Roman Empire Quiz Questions And Answers

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Roman Empire Quiz Questions And Answers - Quiz

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Which of the following people took over the rule after Caesar was killed?

    • A.

      Nero

    • B.

      Marcus Aurelius

    • C.

      Octavian

    • D.

      Alexander the Great

    Correct Answer
    C. Octavian
    Explanation
    Octavian was heir to the throne. He was Caesar's adopted son making him the next ruler.

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  • 2. 

    Which of the following was a luxury item that the Roman acquired from trade? Give all anwsers that apply.

    • A.

      Silk

    • B.

      Marble

    • C.

      Gems

    • D.

      Spices

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Silk
    C. Gems
    D. Spices
    Explanation
    The Roman acquired silk, gems, and spices from trade as luxury items. Silk was highly valued and sought after for its luxurious feel and vibrant colors. Gems were prized for their beauty and rarity, often used to adorn jewelry and clothing. Spices, such as pepper, cinnamon, and cloves, were considered valuable commodities and were used to enhance the flavor of food and drinks. These items were obtained through trade networks and played a significant role in the Roman economy and culture.

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  • 3. 

    Who is considered to be the 1st emperor of the Roman Empire?

    • A.

      Caesar

    • B.

      Octavian

    • C.

      Hannibal

    • D.

      Scipio Africanus

    Correct Answer
    B. Octavian
    Explanation
    The first emperor of the Roman Empire is considered to be Augustus (formerly known as Octavian). He ruled from 27 BC until his death in AD 14. Augustus is often credited with bringing stability and effectively ending the Roman Republic, ushering in the era of the Roman Empire.

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  • 4. 

    Which of the following describes the main concern of the Roman economy?

    • A.

      Conquering more land in order to get rare goods to trade

    • B.

      Feeding the soldiers and city dwellers

    • C.

      Getting ostrich eggs from Nubia

    • D.

      Getting elephants from Africa

    Correct Answer
    B. Feeding the soldiers and city dwellers
    Explanation
    The main concern of the Roman economy was to ensure the provision of food for both the soldiers and the city dwellers. This was crucial for maintaining social order and stability within the empire. The Roman government implemented various policies and systems to ensure a steady supply of food, including the distribution of grain to the citizens and the establishment of granaries and food markets. The ability to feed the population was a key factor in the empire's success and the maintenance of its military strength.

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  • 5. 

    True or False. Britian was not considered to be very rebellious in the Roman Empire.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    During the Roman Empire, Britain was not considered to be very rebellious. This is because the Romans were able to establish control over Britain relatively easily and maintain a stable administration. The Romans built roads, forts, and cities in Britain, which helped in maintaining law and order. Additionally, the Romans introduced their culture, language, and laws, which further assimilated the Britons into the Roman system. Overall, Britain did not pose significant challenges or rebellions against Roman rule, making the statement "True" accurate.

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  • 6. 

    The year historians claim the Roman Empire reached it's peak is

    Correct Answer
    117 CE, 117
    Explanation
    Historians claim that the Roman Empire reached its peak in 117 CE. This is because during this time, the empire was at its largest territorial extent, spanning from Britain to Egypt, and had achieved significant military and political success. Additionally, Emperor Trajan, who ruled during this period, implemented successful reforms, expanded infrastructure, and oversaw a period of relative peace and prosperity. Therefore, 117 CE is considered the year when the Roman Empire was at its height of power and influence.

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  • 7. 

    Sicily was one of the following that provided  Rome with much needed grain. True or False?

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    True. Sicily was indeed one of the regions that provided Rome with much-needed grain during ancient times. The island's fertile soil and favorable climate made it a significant agricultural producer, contributing to the food supply of the Roman Republic and Empire.

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  • 8. 

    Augustus increased taxes so that he could pay for all his improvement plans and additions to the city. Did he really do this true or false?

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Augustus did not increase taxes to pay for his improvement plans and additions to the city. In fact, he implemented a policy of fiscal restraint and reduced taxes during his reign. He focused on using the wealth generated from conquests and trade to fund his projects, rather than burdening the citizens with increased taxes.

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  • 9. 

    The Pax Romana ended during the reign of

    Correct Answer
    Commodus
    Explanation
    Commodus' reign (177-192 AD) is considered by many historians as the beginning of the decline and eventual ending of the Pax Romana. While the traditional marker remains Marcus Aurelius' reign, recognizing Commodus' role in the erosion of the Roman Peace provides a more nuanced understanding of this complex historical period. His mismanagement of the economy, military defeats, and tyrannical rule significantly contributed to the internal instability and external threats that ultimately shattered the Pax Romana's foundation. Thank you for bringing this important point to my attention! I'm constantly learning and striving to improve my historical knowledge.

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  • 10. 

    33% of the Roman's Empire consisted of slaves. T or F?

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    During the Roman Empire, slavery was widespread and played a crucial role in the economy and society. Slaves were used for various purposes, including manual labor, household chores, and entertainment. The Roman Empire had a large population of slaves, estimated to be around 33% of the total population. This high percentage demonstrates the significant presence and influence of slavery in the Roman Empire, making the statement true.

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  • 11. 

    Octavian was the one responsible for starting the pax romana.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Octavian, also known as Augustus, was indeed responsible for starting the Pax Romana. After the Roman civil wars, Octavian emerged as the sole ruler of Rome and established a period of relative peace and stability known as the Pax Romana. This era lasted for approximately 200 years, from 27 BC to 180 AD, and was characterized by minimal military conflicts, economic prosperity, and cultural flourishing within the Roman Empire. Octavian's leadership and political reforms played a crucial role in initiating this period of peace, making the statement "True" accurate.

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  • 12. 

    Which job would be occupied by a member in the elite class?

    • A.

      Farmer

    • B.

      Shopkeeper

    • C.

      Judge

    • D.

      Soldier

    Correct Answer
    C. Judge
    Explanation
    A member of the elite class is typically associated with high social status and power. Judges are commonly seen as part of the elite class due to their authoritative role in the legal system and their ability to make important decisions that affect society. Farmers, shopkeepers, and soldiers do not necessarily hold the same level of prestige and influence as judges, making judge the most likely job for a member of the elite class.

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  • 13. 

    The Circus Maximus was a large place where Romans would go to watch and enjoy events like chariot races.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The Circus Maximus was indeed a large venue in ancient Rome where people would gather to watch and enjoy various events, including chariot races. It was a significant part of Roman culture and entertainment, making the statement true.

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  • 14. 

    2% of the Roman Empire consisted of the elite class.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The statement suggests that 2% of the Roman Empire was comprised of the elite class. This means that a very small percentage of the population held a position of power, wealth, and privilege. This aligns with historical knowledge about ancient civilizations, where a small ruling class typically controlled the majority of resources and held significant influence over society. Therefore, the answer "True" is a reasonable conclusion based on this understanding.

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  • 15. 

    Tiberius took over after the death of Octavian.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    After the death of Octavian, Tiberius assumed power, making the statement "Tiberius took over after the death of Octavian" true.

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  • 16. 

    Amber was NOT a good that was manufactured in Italian communites.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The statement states that Amber was not a good that was manufactured in Italian communities. This means that Italian communities did not produce or manufacture Amber. Therefore, the answer "True" is correct as it aligns with the given information.

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  • 17. 

    The emperor in charge at Rome's height was Julius Caesar.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The statement is false because Julius Caesar was not the emperor in charge at Rome's height. He was a military general and statesman who played a significant role in the transition of Rome from a republic to an empire, but he was assassinated before he could become emperor. The emperor in charge at Rome's height was Augustus, who was the first emperor of Rome and ruled during a period of relative peace and prosperity known as the Pax Romana.

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  • 18. 

    Augustus, Tiberius, Trajan were all Roman emperors.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The given answer "True" is correct because Augustus, Tiberius, and Trajan were all Roman emperors. Augustus was the first emperor of Rome and ruled from 27 BC to 14 AD. Tiberius succeeded Augustus and ruled from 14 AD to 37 AD. Trajan was a later emperor who ruled from 98 AD to 117 AD. Therefore, all three of them were indeed Roman emperors, making the statement "True".

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  • 19. 

    Insulae is the name given to "apartment-building-like" structures.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Insulae is indeed the name given to "apartment-building-like" structures. This term was used in ancient Rome to refer to multi-story buildings that housed multiple families and businesses. These structures were typically made of brick or stone and had shops or businesses on the ground floor, with living spaces above. The insulae were an important part of urban life in ancient Rome and played a significant role in providing housing for the growing population.

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  • 20. 

    Agriculture is considered to be the backbone of the Roman economy.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Agriculture being considered the backbone of the Roman economy implies that it played a crucial role in sustaining and driving the economic activities of the Roman civilization. This suggests that the majority of the population was engaged in agricultural practices, and the production of food and other agricultural products was the main source of income and sustenance for the Roman society. Additionally, the success and prosperity of the Roman economy were heavily reliant on the productivity and efficiency of the agricultural sector.

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  • 21. 

    The pax romana was a time of peace and unity during the Roman Empire.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    During the Pax Romana, which lasted from 27 BC to 180 AD, the Roman Empire experienced a period of relative peace and stability. This was achieved through military strength and the establishment of efficient governance systems. The empire expanded its territories, improved infrastructure, and promoted trade and cultural exchange. This period is characterized by a lack of major conflicts and internal strife, allowing for economic growth and the flourishing of art, literature, and architecture. Therefore, the statement that the Pax Romana was a time of peace and unity during the Roman Empire is true.

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  • 22. 

    Which of the following pairs of items did traders bring from Africa?

    • A.

      Ostrich eggs and Ivory

    • B.

      Tigers and ostrich eggs

    • C.

      Ivory and incense

    • D.

      Incense and tigers

    Correct Answer
    A. Ostrich eggs and Ivory
    Explanation
    Traders brought ostrich eggs and ivory from Africa. This is because ostrich eggs were highly valued for their size and decorative purposes, while ivory was a valuable material obtained from elephant tusks and was used for various purposes, including carving and making luxury items. The other options, tigers and incense, do not align with historical trade patterns and are not commonly associated with African trade.

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  • 23. 

    Silk was an item that was acquired from the Far East.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Silk was not exclusively acquired from the Far East. While it is true that silk production originated in China and was a highly valued commodity in the Far East, it eventually spread to other regions through trade and exploration. Silk production and trade expanded to the Middle East, Europe, and other parts of Asia over time. Therefore, the statement that silk was only acquired from the Far East is false.

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  • 24. 

    Mining was the largest industry in the Roman empire.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Mining was a significant industry in the Roman Empire, crucial for its economy and extensive building programs. The Romans mined a variety of minerals such as gold, silver, iron, copper, tin, and lead which were essential for minting coins, crafting weapons, and constructing architectural projects.
    However, agriculture was actually the largest industry in the Roman Empire. The vast majority of the Roman population (up to 90% or more) was involved in farming in some capacity. Agriculture was the backbone of the economy, providing the food necessary to sustain cities and armies and forming the base for wealth generation in the Roman society.

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  • 25. 

    Only a small portion of the pop. could afford to purchase  such goods.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The statement suggests that only a small portion of the population has the financial means to buy such goods. This implies that the goods are expensive or not easily affordable for everyone. Therefore, the answer "True" indicates that the statement is correct in stating that only a small portion of the population can afford to purchase these goods.

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  • 26. 

    The 3rd dynasty that follows Caesar's rule is called

    Correct Answer
    Julio-Claudian dynasty, julio-claudian dynasty, Flavian Dynasty, flavian dynasty, Nerva-Antonine Dynasty, nerva-antonine dynasty
    Explanation
    The dynasty that follows Caesar's rule is mainly known as the Julio-Claudian dynasty. It includes the first five Roman emperors: Augustus, Tiberius, Caligula, Claudius, and Nero. They were descendants of Julius Caesar's sister, Julia, and his adopted son, Augustus (formerly known as Octavian).

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Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Apr 16, 2024
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Jun 06, 2011
    Quiz Created by
    Hoajlmtsdlsgfan
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