Chemistry Acronyms Quiz

By Lola Agbetunsin
Lola Agbetunsin, Teacher & Student Mentor
Lola Agbetunsin, an educator with a mission to guide students on their journey to success and provide them with the tools they need for a bright future.
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Questions: 41 | Attempts: 116

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CHEMISTRY ACRONYMS QUIZ


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    CSF

    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Cerebrospinal fluid" because CSF is an abbreviation commonly used in medical terminology to refer to the fluid that surrounds the brain and spinal cord. It acts as a protective cushion, providing nutrients and removing waste products from the central nervous system. The alternative answer "cerebral spinal fluid" is also correct, as it is a less common variation of the term.

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  • 2. 

    BUN

    Explanation
    BUN stands for Blood Urea Nitrogen, which is a common laboratory test used to measure the amount of urea nitrogen in the blood. Urea is a waste product that is produced when the liver breaks down proteins, and it is normally excreted by the kidneys. Elevated BUN levels may indicate kidney dysfunction or dehydration, while low levels may be a result of liver disease or a low protein diet. Therefore, BLOOD UREA NITROGEN is the correct answer as it accurately represents the meaning and purpose of the term BUN.

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  • 3. 

    CMP

    Explanation
    The given answer "COMPLETE METABOLIC PANEL" is the correct explanation for the abbreviation "CMP". A complete metabolic panel is a blood test that provides information about a person's overall health and organ function. It includes various tests such as liver function tests, kidney function tests, electrolyte levels, and blood glucose levels. The CMP is commonly used to screen for and monitor conditions such as diabetes, liver disease, kidney disease, and electrolyte imbalances.

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  • 4. 

    BMP

    Explanation
    The correct answer is BASIC METABOLIC PANEL. The acronym BMP stands for Basic Metabolic Panel. This is a common laboratory test that measures various components in the blood, including electrolytes, glucose, and kidney function markers. It is often used to evaluate overall health, diagnose certain medical conditions, and monitor the effectiveness of treatments. The BMP provides important information about the body's metabolism and organ function.

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  • 5. 

    CRP

    Explanation
    The correct answer is C-REACTIVE PROTEIN. C-reactive protein (CRP) is a substance produced by the liver in response to inflammation in the body. It is commonly used as a marker for inflammation and infection. CRP levels can be elevated in various conditions such as infections, autoimmune diseases, and cardiovascular diseases. Therefore, the abbreviation CRP is commonly used to refer to C-reactive protein. The alternative answer "c reactive protein" is also correct as it is the same substance, just written in a different format.

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  • 6. 

    FBS

    Explanation
    The correct answer is FASTING BLOOD SUGAR. Fasting blood sugar refers to the measurement of glucose levels in the blood after a period of fasting, typically overnight. This test is commonly used to diagnose and monitor diabetes. It provides information about the body's ability to regulate blood sugar levels and can help in determining the effectiveness of diabetes treatments.

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  • 7. 

    SST

    Explanation
    The correct answer is SERUM SEPARATOR TUBE. This is likely the correct answer because SST stands for Serum Separator Tube. This type of tube is commonly used in medical laboratories to collect and separate blood samples. The tube contains a gel that separates the serum from the other components of the blood, allowing for easier testing and analysis.

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  • 8. 

    RST

    Explanation
    The given answer "RAPID SERUM TUBE" is the expanded form of the acronym "RST". It suggests that RST stands for "Rapid Serum Tube". This indicates that RST is a type of tube used for collecting serum samples for diagnostic testing.

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  • 9. 

    PST

    Explanation
    A PST stands for Plasma Separator Tube. This type of tube is used in medical laboratories to separate plasma from whole blood. The tube contains an anticoagulant that prevents blood from clotting, allowing the plasma to be separated by centrifugation. This is useful for various diagnostic tests that require the analysis of plasma components such as proteins, electrolytes, and enzymes.

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  • 10. 

    MI

    Explanation
    The given answer "MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION" is the correct answer because "MI" is an acronym for Myocardial Infarction. Myocardial Infarction refers to the medical term commonly known as a heart attack, which occurs when there is a blockage in the blood flow to the heart, leading to damage or death of heart muscle tissue. Therefore, "MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION" is the appropriate explanation for the given acronym "MI".

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  • 11. 

    ABG

    Explanation
    ABG stands for Arterial Blood Gas. It is a medical test that measures the levels of oxygen and carbon dioxide in the blood, as well as the acidity (pH) of the blood. This test is performed by taking a blood sample from an artery, usually in the wrist. It is used to assess lung function and determine how well the body is able to oxygenate the blood and remove carbon dioxide. ABG is commonly used in the diagnosis and management of respiratory and metabolic disorders such as asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), and kidney disease.

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  • 12. 

    TDM

    Explanation
    TDM stands for Therapeutic Drug Monitoring. This is a process used to measure and maintain drug levels in a patient's bloodstream within a specific therapeutic range. It involves regular monitoring of drug concentrations to ensure that they are effective and safe for the patient. This is particularly important for drugs with a narrow therapeutic window, where too little or too much of the drug can be harmful. TDM helps healthcare professionals optimize drug dosages and make necessary adjustments to achieve the desired therapeutic effect.

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  • 13. 

    MSUD

    Explanation
    MSUD stands for Maple Syrup Urine Disease, a rare genetic disorder characterized by the inability to break down certain amino acids. This leads to a buildup of these amino acids in the body, causing a sweet-smelling urine odor, similar to that of maple syrup. The disease can cause serious health problems if not managed properly, including neurological damage and even death. Early diagnosis and treatment, such as a special diet low in the specific amino acids, can help manage the symptoms and prevent complications.

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  • 14. 

    ADH

    Explanation
    ADH stands for Antidiuretic Hormone, also known as anti-diuretic hormone. This hormone is produced by the hypothalamus and released by the pituitary gland. Its main function is to regulate the balance of water in the body by reducing the amount of water excreted in urine. ADH acts on the kidneys, causing them to reabsorb water back into the bloodstream, thus concentrating the urine and preventing excessive water loss. This helps maintain proper hydration levels and prevent dehydration.

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  • 15. 

    HCG

    Explanation
    HCG stands for Human Chorionic Gonadotropin, a hormone that is produced during pregnancy. It is primarily responsible for maintaining the production of progesterone by the corpus luteum, which is crucial for the development of the placenta and the fetus. HCG is also used as a marker in pregnancy tests to detect the presence of the hormone in urine or blood, indicating pregnancy. Additionally, HCG has been used in medical treatments for fertility issues and as a weight loss aid.

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  • 16. 

    ANA

    Explanation
    The given correct answer is "ANTINUCLEAR ANTIBODY, anti nuclear antibody, anti-nuclear antibody, anti nuclear antibodies, anti-nuclear antibodies". These terms all refer to the same thing, which is an antibody that targets components of the cell nucleus. The term "antinuclear antibody" is commonly used in medical literature and research to describe these antibodies. The variations in capitalization and hyphenation are simply different ways of representing the same term.

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  • 17. 

    POL

    Explanation
    The given answer "PHYSICIAN OFFICE LABORATORY" is the correct answer because it is a commonly used acronym for POL, which stands for Physician Office Laboratory. This term refers to a laboratory facility that is located within a physician's office or clinic, where medical tests and diagnostics can be performed. Having a laboratory on-site allows for quicker test results and more convenient patient care.

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  • 18. 

    POCT

    Explanation
    POCT stands for Point of Care Testing, which refers to medical diagnostic testing performed at or near the site of patient care. It allows healthcare professionals to obtain real-time test results, enabling prompt diagnosis and treatment decisions. This method eliminates the need for sending samples to a laboratory and waiting for results, making it more convenient and efficient for both patients and healthcare providers. Therefore, the answer, "POINT OF CARE TESTING," accurately represents the acronym POCT.

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  • 19. 

    CNS

    Explanation
    The correct answer is CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM. The acronym CNS stands for Central Nervous System, which is a complex network of nerves and cells that transmit signals between different parts of the body. It includes the brain and spinal cord, which are responsible for coordinating and controlling bodily functions. The CNS plays a crucial role in processing sensory information, regulating movement, and maintaining homeostasis.

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  • 20. 

    PP

  • 21. 

    ALT

    Explanation
    The correct answer is "ALANINE AMINO TRANSferase, alanine aminotransferase, alanineamino transferase." This is because ALT stands for alanine aminotransferase, which is an enzyme found primarily in the liver. It is used as a marker for liver damage or disease, as elevated levels of ALT in the blood may indicate liver injury. The different variations in the capitalization and spacing of the words in the answer options are likely included to account for different ways the term may be written or formatted.

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  • 22. 

    AST

    Explanation
    The correct answer is ASPARATATE AMINO TRANSFERASE, also known as asparatate aminotransferase.

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  • 23. 

    ALP

    Explanation
    The given correct answer "ALKALINE PHOSPHATASE" is the full form of the abbreviation "ALP". Alkaline phosphatase is an enzyme found in various tissues of the body, including the liver, bones, and intestines. It plays a role in the metabolism of proteins and fats, as well as the breakdown of phosphate compounds. Measurement of alkaline phosphatase levels in the blood can be used as a marker for liver or bone diseases.

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  • 24. 

    CK

  • 25. 

    CHD

    Explanation
    The given answer, "CORONARY HEART DISEASE," is the correct explanation for the abbreviation "CHD." It stands for a medical condition called Coronary Heart Disease, which refers to the narrowing or blockage of the coronary arteries that supply blood to the heart. This can lead to various heart-related problems, such as chest pain, heart attacks, and heart failure.

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  • 26. 

    UV

    Explanation
    The correct answer is "ULTRAVIOLET, ultraviolet light, ultra violet." These terms all refer to the same thing, which is a type of electromagnetic radiation with a wavelength shorter than that of visible light. Ultraviolet light is not visible to the human eye, but it can have various effects on living organisms and materials. The term "ultra violet" is often used as a shortened form of "ultraviolet."

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  • 27. 

    Hs-CRP

    Explanation
    hs-CRP stands for high sensitivity C-reactive protein. C-reactive protein is a substance produced by the liver in response to inflammation in the body. It is often used as a marker for inflammation and infection. The high sensitivity version of the test measures lower levels of CRP in the blood, allowing for better detection of low-grade inflammation that may be associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular disease. Therefore, the correct answer is high sensitivity C-reactive protein.

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  • 28. 

    QA

    Explanation
    The given correct answer is "QUALITY ASSESSMENT" or "quality assessment". This answer is likely referring to the acronym "QA" which stands for Quality Assessment. Quality Assessment is a process or method used to evaluate and measure the quality of something, such as a product, service, or process. It involves assessing various factors and criteria to determine if the desired level of quality is being met.

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  • 29. 

    QC

    Explanation
    The given correct answer is "QUALITY CONTROL". This suggests that the question is likely asking for the abbreviation or acronym for "QC" and "QUALITY CONTROL" is the correct abbreviation for it. QC stands for Quality Control, which is a process used to ensure that products or services meet certain quality standards. It involves inspecting, testing, and monitoring various aspects of the production process to identify and correct any defects or deviations from the desired quality.

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  • 30. 

    GFR

    Explanation
    The term GFR stands for Glomerular Filtration Rate. This is a measure of the volume of fluid filtered by the glomerulus per unit of time. It is an important indicator of kidney function and is used to assess the overall health of the kidneys. A decrease in GFR can be a sign of kidney damage or dysfunction, while an increase in GFR may indicate increased blood flow to the kidneys. Monitoring GFR can help diagnose and manage various kidney conditions.

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  • 31. 

    SOP

    Explanation
    A standard operating procedure (SOP) is a set of step-by-step instructions that outlines how a particular task or process should be performed in a consistent and standardized manner. It serves as a guide for employees to ensure that they follow the correct procedures and protocols to achieve a desired outcome. SOPs are commonly used in various industries and organizations to improve efficiency, minimize errors, and ensure consistency in operations. By providing clear instructions and guidelines, SOPs help to streamline processes and promote effective communication and collaboration within an organization.

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  • 32. 

    M

    Explanation
    The correct answer is "MOLAR, molarity". Molar refers to a unit of concentration in chemistry, specifically the amount of a substance per liter of solution. Molarity is the measurement of the concentration of a solute in a solution, expressed as the number of moles of solute per liter of solution. Both terms are related to concentration and are commonly used in chemistry.

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  • 33. 

    PSA

    Explanation
    PSA stands for Prostate Specific Antigen, which is a protein produced by the cells of the prostate gland. It is primarily used as a screening tool for prostate cancer. Elevated levels of PSA in the blood may indicate the presence of prostate cancer or other prostate conditions. Therefore, the correct answer is PROSTATE SPECIFIC ANTIGEN.

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  • 34. 

    TSH

    Explanation
    TSH stands for Thyroid Stimulating Hormone. This hormone is produced and released by the pituitary gland in the brain. Its main function is to regulate the production and release of thyroid hormones from the thyroid gland. TSH stimulates the thyroid gland to produce and release hormones such as thyroxine (T4) and triiodothyronine (T3), which are important for the body's metabolism, growth, and development. Therefore, TSH is commonly used as a marker to measure thyroid function and diagnose conditions such as hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism.

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  • 35. 

    T4

  • 36. 

    T3

    Explanation
    Triiodothyronine (T3) is a hormone produced by the thyroid gland that plays a crucial role in regulating metabolism. It helps control various bodily functions, including heart rate, body temperature, and energy production. T3 is synthesized from thyroxine (T4) and is more potent than T4. It binds to specific receptors in cells, influencing gene expression and affecting the overall metabolic rate. T3 levels are tightly regulated to maintain optimal physiological function. Any imbalance in T3 levels can lead to various health issues, such as hypothyroidism or hyperthyroidism. Therefore, understanding the importance and functions of triiodothyronine is essential in comprehending thyroid health and related disorders.

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  • 37. 

    HbA1c

    Explanation
    HbA1c stands for Hemoglobin A1c, which is a blood test used to measure the average blood sugar levels over a period of time. It is commonly used to diagnose and monitor diabetes. The test measures the percentage of hemoglobin that is coated with sugar, providing an indication of a person's blood sugar control over the past 2-3 months. By monitoring HbA1c levels, healthcare professionals can assess the effectiveness of diabetes management and make necessary adjustments to the treatment plan.

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  • 38. 

    LD

    Explanation
    LD stands for Lactate Dehydrogenase. Lactate dehydrogenase is an enzyme that is found in many tissues of the body, including the heart, liver, kidneys, and muscles. It plays a crucial role in the process of converting glucose into energy. LD levels are often measured in blood tests to diagnose and monitor various medical conditions, such as liver or heart disease. Elevated LD levels can indicate tissue damage or disease, while decreased levels may be seen in certain types of anemia. Therefore, LD is the correct answer based on the given information.

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  • 39. 

    H202

    Explanation
    Hydrogen peroxide is a chemical compound represented by the formula H202. It is a pale blue liquid that is commonly used as a disinfectant, bleaching agent, and oxidizer. The answer provided, "Hydrogen peroxide," is correct because it matches the given chemical formula H202.

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  • 40. 

    H

  • 41. 

    K

    Explanation
    The given answer consists of three words: POTASSIUM, KELVIN, and KILO. These words are all related to units of measurement or elements. POTASSIUM is a chemical element symbol, KELVIN is a unit of temperature, and KILO is a prefix denoting a factor of 1000. Therefore, the common theme among these words is their connection to measurement or quantity.

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Lola Agbetunsin |Teacher & Student Mentor |
Lola Agbetunsin, an educator with a mission to guide students on their journey to success and provide them with the tools they need for a bright future.
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