Biology Exam Review Test Part One - Macromolecules

Approved & Edited by ProProfs Editorial Team
The editorial team at ProProfs Quizzes consists of a select group of subject experts, trivia writers, and quiz masters who have authored over 10,000 quizzes taken by more than 100 million users. This team includes our in-house seasoned quiz moderators and subject matter experts. Our editorial experts, spread across the world, are rigorously trained using our comprehensive guidelines to ensure that you receive the highest quality quizzes.
Learn about Our Editorial Process
| By TaylorJayna
T
TaylorJayna
Community Contributor
Quizzes Created: 2 | Total Attempts: 10,049
Questions: 10 | Attempts: 7,780

SettingsSettingsSettings
Biology Exam Review Test Part One - Macromolecules - Quiz

I cant fail my bio exam. Questions and anwsers are from pearson text book. Biology AP Version.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    The four main categories of large biological molecules present in iving systems are ...

    • A.

      Proteins, nucleic acids, polysaccharides, and lipids

    • B.

      Monosaccharides, lipids, polysaccharides, and proteins

    • C.

      RNA, DNA, proteins, and carbohydrates

    • D.

      Proteins, DNA , RNA, and steroids

    Correct Answer
    A. Proteins, nucleic acids, polysaccharides, and lipids
    Explanation
    The four main categories of large biological molecules present in living systems are proteins, nucleic acids, polysaccharides, and lipids. Proteins are involved in various cellular functions and are made up of amino acids. Nucleic acids, such as DNA and RNA, store and transmit genetic information. Polysaccharides are complex carbohydrates that serve as energy storage molecules and structural components. Lipids are hydrophobic molecules that function as energy storage, insulation, and components of cell membranes.

    Rate this question:

  • 2. 

    A dehydration reaction is the process in which water molecules are attracted to eachother

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    A dehydration reaction is actually the process in which water molecules are removed or eliminated from a compound or a reaction. It is not about water molecules being attracted to each other. This reaction is commonly used in organic chemistry to form larger molecules by removing water molecules from smaller molecules.

    Rate this question:

  • 3. 

    Plant walls consist mainly of ...

    • A.

      Chitin

    • B.

      Peptidoglycan

    • C.

      Cellulose

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    C. Cellulose
    Explanation
    Plant walls consist mainly of cellulose, which is a complex carbohydrate that provides structural support and rigidity to plant cells. Cellulose is a major component of the cell wall, forming a strong network of fibers that give plants their shape and help them withstand external pressures. Chitin is a polysaccharide found in the exoskeleton of arthropods and peptidoglycan is a component of bacterial cell walls, neither of which are present in plant walls. Therefore, the correct answer is cellulose.

    Rate this question:

  • 4. 

    The characteristic that all lipids have in common is that...

    • A.

      They are all made of fatty acids and glycerol

    • B.

      They are all acidic when mixed with water

    • C.

      They do not have high energy content

    • D.

      None of them disolve in water

    Correct Answer
    A. They are all made of fatty acids and glycerol
    Explanation
    The characteristic that all lipids have in common is that they are all made of fatty acids and glycerol. Lipids are organic molecules characterized by their hydrophobic (water-repelling) nature, and they consist of various types of fatty acids and glycerol molecules. This structure is a fundamental characteristic shared by all lipids.

    Rate this question:

  • 5. 

    The flow of genetic information in a cell foes from DNA to RNA to protein

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The flow of genetic information in a cell is a fundamental process known as the central dogma of molecular biology. It starts with DNA, which contains the genetic instructions for making proteins. These instructions are transcribed into RNA molecules through a process called transcription. The RNA molecules then undergo translation, where they are used as templates to synthesize proteins. Therefore, the correct answer is true.

    Rate this question:

  • 6. 

    The building blocks of necleic acid molecules are called

    • A.

      Fatty acids

    • B.

      DNA and RNA

    • C.

      Nucleotides

    • D.

      Polysaccharides

    Correct Answer
    C. Nucleotides
    Explanation
    Nucleic acids are composed of smaller units called nucleotides. These nucleotides consist of a sugar molecule, a phosphate group, and a nitrogenous base. DNA and RNA are examples of nucleic acids, and they are made up of long chains of nucleotides. Fatty acids are not the building blocks of nucleic acids, and polysaccharides are carbohydrates, not nucleic acids. Therefore, the correct answer is nucleotides.

    Rate this question:

  • 7. 

    Which of the following descriptions best fits the class of molecules know as nucleotides

    • A.

      A nitgogenous bese, a phosphate group, and a pentose sugar

    • B.

      A pentose sugar and a purine or pyrimidine

    • C.

      A nitrogenouds base and a phosphate group

    Correct Answer
    A. A nitgogenous bese, a phosphate group, and a pentose sugar
    Explanation
    Nucleotides are molecules that consist of three components: a nitrogenous base, a phosphate group, and a pentose sugar. The nitrogenous base can be either a purine or a pyrimidine. The phosphate group is responsible for providing the negative charge to the molecule, while the pentose sugar forms the backbone of the nucleotide. Therefore, the correct answer is "a nitrogenous base, a phosphate group, and a pentose sugar."

    Rate this question:

  • 8. 

    Which of the following are nitrogenous bases of the purine type

    • A.

      Adenine and thymine

    • B.

      Cytosine and guanine

    • C.

      Guanine and adenine

    • D.

      Urcil and cytosone

    Correct Answer
    C. Guanine and adenine
    Explanation
    The correct answer is guanine and adenine. Nitrogenous bases are the building blocks of nucleic acids, and there are two types: purines and pyrimidines. Adenine and guanine are examples of purine bases, while thymine, cytosine, and uracil are pyrimidine bases. Therefore, adenine and guanine are the nitrogenous bases of the purine type.

    Rate this question:

  • 9. 

    Which of the following are nitrogenous bases of the pyrimidine type?

    • A.

      Ribose and deoxyribose

    • B.

      Thymine and guanine

    • C.

      Cytosine and uracil

    • D.

      Adenine and thymine

    Correct Answer
    C. Cytosine and uracil
    Explanation
    The correct answer is cytosine and uracil. Both cytosine and uracil are nitrogenous bases of the pyrimidine type. Pyrimidines are one of the two types of nitrogenous bases found in nucleic acids, the other being purines. Cytosine is found in both DNA and RNA, while uracil is found only in RNA. Ribose and deoxyribose, on the other hand, are sugars that are components of nucleotides, but they are not nitrogenous bases. Adenine and thymine are nitrogenous bases of the purine type.

    Rate this question:

  • 10. 

    One of the primary functions of RNA molecules is to ...

    • A.

      Form the genes of higher organisms

    • B.

      Function in the synthesis of proteins

    • C.

      Transmit genetic information to offspring

    Correct Answer
    B. Function in the synthesis of proteins
    Explanation
    RNA molecules play a crucial role in the synthesis of proteins. They act as messengers between DNA and the ribosomes, where proteins are synthesized. RNA molecules carry the genetic information from DNA to the ribosomes and serve as templates for protein synthesis. Through a process called translation, the information encoded in RNA is converted into a specific sequence of amino acids, which are the building blocks of proteins. Therefore, the correct answer is that RNA molecules function in the synthesis of proteins.

    Rate this question:

Related Topics

Back to Top Back to top
Advertisement
×

Wait!
Here's an interesting quiz for you.

We have other quizzes matching your interest.