CCNA Lan Chapter #1

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CCNA Lan Chapter #1 - Quiz

CCNA LAN Switching and Wirless Chapter 1


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Which layer of the hierarchical network design model is refered to as the high-speed backbone of the internetwork, where high availability and redundancy are critical?

    • A.

      Access Layer

    • B.

      Core Layer

    • C.

      Data-Link Layer

    • D.

      Network Layer

    • E.

      Physical Layer

    Correct Answer
    B. Core Layer
    Explanation
    The core layer of the hierarchical network design model is referred to as the high-speed backbone of the internetwork, where high availability and redundancy are critical. This layer is responsible for providing fast and reliable connectivity between different parts of the network. It ensures that data can be efficiently transmitted across the network and that there are backup paths in case of failures. The core layer is designed to handle large amounts of traffic and to provide a stable and resilient foundation for the network.

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  • 2. 

    Which layer of the hierarchical design model provides a means of connecting devices to the network and controlling which devices are allowed to communicate on the network?

    • A.

      Application

    • B.

      Access

    • C.

      Distribution

    • D.

      Network

    • E.

      Core

    Correct Answer
    B. Access
    Explanation
    The access layer of the hierarchical design model provides a means of connecting devices to the network and controlling which devices are allowed to communicate on the network. This layer is responsible for connecting end-user devices, such as computers and phones, to the network infrastructure. It also enforces security policies and controls access to the network.

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  • 3. 

    Link aggregation should be implemented at which layer of the hierarchical network?

    • A.

      Core only

    • B.

      Distribution and core

    • C.

      Access and distribution

    • D.

      Access, distribution, and core

    Correct Answer
    D. Access, distribution, and core
    Explanation
    Link aggregation should be implemented at the access, distribution, and core layers of the hierarchical network. Link aggregation, also known as link bundling or port trunking, is a technique used to combine multiple physical links into a single logical link. This helps to increase bandwidth, improve network performance, and provide redundancy. By implementing link aggregation at all three layers of the hierarchical network, organizations can ensure that the benefits of link aggregation are realized throughout the network, from the access layer where end devices connect, to the distribution layer where traffic is routed, and finally to the core layer where high-speed backbone connections are established.

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  • 4. 

    What statement best describes a modular switch?

    • A.

      A slim-line chassis

    • B.

      Allows interconnection of switches on redundant backplane

    • C.

      Defined physical characteristics

    • D.

      Flexible characteristics

    Correct Answer
    D. Flexible characteristics
    Explanation
    A modular switch is best described by its flexible characteristics. This means that it can be easily customized and expanded based on the specific needs of a network. It allows for the addition or removal of modules, such as interface cards or power supplies, to adapt to changing requirements. This flexibility enables the switch to support various network configurations and technologies, making it a versatile and adaptable solution.

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  • 5. 

    Refer to the exhibit. What characteristic of hierarchical network designs is exhibited by having SW3 connected to both SW1 and Sw2?

    • A.

      Scalability

    • B.

      Security

    • C.

      Redundancy

    • D.

      Maintainability

    Correct Answer
    C. Redundancy
    Explanation
    Having SW3 connected to both SW1 and SW2 exhibits the characteristic of redundancy in hierarchical network designs. Redundancy refers to the practice of having multiple paths or connections between network devices to ensure that if one path fails or becomes unavailable, there is an alternative path available for data transmission. In this case, by connecting SW3 to both SW1 and SW2, there are redundant paths for data to flow, increasing network reliability and minimizing the risk of network downtime.

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  • 6. 

    Which hierarchical design model layer controls the flow of network traffic using policies and delineates broadcast domains by performing routing functions between virtual LANs (VLANs)?

    • A.

      Application

    • B.

      Access

    • C.

      Distribution

    • D.

      Network

    • E.

      Core

    Correct Answer
    C. Distribution
    Explanation
    The distribution layer in the hierarchical design model controls the flow of network traffic using policies and performs routing functions between virtual LANs (VLANs). It helps to delineate broadcast domains by separating them into different VLANs. The distribution layer is responsible for filtering and forwarding traffic between different networks and ensuring efficient and secure communication throughout the network.

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  • 7. 

    For organizations that are implementing a voice over IP solution, what functionality should be enabled at all three layers of the hierarchical network?

    • A.

      Power over Ethernet

    • B.

      Quality of service

    • C.

      Switch port security

    • D.

      Inter-vlan routing

    Correct Answer
    B. Quality of service
    Explanation
    Quality of service (QoS) should be enabled at all three layers of the hierarchical network for organizations implementing a voice over IP solution. QoS ensures that voice traffic is given priority over other types of traffic, such as data, to maintain a high level of call quality and minimize latency and packet loss. By enabling QoS at all three layers, including the access layer, distribution layer, and core layer, organizations can prioritize voice traffic throughout the network and ensure a smooth and reliable voice over IP experience for their users.

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  • 8. 

    Refer to the exhibit. Beginning with HR servers and workstations, a network engineer is designing a new security structure for the network. Which set of policies adheres to the hierarchical network model design principles?

    • A.

      Implement Layer 3 switching on S1 to reduce the packet processing load on D1 and D2. Install all security processing on S1 to reduce network traffic load.

    • B.

      Configure port security options on S1. Use Layer 3 access control features on D1 and D2 to limit access to the HR servers to just the HR subnet.

    • C.

      Move all HR assets out of the data center and connect them to S1. Use Layer 3 security functions on S1 to deny all traffic into and out of S1.

    • D.

      Perform all port access and Layer 3 security functions on C1.

    Correct Answer
    B. Configure port security options on S1. Use Layer 3 access control features on D1 and D2 to limit access to the HR servers to just the HR subnet.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is to configure port security options on S1 and use Layer 3 access control features on D1 and D2 to limit access to the HR servers to just the HR subnet. This adheres to the hierarchical network model design principles by implementing security measures at different layers of the network. Port security on S1 ensures that only authorized devices can connect to the network, while Layer 3 access control on D1 and D2 restricts access to the HR servers based on their IP subnet. This approach helps in reducing network traffic load and ensuring secure access to the HR servers.

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  • 9. 

    What is the likely impact of moving a conventional company architecture to a completely converged network?

    • A.

      Local analog phone service can be completely outsourced to cost-effective providers.

    • B.

      The Ethernet VLAN structure is less complex.

    • C.

      A shared infrastructure is created resulting in a single network to manage.

    • D.

      QoS issues are greatly reduced.

    • E.

      There is less bandwidth competition between voice and video streams.

    Correct Answer
    C. A shared infrastructure is created resulting in a single network to manage.
    Explanation
    Moving a conventional company architecture to a completely converged network creates a shared infrastructure, resulting in a single network to manage. This means that all the different components of the network, such as voice, data, and video, are combined into one network, eliminating the need for separate networks and reducing complexity. With a single network to manage, it becomes easier to monitor and maintain the network, leading to improved efficiency and cost-effectiveness.

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  • 10. 

    Which two features are supported at all three levels of the Cisco three-layer hierarchical model? (Choose two.)

    • A.

      Power over Ethernet

    • B.

      Load balancing across redundant trunk links

    • C.

      Redundant components

    • D.

      Quality of Service

    • E.

      Link aggregation

    Correct Answer(s)
    D. Quality of Service
    E. Link aggregation
    Explanation
    At all three levels of the Cisco three-layer hierarchical model, Quality of Service (QoS) and link aggregation are supported. QoS ensures that certain network traffic receives priority over others, allowing for better performance and efficient resource allocation. Link aggregation combines multiple physical links into a single logical link, increasing bandwidth and providing redundancy. Both of these features are essential for optimizing network performance and ensuring high availability in the hierarchical model.

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  • 11. 

    Which hierarchical design characteristic would be recommended at both the core and distribution layers to protect the network in the case of a route failure?

    • A.

      PoE

    • B.

      Redundancy

    • C.

      Aggregation

    • D.

      Access lists

    Correct Answer
    B. Redundancy
    Explanation
    Redundancy is the recommended hierarchical design characteristic at both the core and distribution layers to protect the network in the case of a route failure. Redundancy refers to the duplication of critical network components or connections to provide backup options in case of failure. By implementing redundancy at both layers, the network can ensure that there are alternative routes available in case of a failure, minimizing downtime and maintaining network connectivity. This helps to enhance network reliability and resilience.

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  • 12. 

    Configuring communication between devices on different VLANs requires the use of which layer of the OSI model?

    • A.

      Layer 1

    • B.

      Layer 2

    • C.

      Layer 3

    • D.

      Layer 4

    • E.

      Layer 5

    Correct Answer
    C. Layer 3
    Explanation
    Configuring communication between devices on different VLANs requires the use of Layer 3 of the OSI model. Layer 3, also known as the network layer, is responsible for routing and forwarding data packets across different networks. It handles IP addressing, subnetting, and routing protocols, which are essential for devices on different VLANs to communicate with each other. Layer 1 is the physical layer, Layer 2 is the data link layer, Layer 4 is the transport layer, and Layer 5 is the session layer, none of which are directly involved in VLAN communication.

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  • 13. 

    Which feature supports higher throughput in switched networks by combining multiple switch ports?

    • A.

      Convergence

    • B.

      Redundant links

    • C.

      Link aggregation

    • D.

      Network diameter

    Correct Answer
    C. Link aggregation
    Explanation
    Link aggregation is a feature that supports higher throughput in switched networks by combining multiple switch ports. It allows multiple physical links to be bundled together to form a single logical link, increasing the overall bandwidth and providing redundancy. This enables the network to handle more traffic and improves performance by distributing the load across multiple links. By aggregating the bandwidth of multiple ports, link aggregation enhances the network's capacity and allows for faster data transfer.

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  • 14. 

    A network administrator is selecting a switch that will operate at the network core. Which three features should the switch support for optimum network performance and reliability? (Choose three.)

    • A.

      Port security

    • B.

      Security policies

    • C.

      10 Gigabit Ethernet

    • D.

      Quality of service (QoS)

    • E.

      Hot-swappable hardware

    Correct Answer(s)
    C. 10 Gigabit Ethernet
    D. Quality of service (QoS)
    E. Hot-swappable hardware
    Explanation
    The switch that operates at the network core needs to support 10 Gigabit Ethernet to ensure high-speed data transmission. Quality of service (QoS) is also important to prioritize network traffic and ensure efficient utilization of network resources. Additionally, hot-swappable hardware is necessary for easy replacement of faulty components without causing network downtime. Port security and security policies are not mentioned as essential features for optimum network performance and reliability in this scenario.

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  • 15. 

    A network technician is asked to examine an existing switched network. Following this examination, the technician makes recommendations for adding new switches where needed and replacing existing equipment that hampers performance. The technician is given a budget and asked to proceed. Which two pieces of information would be helpful in determining necessary port density for new switches? (Choose two.)

    • A.

      Forwarding rate

    • B.

      Traffic flow analysis

    • C.

      Expected future growth

    • D.

      Number of required core connections

    • E.

      Number of hubs that are needed in the access layer to increase performance

    Correct Answer(s)
    B. Traffic flow analysis
    C. Expected future growth
    Explanation
    In order to determine the necessary port density for new switches, the network technician would need information on traffic flow analysis and expected future growth. Traffic flow analysis would provide insights into the current network usage patterns, allowing the technician to identify areas of high traffic and allocate sufficient ports to handle the load. Expected future growth would help in estimating the number of additional devices that will be connected to the network, enabling the technician to plan for future expansion and avoid potential bottlenecks.

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  • 16. 

    At which heirarchical layer are switches normally not required to process all ports at wire speed?

    • A.

      Core layer

    • B.

      Distribution layer

    • C.

      Access layer

    • D.

      Entry layer

    Correct Answer
    C. Access layer
    Explanation
    Switches are normally not required to process all ports at wire speed at the access layer. The access layer is responsible for connecting end devices such as computers, printers, and IP phones to the network. Since the access layer is the closest to the end devices, the traffic volume is typically lower compared to the core or distribution layers. Therefore, switches at the access layer do not need to process all ports at wire speed, as the traffic demands are lower in this layer.

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  • 17. 

    Which two characteristics are associated with enterprise level switches? (Choose two.)

    • A.

      Low port density

    • B.

      High forwarding rate

    • C.

      High latency level

    • D.

      Support link aggregation

    • E.

      Predefined number of ports

    Correct Answer(s)
    B. High forwarding rate
    D. Support link aggregation
    Explanation
    Enterprise level switches are designed to handle large amounts of network traffic in a high-performance environment. High forwarding rate is a characteristic associated with enterprise level switches as they are capable of processing and forwarding data packets at a fast rate, ensuring efficient and smooth network operation. Support for link aggregation is another characteristic as enterprise level switches often have the capability to combine multiple physical links into a single logical link, providing increased bandwidth and redundancy for critical network connections.

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  • 18. 

    Which three features are commonly supported at the distribution layer of the Cisco hierarchical network model? (Choose three.)

    • A.

      Security policies

    • B.

      Power over Ethernet

    • C.

      Switch port security

    • D.

      Quality of service

    • E.

      Layer 3 functionality

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Security policies
    D. Quality of service
    E. Layer 3 functionality
    Explanation
    At the distribution layer of the Cisco hierarchical network model, three commonly supported features are security policies, quality of service, and Layer 3 functionality. Security policies ensure that the network is protected against unauthorized access and potential threats. Quality of service allows for the prioritization and management of network traffic to ensure optimal performance for different types of applications. Layer 3 functionality enables routing and connectivity between different networks, allowing for efficient communication across the network infrastructure.

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  • 19. 

    A technician is attempting to explain Cisco StackWise technology to a client that is setting up three stackable switches. Which explanation accurately describes StackWise technology?

    • A.

      StackWise technology allows up to eight ports to be bound together to increase available bandwidth.

    • B.

      StackWise technology allows the switch to deliver power to end devices by using existing Ethernet cabling.

    • C.

      StackWise technology allows the switch capabilities and ports to be expanded by the addition of line cards.

    • D.

      StackWise technology allows up to nine switches to be interconnected via the use of a fully redundant backplane.

    Correct Answer
    D. StackWise technology allows up to nine switches to be interconnected via the use of a fully redundant backplane.
    Explanation
    StackWise technology allows up to nine switches to be interconnected via the use of a fully redundant backplane. This means that multiple switches can be connected together to form a single logical unit, increasing the overall capacity and performance of the network. The use of a fully redundant backplane ensures high availability and fault tolerance, as if one switch fails, the others in the stack can continue to operate seamlessly. This technology provides scalability and flexibility for expanding the network infrastructure.

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  • 20. 

    Which layer of the OSI model does an access layer LAN switch use to make a forwarding decision?

    • A.

      Layer 1

    • B.

      Layer 2

    • C.

      Layer 3

    • D.

      Layer 4

    Correct Answer
    B. Layer 2
    Explanation
    An access layer LAN switch uses Layer 2 of the OSI model to make a forwarding decision. Layer 2, also known as the Data Link layer, is responsible for the reliable transfer of data between adjacent network nodes. It operates at the level of individual frames and uses MAC addresses to determine the destination of each frame. The access layer switch uses this information to forward the frames to the appropriate destination within the local area network.

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  • Current Version
  • Mar 21, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Jan 17, 2010
    Quiz Created by
    Rodney.butler
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