation
    This answer accurately describes behavior modification as the systematic application of antecedents (events that occur before a behavior) and consequences (events that occur after a behavior) to change actions. By manipulating the antecedents and consequences, behavior modification aims to increase desired behaviors and decrease undesirable behaviors. This approach is commonly used in various settings, such as schools, workplaces, and therapy, to promote positive behavior change.

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  • 34. 

    Reprimand

    Explanation
    A reprimand is a form of criticism or rebuke given to someone for their misbehavior or wrongdoing. It is a way of expressing disapproval and admonishing the person for their actions. The correct answer accurately defines reprimand as a form of criticism for misbehavior and rebuke.

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  • 35. 

    Learning

    Explanation
    The answer provided accurately defines learning as a relatively permanent change in an individual's knowledge or behavior. Learning involves acquiring new information, skills, or behaviors that can be retained over time. This definition highlights the long-lasting nature of learning, indicating that it is not just a temporary change but rather a lasting transformation in an individual's understanding or actions.

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  • Mar 21, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
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  • Dec 13, 2009
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