Chapter 7 (Ancient Rome)

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Chapter 7 (Ancient Rome) - Quiz

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    What major advantages did the geography of Rome provide?

    • A.

      Water / Roads / Defense

    • B.

      Defense / Water / Soil

    • C.

      Water / Soil / Roads

    • D.

      Hills / Water / Roads

    Correct Answer
    B. Defense / Water / Soil
    Explanation
    The geography of Rome provided major advantages in terms of defense, water, and soil. The city was strategically located on seven hills, making it easier to defend against potential invaders. Additionally, Rome was situated near the Tiber River, providing a reliable water source for its inhabitants. The fertile soil in the surrounding area allowed for successful agriculture, ensuring a stable food supply.

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  • 2. 

    How was the power divided between the consuls?

    • A.

      60 / 40

    • B.

      70 / 30

    • C.

      55 / 45

    • D.

      50 / 50

    Correct Answer
    D. 50 / 50
    Explanation
    The power was divided equally between the consuls, with each consul having an equal share of authority. This means that both consuls had the same amount of power and were able to make decisions jointly. This equal division of power was a key feature of the Roman Republic's political system, ensuring that no single individual had too much control and preventing the rise of a dictatorship.

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  • 3. 

    A ruler who has absolute power

    • A.

      Consuls

    • B.

      Patricians

    • C.

      Martyr

    • D.

      Dictator

    Correct Answer
    D. Dictator
    Explanation
    A dictator is a ruler who has absolute power. Unlike consuls, who are elected officials, and patricians, who are members of the upper class, a dictator holds all the power and authority in a government. The term "martyr" refers to someone who sacrifices their life for a cause and is not relevant to the question. Therefore, the correct answer is dictator.

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  • 4. 

    Why was the senate angry with Julius Caesar?

    • A.

      He didn't ask for their help

    • B.

      He lost his last war

    • C.

      He took their power away

    • D.

      He treated people nicely

    Correct Answer
    C. He took their power away
    Explanation
    The Senate was angry with Julius Caesar because he took their power away. This implies that Caesar made decisions or implemented policies that diminished the authority and influence of the Senate. This act would have been seen as a threat to the traditional power structure and autonomy of the Senate, leading to their anger and resentment towards Caesar.

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  • 5. 

    You could not have a dictator in the ancient Roman Republic.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    In the ancient Roman Republic, the government was structured as a republic, which means that it was not ruled by a dictator. Instead, power was held by elected officials, known as senators and magistrates, who made decisions collectively. The Roman Republic had a system of checks and balances in place to prevent any one person from gaining too much power. The concept of a dictator emerged later in Roman history, during the period of the Roman Empire. Therefore, the statement that a dictator could not exist in the ancient Roman Republic is true.

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  • 6. 

    All 'Roads lead to Rome'

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    This statement is a common idiom that means there are many different ways to reach the same goal or destination. It implies that no matter what path you take, you will eventually end up in the same place, which in this case is Rome. Therefore, the statement is true.

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  • 7. 

    How long did the Ancient Roman Republic last?

    • A.

      5000

    • B.

      500

    • C.

      50

    • D.

      50000

    Correct Answer
    B. 500
    Explanation
    The Ancient Roman Republic lasted for approximately 500 years. This period began in 509 BC with the overthrow of the Roman monarchy and ended in 27 BC with the establishment of the Roman Empire. During this time, the Roman Republic experienced significant political, social, and military developments, including the expansion of Roman territory and the development of the Roman legal system. The end of the Republic marked a transition in Roman governance, with the rise of the Roman Empire under the leadership of Augustus Caesar.

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  • 8. 

    How were people that were conquered by Rome treated?

    • A.

      Great and were allowed to be killed or enslaved

    • B.

      Great and were allowed to be gladiators

    • C.

      Not great

    • D.

      Great and were allowed to keep their religion, traditions and customs.

    Correct Answer
    D. Great and were allowed to keep their religion, traditions and customs.
    Explanation
    The people that were conquered by Rome were treated great and were allowed to keep their religion, traditions, and customs. This suggests that Rome was relatively tolerant towards the conquered peoples and did not impose their own culture and beliefs on them. This policy of allowing conquered people to maintain their way of life could have helped in maintaining peace and stability within the empire.

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  • 9. 

    Who was the first emperor of Rome?

    • A.

      August

    • B.

      Augustus - son of Caesar

    • C.

      Augustus - friend of Caesar

    • D.

      Augustus - brother of Caesar

    Correct Answer
    B. Augustus - son of Caesar
    Explanation
    Augustus was the first emperor of Rome because he was the son of Caesar. After the assassination of Julius Caesar, Augustus emerged as the leader of Rome and eventually became the first emperor. He played a crucial role in the transition from the Roman Republic to the Roman Empire, establishing a stable and centralized government. His reign marked the beginning of the Pax Romana, a period of relative peace and stability in the Roman Empire.

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  • 10. 

    What are the 3 main reasons the Roman Empire collapsed.

    • A.

      No money

    • B.

      No fertile soil

    • C.

      No trade

    • D.

      Too Big

    • E.

      No weapons

    • F.

      Weak / Bad Rulers

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. No money
    D. Too Big
    F. Weak / Bad Rulers
    Explanation
    The Roman Empire collapsed due to a combination of factors. Firstly, the empire faced financial issues, indicated by the statement "No money." This lack of funds hindered the empire's ability to maintain its infrastructure and support its military. Secondly, the empire had become too large and difficult to govern effectively, as mentioned in "Too Big." This led to administrative challenges and weakened central control. Lastly, the presence of weak or bad rulers contributed to the empire's downfall, as they were unable to effectively lead and protect the empire.

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  • 11. 

    Who was the last emperor of Rome?

    • A.

      Romulus August

    • B.

      Romulus Augustus

    • C.

      Remus Augustus

    • D.

      Jim Harbaugh

    Correct Answer
    B. Romulus Augustus
    Explanation
    Romulus Augustus was the last emperor of Rome. He ruled from 31 October 475 AD until 4 September 476 AD. Romulus Augustus was a puppet emperor, installed by his father Orestes, who was a Roman general. His reign marked the end of the Western Roman Empire, as he was overthrown by the Germanic chieftain Odoacer. This event is often considered the official end of ancient Rome and the beginning of the Middle Ages in Europe.

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  • 12. 

    Ancient Rome was in the center of the known world.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    During ancient times, Rome was considered to be in the center of the known world due to its strategic location in the Mediterranean region. The Roman Empire expanded its influence and control over vast territories, making it a dominant power in the ancient world. Rome's central location allowed for easy access to trade routes, which further enhanced its importance. Additionally, Rome's political, cultural, and military influence spread throughout Europe, Africa, and Asia, solidifying its position as the center of the known world during that time.

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  • 13. 

    How did the Roman's get plebeians to join the army?

    • A.

      Soldiers got to keep the money of the conquered lands

    • B.

      Soldiers got to pick and live in their favorite villa

    • C.

      Soldiers were taught to read and write

    • D.

      Soldiers liked to walk long distances

    Correct Answer
    C. Soldiers were taught to read and write
    Explanation
    The Romans encouraged plebeians to join the army by teaching them how to read and write. This was a valuable skill that could provide better opportunities for the soldiers in the future. It would allow them to have access to knowledge, communicate effectively, and potentially pursue higher positions within the military or other professions after their service. Teaching soldiers to read and write was a way to empower them and incentivize them to join the army.

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  • 14. 

    All slaves in Rome were treated the same.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The statement "All slaves in Rome were treated the same" is incorrect. Slavery in ancient Rome was a complex institution, and the treatment of slaves varied depending on factors such as their occupation, skills, and the personal attitudes of their owners. Some slaves were treated relatively well and given significant responsibilities, while others were subjected to harsh conditions and mistreatment. Therefore, it is not accurate to say that all slaves in Rome were treated equally.

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  • 15. 

    Who provided help to the wealthy Romans when needed?

    • A.

      Consuls

    • B.

      Emperor

    • C.

      Government

    • D.

      Slaves

    Correct Answer
    C. Government
    Explanation
    The government provided help to the wealthy Romans when needed. This is because the government had the resources and authority to assist those in need, including the wealthy citizens. The government was responsible for managing public affairs and ensuring the welfare of its people, which included providing support and assistance when necessary. The consuls and emperor were part of the government and could also play a role in providing help, but ultimately it was the government as a whole that had the responsibility to aid the wealthy Romans. Slaves, on the other hand, were not in a position to provide help to the wealthy Romans as they were themselves considered property and did not have the authority or resources to offer assistance.

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  • 16. 

    Ancient Rome allowed women to vote.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Ancient Rome did not allow women to vote. In ancient Rome, only male citizens who met certain property qualifications were allowed to vote. Women, regardless of their social status or wealth, were not given the right to vote in ancient Rome. Therefore, the statement that Ancient Rome allowed women to vote is false.

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  • 17. 

    Why do we not know very much about the Etruscans?

    • A.

      Can't understand their language

    • B.

      Found no writing

    • C.

      We do know a lot about them

    • D.

      Mr. King was their leader

    Correct Answer
    B. Found no writing
    Explanation
    The reason we do not know very much about the Etruscans is because no writing from their civilization has been found. Without any written records, it becomes difficult to understand their language, culture, and history. However, it is incorrect to say that we do know a lot about them or that Mr. King was their leader, as these statements are not supported by any evidence or historical records.

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  • 18. 

    Who had a vision and changed his name?

    • A.

      Sal

    • B.

      Steve

    • C.

      Sally

    • D.

      Saul

    Correct Answer
    D. Saul
    Explanation
    Saul is the correct answer because he had a vision on the road to Damascus and changed his name from Saul to Paul. This transformation marked a significant turning point in his life and his mission to spread the teachings of Christianity.

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  • 19. 

    Which group is the largest social class in Ancient Rome?

    • A.

      Rich

    • B.

      Middle class / Poor

    • C.

      Rich / poor

    • D.

      Slaves / poor

    Correct Answer
    D. Slaves / poor
    Explanation
    The largest social class in Ancient Rome was the slaves/poor. Slavery was a significant part of Roman society, with a large number of people being enslaved. Slaves were considered the lowest social class and made up a significant portion of the population. The poor, who were not enslaved but still had low social status and limited resources, also constituted a substantial group. Therefore, the combination of slaves and the poor formed the largest social class in Ancient Rome.

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  • 20. 

    Roman Peace

    • A.

      Pax Greece

    • B.

      Pax Romana

    • C.

      Pax Lakeshore

    • D.

      Pax Italy

    Correct Answer
    B. Pax Romana
    Explanation
    Pax Romana refers to the period of relative peace and stability in the Roman Empire, which lasted from 27 BC to 180 AD. It was characterized by the absence of major conflicts and the establishment of Roman authority throughout the empire. This era saw significant advancements in architecture, literature, and trade, as well as the spread of Roman culture and influence. The term "Pax Romana" is derived from Latin, meaning "Roman peace," and it highlights the importance of this period in maintaining peace and order within the empire.

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  • 21. 

    To reject or forbid it

    • A.

      Veto

    • B.

      Vegas

    • C.

      Valpo

    • D.

      Vince

    Correct Answer
    A. Veto
    Explanation
    The word "veto" means to reject or forbid something. It is commonly used in the context of a person or authority having the power to reject or prohibit a decision or proposal. In this case, the other options "Vegas," "Valpo," and "Vince" do not have any relation to the meaning of veto, making them incorrect choices.

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  • 22. 

    Structures that carried water over long distances

    • A.

      Hose

    • B.

      Pipes

    • C.

      Aqueducts

    • D.

      Buckets

    Correct Answer
    C. Aqueducts
    Explanation
    Aqueducts were structures that were specifically designed and built to carry water over long distances. Unlike hoses, pipes, and buckets, which were not specifically designed for this purpose, aqueducts were engineered to transport water efficiently and effectively. They were often made of stone or concrete and featured a series of arches or channels to support the flow of water. Aqueducts played a crucial role in ancient civilizations by providing a reliable water supply for irrigation, public baths, and drinking water.

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  • 23. 

    Large Country estates

    • A.

      Villages

    • B.

      Villas

    • C.

      Vans

    • D.

      Houses

    Correct Answer
    B. Villas
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "villas". The other options mentioned are "country estates", "villages", "vans", and "houses". Out of these options, "villas" is the most appropriate term to describe large country estates. Villas are typically luxurious and spacious residences, often located in rural or suburban areas. Therefore, "villas" is the most fitting choice among the given options.

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  • 24. 

    Someone who dies for a particular cause

    • A.

      Martyr

    • B.

      Epistles

    • C.

      Disciples

    • D.

      Messiah

    Correct Answer
    A. Martyr
    Explanation
    A martyr is someone who dies for a particular cause. This term is often used to describe individuals who sacrifice their lives for their beliefs, principles, or religious faith. Martyrs are seen as heroes and are revered for their courage and commitment to their cause. They are willing to endure persecution, torture, or even death rather than renounce their beliefs. The term "martyr" is commonly associated with religious contexts, but it can also be used in a broader sense to refer to anyone who sacrifices their life for a cause they deeply believe in.

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  • 25. 

    Foreign soldiers who served for pay

    • A.

      Mercenaries

    • B.

      Inflation

    • C.

      Constantine

    • D.

      Epistles

    Correct Answer
    A. Mercenaries
    Explanation
    The term "mercenaries" refers to foreign soldiers who served for pay. The context of the other terms such as "inflation," "Constantine," and "epistles" does not provide any relevant information to explain the correct answer.

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  • Current Version
  • Mar 22, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Mar 15, 2016
    Quiz Created by
    Bkeim12
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