Practice Questions For Inflammation

9 Questions | Total Attempts: 5810

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Practice Questions For Inflammation - Quiz

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
      —After a mini-exam, you and a couple of friends spend a day in the sun on Beach #1 in Dominica.  At the end of the day, one of your friends complains of sunburn.  His back is very red, swollen, warm and painful to the touch. Which of the following is most likely to have caused the swelling?
    • A. 

      Histamine

    • B. 

      Kinins

    • C. 

      Leukotrienes

    • D. 

      Nitric oxide

    • E. 

      Thromboxane A2

  • 2. 
     Approximately 5 minutes after being bitten by a mosquito a 26-year-old medical student observes the lesion at the right.  What causes the erythema?
    • A. 

      Hemorrhage

    • B. 

      Increased vascular permeability

    • C. 

      Lymphatic obstruction

    • D. 

      Vascular damage

    • E. 

      Vasodilation

  • 3. 
     A pathology report notes that an abscess was seen in the lung of your patient.  The patient asks for a copy and explanation of this report.  Which of the following best describes how you would describe it?
    • A. 

      A small area of pre-scar tissue containing new capillaries and fibroblasts

    • B. 

      A small area containing pus made up of apoptotic neutrophils with liquefactive necrosis

    • C. 

      An accumulation of mononuclear inflammatory cells and fibroblasts

    • D. 

      An accumulation of macrophages, epithelioid cells and giant cells surrounding a persistent inflammatory stimulus

  • 4. 
     A five-year-old boy pinches his finger with pliers. The lesion seen in this photomicrograph develops  What is the exudate?
    • A. 

      Fibrinopurulent

    • B. 

      Fibrinous

    • C. 

      Purulent

    • D. 

      Serous

    • E. 

      Suppurative

  • 5. 
     A 65-year-old man presents with crushing chest pain.  Physical examination and laboratory studies are compatible with a diagnosis of myocardial infarction.  Which of the following is the most likely outcome of his infarction?
    • A. 

      Atrophy

    • B. 

      Inflammation

    • C. 

      Regeneration

    • D. 

      Repair

    • E. 

      Resolution

  • 6. 
     A researcher is attempting to determine the sequence of events occurring inflammation.  Which of the following events in acute inflammation occurs first?
    • A. 

      Chemotaxis

    • B. 

      Emigration

    • C. 

      Hemostasis

    • D. 

      Margination

    • E. 

      Phagocytosis

  • 7. 
      —A suppurative exudate contains necrotic debris in addition to neutrophils.  Which of the following is most likely responsible for the necrosis.
    • A. 

      Activation of reactive oxygen species

    • B. 

      Extracellular calcium

    • C. 

      IL-1 liberation from macrophages

    • D. 

      Release of bacterial toxins

    • E. 

      Release of hydrolases from neutrophils

  • 8. 
      •A 24-year-old black woman is found to have bilateral hilar adenopathy on a routine chest-ray.  Based on this photomicrograph, which of the following is the best diagnosis?
    • A. 

      Brucellosis

    • B. 

      Sarcoidosis

    • C. 

      Staphlococcus

    • D. 

      Streptococcus

    • E. 

      Tuberculosis

  • 9. 
    This specimen is submitted to a pathologist.  It is said to be from the subcutis of a 32-year-old woman.  Which of the following is the best diagnosis?
    • A. 

      Acute inflammation

    • B. 

      Granulomatous inflammation

    • C. 

      Chronic inflammation

    • D. 

      Chronic-active inflammation

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