Ancient Rome Quiz: What Do You Know About Ancient Rome?

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Ancient Rome Quiz: What Do You Know About Ancient Rome? - Quiz

What do you know about ancient Rome and The Roman Empire? Check your knowledge with this Ancient Rome test. Ancient Rome refers to the Roman civilization from the rising of Rome city to the downfall of the Western Roman Empire. The ancient Romans conquered the major parts of Europe and northern Africa. If you know a lot about ancient Rome, the quiz below will not be challenging for you. You can easily secure more than 80% marks on this test.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    What Animal was Roulus and Remus raised by?

    • A.

      Chickens

    • B.

      Wolfs

    • C.

      Cows

    • D.

      Monkeys

    Correct Answer
    B. Wolfs
    Explanation
    Roulus and Remus were raised by wolves. This is a well-known mythological story from ancient Rome, where the twin brothers were abandoned as infants and found and nurtured by a she-wolf. The story of Romulus and Remus is often associated with the founding of Rome and is a significant part of Roman mythology and history.

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  • 2. 

    Who led Carthage's forces across the Alps in the Second Punic War??

    • A.

      Caesar

    • B.

      Hannibal

    • C.

      Hasdrubal

    • D.

      Scipio

    Correct Answer
    B. Hannibal
    Explanation
    Hannibal led Carthage's forces across the Alps in the Second Punic War. He is known for his strategic brilliance and audacious tactics, which included surprising the Roman army by crossing the Alps with his troops and elephants. This bold move allowed Carthage to launch a successful invasion of Italy and pose a significant threat to Rome during the war. Hannibal's military leadership and his ability to outmaneuver the Romans make him the correct answer to this question.

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  • 3. 

    ______________ became the first king of Rome after killing his brother Remus.

    • A.

      Romulus

    • B.

      Aeneas

    • C.

      Tarquin

    • D.

      Lucius

    Correct Answer
    A. Romulus
    Explanation
    Romulus became the first king of Rome after killing his brother Remus. According to Roman mythology, Romulus and Remus were twin brothers who were abandoned and raised by a she-wolf. As adults, they decided to build a city but disagreed on its location. In a dispute, Romulus killed Remus and went on to found the city of Rome on the Palatine Hill. This event marked the beginning of Rome and Romulus became its first king.

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  • 4. 

    What river runs through the center of Rome?

    • A.

      Po

    • B.

      Tiber

    • C.

      Arno

    • D.

      Nile

    Correct Answer
    B. Tiber
    Explanation
    The Tiber river runs through the center of Rome.

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  • 5. 

    The Romans defeated the _____________________ during the rise of the Republic.

    • A.

      Samnites

    • B.

      Greeks

    • C.

      Etruscans

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above
    Explanation
    During the rise of the Republic, the Romans defeated the Samnites, Greeks, and Etruscans. This indicates that the Romans were successful in conquering and subjugating these three groups during this time period.

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  • 6. 

    There were ______________Punic Wars.

    • A.

      One

    • B.

      Two

    • C.

      Three

    • D.

      Four

    Correct Answer
    C. Three
    Explanation
    There were three Punic Wars. The Punic Wars were a series of conflicts between Rome and Carthage that took place from 264 BC to 146 BC. The wars were primarily fought over control of the Mediterranean Sea and resulted in the eventual defeat and destruction of Carthage by Rome. The First Punic War lasted from 264 BC to 241 BC, the Second Punic War from 218 BC to 201 BC, and the Third Punic War from 149 BC to 146 BC.

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  • 7. 

    Ancient Rome's ______________ consisted of _____ men who served for life and propose laws and debate on important issues.

    • A.

      Senate, 450 - 800

    • B.

      Senate, 300-500

    • C.

      Praetors, 50-100

    • D.

      Senate, 700-1000

    Correct Answer
    B. Senate, 300-500
    Explanation
    The Senate was a key institution in ancient Rome's governmental structure, composed of elder statesmen and aristocrats known as senators. Senators were appointed for life and played a significant role in proposing legislation, debating important issues, and advising magistrates and officials.

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  • 8. 

    The ____________ ________________ established that all free citizens had the right to be treated equally by the legal system.

    • A.

      Twelve Tables

    • B.

      Ten Cincinnatus

    • C.

      Both A and B

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    A. Twelve Tables
    Explanation
    The Twelve Tables were a set of laws that were established in ancient Rome. These laws were written down and displayed in public for all citizens to see, ensuring that everyone had access to the same legal rights and protections. The Twelve Tables were an important step in establishing the principle that all free citizens should be treated equally by the legal system.

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  • 9. 

    What mountain range runs all the way from Northern Italy to Southern Italy.

    • A.

      Alps

    • B.

      Apennines

    • C.

      Adriatic

    • D.

      Corscica

    Correct Answer
    B. Apennines
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Apennines. The Apennines is a mountain range that runs all the way from Northern Italy to Southern Italy. It is the backbone of the Italian Peninsula and stretches for approximately 1,200 kilometers. The range is known for its rugged beauty and diverse landscapes, with peaks reaching over 2,900 meters in height. The Apennines also play a significant role in shaping the climate and geography of Italy, influencing factors such as precipitation patterns and the formation of distinct regions within the country.

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  • 10. 

    ______________ were the wealthy landowners in Ancient Rome

    • A.

      Plebians

    • B.

      Patricians

    • C.

      Consuls

    • D.

      All of these

    Correct Answer
    B. Patricians
    Explanation
    Patricians were the wealthy landowners in Ancient Rome. They belonged to the upper class and held significant political power and influence. They were the ruling elite and controlled most of the resources and wealth in society. The plebeians, on the other hand, were the common people and did not have the same social status or privileges as the patricians. The consuls were elected officials who held executive power in the Roman Republic and could come from either the patrician or plebeian class. Therefore, the correct answer is Patricians.

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  • 11. 

    The ____________ were the common people in ancient Rome.This group was not allowed to make decisions in the government.

    • A.

      Plebians

    • B.

      Patricians

    • C.

      Slaves

    • D.

      Tribunes

    Correct Answer
    A. Plebians
    Explanation
    The correct answer is plebians. In ancient Rome, the plebians were the common people who were not allowed to make decisions in the government. They were distinct from the patricians, who were the wealthy and elite class in Roman society. The plebians often struggled for political rights and representation, eventually gaining some power through the establishment of tribunes, who were elected officials that represented their interests.

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  • 12. 

    What factor most contributed to the early success of Roman agriculture?

    • A.

      Mild climate and fertile lands

    • B.

      Government run farms

    • C.

      Rainy climate

    • D.

      Advanced farming methods

    Correct Answer
    A. Mild climate and fertile lands
    Explanation
    The mild climate and fertile lands in ancient Rome provided ideal conditions for agriculture to thrive. The favorable weather allowed for longer growing seasons and higher crop yields, while the fertile soil provided essential nutrients for plant growth. These factors enabled the Romans to cultivate a wide variety of crops and sustain a large population. Additionally, the abundance of natural resources facilitated trade and economic prosperity, further contributing to the early success of Roman agriculture.

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  • 13. 

    The location of Rome made which activity an important part of its early economy?

    • A.

      Shipbuilding

    • B.

      Trade

    • C.

      Fishing

    • D.

      Building

    Correct Answer
    B. Trade
    Explanation
    Due to its strategic location in the center of the Mediterranean Sea, Rome became a major hub for trade during its early years. The city's proximity to the sea allowed for easy access to maritime routes, enabling the exchange of goods and ideas with other regions. The trade routes passing through Rome facilitated the growth of its economy, as merchants from different parts of the world converged in the city to conduct business. This led to the development of markets, the establishment of trade networks, and the accumulation of wealth, making trade a vital component of Rome's early economy.

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  • 14. 

    According to legend, who founded Rome?

    • A.

      Greeks

    • B.

      Etruscans

    • C.

      Romulus and Remus

    • D.

      Carthiginians

    Correct Answer
    C. Romulus and Remus
    Explanation
    According to legend, Rome was founded by Romulus and Remus. These twin brothers were said to be the sons of the god Mars and a mortal princess. They were abandoned as infants and raised by a she-wolf. As they grew older, Romulus and Remus decided to establish a city. However, they disagreed on its location, leading to a conflict. Romulus ultimately killed Remus and became the sole founder of Rome, naming it after himself. This mythological tale is widely accepted as the origin of Rome.

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  • 15. 

    Which of these features of the Roman government is also found in the republic of the United States?

    • A.

      Government is divided into three parts

    • B.

      Citizens elect leaders

    • C.

      Dictators have a limited term

    • D.

      Both a and b

    Correct Answer
    B. Citizens elect leaders
    Explanation
    Both the Roman Republic and the United States have systems in which citizens have the power to elect their leaders through democratic processes. While the Roman government had two main branches (the consulate and the senate), the concept of citizens electing leaders is a shared feature between the Roman Republic and the republic of the United States.

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  • 16. 

    Why was Julius Caesar important to the history of Ancient Rome?

    • A.

      He became the first dictator for life in Rome

    • B.

      Won many battles granting Rome more land

    • C.

      Changed the calendar to the one we use today

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above
    Explanation
    Julius Caesar was important to the history of Ancient Rome because he became the first dictator for life in Rome, won many battles that granted Rome more land, and changed the calendar to the one we use today. These achievements demonstrate his significant impact on the political, military, and cultural aspects of Ancient Rome.

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  • 17. 

    Augustus Caesar set up a new system of government and became the first emperor of Rome.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Augustus Caesar did indeed establish a new system of government and was the first emperor of Rome. After the fall of the Roman Republic, Augustus implemented various reforms that centralized power in his hands, effectively transforming Rome into an empire. He established a new form of government known as the Principate, which combined elements of a republic with autocratic rule. This marked a significant shift in Roman politics and solidified Augustus' position as the first emperor of Rome. Therefore, the statement "Augustus Caesar set up a new system of government and became the first emperor of Rome" is true.

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  • 18. 

    Augustus Caesar was disliked by the people of Rome as he forced Roman to fight in many wars.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The statement is false because Augustus Caesar was actually well-liked by the people of Rome. He was able to bring stability and peace to the empire after a long period of civil war. He also implemented various reforms and policies that improved the lives of the citizens. Rather than forcing Romans to fight in wars, Augustus focused on expanding the empire's borders through diplomacy and negotiation. His reign is often considered a golden age for Rome.

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  • 19. 

    Cincinnatus was a

    • A.

      Farmer

    • B.

      Dictator

    • C.

      Consul

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above
    Explanation
    Cincinnatus was a historical figure who served as a farmer, a dictator, and a consul. He was known for his leadership and military skills, as well as his humble lifestyle as a farmer. As a dictator, he was appointed during times of crisis to lead the Roman Republic, and as a consul, he held one of the highest political offices in the government. Therefore, the correct answer is "all of the above" as Cincinnatus fulfilled all these roles during his lifetime.

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  • 20. 

    The City of Rome was founded on  ___________ hills.

    • A.

      Twelve

    • B.

      Seven

    • C.

      Elephant

    • D.

      Alps

    Correct Answer
    B. Seven
    Explanation
    The City of Rome was founded on seven hills. This is a historical fact that dates back to ancient times. The seven hills of Rome are Aventine Hill, Caelian Hill, Capitoline Hill, Esquiline Hill, Palatine Hill, Quirinal Hill, and Viminal Hill. These hills played a significant role in the development and defense of the city, and they continue to be important landmarks in Rome today.

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  • 21. 

    The twelve tables was Rome's written laws.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The statement is true because the Twelve Tables were a set of laws that were written down and displayed in the public for all Roman citizens to see. These laws formed the foundation of Roman law and were crucial in ensuring fairness and consistency in legal matters. The Twelve Tables covered various aspects of Roman society, including property rights, family law, and criminal offenses. Their creation marked a significant development in Roman history, as they provided a written code of laws that could be referred to and enforced by the authorities.

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  • 22. 

    A republic is where the land is ruled by kings.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    A republic is a form of government in which the country is considered a "public matter" and is not ruled by a monarch or a king. Instead, power is held by the people or their elected representatives. Therefore, the statement that a republic is where the land is ruled by kings is false.

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  • 23. 

    Tripartite means to have two parts.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The statement given in the question is incorrect. Tripartite does not mean to have two parts. Tripartite actually means to have three parts. Therefore, the correct answer is False.

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  • 24. 

    Julius and Augustus Caesar were brothers.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Julius and Augustus Caesar were not brothers. Julius Caesar was the uncle of Augustus Caesar. Augustus Caesar was the adopted son and heir of Julius Caesar. Therefore, the statement that they were brothers is false.

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  • 25. 

    Hannibal is considered one of he best generals of all time.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Hannibal is widely regarded as one of the greatest military strategists and generals in history. He was a Carthaginian general during the Second Punic War and achieved remarkable victories against the Roman Republic. Hannibal's tactics, particularly his innovative use of elephants, demonstrated his brilliance as a military leader. His ability to outmaneuver and defeat larger Roman armies earned him a reputation as one of the best generals of all time. Therefore, the statement that Hannibal is considered one of the best generals of all time is true.

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    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
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    Shana
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