World History Exams Prep Test (MCQ Questions)

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World History Exams Prep Test (MCQ Questions) - Quiz

Assisting daughter with her World History class


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Which of the following is a form of government in which the leader is not a monarch and certain citizens have the right to vote?

    • A.

      Polis

    • B.

      Republic

    • C.

      Dictatorship

    • D.

      Cireus maximum

    Correct Answer
    B. Republic
    Explanation
    A republic is a form of government where the leader is not a monarch, meaning there is no king or queen. Instead, the leader is usually elected by the citizens or appointed through a democratic process. In a republic, certain citizens have the right to vote, allowing them to participate in choosing their leaders and making decisions that affect the country. This form of government emphasizes the importance of individual rights and representation, giving power to the people rather than a single ruler.

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  • 2. 

    The Roman Senate, which came to hold an important position in the Roman Republic was:

    • A.

      Made of 2 consuls, 2 praetors and officials

    • B.

      A select group of about 300 patricians who served for life

    • C.

      Made up of Greek generals and was charged with protecting the Republic

    • D.

      A group of 500 plebians who oversaw the expansion of Rome's borders

    Correct Answer
    B. A select group of about 300 patricians who served for life
    Explanation
    The Roman Senate, which came to hold an important position in the Roman Republic, was a select group of about 300 patricians who served for life. This means that the Senate was composed of individuals from the patrician class, which was the highest social class in ancient Rome. These patricians were chosen to serve in the Senate for their entire lives, indicating the importance and prestige associated with this position. The Senate played a crucial role in the governance of the Roman Republic, making decisions on matters of legislation, foreign policy, and the appointment of officials.

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  • 3. 

    Which of the following was a period of peace and prosperity that lasted almost 200 years?

    • A.

      Pax Romana

    • B.

      Long winter

    • C.

      Rubicon

    • D.

      Latifundia

    Correct Answer
    A. Pax Romana
    Explanation
    Pax Romana refers to a period of peace and prosperity that lasted for almost 200 years in ancient Rome. It began with the reign of Augustus Caesar in 27 BCE and continued until the death of Marcus Aurelius in 180 CE. During this time, the Roman Empire experienced relative stability, economic growth, and cultural flourishing. The empire expanded its territories, established efficient governance, and implemented infrastructure projects. Trade and commerce thrived, leading to increased wealth and prosperity for many Romans. The Pax Romana is considered a significant period in Roman history, characterized by peace, stability, and prosperity.

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  • 4. 

    Who became the first Christian emperor?

    • A.

      Constantine

    • B.

      Nero

    • C.

      Cicero

    • D.

      Julius Casaer

    Correct Answer
    A. Constantine
    Explanation
    Constantine became the first Christian emperor because he played a significant role in the legalization of Christianity and its subsequent establishment as the official religion of the Roman Empire. He issued the Edict of Milan in 313 AD, which granted religious freedom to Christians and ended the persecution they had faced for centuries. Constantine also played a crucial role in the Council of Nicaea in 325 AD, where he helped establish the Nicene Creed and solidify Christian doctrine. His actions marked a turning point in the history of Christianity, leading to its widespread acceptance and eventual dominance in the Roman Empire.

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  • 5. 

    The first Triumvirate was made up of:

    • A.

      Marius, Scully, and Cincinantus

    • B.

      Tiberius, Gaius, and Timothy

    • C.

      Lucius, Cornelius adn Sulla

    • D.

      Crassus, Pompey and Julius Caesar

    Correct Answer
    D. Crassus, Pompey and Julius Caesar
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Crassus, Pompey, and Julius Caesar. The first Triumvirate was a political alliance formed in ancient Rome between these three powerful men. Crassus was a wealthy Roman general and politician, Pompey was a successful military leader, and Julius Caesar was a skilled politician and military general. Together, they formed a coalition to consolidate their power and influence in Rome. This alliance allowed them to control the Roman government and pursue their own political agendas. However, the Triumvirate eventually fell apart, leading to a power struggle between Caesar and Pompey, which ultimately resulted in the Roman Civil War.

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  • 6. 

    The emperor kept the poverty stricken masses pacified by:

    • A.

      Giving them free grain and providing entertainment on a grand scale

    • B.

      Making hollow promises that were not fulfilled

    • C.

      Establishing the 1st lottery in history

    • D.

      Building the world's largest ferris wheel

    Correct Answer
    A. Giving them free grain and providing entertainment on a grand scale
    Explanation
    The emperor kept the poverty stricken masses pacified by giving them free grain and providing entertainment on a grand scale. This strategy ensured that the people had their basic needs met, as they were provided with free grain, which helped alleviate their poverty. Additionally, the provision of entertainment on a grand scale served as a distraction and source of enjoyment for the masses, diverting their attention from their impoverished conditions and potentially preventing any unrest or rebellion.

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  • 7. 

    The revolt led by Hussein in the early Umayyad period led to:

    • A.

      A split of Islam into 2 groups, Shia and Sunni muslims

    • B.

      Total disregard of the burial place of Muhammad

    • C.

      Bloody war that lasted just seven hours

    • D.

      Strengthening of the Umayyad dynasty

    Correct Answer
    A. A split of Islam into 2 groups, Shia and Sunni muslims
    Explanation
    The revolt led by Hussein in the early Umayyad period resulted in a split of Islam into two groups, Shia and Sunni Muslims. This division occurred due to differing beliefs regarding the rightful successor to the leadership of the Islamic community. Shia Muslims believed that leadership should remain within the bloodline of Muhammad, while Sunni Muslims believed that leadership should be based on consensus. This split has had a significant impact on the religious and political landscape of the Islamic world throughout history.

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  • 8. 

    According to Islamic belief, Muhammad is:

    • A.

      An angel

    • B.

      Reincarnation of Moses

    • C.

      Prophet of Allah

    • D.

      Son of Allah

    Correct Answer
    C. Prophet of Allah
    Explanation
    According to Islamic belief, Muhammad is considered the prophet of Allah. Muslims believe that he received revelations from Allah through the angel Gabriel and delivered them to humanity. Muhammad is highly respected and revered as the final prophet in Islam, who brought the message of monotheism and guidance for mankind. He is not considered an angel, a reincarnation of Moses, or the son of Allah in Islamic belief.

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  • 9. 

    Which of the following founded the Society of Jesus, known as the Jesuits

    • A.

      Act of Supremacy of 1534

    • B.

      Council of Trent

    • C.

      Ignatius of Loyola

    • D.

      Pope Paul III

    Correct Answer
    C. Ignatius of Loyola
    Explanation
    Ignatius of Loyola is the correct answer because he founded the Society of Jesus, also known as the Jesuits. Ignatius of Loyola was a Spanish priest and theologian who established the Jesuits in 1540. The Jesuits became an influential religious order within the Catholic Church, known for their educational and missionary work. Ignatius of Loyola's teachings and leadership were instrumental in the formation and growth of the Jesuits, making him the founder of the society.

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  • 10. 

    It was through the Muslim world that Europeans:

    • A.

      Learned new farming techniques

    • B.

      Recovered the works of Aristotle and other Greek philosophies

    • C.

      Developed an appreciation for painting and sculpture

    • D.

      Were able to obtain products from Spain and Egypt

    Correct Answer
    B. Recovered the works of Aristotle and other Greek philosophies
    Explanation
    During the Middle Ages, the works of Aristotle and other Greek philosophers were largely lost in Europe. However, these texts were preserved and studied in the Muslim world. As Europeans came into contact with Muslim scholars through trade and the Crusades, they were exposed to these ancient Greek works, which had a profound impact on European intellectual and cultural development. The recovery of these texts sparked a renewed interest in philosophy, science, and logic in Europe, leading to the Renaissance and the Enlightenment periods.

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  • 11. 

    The final decrees of the Council of Trent

    • A.

      Empowered the Jesuits to find and try heretics, including anyone who was Protestant

    • B.

      Stated Catholics and Protestants could practice their faiths freely

    • C.

      Reaffirmed traditional Catholic teachings in opposition to Protestant beliefs

    • D.

      Meaningless since they were never put into practice

    Correct Answer
    C. Reaffirmed traditional Catholic teachings in opposition to Protestant beliefs
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "reaffirmed traditional Catholic teachings in opposition to Protestant beliefs." This is because the final decrees of the Council of Trent aimed to strengthen and reaffirm Catholicism in response to the Protestant Reformation. The Council condemned Protestant beliefs and practices, and sought to clarify and reinforce traditional Catholic teachings. The decrees played a significant role in shaping the course of Catholicism and its response to Protestantism in the following centuries.

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  • 12. 

    One of the five Pillars of Islam, the Hajj is:

    • A.

      An observation of the Holy month of July including fasting from dawn to sunset

    • B.

      One's duty to give alms to the poor and unfortunate

    • C.

      A public prayer on Friday at midday to worship Allah

    • D.

      A pilgrimage to Makkah

    Correct Answer
    D. A pilgrimage to Makkah
    Explanation
    The correct answer is a pilgrimage to Makkah. The Hajj is one of the five Pillars of Islam and refers to the annual pilgrimage that Muslims are required to make to the holy city of Makkah in Saudi Arabia. It is a significant religious duty and involves a series of rituals and activities that commemorate the life and teachings of the Prophet Muhammad. Muslims from all over the world gather in Makkah during the Islamic month of Dhu al-Hijjah to perform the Hajj, which includes activities such as circling the Kaaba, standing on the plain of Arafat, and throwing pebbles at the pillars of Mina.

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  • 13. 

    Which movement had a profound effect on education?

    • A.

      Vernacular

    • B.

      Humanist

    • C.

      Renaissance

    • D.

      Liberal

    Correct Answer
    B. Humanist
    Explanation
    The humanist movement had a profound effect on education. Humanism emphasized the importance of individualism, critical thinking, and the study of classical texts. This led to a shift in educational practices, with a focus on developing well-rounded individuals who were knowledgeable in a wide range of subjects. Humanist ideas also influenced the development of curriculum and teaching methods, promoting a more inclusive and holistic approach to education. Overall, the humanist movement played a significant role in shaping modern education systems.

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  • 14. 

    The publication of Martin Luther's Ninety-Five theses

    • A.

      Distributed first in England

    • B.

      Immediately seen as a threat by local businesses

    • C.

      Attacked the abuses in the sale of indulgences, beginning the Protestant Reformation

    • D.

      Was largely ignored until decades after Luther's death

    Correct Answer
    C. Attacked the abuses in the sale of indulgences, beginning the Protestant Reformation
    Explanation
    Martin Luther's publication of the Ninety-Five Theses was a significant event that attacked the abuses in the sale of indulgences and marked the beginning of the Protestant Reformation. It criticized the Catholic Church's practice of selling indulgences, which were supposed to grant forgiveness for sins. This act of challenging the church's authority and exposing its corrupt practices caused a major upheaval and led to the formation of new Protestant denominations. Although initially ignored, the ideas presented in the Ninety-Five Theses gained traction and had a profound impact on religious and social reforms in Europe.

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  • 15. 

    The High Renaissance in Italy is associated with which three artists?

    • A.

      Da Vinci, Raphael and Michaelangelo

    • B.

      Da Vinci, Van Eyck, Durer

    • C.

      Masaccio, Donatello, Brunellescha

    • D.

      Raphael, Donatello, de Pizan

    Correct Answer
    A. Da Vinci, Raphael and Michaelangelo
    Explanation
    The High Renaissance in Italy is known for its exceptional artistic achievements, and three prominent artists associated with this period are Da Vinci, Raphael, and Michelangelo. These artists were at the forefront of the artistic and intellectual advancements of the time, creating masterpieces that showcased their technical skill, creativity, and deep understanding of human anatomy and perspective. Their works, such as Da Vinci's "Mona Lisa," Raphael's "School of Athens," and Michelangelo's "David," continue to be celebrated as some of the greatest achievements in art history.

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  • 16. 

    The Peace of Augsburg formally

    • A.

      Established the doctrine of Lutheranism

    • B.

      Made Martin Luther the patron saint of the Holy Roman Empire

    • C.

      Accepted the division of Christianity in Germany

    • D.

      Ended the war between France and England

    Correct Answer
    D. Ended the war between France and England
  • 17. 

    After Muhamma's death, Muslims drew up the Shari'ah which is

    • A.

      Also know as the Six Pillars of Islam

    • B.

      A law code that provides believers with a set of practical laws to regulate their daily lives

    • C.

      Collection of Muhammad's wisdom and teachings that were added to the Quran

    • D.

      An elaborate burial ritual still performed at Muslim funerals today

    Correct Answer
    B. A law code that provides believers with a set of practical laws to regulate their daily lives
    Explanation
    The Shari'ah is a law code that provides believers with a set of practical laws to regulate their daily lives. After Muhammad's death, Muslims drew up the Shari'ah as a way to govern their society and ensure that their actions aligned with Islamic principles. This law code covers various aspects of life, including family, commerce, and criminal justice, and it serves as a guide for Muslims in making ethical and moral decisions. The Shari'ah is an essential aspect of Islamic practice and plays a significant role in shaping the lives of Muslims around the world.

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  • 18. 

    Christian Humanists believed that

    • A.

      If people read the classics, especially the basic works of Christianity, they would become more pious

    • B.

      Society should return to simpler ways and not focus on gaining wealth and material possessions

    • C.

      God did not intend man to know more than what was written in the Bible

    • D.

      By entering a monastery, one could assure one's salvation

    Correct Answer
    B. Society should return to simpler ways and not focus on gaining wealth and material possessions
    Explanation
    Christian Humanists believed that society should return to simpler ways and not focus on gaining wealth and material possessions. They believed that excessive materialism and greed were corrupting society and leading people away from true piety and devotion to God. Instead, they advocated for a simpler and more humble lifestyle, emphasizing the importance of spiritual values and the teachings of Christianity. By rejecting materialism and embracing simplicity, they believed that individuals could find true fulfillment and lead a more virtuous life.

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  • 19. 

    Leonardo Da Vinci was an excellent example of Renaissance Italy's social, ideal because he

    • A.

      Was a painter, sculptor, architect, inventor, mathematician

    • B.

      Wrote grand romantic poetry and insightful political treatises

    • C.

      Was a politician; and politicians were considered the pinnacle of human achievement

    • D.

      Came from a wealthy family and greatly improved his family status in society.

    Correct Answer
    A. Was a painter, sculptor, architect, inventor, mathematician
    Explanation
    Leonardo Da Vinci's diverse range of talents and skills in painting, sculpture, architecture, invention, and mathematics exemplified the ideal of Renaissance Italy's society. The Renaissance period celebrated individuals who were well-rounded and excelled in multiple fields. Da Vinci's abilities in various disciplines showcased his intellect, creativity, and versatility, making him a prime example of the Renaissance ideal. Additionally, his contributions and accomplishments elevated his family's social status, further solidifying his position as a prominent figure in society.

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  • 20. 

    The Crusades had little lasting impact on Southwest Asia except to:

    • A.

      Divide the Muslims into Shias and Sunnis

    • B.

      Breed centuries of mistrust between Muslims and Christians

    • C.

      Establish Christianity in the Arab nations

    • D.

      Create a spirit of brotherhood between Byzanites and Muslims

    Correct Answer
    B. Breed centuries of mistrust between Muslims and Christians
    Explanation
    The Crusades, a series of religious wars fought between Christians and Muslims in the Middle Ages, did not have a significant lasting impact on Southwest Asia in terms of establishing Christianity in Arab nations or creating a spirit of brotherhood between Byzantines and Muslims. However, one of the enduring consequences of the Crusades was the breeding of centuries of mistrust between Muslims and Christians. The violent conflicts and atrocities committed during the Crusades left a deep-seated animosity and suspicion between the two religious groups, which has had long-term implications for their relationship throughout history.

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  • 21. 

    The Aryan lived in tribal groups and had a strong tradition of

    • A.

      Being farmers

    • B.

      Valuing education

    • C.

      Being warriors

    • D.

      Being peaceful

    Correct Answer
    C. Being warriors
    Explanation
    The Aryan people were known for their warrior culture. They lived in tribal groups and engaged in warfare as a means of survival and expansion. Their society was organized around military prowess, and they placed great importance on bravery, strength, and skill in battle. This warrior tradition shaped their social structure and influenced their values and beliefs.

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  • 22. 

    Who was Siddhartha Gautama?

    • A.

      The ruler of the Aryans around 1500 B.C.

    • B.

      Founder of Buddhism

    • C.

      Ruler of the Harrappans

    • D.

      King of India

    Correct Answer
    B. Founder of Buddhism
    Explanation
    Siddhartha Gautama is known as the founder of Buddhism. He was a spiritual leader who lived in ancient India during the 6th century BCE. After experiencing a deep spiritual awakening, he renounced his luxurious life and set out on a quest for enlightenment. Through meditation and self-reflection, he attained enlightenment and became known as the Buddha, meaning the "awakened one." Siddhartha Gautama's teachings formed the foundation of Buddhism, which emphasizes the pursuit of inner peace and liberation from suffering.

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  • 23. 

    The Silk road was a

    • A.

      Road covered in silk only a king could travel

    • B.

      Great wall three thousand miles long

    • C.

      Trade route between the Roman Empire and China that ran through India's Kushan Kingdom

    • D.

      Road that wound through Japan, the 1st area of the world to produce silk.

    Correct Answer
    C. Trade route between the Roman Empire and China that ran through India's Kushan Kingdom
    Explanation
    The Silk Road refers to a trade route that connected the Roman Empire and China, passing through India's Kushan Kingdom. It was not a road exclusively covered in silk or limited to only kings. The route facilitated the exchange of goods, ideas, and cultures between the East and the West, including silk, spices, precious metals, and technologies. The Silk Road played a significant role in promoting economic growth, cultural exchange, and the spread of knowledge across different civilizations.

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  • 24. 

    The Zhou Dynasty claimed it ruled China because

    • A.

      It had the Mandate of heaven

    • B.

      It had an army of artists

    • C.

      Zhou ancestors had chosen it

    • D.

      The Mongrils feared it

    Correct Answer
    A. It had the Mandate of heaven
    Explanation
    The Zhou Dynasty claimed to rule China because they believed they had the Mandate of Heaven. The concept of the Mandate of Heaven was an ancient Chinese belief that the ruling dynasty had the divine approval to govern. This belief was based on the idea that the ruler's virtue and ability to govern effectively were signs of their divine right to rule. By claiming the Mandate of Heaven, the Zhou Dynasty sought to legitimize their authority and maintain social order in China.

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  • 25. 

    An important concept that became a crucial part of Chinese history was

    • A.

      The view that art, poetry and literature were important to soldiers

    • B.

      The Confucian belief that the government should be open to all men of superior talent

    • C.

      The belief that the Great Wall would protect China from all enemies

    • D.

      The Shaolin view that one must be able to combat mentally as well as physically

    Correct Answer
    B. The Confucian belief that the government should be open to all men of superior talent
    Explanation
    The Confucian belief that the government should be open to all men of superior talent became an important concept in Chinese history. This belief emphasized the importance of meritocracy and the idea that individuals should be chosen for government positions based on their abilities and virtues rather than their social status or birthright. This principle had a significant impact on the political and social structure of China, shaping its governance and administration for centuries. It promoted the idea of selecting officials based on their competence and moral character, which helped to establish a more stable and effective government system in ancient China.

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  • 26. 

    Who were the Aryans?

    • A.

      Founders of Buddhism

    • B.

      Distant relatives of the Harappans

    • C.

      Indio-European and nomadic peoples who created a new Indian Society

    • D.

      First religious leaders of India

    Correct Answer
    C. Indio-European and nomadic peoples who created a new Indian Society
    Explanation
    The Aryans were a group of Indio-European and nomadic peoples who migrated into the Indian subcontinent around 1500 BCE. They brought with them a new language, Sanskrit, as well as their own religious and cultural practices. The Aryans settled in the northern region of India and established a new society, which eventually merged with the existing Dravidian culture to form the basis of classical Indian civilization. They played a significant role in shaping the social, political, and religious landscape of ancient India.

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  • 27. 

    The government of Sparta was an oligarchy, which means that it was

    • A.

      Ruled by the few

    • B.

      Ruled by a tyrant

    • C.

      Controlled by popular vote

    • D.

      Ruled by a king

    Correct Answer
    A. Ruled by the few
    Explanation
    The government of Sparta was an oligarchy, meaning it was ruled by a small group of people. This small group, known as the few, held the power and made decisions for the city-state. This form of government was characteristic of Sparta, where power was concentrated in the hands of a select few individuals rather than being distributed among the entire population.

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  • 28. 

    The conquests of Alexander the Great created the

    • A.

      Dark Ages, a time of great sadness for Greek people

    • B.

      Hellenistic Era, an age that saw the expansion of the Greek language and Greek ideas to the non Greek world

    • C.

      Macedonian Age, period of advancement in art

    • D.

      Age of Lawlessness, period of cruelty and anarchy

    Correct Answer
    B. Hellenistic Era, an age that saw the expansion of the Greek language and Greek ideas to the non Greek world
    Explanation
    The correct answer is the Hellenistic Era, an age that saw the expansion of the Greek language and Greek ideas to the non-Greek world. This era was characterized by the spread of Greek culture, language, and ideas across the vast territories conquered by Alexander the Great. It marked a significant cultural and intellectual exchange between the Greeks and the diverse populations of the conquered lands, leading to the development of new art forms, philosophies, and scientific advancements. It was a period of great cultural synthesis and innovation, rather than a time of darkness or lawlessness.

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  • 29. 

    Homer's Illiad and Odyssey were

    • A.

      Immense paintings

    • B.

      Epic poems

    • C.

      Immense ships

    • D.

      Statues of gods

    Correct Answer
    B. Epic poems
    Explanation
    Homer's Illiad and Odyssey are well-known literary works that are considered epic poems. These poems are lengthy narratives that tell the tales of heroic characters and their adventures. They are highly regarded for their literary and cultural significance, as they provide insights into ancient Greek mythology, history, and values. The term "epic" refers to the grand scale and heroic themes explored in these poems, making it the most fitting explanation for the given answer.

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  • 30. 

    Which four kingdoms emerged following Alexander's death?

    • A.

      Macedonia, Syria, Pergamumad, Egypt

    • B.

      Sparta, Rome, Mycanae and Minoa

    • C.

      Persia, Syria, Palestine and Spain

    • D.

      Thermopylae, Marathon and Egypt

    Correct Answer
    A. Macedonia, Syria, Pergamumad, Egypt
    Explanation
    Following Alexander's death, four kingdoms emerged: Macedonia, Syria, Pergamum, and Egypt. These kingdoms were established by Alexander's generals and successors who divided his vast empire amongst themselves. Macedonia was ruled by Alexander's general Antipater, Syria by Seleucus, Pergamum by Lysimachus, and Egypt by Ptolemy. These kingdoms played significant roles in shaping the political and cultural landscape of the Hellenistic period.

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  • 31. 

    Muslim scholar and scientist Ibn Sina wrote a medical encyclopedia that

    • A.

      Formalized many of the time's myths about human health and medicine

    • B.

      Was translated into Latin and became a textbook in Europe

    • C.

      Based many of its treatments and cures on tribal rituals

    • D.

      Is still considered the best medical textbook in the world today

    Correct Answer
    B. Was translated into Latin and became a textbook in Europe
    Explanation
    Ibn Sina's medical encyclopedia was translated into Latin and became a textbook in Europe. This suggests that the work had a significant impact and was widely recognized and utilized in the field of medicine. The translation into Latin allowed the knowledge and insights contained in the encyclopedia to be accessible to a broader audience, contributing to its influence and dissemination throughout Europe.

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  • 32. 

    Followers of Theravada see Buddhism as

    • A.

      A way of life

    • B.

      A sect of Hinduism

    • C.

      Part of Christianity

    • D.

      Personal therapy

    Correct Answer
    A. A way of life
    Explanation
    Theravada is a school of Buddhism that emphasizes the practice of meditation and the adherence to the teachings of the Buddha. Followers of Theravada view Buddhism as a comprehensive way of life, encompassing moral conduct, meditation, and wisdom. It is not considered a sect of Hinduism or part of Christianity, as it has distinct teachings and practices. Additionally, while personal therapy may be a potential benefit of practicing Buddhism, it does not encompass the entirety of the belief system.

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  • 33. 

    In the Tang and Song eras, the old landed Aristocracy was replaced by the ________________ as the political and economic elite of Chinese society

    • A.

      Shacrecroppers

    • B.

      Scholar-gentry

    • C.

      Landless laborers

    • D.

      New wealthy foreignors

    Correct Answer
    B. Scholar-gentry
    Explanation
    In the Tang and Song eras, the old landed Aristocracy was replaced by the scholar-gentry as the political and economic elite of Chinese society. The scholar-gentry were educated officials who passed the civil service exams and held positions in the government. They were highly respected and had significant influence in society. This shift in power marked a transition from a hereditary aristocracy to a merit-based system, where individuals were chosen based on their intellectual abilities and knowledge.

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  • 34. 

    The Vikings were made part of European civilization by

    • A.

      Their widespread invasions of Asian kingdoms

    • B.

      The conquest of Scandinavia in 911 by Charlemagne

    • C.

      The Frankish policy of settling them and converting them to Christianity

    • D.

      Their desire to sail to America.

    Correct Answer
    C. The Frankish policy of settling them and converting them to Christianity
    Explanation
    The correct answer is the Frankish policy of settling them and converting them to Christianity. This is because the Franks, a Germanic tribe, played a significant role in the assimilation of the Vikings into European civilization. The Franks established diplomatic relations with the Vikings and encouraged them to settle in specific areas, which helped in their integration. Additionally, the Franks also promoted the conversion of the Vikings to Christianity, which further facilitated their acceptance into European society.

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  • 35. 

    The Magna Carta was a document that

    • A.

      Established peace between the Normans and the French

    • B.

      Eventually was used to strengthen the ideas that a monarch's power was limited, not absolute

    • C.

      Conceded power over the courts to the Roman Catholic Church

    • D.

      Established the first English Parliament and defined its powers to grant taxes and pass laws

    Correct Answer
    B. Eventually was used to strengthen the ideas that a monarch's power was limited, not absolute
    Explanation
    The Magna Carta was a document that eventually was used to strengthen the ideas that a monarch's power was limited, not absolute. This means that over time, the Magna Carta came to be seen as a significant document that helped establish the concept of limited monarchy. It laid the foundation for the idea that a monarch's power should have boundaries and be subject to certain restrictions, rather than being absolute and unchecked. The Magna Carta was a crucial step in the development of constitutional law and the protection of individual rights and freedoms.

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  • 36. 

    Charlemagne established the Miss Dominici, who were

    • A.

      Nuns charged with the education of young men, in order to prepare them for a life in the clergy

    • B.

      2 men who were sent out to local districts to ensure that the courts were carrying out the king's orders

    • C.

      Ministers charged with the task of promoting sports in the kingdom

    • D.

      Messengers who carried the king's act to all cities in the kingdom

    Correct Answer
    B. 2 men who were sent out to local districts to ensure that the courts were carrying out the king's orders
    Explanation
    Charlemagne established the Miss Dominici as a means to ensure that the courts in local districts were following and executing the king's commands. These individuals were appointed to act as overseers, sent out to different regions to monitor and supervise the implementation of the king's orders. Their role was to ensure that the courts were carrying out their duties in accordance with the king's wishes, maintaining order and upholding the king's authority throughout the kingdom.

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  • 37. 

    Which of the following set of unwritten rules that determined the relationship between a lord and his vassal

    • A.

      Fief

    • B.

      Vassalage

    • C.

      Feudal contract

    • D.

      Book of Dead

    Correct Answer
    C. Feudal contract
    Explanation
    A feudal contract is a set of unwritten rules that determined the relationship between a lord and his vassal. It outlined the obligations and responsibilities of both parties, including the granting of land (fief) by the lord to the vassal in exchange for loyalty, military service, and other forms of support. The feudal contract was a crucial aspect of the feudal system, establishing the hierarchical structure and ensuring the mutual benefits and obligations between lords and vassals.

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  • 38. 

    The push for the Crusades came when

    • A.

      Saladin seized Makkah

    • B.

      The Plague devastated Europe

    • C.

      Emperor Alexius I asked for aid

    • D.

      Constantinople was sacked in 1204

    Correct Answer
    C. Emperor Alexius I asked for aid
    Explanation
    Emperor Alexius I asked for aid from Western Europe, which led to the push for the Crusades. This request for assistance was made in response to the Seljuk Turks' invasion of Anatolia and the threat they posed to the Byzantine Empire. Alexius I sought help from the Pope and Western European rulers to defend Constantinople and regain control of Anatolia. This appeal for aid ignited a religious fervor among Christians in Europe, leading to the Crusades, a series of military campaigns aimed at reclaiming the Holy Land from Muslim control.

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  • 39. 

    Which of the following was written in the language of everyday speech in a particular region?

    • A.

      Vernacular literature

    • B.

      Biblical literature

    • C.

      Philosophical literature

    • D.

      Complex literature

    Correct Answer
    A. Vernacular literature
    Explanation
    Vernacular literature refers to works that are written in the language of everyday speech in a specific region. This means that the literature is written in the common language spoken by the people in that particular area, rather than in a formal or specialized language. The other options, such as biblical literature, philosophical literature, and complex literature, do not necessarily conform to the language of everyday speech and may use more formal or specialized language. Therefore, vernacular literature is the correct answer for this question.

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  • 40. 

    The Inquisition was

    • A.

      The court created by the Catholic Church to find and try heretics

    • B.

      A ruthless group who enjoyed torture and execution

    • C.

      Remarkably effective in its hunt for heretics because no one expected it

    • D.

      An organization whose hidden purpose was to increase the political power of the Catholic Church

    Correct Answer
    A. The court created by the Catholic Church to find and try heretics
    Explanation
    The correct answer is the court created by the Catholic Church to find and try heretics. This answer accurately describes the Inquisition as a judicial institution established by the Catholic Church with the purpose of identifying and prosecuting individuals deemed as heretics. The Inquisition played a significant role in enforcing religious orthodoxy during the Middle Ages and early modern period. It was responsible for interrogating, torturing, and sometimes executing those accused of holding beliefs contrary to Catholic doctrine.

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  • 41. 

    Followers of Mahayana saw Buddhism as

    • A.

      A way of life, not a dogma that is centered on societal salvation

    • B.

      A sect of pantheism, and therefore not a true religion

    • C.

      A religion, not a philosophy with Buddha as a divine figure

    • D.

      A collection of many gods, with Buddha as the chief god.

    Correct Answer
    D. A collection of many gods, with Buddha as the chief god.
  • 42. 

    Muslim rulers in Indian were tolerant of Hindus because

    • A.

      The Hindu religion was so similar to that of Islam

    • B.

      They found the Hindus to be such a peaceful people

    • C.

      They realized they were simply too many Hindus to convert them all

    • D.

      The Hindus made the best cooks.

    Correct Answer
    A. The Hindu religion was so similar to that of Islam
    Explanation
    Muslim rulers in India were tolerant of Hindus because the Hindu religion shared some similarities with Islam. This allowed for a level of understanding and acceptance between the two religious communities. Additionally, the rulers recognized that converting such a large number of Hindus to Islam would be impractical. Therefore, they chose to coexist peacefully with the Hindus, rather than attempting to forcefully convert them.

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  • 43. 

    The Safavid rulers were eagerly supported by the Shiites, who believed

    • A.

      They would be rewarded with beautiful wives

    • B.

      The Safavids would return power to the lauded Shiite aristocrats

    • C.

      That Shah Ishmail was a direct successor of the prophet Muhammad

    • D.

      That the Sunnis would be destroyed by the might of a strong Safavid empire

    Correct Answer
    C. That Shah Ishmail was a direct successor of the prophet Muhammad
    Explanation
    The Safavid rulers were eagerly supported by the Shiites because they believed that Shah Ishmail was a direct successor of the prophet Muhammad. This belief gave the Safavids a religious legitimacy and made them appealing to the Shiite population. The Shiites saw the Safavid rulers as the rightful leaders who would uphold and protect their religious beliefs and traditions. This support from the Shiites played a crucial role in the rise and success of the Safavid empire.

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  • 44. 

    Under Germanic law, if an accused person was unharmed after a physical trial, or _________________, he or she was presumed innocent

    • A.

      Brainwashing

    • B.

      Gauntlet

    • C.

      Quarterly

    • D.

      Ordeal

    Correct Answer
    B. Gauntlet
    Explanation
    Under Germanic law, if an accused person was unharmed after a physical trial, or ordeal, he or she was presumed innocent. The term "gauntlet" refers to a type of ordeal where the accused person had to run between two rows of people who would strike them with sticks or other objects. If the accused person made it through the gauntlet without being seriously harmed, it was believed that they were innocent. Therefore, the correct answer is "gauntlet".

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  • 45. 

    The six characteristics of civilizations are cities, government, ______, social structure, writing and art.

    Correct Answer
    religion
    Explanation
    The six characteristics of civilizations include cities, government, social structure, writing, art, and religion. Religion is an important aspect of civilizations as it provides a system of beliefs and practices that help shape the cultural and social aspects of a society. It often influences the government structure, social hierarchy, and even the art and architecture of a civilization. Religion also plays a role in providing a sense of identity and purpose for individuals within the society. Therefore, religion is a crucial characteristic of civilizations.

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  • 46. 

    Hammuarabi is remembered for ________________________________

    Correct Answer
    the codification of the laws governing Babylonian life.
    Explanation
    Hammurabi is remembered for the codification of the laws governing Babylonian life. This means that he is recognized for his role in creating a set of laws that governed various aspects of life in Babylon. His code, known as the Code of Hammurabi, consisted of 282 laws that covered a wide range of topics such as property rights, trade, marriage, and crime. This code was a significant achievement as it provided a standardized legal framework for the Babylonian society and influenced legal systems in the ancient world.

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  • 47. 

    A _________________________ is a government in which a god or deity is recognized as the states' supreme civil ruler

    Correct Answer
    theocracry
    Explanation
    A theocracy is a form of government where a god or deity is acknowledged as the highest civil ruler. In a theocracy, religious leaders hold both political and religious authority, and laws and governance are based on religious principles and beliefs. This system of government is often associated with countries where religion plays a central role in society and where religious leaders have significant influence over political decisions and policies.

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  • 48. 

    Modern historians have divided Egyptian history into three periods known as:

    Correct Answer
    Old Kingdom, Middle Kingdom and New Kingdom
    Explanation
    Modern historians have divided Egyptian history into three distinct periods: the Old Kingdom, the Middle Kingdom, and the New Kingdom. These divisions are based on significant political, social, and cultural changes that occurred during each period. The Old Kingdom, also known as the Pyramid Age, was characterized by the construction of massive pyramids and the centralized rule of pharaohs. The Middle Kingdom saw a period of stability and expansion, with the pharaohs focusing on improving infrastructure and trade. The New Kingdom marked a period of great power and wealth for Egypt, with the rise of powerful pharaohs and the expansion of the empire through military conquests.

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  • 49. 

    The ability to acquire food on a regular basis meant humans could_______________

    Correct Answer
    give up their nomadic way of life and live in settled communities.
    Explanation
    The ability to acquire food on a regular basis allowed humans to abandon their nomadic lifestyle and establish permanent settlements. This meant that they no longer had to constantly move in search of food and could instead stay in one place. This transition to settled communities provided stability and allowed for the development of agriculture, complex social structures, and the growth of civilizations.

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  • 50. 

    _____________________ was the period before writing was developed.

    Correct Answer
    Pre-history or ancient history
    Explanation
    The period before writing was developed is known as pre-history or ancient history. During this time, humans relied on oral traditions and non-written forms of communication to pass down information and preserve their history. Without a writing system, there was no way to record events or keep written records. The study of pre-history and ancient history allows us to understand the early development of human societies and civilizations through archaeological evidence and artifacts.

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