Vaccinations And Immunization Trivia Knowledge Test! Quiz

16 Questions

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Passive immunity can best be described as 
    • A. 

      The development of antibodies in response to antigenic stimulation

    • B. 

      The transfer of protection through preformed antibodies produced by another individual

  • 2. 
    The colostral transfer of IgA in breast milk is an example of what type of immunity?
    • A. 

      Active, natural immunity

    • B. 

      Passive, natural immunity

    • C. 

      Active, artificial immunity

    • D. 

      Passive, artificial immunity

  • 3. 
    The induction of immunity to a pathogen by deliberate injection of a weakened, modified or related form of the pathogen which is no longer pathogenic is known as what?
  • 4. 
    What type of vaccine will produce a more robust immune response?
    • A. 

      Intramuscular injection

    • B. 

      Nasal spray

  • 5. 
    What type of vaccine usually confers lifelong immunity?
    • A. 

      Live, attenuated

    • B. 

      Inactivated

    • C. 

      Toxoid

    • D. 

      DNA recombinant

  • 6. 
    Live, attenuated vaccines are difficult to create for bacteria because there are thousands of genes making them harder to control.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 7. 
    The influenza vaccine is fertilized in a
    • A. 

      Test tube

    • B. 

      Ostrich egg

    • C. 

      Pterodactyl egg

    • D. 

      Chicken egg

  • 8. 
    Unlike live vaccines, advantages to inactivated vaccines include of all the following EXCEPT:
    • A. 

      Does not require refrigeration

    • B. 

      Microbes cannot revert back to virulent form

    • C. 

      More stable and safe than live vaccine

    • D. 

      Stimulates weaker immune response thus requiring booster shots

  • 9. 
    Toxoid vaccines are produced by rendering the harmful toxin inactive by treating them with what chemical?
    • A. 

      Hydrochloric acid

    • B. 

      Acetate

    • C. 

      Formalin

    • D. 

      Sterilized water

  • 10. 
    All antigens are immunogens, but not all immunogens are antigens.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 11. 
    ____________ vaccine acts by linking antigens or toxoids from the microbe to the outer polysaccharides thus helping the immature immune system react to the polysaccharide coating and defend against disease-causing bacterium. 
    • A. 

      Recombinant subunit

    • B. 

      DNA

    • C. 

      Conjugate

    • D. 

      Toxoid

  • 12. 
    The Haemophilus influenzae type B vaccine (Hib) is an example of what type of vaccine?
    • A. 

      Subunit

    • B. 

      Live, attenuated

    • C. 

      DNA

    • D. 

      Conjugate

  • 13. 
  • 14. 
    ________ is the only adjuvant used for human vaccines in the US. 
    • A. 

      TLR agonsts (CpG)

    • B. 

      Complete Freund's adjuvant

    • C. 

      Alum (aluminum hydroxide)

    • D. 

      Cytokines (IL-2)

  • 15. 
    TLRs are typically impaired in vaccines, so in order to elicit a robust immune response,  __________ are combined with the antigen in the vaccine to stimulate the TLRs to produce an immune response. 
    • A. 

      Recombinant DNA fragments

    • B. 

      Adjuvants

    • C. 

      Immunodominant epitopes

    • D. 

      Cytokines