Chapter 10: Emotional And Social Development In Early Childhood

25 Questions | Total Attempts: 2878

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Social Development Quizzes & Trivia

Chapter 10: Emotional and Social Development in Early Childhood


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    As an alternative to harsh discipline, time out involves
    • A. 

      Taking privileges away for a specified time period.

    • B. 

      Removing children from the immediate setting until they are ready to act appropriately.

    • C. 

      A period of time when parents and children do not talk to each other.

    • D. 

      A period of unsupervised time when no rules are enforced.

  • 2. 
    How can parents of fearless, impulsive children best foster conscience development?
    • A. 

      By ensuring a secure attachment relationship and firmly correcting misbehavior

    • B. 

      Through the use of requests, suggestions, and explanations

    • C. 

      Through reward and punishment tactics

    • D. 

      By threatening to withdraw parental love

  • 3. 
    How can parents and teachers reduce preschoolers' gender stereotyping?
    • A. 

      By not using the pronouns "he" and "she"

    • B. 

      By pointing out exceptions to stereotypes in the community

    • C. 

      By organizing experiences into gender schemas

    • D. 

      By discouraging cross-gender activities and behaviors

  • 4. 
    Four- to 7-year-olds regard friendship as
    • A. 

      Based on abstract qualities, like fairness.

    • B. 

      Pleasurable play and sharing of toys.

    • C. 

      Having enduring, long-term qualities.

    • D. 

      Based on sharing thoughts and feelings.

  • 5. 
    Between early and middle childhood, instrumental aggression __________ and hostile aggression __________.
    • A. 

      Develops; dissipates

    • B. 

      Increases; decreases

    • C. 

      Increases; stays the same

    • D. 

      Declines; rises

  • 6. 
    Time spent watching violent TV programming in childhood and adolescence
    • A. 

      Has no reliable relationship to later aggression.

    • B. 

      Is related to later aggression for children with low IQs.

    • C. 

      Predicts later aggression only for young children.

    • D. 

      Predicts aggressive behavior in early adulthood.

  • 7. 
    To promote good social relations, most cultures teach children to
    • A. 

      Hide their true feelings in most social interactions.

    • B. 

      Listen and not speak until asked to do so.

    • C. 

      Communicate positive feelings and inhibit unpleasant ones.

    • D. 

      Communicate all of their feelings, both positive and negative.

  • 8. 
    A child with a strong sense of self is also likely to be
    • A. 

      Insecure.

    • B. 

      Modest.

    • C. 

      Cooperative.

    • D. 

      Inhibited.

  • 9. 
    Parents are most likely to rely on punishment or physical restraint when they want
    • A. 

      Accountability and an apology.

    • B. 

      Lasting changes in behavior.

    • C. 

      A strong emotional bond with their child.

    • D. 

      Immediate compliance.

  • 10. 
    Of the following, which statement is true regarding cross-cultural studies of children's peer sociability?
    • A. 

      Parents in all cultures recognize the importance of structured daily play activities.

    • B. 

      Unlike individualistic cultures, collectivist societies stress group harmony during play.

    • C. 

      Children in collectivist societies spend more time in solitary play than children in individualistic societies.

    • D. 

      Children engage in very similar play patterns in all cultures.

  • 11. 
    Most preschoolers who spend time playing by themselves
    • A. 

      Lack the necessary social skills to play with peers.

    • B. 

      Lag behind in cognitive development.

    • C. 

      Would prefer to play with another person.

    • D. 

      Engage in positive and constructive solitary activities.

  • 12. 
    Overall, preschoolers have
    • A. 

      Difficulty connecting thinking to feelings.

    • B. 

      A tendency to rely on adults to explain others' feelings.

    • C. 

      Difficulty interpreting and responding to others' feelings.

    • D. 

      An impressive ability to interpret, predict, and change others' feelings.

  • 13. 
    Preschoolers' self-concepts are
    • A. 

      Amorphous.

    • B. 

      Abstract.

    • C. 

      Concrete.

    • D. 

      Ill-defined.

  • 14. 
    The effect of parental influence on children's peer sociability shows that
    • A. 

      Mothers' play has a greater effect on both sons' and daughters' competence than fathers' play.

    • B. 

      Fathers' play has a greater effect on both sons' and daughters' competence than mothers' play.

    • C. 

      Mothers' play is strongly linked to daughters' competence and fathers' play to sons' competence.

    • D. 

      Mothers' play is strongly linked to sons' competence and fathers' play to daughters' competence.

  • 15. 
    Three- and 4-year-olds typically judge __________ violations as more wrong than __________ violations.
    • A. 

      Emotional; physical

    • B. 

      School; home

    • C. 

      Deliberate; moral

    • D. 

      Moral; social-convention

  • 16. 
    According to Erikson, once children have a sense of autonomy, they
    • A. 

      Feel free to choose and make decisions for themselves.

    • B. 

      Become more contrary than they were as toddlers.

    • C. 

      Expect the world to be good and gratifying.

    • D. 

      Gain a sense of purposefulness and are eager to tackle new tasks.

  • 17. 
    In early childhood, __________ serves as an important motivator of __________ behavior.
    • A. 

      Personal distress; prosocial

    • B. 

      Empathy; altruistic

    • C. 

      Autonomy; independent

    • D. 

      Self-esteem; altruistic

  • 18. 
    Maccoby argues that girls prefer to play in pairs and boys prefer larger-group play because
    • A. 

      Girls' social skills are limited, causing difficulty in maintaining multiple relationships.

    • B. 

      Boys imitate group behavior modeled by men, and girls imitate group behavior modeled by women.

    • C. 

      These behaviors are encouraged in preschool settings.

    • D. 

      Sex hormones affect human play styles.

  • 19. 
    In a cross-cultural comparison of personal storytelling by Irish-American families in Chicago and Chinese families in Taiwan, Chinese parents more often told stories about
    • A. 

      The child's misdeeds.

    • B. 

      The child's academic accomplishments.

    • C. 

      Family celebrations.

    • D. 

      Relatives who live far away from the family.

  • 20. 
    Which of the following may be responsible for preschoolers' difficulty grasping the permanence of sex?
    • A. 

      Lack of social experience

    • B. 

      In-group favoritism

    • C. 

      Cognitive immaturity

    • D. 

      Psychoanalytic misunderstanding

  • 21. 
    At what age do children make gender-stereotyped game and toy choices?
    • A. 

      By 4 years

    • B. 

      After 5 years

    • C. 

      Around 3 years

    • D. 

      Before 2 years

  • 22. 
    Parten's three-step sequence of peer sociability among 2- to 5-year-olds proceeds as
    • A. 

      Associative play, nonsocial activity, and cooperative play.

    • B. 

      Nonsocial activity, parallel play, and associative play.

    • C. 

      Parallel play, cooperative play, and social activity.

    • D. 

      Make-believe play, onlooker behavior, and solitary play.

  • 23. 
    Maltreating parents
    • A. 

      Often attribute their child's misdeeds to a bad disposition.

    • B. 

      Often reach out to friends or family for help and support.

    • C. 

      Fit into a common "abusive personality type."

    • D. 

      Lacked discipline in their own childhoods.

  • 24. 
    Social learning theory focuses on __________, whereas cognitive-developmental theory emphasizes __________.
    • A. 

      Cultural values; moral behavior

    • B. 

      Reward and punishment; genetics

    • C. 

      Peer relationships; environmental influences

    • D. 

      Moral behavior; thinking and reasoning

  • 25. 
    Children who have difficulty with peer relations
    • A. 

      Often hold biased social expectations and misinterpret others' behavior.

    • B. 

      Avoid spending time with other children because it is unpleasant.

    • C. 

      Are often charming and socially skilled around adults.

    • D. 

      Typically do not have any siblings.

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