Developmental Psychology

115 Questions | Total Attempts: 77

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Developmental Psychology Quizzes & Trivia

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    __________________________: the fertilized egg, formed by the union of sperm and egg.
  • 2. 
    The third through eighth week of prenatal development is called  __________________________.
    • A. 

      Conception

    • B. 

      The embryonic stage

    • C. 

      The fetal stage

  • 3. 
    The prenatal period from the ninth week until birth is called __________________________.
    • A. 

      Conception

    • B. 

      The embryonic stage

    • C. 

      The fetal stage

  • 4. 
    During conception, cells (the zygote) divide repeatedly. This produces a mass of identical cells called the __________________________.
  • 5. 
    The blastocyst attaches itself to the uterine wall and is now called the __________________________.
  • 6. 
    __________________________: connects the embryo to the uterine wall.
  • 7. 
    __________________________: connects the placenta and the embryo.
    • connects the embryo's and mother's blood supplies
    • allows embryo to take in nutrients, oxygen, and antibodies
    • allows developing embryo to eliminate waste products
  • 8. 
    __________________________: the tubular structure formed early in the embryonic stage from which the central nervous system (brain and spinal cord) develops.
  • 9. 
    The heart begins to beat during __________________________.
    • A. 

      Conception

    • B. 

      The embryonic stage

    • C. 

      The fetal stage

  • 10. 
    __________________________: environmental factors that can disrupt healthy neural development.
  • 11. 
    Lead, alcohol, and cigarette smoke are all examples of __________________________.
  • 12. 
    Generally, teratogens are most harmful during __________________________.
    • A. 

      Conception

    • B. 

      The embryonic stage

    • C. 

      The fetal stage

  • 13. 
    __________________________: a developmental disorder that affects children whose mothers consumed alcohol during pregnancy. Its effects include a range of psychological problems and physical abnormalities.
  • 14. 
    Newborns have fairly advanced sensory capacities.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 15. 
    __________________________: an infantile reflex in which an infant closes his or her hand into a fist when his or her palmed is touched.
    • A. 

      Grasp reflex

    • B. 

      Rooting reflex

    • C. 

      Sucking reflex

  • 16. 
    __________________________: in an infant, the sucking elicited by stroking applied on or around the lips; the reflex aids breastfeeding. 
    • A. 

      Grasp reflex

    • B. 

      Rooting reflex

    • C. 

      Sucking reflex

  • 17. 
    __________________________: an infantile reflex in which an infant sucks on whatever is placed in his or her mouth. 
    • A. 

      Grasp reflex

    • B. 

      Rooting reflex

    • C. 

      Sucking reflex

  • 18. 
    __________________________ serve(s) an important function in breastfeeding.
    • A. 

      Grasp reflex

    • B. 

      Rooting reflex

    • C. 

      Sucking reflex

  • 19. 
    According to Piaget, the period of cognitive development between birth and ~2 years of age is the __________________________.
    • A. 

      Sensorimotor period

    • B. 

      Preoperational period

    • C. 

      Concrete operational period

    • D. 

      Formal operational period

  • 20. 
    According to Piaget, the period of cognitive development between ~2 years of age and ~7 years of age is the __________________________.
    • A. 

      Sensorimotor period

    • B. 

      Preoperational period

    • C. 

      Concrete operational period

    • D. 

      Formal operational period

  • 21. 
    According to Piaget, the period of cognitive development between ~7 years of age and ~12 years of age is the __________________________.
    • A. 

      Sensorimotor period

    • B. 

      Preoperational period

    • C. 

      Concrete operational period

    • D. 

      Formal operational period

  • 22. 
    According to Piaget, the period of cognitive development beyond ~12 years of age is the __________________________.
    • A. 

      Sensorimotor period

    • B. 

      Preoperational period

    • C. 

      Concrete operational period

    • D. 

      Formal operational period

  • 23. 
    __________________________: in Piaget's theory, the period of cognitive development from birth to about 2 years, in which the child has not yet achieved object permanence.
    • differentiation between self and objects
  • 24. 
    __________________________: the conviction that an object exists even when it is out of sight. Piaget believed infants didn't develop this level of understanding until the age of, at least, eight months. 
  • 25. 
    When an infant looks at a rattle, he is aware of looking at the rattle but has no conception of the rattle itself existing as a permanent, independent object. If the infant looks away from the rattle (and thus stops seeing it), then the rattle ceases to exist. This is an example of ______________________.
  • 26. 
    ______________________: inability to distinguish between perspective of self and others.
    • A. 

      Egocentrism

    • B. 

      Animism

    • C. 

      Assimilation

    • D. 

      Accommodation

  • 27. 
    __________________________: objects are capable of actions and have life-like qualities.
    • A. 

      Egocentrism

    • B. 

      Animism

    • C. 

      Assimilation

    • D. 

      Accommodation

  • 28. 
    Egocentrism and animism occur in the ​__________________________ period.
    • A. 

      Sensorimotor

    • B. 

      Preoperational

    • C. 

      Concrete operational

    • D. 

      Formal operational

  • 29. 
    ​__________________________: in Piaget's theory, the developing child's process of interpreting the environment in terms of schemas he or she already has.
  • 30. 
    2-year-old Josh has learned the schema for "helicopter" from his picture books. When Josh sees a plane, he calls it a "helicopter". This is an example of ​__________________________.
    • A. 

      Assimilation

    • B. 

      Accommodation

  • 31. 
    ​__________________________: In Piaget's theory, the developing child's process of changing his or her schemas based on his or her interactions with the environment. 
  • 32. 
    2-year-old Josh has learned the schema for "helicopter" from his picture books. When Josh sees a plane, he calls it a "helicopter". In response to this, Josh's mother tells him, "no, it's a plane". Josh changes his schemas for flying machines and continues to modify that schema to include "passenger plane", "fighter jet", etc. This is an example of ​__________________________.
    • A. 

      Assimilation

    • B. 

      Accommodation

  • 33. 
    ____________________________: in Piaget's theory, the period from about ages 2 to 7, in which a child can think representationally, but can't yet relate these representations to each other or take a point of view other than his or her own.
    • learns to use language and to represent objects with images and words
    • classifies objects by a single feature; for example, groups blocks by color (rather than shape or size)
  • 34. 
    According to Piaget, children in the preoperational period of cognitive development would fail a ____________________________ test that requires understanding that quantity, length, or number of items is unrelated to the arrangement or appearance of this object.
  • 35. 
    ____________________________: in Piaget's theory, the period from about age 7 to 12, in which the child is beginning to understand abstract ideas such as number and substance, but only as they apply to real, concrete events.
  • 36. 
    A child exhibits the ability to classify on multiple dimensions (size, shape, color etc.) and proves successful in conservation tasks. This child also understands others have different opinions and viewpoints than he or she does. This child is, according to Piaget, in the ____________________________ period of cognitive development. 
    • A. 

      Sensorimotor

    • B. 

      Preoperational

    • C. 

      Concrete operational

    • D. 

      Formal operational

  • 37. 
    A child does not exhibit an understanding of object permanence. According to Piaget, this child is likely in the ____________________________ period of cognitive development. 
    • A. 

      Sensorimotor

    • B. 

      Preoperational

    • C. 

      Concrete operational

    • D. 

      Formal operational

  • 38. 
    A child exhibits egocentrism and animism. This child understands object permanence, but cannot classify objects on more than one level. According to Piaget, this child is likely in the ____________________________ period of cognitive development.
    • A. 

      Sensorimotor

    • B. 

      Preoperational

    • C. 

      Concrete operational

    • D. 

      Formal operational

  • 39. 
    ____________________________: in Piaget's theory, the period from about age 12 on, in which a child can think abstractly and consider hypothetical possibilities. 
  • 40. 
    A child exhibits the ability to think abstractly and is proficient at logical reasoning and problem solving. This child has also developed an interest in social relations, politics, religion, and may challenge beliefs and conventions. According to Piaget, this child is likely in the ____________________________ period of cognitive development.
    • A. 

      Sensorimotor

    • B. 

      Preoperational

    • C. 

      Concrete operational

    • D. 

      Formal operational

  • 41. 
    Development seems to be much more ____________________________ than Piaget thought. Children are constantly acquiring  and incorporating new knowledge.
    • A. 

      Sporadic

    • B. 

      Abrupt

    • C. 

      Gradual

    • D. 

      Simple

  • 42. 
    Research has found that children pass different conservation tasks ____________________________.
    • A. 

      All at once

    • B. 

      At different ages

    • C. 

      Based on gender

    • D. 

      Based on race

  • 43. 
    Development is invariant and universal.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 44. 
    In a more recent study of egocentrism, children of 3 years of age were shown a double-faced card: one side had a picture of a dog and the other had a picture of a cat. When the picture of the cat is facing the child, the researcher asks "what do I see?". The child is most likely to answer:
    • A. 

      The cat

    • B. 

      The dog

    • C. 

      Neither

    • D. 

      Both

  • 45. 
    By showing infants impossible events, it becomes evident that babies, as young as 3 months ____________________________.
    • A. 

      Have object permanence

    • B. 

      Do not have object permanence

  • 46. 
    Children are, generally, much more ____________________________ (at earlier ages) than Piaget believed.
    • A. 

      Incompetent

    • B. 

      Competent

    • C. 

      Observant

    • D. 

      Ignorant

  • 47. 
    ____________________________: a method for studying infant perception. After some exposure to a stimulus, an infant becomes habituated and stops paying attention to it. If the infant shows renewed interest when a new stimulus is presented, this reveals that the infant regards the new stimulus as different from the old one. 
  • 48. 
    Infants are capable of doing simple math.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 49. 
    6-month-old infants get habituated (and thus, look less) after being presented with a slide with 3 of a particular object. Once that changes to 2 objects, infants ____________________________, they ____________________________ this change.
    • A. 

      Look longer; notice

    • B. 

      Look longer; don't notice

    • C. 

      Look the same amount; notice

    • D. 

      Look the same amount; don't notice

  • 50. 
    ____________________________: the set of interrelated concepts we use to make sense of our own thoughts, feelings, and behaviors, as well as those of others. 
  • 51. 
    A child watches as the experimenter makes the teddy bear "hide" the ball in the red box. While the teddy bear is "gone", the experimenter and the child move the ball to the green box. When the child is now asked, "where will the teddy bear think the ball is?", she points to the green box. This is an example of this child's not yet well-developed ____________________________.
  • 52. 
    These emotional expressions are not present immediately (or shortly after) birth:
    • A. 

      Distress

    • B. 

      Disgust

    • C. 

      Interest

    • D. 

      Fear

    • E. 

      Anger

    • F. 

      Surprise

  • 53. 
    ____________________________: a process of using others' facial expressions as a cue about the situation.
  • 54. 
    Samuel didn't know how to react to the neighbor's dog, so he looked at his mother to decide if the dog's presence was good or bad. This is an example of ____________________________.
  • 55. 
    ____________________________: an infant's response to unfamiliar people. 
    • emerges 6-8 months
    • peaks 8-10 months
    • A. 

      Stranger anxiety

    • B. 

      Separation anxiety

  • 56. 
    ____________________________: an infant's response to being away from caregiver.
    • peaks 13-15 months
    • A. 

      Stranger anxiety

    • B. 

      Separation anxiety

  • 57. 
    ____________________________: individual differences in emotional and behavioral functioning.
  • 58. 
    An infant's temperament is ____________________________ determined.
    • A. 

      Environmentally

    • B. 

      Biologically

  • 59. 
    ____________________________ temperament: positive mood and adaptable.
  • 60. 
    ____________________________ temperament. slow to adapt and low activity level.
  • 61. 
    ____________________________ temperament: negative mood, unadaptable, intense emotional reactions.
  • 62. 
    Temperament style influences ability to regulate emotions.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 63. 
    ____________________________: the strong, enduring, emotional bond between a child and its caregivers that some psychologists consider the basis for relationships later in life.
  • 64. 
    ____________________________: according to John Bowlby, the relationship in which the child feels safe and protected. 
  • 65. 
    ____________________________: an experimental procedure for assessing attachment, in which the child is allowed to explore an unfamiliar room with the mother present before the mother leaves for a few minutes, and then returns.
  • 66. 
    ____________________________: a set of beliefs and expectations about how people behave in social relationships, and also guidelines for interpreting others' actions, and habitual responses to make in social settings.
  • 67. 
    Parents who are warm and responsive to their child's needs are more likely to have children who are ____________________________. 
    • A. 

      Less attached to them

    • B. 

      More attached to them

    • C. 

      Rebellious

    • D. 

      Docile

  • 68. 
    ____________________________: a parenting style that is high on both warmth/responsiveness and control/demandingness.
  • 69. 
    ____________________________: a parenting style that is low on warmth/responsiveness and high on control/demandingness.
  • 70. 
    ____________________________: a parenting style that is high on warmth/responsiveness and low on control/demandingness.
  • 71. 
    ____________________________: a parenting style that is low on both warmth/responsiveness and control/demandingness.
  • 72. 
    ____________________________ parenting is the most adaptive parenting style. It leads to the best child outcomes across childhood. 
    • A. 

      Authoritative

    • B. 

      Authoritarian

    • C. 

      Permissive

    • D. 

      Uninvolved

  • 73. 
    ____________________________ parenting is the worst parenting style.
    • A. 

      Authoritative

    • B. 

      Authoritarian

    • C. 

      Permissive

    • D. 

      Uninvolved

  • 74. 
    Friendships start as early as 2 years of age.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 75. 
    People who have successful friendships are ____________________________ to become depressed.
    • A. 

      Just as likely

    • B. 

      More likely

    • C. 

      Less likely

  • 76. 
    Girls have ____________________________ relationships with their peers. 
    • A. 

      Intensive

    • B. 

      Extensive

    • C. 

      Internal

    • D. 

      External

  • 77. 
    Boys have ____________________________ relationships with their peers.
    • A. 

      Intensive

    • B. 

      Extensive

    • C. 

      Internal

    • D. 

      External

  • 78. 
    ____________________________: data that describes how individuals in a group interact.
    • positive nominations
    • negative nominations 
  • 79. 
    "Who do you like the most?" is a ____________________________.
  • 80. 
    "Who do you like the least?" is a ____________________________.
  • 81. 
    Rejected children are ____________________________.
    • A. 

      More lonely

    • B. 

      Less lonely

    • C. 

      More depressed

    • D. 

      Less depressed

    • E. 

      More socially anxious

    • F. 

      Less socially anxious

  • 82. 
    ____________________________ proposed a 6 stage theory of moral development.
    • A. 

      Jean Piaget

    • B. 

      Lawrence Kohlberg

    • C. 

      Konrad Lorenz

    • D. 

      Mary Ainsworth

  • 83. 
    ____________________________: according to Kohlberg, the first and second stages of moral reasoning, which are focused on getting rewards and avoiding punishment.
  • 84. 
    ____________________________: according to Kohlberg, the third and fourth stages of moral reasoning, which are focused on social relationships, conventions, and duties.
  • 85. 
    ____________________________: according to Kohlberg, the fifth and sixth stages of moral reasoning, which are focused on ideals and broad moral principles.
  • 86. 
    According to Kohlberg, an individual who focuses primarily on getting rewards and avoiding punishment is in the ____________________________ level of moral development.
    • A. 

      Preconventional

    • B. 

      Conventional

    • C. 

      Postconventional

  • 87. 
    According to Kohlberg, an individual focused primarily on following rules, pleasing others, and fulfilling their role is in the ____________________________ level of moral development.
    • A. 

      Preconventional

    • B. 

      Conventional

    • C. 

      Postconventional

  • 88. 
    According to Kohlberg, an individual focused primarily on universal principles of justice, equality, and respect for human life is in the ____________________________ level of moral development. 
    • A. 

      Preconventional

    • B. 

      Conventional

    • C. 

      Postconventional

  • 89. 
    ____________________________ proposed the psychosocial theory of development which says the goal of each stage in our development is to resolve a core issue.
    • A. 

      Konrad Lorenz

    • B. 

      Erik Erikson

    • C. 

      Lawrence Kohlberg

    • D. 

      Jean Piaget

  • 90. 
    ____________________________ (birth - 18 months): forming attachment bond
    • A. 

      Trust vs. mistrust

    • B. 

      Autonomy vs. shame/doubt

    • C. 

      Initiative vs. guilt

    • D. 

      Industry vs. inferiority

    • E. 

      Identity vs. role confusion

    • F. 

      Intimacy vs. isolation

    • G. 

      Generativity vs. stagnation

    • H. 

      Integrity vs. despair

  • 91. 
    ____________________________ (18 months - 3 yrs.): asserting will and independence
    • A. 

      Trust vs. mistrust

    • B. 

      Autonomy vs. shame/doubt

    • C. 

      Initiative vs. guilt

    • D. 

      Industry vs. inferiority

    • E. 

      Identity vs. role confusion

    • F. 

      Intimacy vs. isolation

    • G. 

      Generativity vs. stagnation

    • H. 

      Integrity vs. despair

  • 92. 
    ____________________________ (3 - 6 yrs.): engaging and purposive, focus on good/bad
    • A. 

      Trust vs. mistrust

    • B. 

      Autonomy vs. shame/doubt

    • C. 

      Initiative vs. guilt

    • D. 

      Industry vs. inferiority

    • E. 

      Identity vs. role confusion

    • F. 

      Intimacy vs. isolation

    • G. 

      Generativity vs. stagnation

    • H. 

      Integrity vs. despair

  • 93. 
    ____________________________ (6 - 12 yrs.): competencies and successes, what you're good at
    • A. 

      Trust vs. mistrust

    • B. 

      Autonomy vs. shame/doubt

    • C. 

      Initiative vs. guilt

    • D. 

      Industry vs. inferiority

    • E. 

      Identity vs. role confusion

    • F. 

      Intimacy vs. isolation

    • G. 

      Generativity vs. stagnation

    • H. 

      Integrity vs. despair

  • 94. 
    ____________________________ (12 - 18 yrs.): identity development, "who am I?" question
    • A. 

      Trust vs. mistrust

    • B. 

      Autonomy vs. shame/doubt

    • C. 

      Initiative vs. guilt

    • D. 

      Industry vs. inferiority

    • E. 

      Identity vs. role confusion

    • F. 

      Intimacy vs. isolation

    • G. 

      Generativity vs. stagnation

    • H. 

      Integrity vs. despair

  • 95. 
    ____________________________ (18 - 35 yrs): love and relationships
    • A. 

      Trust vs. mistrust

    • B. 

      Autonomy vs. shame/doubt

    • C. 

      Initiative vs. guilt

    • D. 

      Industry vs. inferiority

    • E. 

      Identity vs. role confusion

    • F. 

      Intimacy vs. isolation

    • G. 

      Generativity vs. stagnation

    • H. 

      Integrity vs. despair

  • 96. 
    ____________________________ (35 - 60 yrs.): having children, "the world I want to leave behind"
    • A. 

      Trust vs. mistrust

    • B. 

      Autonomy vs. shame/doubt

    • C. 

      Initiative vs. guilt

    • D. 

      Industry vs. inferiority

    • E. 

      Identity vs. role confusion

    • F. 

      Intimacy vs. isolation

    • G. 

      Generativity vs. stagnation

    • H. 

      Integrity vs. despair

  • 97. 
    ____________________________ (60+ yrs.): imparting wisdom, reflecting on one's life
    • A. 

      Trust vs. mistrust

    • B. 

      Autonomy vs. shame/doubt

    • C. 

      Initiative vs. guilt

    • D. 

      Industry vs. inferiority

    • E. 

      Identity vs. role confusion

    • F. 

      Intimacy vs. isolation

    • G. 

      Generativity vs. stagnation

    • H. 

      Integrity vs. despair

  • 98. 
    __________________________: the social status status of children who are not respected or liked by peers and become aggressive as a result. 
    • A. 

      Aggressive-rejected

    • B. 

      Withdrawn-rejected

  • 99. 
    __________________________: the social status of children who are not respected or liked by peers and become anxious as a result. 
    • A. 

      Aggressive-rejected

    • B. 

      Withdrawn-rejected

  • 100. 
    __________________________: the period of physical and sexual maturation in which the child's body begins to develop into its adult form. 
  • 101. 
    __________________________: bodily structures directly related to reproduction.
  • 102. 
    __________________________: bodily structures that change with sexual maturity but are not directly related to reproduction.
  • 103. 
    Facial, pubic, and underarm hair are all examples of __________________________ sexual characteristics. 
    • A. 

      Primary

    • B. 

      Secondary

  • 104. 
    Children who explore freely in caregiver's presence, are often visibly upset when the caregiver leaves, and greet the caregiver warmly at reunion have a _________________ attachment with their caregiver.
  • 105. 
    Insecure attachment:
    • A. 

      Avoidant

    • B. 

      Ambivalent

    • C. 

      Resistant

    • D. 

      Resigned

    • E. 

      Disorganized

    • F. 

      Organized

  • 106. 
    _______________________: a type of insecure attachment where the child is not distressed by the separation and avoids contact with the caregiver upon reunion. 
    • A. 

      Secure attachment

    • B. 

      Avoidant attachment

    • C. 

      Resistant attachment

    • D. 

      Disorganized attachment

  • 107. 
    _______________________: a type of insecure attachment where the child is very distressed and doesn't settle easily and there is a mix of proximity-seeking and angry behaviors.
    • A. 

      Secure attachment

    • B. 

      Avoidant attachment

    • C. 

      Resistant attachment

    • D. 

      Disorganized attachment

  • 108. 
    _______________________: a type of insecure attachment where there is no coherent strategy.
    • A. 

      Secure attachment

    • B. 

      Avoidant attachment

    • C. 

      Resistant attachment

    • D. 

      Disorganized attachment