A.P. Biology Chapter 5 (Macromolecules)

84 Questions | Total Attempts: 2701

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AP Biology Quizzes & Trivia

In this quiz which focuses on the scientific topic of biology, we’ll be taking a specific look at macromolecules – which are very large molecules commonly created by the polymerization of smaller subunits. An example of these macromolecules is protein, which is a biopolymer and shares the category with nucleic acids, carbohydrates and lipids. What else do you know about macromolecules? Take the quiz and we’ll find out!


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    What is a monomer?
    • A. 

      A single unit of macromolecules

    • B. 

      Multiple units of macromolecules

    • C. 

      A type of protein

    • D. 

      An organic compound

  • 2. 
    What is a polymer?
    • A. 

      A single unit of macromolecules

    • B. 

      Multiple units of macromolecules

    • C. 

      A type of protein

    • D. 

      An organic compound

  • 3. 
    How do you get from a monomer to a polymer?
    • A. 

      Add water

    • B. 

      Add carbon

    • C. 

      Remove water

    • D. 

      Remove carbon

  • 4. 
    How do you get from a polymer to a monomer?
    • A. 

      Add water

    • B. 

      Add carbon

    • C. 

      Remove water

    • D. 

      Remove carbon

  • 5. 
    What is a dehydration/condensation reaction?
    • A. 

      The addition of water

    • B. 

      The removal of water

    • C. 

      How to get from a polymer to a monomer

    • D. 

      How to get from a monomer to a polymer

    • E. 

      A and C

    • F. 

      B and D

  • 6. 
    What is hydrolysis?
    • A. 

      The addition of water

    • B. 

      The removal of water

    • C. 

      How to get from a polymer to a monomer

    • D. 

      How to get from a monomer to a polymer

    • E. 

      A and C

    • F. 

      B and D

  • 7. 
    What are carbohydrates?
    • A. 

      Proteins

    • B. 

      Fats, oils, etc..

    • C. 

      Sugars, starches, etc..

    • D. 

      The basis of genetics

  • 8. 
    What is the ratio of carbohydrate chemical formulas?
    • A. 

      CHO3O

    • B. 

      CH2O

    • C. 

      CHO

    • D. 

      CHO2

  • 9. 
      How many calories are in 1g of carbohydrate?
    • A. 

      1

    • B. 

      4

    • C. 

      9

    • D. 

      15

  • 10. 
    What is the monomer of carbs?
    • A. 

      Nucleotide

    • B. 

      Amino Acid

    • C. 

      Monosaccharide

    • D. 

      Glycerol

  • 11. 
    What are the 3 monosaccharides?
    • A. 

      Glucose, Sucrose, Lactose

    • B. 

      Maltose, Fructose, Galactose

    • C. 

      Glucose, Fructose, Galactose

    • D. 

      Maltose, Sucrose, Lactose

  • 12. 
    What is the polymer of a carbohydrate?
    • A. 

      Phospholipid

    • B. 

      Disaccharide

    • C. 

      DNA

    • D. 

      Secondary Structure

  • 13. 
    What holds 2 monosaccharides together?
    • A. 

      Glycosidic linkage

    • B. 

      Ester linkage

    • C. 

      Phosphodiester linkage

    • D. 

      Peptide bond

  • 14. 
    What does glucose+glucose give you?
    • A. 

      Maltose

    • B. 

      Sucrose

    • C. 

      Lactose

    • D. 

      Galactose

  • 15. 
    What does glucose+fructose give you?
    • A. 

      Maltose

    • B. 

      Sucrose

    • C. 

      Lactose

    • D. 

      Galactose

  • 16. 
    What does glucose+galactose give you?
    • A. 

      Maltose

    • B. 

      Sucrose

    • C. 

      Lactose

    • D. 

      Sucrose

  • 17. 
    What is starch?
    • A. 

      A form of protein

    • B. 

      A combination of many glucose molecules

    • C. 

      A storage polysaccharide

    • D. 

      Both B and C

  • 18. 
    What are the alpha glucoses?
    • A. 

      Animal and Plant starch

    • B. 

      Cellulose and chitin

    • C. 

      Animal starch and chitin

    • D. 

      Plant starch and cellulose

  • 19. 
    What are the beta glucoses (structural polysaccharides?
    • A. 

      Animal and Plant starch

    • B. 

      Cellulose and chitin

    • C. 

      Animal starch and chitin

    • D. 

      Plant starch and cellulose

  • 20. 
    What are the 2 plant starches?
    • A. 

      Amylaose and Glycogen

    • B. 

      Amylopectin and Glycogen

    • C. 

      Amylose and Amylopectin

    • D. 

      Glycogen and Glucose

  • 21. 
    What is animal starch called?
    • A. 

      Amylopectin

    • B. 

      Glucose

    • C. 

      Amylose

    • D. 

      Glycogen

  • 22. 
    What is cellulose used for?
    • A. 

      Fungi and arthropod exoskeletons

    • B. 

      Animal skeletons

    • C. 

      Plant cell walls

    • D. 

      Cell membranes

  • 23. 
    What is chitin used for?
    • A. 

      Fungi and arthropod exoskeletons

    • B. 

      Animal skeletons

    • C. 

      Plant cell walls

    • D. 

      Cell membranes

  • 24. 
    What are lipids?
    • A. 

      Proteins

    • B. 

      The basis for genetics

    • C. 

      Sugars, starches ,etc..

    • D. 

      Fats, oils, etc...

  • 25. 
    What are lipids made with?
    • A. 

      Glycerol and Glucose

    • B. 

      Phosphate and Glucose

    • C. 

      Glycerol and Fatty Acid

    • D. 

      Phosphate and Fatty Acid