All India Post Graduate Medical Entrance Questions

36 Questions | Total Attempts: 55

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Medical Test Quizzes & Trivia

AIPGMEE Sample test setBy Dr. Partha. Sarathi,CNMCKolkata


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    The parvocellular pathway from lateral geniculate nucleus to visual cortex is most sensitive for the stimulus of:
    • A. 

      Color contrast.

    • B. 

      Luminance contrast.

    • C. 

      Temporal frequency.

    • D. 

      Saccadic eye movements.

  • 2. 
    The fibers from the contralateral nasal hemiretina project to the following layers of the lateral geniculate nucleus:
    • A. 

      Layers 2, 3 & 5.

    • B. 

      Layers 1, 2 & 6

    • C. 

      Layers 1, 4 & 6

    • D. 

      Layers 4, 5 & 6

  • 3. 
    All endothelial cells produce thrombomodulin except those found in:
    • A. 

      Hepatic circulation.

    • B. 

      Cutaneous circulation

    • C. 

      Cerebral microcirculation.

    • D. 

      Renal circulation.

  • 4. 
    S.A. node acts as a pacemaker of the heart because of the fact that it:
    • A. 

      Is capable of generating impulses spontaneously.

    • B. 

      Has rich sympathetic innervations.

    • C. 

      Has poor cholinergic innervations.

    • D. 

      Generates impulses at the highest rate.

  • 5. 
    The first physiological response to high environmental temperature is:
    • A. 

      Sweating

    • B. 

      Vasodilation

    • C. 

      Decreased heat production

    • D. 

      Non-shivering thermogenesis

  • 6. 
    All of the following factors normally increase the length of the ventricular cardiac muscle fibres except:
    • A. 

      Increased venous tone.

    • B. 

      Increased total blood volume.

    • C. 

      Increased negative intrathoracic pressure.

    • D. 

      Lying-to-standing change in posture.

  • 7. 
    The vasodilatation produced by carbon dioxide is maximum in one of the following
    • A. 

      Kidney

    • B. 

      Brain

    • C. 

      Liver

    • D. 

      Heart

  • 8. 
    Which one of the following statements regarding water reabsorption in the tubules?
    • A. 

      The bulk of water reabsorption occurs secondary to Na+ reabsorption.

    • B. 

      Majority of facultative reabsorption occurs in proximal tubule.

    • C. 

      Obligatory reabsorption is ADH dependent.

    • D. 

      20% of water is always reabsorbed irrespective of water balance.

  • 9. 
    Urinary concentrating ability of the kidney is increased by:
    • A. 

      ECF volume contraction.

    • B. 

      Increase in RBF.

    • C. 

      Reduction of medullary hyperosmolarity

    • D. 

      Increase in GFR.

  • 10. 
    Distribution of blood flow is mainly regulated by the:
    • A. 

      Arteries

    • B. 

      Arterioles

    • C. 

      Capillaries

    • D. 

      Venules

  • 11. 
    In which of the following a reduction in arterial oxygen tension occurs?
    • A. 

      Anaemia

    • B. 

      CO poisoning

    • C. 

      Moderate exercise

    • D. 

      Hypoventilation.

  • 12. 
    Neuronal degeneration is seen in all of the following except:
    • A. 

      Crush nerve injury

    • B. 

      Fetal development.

    • C. 

      Senescence

    • D. 

      Neuropraxia

  • 13. 
    With which one of the following Lower motor neuron lesions are associated?
    • A. 

      Flaccid paralysis.

    • B. 

      Hyperactive stretch reflex.

    • C. 

      Spasticity.

    • D. 

      Muscular in coordination.

  • 14. 
    Aspermia is the term used to describe:
    • A. 

      Absence of semen.

    • B. 

      Absence of sperm in ejaculate.

    • C. 

      Absence of sperm motility.

    • D. 

      Occurrence of abnormal sperm.

  • 15. 
    Which of the following statements can be regarded as primary action of Inhibin?
    • A. 

      It inhibits secretion of prolactin.

    • B. 

      It stimulates synthesis of estradiol

    • C. 

      It stimulates secretion of TSH.

    • D. 

      It inhibits secretion of FSH.

  • 16. 
    A 40 year old male, with history of daily alcohol consumption for the last 7 years, is brought to the hospital emergency room with acute onset of seeing snakes all around him in the room, not recognizing family members, violent behavior and tremulousness for few hours. There is history of his having missed the alcohol drink since 2 days. Examination reveals increased blood pressure, tremors, increased psychomotor activity, fearful affect, hallucinatory behavior, disorientation, impaired judgement and insight. He is most likely to be suffering from:
    • A. 

      Alcoholic hallucinosis.

    • B. 

      Delirium tremens.

    • C. 

      Wernicke encephalopathy.

    • D. 

      Korsakoff’s psychosis.

  • 17. 
    A 45 year male with a history of alcohol dependence presents with confusion, nystagmus and ataxia. Examination reveals 6th cranial nerve weakness. He is most likely to be suffering from:
    • A. 

      Korsakoff’s psychosis.

    • B. 

      Wernicke’s encephalopathy.

    • C. 

      De Clerambault syndrome.

    • D. 

      Delirium tremens.

  • 18. 
    A 25year old female presents with 2year history of repetitive, irresistible thoughts of contamination with dirt associated with repetitive hand washing. She reports these thoughts to be her own and distressing; but is not able to overcome them along with medications. She is most likely to benefit from which of the following therapies:
    • A. 

      Exposure and response prevention.

    • B. 

      Systematic desensitization.

    • C. 

      Assertiveness training.

    • D. 

      Sensate focusing.

  • 19. 
    An 18 year old boy came to the Psychiatry OPD with a complaint of feeling changed from inside. He described himself as feeling strange as if he is different from his normal self. He was very tense and anxious yet could not point out the precise change in him. This phenomena is best called as:
    • A. 

      Delusional mood.

    • B. 

      Depersonalization.

    • C. 

      Autochthonous delusion.

    • D. 

      Over valued idea.

  • 20. 
    The major difference between typical and atypical antipsychotics is that:
    • A. 

      The latter cause minimal or no increase in prolactin.

    • B. 

      The former cause tardive dyskinesia.

    • C. 

      The former area available as parenteral preparation.

    • D. 

      The latter cause substantial sedation.

  • 21. 
    Dry mouth during antidepressant therapy is caused by blockade of:
    • A. 

      Muscarinic acetylcholine receptors.

    • B. 

      Serotonergic receptors.

    • C. 

      Dopaminergic receptors.

    • D. 

      GABA receptors.

  • 22. 
    All of the following are hallucinogens, except:
    • A. 

      LSD.

    • B. 

      Phenylcyclidine.

    • C. 

      Mescaline

    • D. 

      Methylphenidate.

  • 23. 
    An 18-year-old student complains of lack of interest in studies for last 6 months. He has frequent quarrels with his parents and has frequent headaches. The most appropriate clinical approach would be to:
    • A. 

      Leave him as normal adolescent problem.

    • B. 

      Rule out depression.

    • C. 

      Rule out migraine.

    • D. 

      Rule out an oppositional defiant disorder.

  • 24. 
    Preservation is:
    • A. 

      Persistent and inappropriate repletion of the same thoughts.

    • B. 

      When a patient feels very distressed about it.

    • C. 

      Characteristic of schizophrenia.

    • D. 

      Characteristic of obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD)

  • 25. 
    One of the following usually differentiates hysterical symptoms from hypochondriacal symptoms:
    • A. 

      Symptoms do not normally reflect understandable physiological or pathological mechanisms.

    • B. 

      Physical symptoms are prominent which are not explained by organic factors.

    • C. 

      Personality traits are significant.

    • D. 

      Symptoms run a chronic course.

  • 26. 
    Which one of the following is the investigation of choice for evaluation of suspected Perthe’s disease ?
    • A. 

      Plain X-ray

    • B. 

      Ultrasonography (US)

    • C. 

      Computed Tomography (CT)

    • D. 

      Magnetic Resonance Imaging.

  • 27. 
    Eisenmenger syndrome is characterized by all except:
    • A. 

      Return of left ventricle and right ventricle to normal size.

    • B. 

      Pulmonary veins not distended.

    • C. 

      Pruning of peripheral pulmonary arteries.

    • D. 

      Dilatation of central pulmonary arteries.

  • 28. 
    In which one of the following conditions the Sialography is contraindicated?
    • A. 

      Ductal calculus.

    • B. 

      Chronic parotitis

    • C. 

      Acute parotitis

    • D. 

      Recurrent sialadenitis.

  • 29. 
    The most common site of leak in CSF rhinorrhea is:
    • A. 

      Sphenoid sinus.

    • B. 

      Frontal sinus.

    • C. 

      Cribriform plate.

    • D. 

      Tegmen tympani.

  • 30. 
    Which of the following is the most common renal cystic disease in infants is?
    • A. 

      Polycystic kidney.

    • B. 

      Simple renal cyst.

    • C. 

      Unilateral renal dysplasia.

    • D. 

      Calyceal cyst.

  • 31. 
    The most common type of total anomalous pulmonary venous connection is:
    • A. 

      Supracardiac.

    • B. 

      Infracardiac

    • C. 

      Mixed.

    • D. 

      Cardiac.

  • 32. 
    Which one of the following is the most common location of hypertensive bleed in the brain?
    • A. 

      Putamen/external capsule.

    • B. 

      Pons.

    • C. 

      Ventricles.

    • D. 

      Lobar white matter.

  • 33. 
    Which one of the following is the most preferred route to perform cerebral angiography?
    • A. 

      Transfemoral route

    • B. 

      Transmaxillary route

    • C. 

      Direct Carotid Puncture

    • D. 

      Transbranchial route.

  • 34. 
    Which one of the following soft tissue sarcomas frequently metastasizes to lymph nodes?
    • A. 

      Fibrosarcoma.

    • B. 

      Osteosarcoma.

    • C. 

      Embryonal Rhabdomyosarcoma.

    • D. 

      Alveolar soft part sarcoma.

  • 35. 
    Which one of the following radioisotope is not used as permanent implant?
    • A. 

      Iodine-125

    • B. 

      Palladium-103.

    • C. 

      Gold-198.

    • D. 

      Caesium-137.

  • 36. 
    Which one of the following tumors shows calcification on CT scan?
    • A. 

      Ependymoma

    • B. 

      Meduloblastoma.

    • C. 

      Meningioma.

    • D. 

      CNS lymphoma.