Inflammation Quiz: MCQ Test! Trivia

14 Questions | Total Attempts: 20124

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Inflammation Quiz: MCQ Test! Trivia - Quiz

Inflammation is a vital part of the immune system's response to injury and infection. It is the body's way of signaling the immune system to heal and repair damaged tissue or protecting against foreign threats. Just how much did you understand about inflammation? Take the inflammation MCQ`s below and find out!


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    After a mini-exam, you and a couple of friends spend the weekend on the beach in St. Martin. At the end of the day, one of your friends complains of sunburn. His back is very red, warm, and painful to touch. What is the most likely cause of this erythema?
    • A. 

      Ischemia

    • B. 

      Edema of the dermis

    • C. 

      Vasodilation of blood vessels in dermis

    • D. 

      Infiltration of neutrophils

    • E. 

      Bradykinin

  • 2. 
    Approximately 30-60 minutes after being bitten by a "bug", a 26-year-old man noticed a localized swelling and erythema in the affected area. The edema is most likely the result of:
    • A. 

      Altered plasma oncotic pressure

    • B. 

      Increased arterial hydrostatic pressure

    • C. 

      Increased vascular permeability

    • D. 

      Lymphatic obstruction

    • E. 

      Venous obstruction

  • 3. 
    A pathology report notes that a granuloma was seen in the lung of your patient. The patient asks for a copy and explanation of this report. What should you say to best explain?
    • A. 

      A small area of pre-scar tissue containing new capillaries and fibroblasts

    • B. 

      A small area containing pus made up of apoptotic PMNs with liquefactive necrosis

    • C. 

      An accumulation of granulocytes including neutrophils, eosinophils, and basophils

    • D. 

      An accumulation of WBCs that fight persistent bacterial infections

  • 4. 
    A patient is scheduled to have a chronic abscess incised and drained.  What would you expect a microscopic examination of the contents of the abscess to most likely show?
    • A. 

      Lymphocytes and macrophages

    • B. 

      An area of caseous necrosis

    • C. 

      Any area of coagulative necrosis

    • D. 

      Neutrophils, lymphocytes,& plasma cells

    • E. 

      An acute inflammatory infiltrate of PMNs

  • 5. 
    An 8-year-old boy cuts his hand on a piece of glass. Two days later there is an open sore surrounded by swelling. His forearm is tender with red streaks extending towards the axilla. What is the most likely diagnosis?
    • A. 

      Inflammatory lymphadenopathy

    • B. 

      Reactive lymphadenopathy

    • C. 

      Lymphangitis

    • D. 

      Abscess

    • E. 

      Lymphadenitis

  • 6. 
    Which of the following would you expect to find in the alveoli in a patient with pneumococcal pneumonia of 24 hours duration?
    • A. 

      Serous inflammation

    • B. 

      Fibrinous inflammation

    • C. 

      Fibrino-purulent inflammation

    • D. 

      Suppurative inflammation

  • 7. 
    You order an erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) in a chronically ill patient. The ESR is significantly elevated and is most likely associated with:
    • A. 

      Increased numbers of leukocytes

    • B. 

      Hageman factor activation

    • C. 

      Increased serum acute phase reactants

    • D. 

      The action of complement

    • E. 

      Accumulation of blood-borne pyrogens

  • 8. 
    A 72-y/o man develops gram-negative bacterial peritonitis resulting from colonic diverticulitis. The ensuing fever, macrophage activation, and B-cell mitogenicity are mediated by the induction of host cytokines including tumor necrosis factor (TNF) and IL-1. What bacterial product activates these events?
    • A. 

      Adenosine diphosphate

    • B. 

      Polypeptide

    • C. 

      RNA

    • D. 

      Lipopolysaccharide

    • E. 

      Cytochrome oxidase

  • 9. 
    A patient is being treated for tuberculosis. Caseating pulmonary granulomas were seen on microscopic examination of a lung biopsy. What is the usual outcome of a pulmonary granuloma after treatment?
    • A. 

      Complete resolution

    • B. 

      Metastasis of the lesion

    • C. 

      Replacement by macrophages

    • D. 

      Scarring and calcification

    • E. 

      Progression to chronic inflammation

  • 10. 
    A well-demarcated area of myocardium appears paler than surrounding tissue and microscopically consists of eosinophilic muscle fibers with only a few karyorrhectic and pyknotic nuclei remaining. Many polys are seen, especially at the margin of this area. What is the most likely age of this myocardial infarct?
    • A. 

      2 minutes

    • B. 

      2 hours

    • C. 

      2 days

    • D. 

      2 weeks

    • E. 

      2 months

  • 11. 
    A 45-year-old woman has a lung biopsy because of a 1.0 cm lesion seen on a chest x-ray. Histologic examination reveals epithelioid macrophages and lymphocytes around a focus of caseous necrosis. What is the best explanation for this form of necrosis?
    • A. 

      Cell-mediated hypersensitivity

    • B. 

      Complement fixation

    • C. 

      Local histamine release

    • D. 

      PMNs releasing degradative enzymes

    • E. 

      Suppurative inflammation

  • 12. 
    The chronic inflammation of a delayed hypersensitivity reaction is mediated by
    • A. 

      Lymphokines

    • B. 

      Histamine

    • C. 

      Bradykinin

    • D. 

      Complement

  • 13. 
    Which of the following events in acute inflammation occurs first?
    • A. 

      Chemotaxis

    • B. 

      Emigration

    • C. 

      Hemostasis

    • D. 

      Margination

    • E. 

      Phagocytosis

  • 14. 
    The suppurative response of inflammation is the result of:
    • A. 

      Activation of easinophils

    • B. 

      Degranulation of mast cells

    • C. 

      Extrusion of enzymes from macrophages

    • D. 

      Release of bacterial toxins

    • E. 

      Release of hydrolases from neutrophils