Developmental Psychology: Teratology And Hazards To Prenatal Development

Approved & Edited by ProProfs Editorial Team
The editorial team at ProProfs Quizzes consists of a select group of subject experts, trivia writers, and quiz masters who have authored over 10,000 quizzes taken by more than 100 million users. This team includes our in-house seasoned quiz moderators and subject matter experts. Our editorial experts, spread across the world, are rigorously trained using our comprehensive guidelines to ensure that you receive the highest quality quizzes.
Learn about Our Editorial Process
| By Fmarthyna
F
Fmarthyna
Community Contributor
Quizzes Created: 3 | Total Attempts: 7,527
Questions: 12 | Attempts: 164

SettingsSettingsSettings
Developmental Psychology: Teratology And Hazards To Prenatal Development - Quiz


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Refers to any agent that can potentially cause a birth defect or negatively alter cognitvive and behavioral outcomes

    • A.

      Teratogen

    • B.

      Teratology

    • C.

      Developmental Hazard

    Correct Answer
    A. Teratogen
    Explanation
    A teratogen refers to any agent that has the potential to cause a birth defect or negatively alter cognitive and behavioral outcomes. These agents can include substances such as drugs, chemicals, infections, or even environmental factors like radiation. When a teratogen is present during pregnancy, it can disrupt the normal development of the fetus, leading to structural abnormalities or functional impairments. It is important for pregnant individuals to avoid exposure to teratogens to ensure the healthy development of their baby.

    Rate this question:

  • 2. 

    The greek word "tera"  means "earth"

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    It means "monster"

    Rate this question:

  • 3. 

    After completing organogenesis, teratogens are more likely to cause anatomical defects

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    less likely to cause defects after organogenesis

    Rate this question:

  • 4. 

    Exposure to teratogens during fetal period is more likely to cause stunted growth and problems in organs' functioning

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Exposure to teratogens, which are substances that can cause birth defects, during the fetal period can indeed lead to stunted growth and problems in organ functioning. This is because the fetus is still developing and is highly vulnerable to external factors. Teratogens can interfere with the normal growth and development of the fetus, leading to physical and functional abnormalities in organs. Therefore, it is true that exposure to teratogens during the fetal period is more likely to cause stunted growth and problems in organ functioning.

    Rate this question:

  • 5. 

    This is the field of study investigating causes of birth defects and exploring the deficits in functioning

    • A.

      Teratology

    • B.

      Teratogen

    • C.

      Teratography

    Correct Answer
    A. Teratology
    Explanation
    Teratology is the correct answer because it refers to the field of study that investigates the causes of birth defects and explores the deficits in functioning. It focuses on understanding how environmental factors and genetic variations can lead to abnormalities in development. Teratology plays a crucial role in identifying teratogens, which are substances or agents that can cause birth defects. Teratography, on the other hand, is not a recognized term in this context and does not relate to the study of birth defects.

    Rate this question:

  • 6. 

    Male fetuses are more likely to be affected by teratogens

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Male fetuses are more likely to be affected by teratogens because they have only one X chromosome compared to females who have two. This means that if the X chromosome is affected by a teratogen, there is no backup copy in males to compensate for the damage. In contrast, females have the potential to have one healthy X chromosome to compensate for any damage caused by teratogens. Therefore, male fetuses are at a higher risk of being affected by teratogens.

    Rate this question:

  • 7. 

    Damage during the germinal period may prevent implantation

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    During the germinal period, which is the first two weeks of pregnancy, the fertilized egg travels down the fallopian tube and eventually implants itself into the uterine lining. If there is damage to the embryo during this period, it may prevent successful implantation. Therefore, the statement "Damage during the germinal period may prevent implantation" is true.

    Rate this question:

  • 8. 

    The embryonic period is less vulnerable to teratogens than fetal period because the organs are still forming and effects can be reversed

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    embryonic period is more vulnerable

    Rate this question:

  • 9. 

    The probability of a structural defect is greatest in _____

    • A.

      Early embryonic period

    • B.

      Late embryonic period

    • C.

      Early fetal period

    • D.

      Late fetal period

    Correct Answer
    A. Early embryonic period
    Explanation
    During the early embryonic period, the cells are rapidly dividing and differentiating to form the various organs and tissues of the body. This is a critical stage of development where any disruptions or errors in the genetic or environmental factors can lead to structural defects. As the development progresses into the late embryonic and fetal periods, the major organ systems have already formed, reducing the likelihood of structural defects. Therefore, the probability of a structural defect is greatest in the early embryonic period.

    Rate this question:

  • 10. 

    This is the fixed time period early in the prenatal development during which events can have a long-lasting effect on development

    • A.

      Critical period

    • B.

      Vulnerable Period

    • C.

      Viability Period

    Correct Answer
    A. Critical period
    Explanation
    The correct answer is critical period. The critical period refers to a specific time period early in prenatal development where certain events or experiences can have a significant and long-lasting impact on the overall development of an organism. During this time, the organism is particularly sensitive and responsive to specific stimuli or influences, and if these critical periods are missed or disrupted, it may result in irreversible consequences for development.

    Rate this question:

Quiz Review Timeline +

Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Sep 13, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Sep 15, 2020
    Quiz Created by
    Fmarthyna
Back to Top Back to top
Advertisement
×

Wait!
Here's an interesting quiz for you.

We have other quizzes matching your interest.