Project Procurement Management Quiz

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| By Waltz121
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Waltz121
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Quizzes Created: 2 | Total Attempts: 1,098
Questions: 16 | Attempts: 767

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Procurement Quizzes & Trivia

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Means acquiring goods and/or services from an outside source

    Explanation
    Procurement refers to the process of acquiring goods and/or services from an external source. It involves activities such as sourcing, purchasing, and negotiating contracts with suppliers. The term "procurement" can be used in both a general sense, referring to the overall process, as well as in a specific sense, referring to the department or function responsible for managing these activities within an organization.

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  • 2. 

    Is a mutually binding agreement that obligates the seller to provide the specified products or services and obligates the buyer to pay for them

    Explanation
    A contract is a legally enforceable agreement between two or more parties. It is mutually binding, meaning that both the seller and the buyer have obligations to fulfill. The seller is obligated to provide the specified products or services, while the buyer is obligated to pay for them. Contracts are important in business transactions as they ensure that both parties are held accountable for their promises and protect their rights.

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  • 3. 

    Acquiring goods and services for a project from outside the performing organization

    Explanation
    Project procurement management refers to the process of acquiring goods and services from external sources for a project. It involves activities such as identifying the needs, selecting suppliers, negotiating contracts, and managing the procurement process. The answer "project procurement management" is correct because it accurately describes the process of acquiring goods and services for a project from outside the performing organization.

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  • 4. 

    General management technique used to determine whether an organization should make or perform a particular product or service inside the organization or buy from someone else

    Explanation
    Make-or-buy analysis is a general management technique used to determine whether an organization should produce a product or service internally or outsource it from external suppliers. This analysis involves evaluating the costs, capabilities, and risks associated with both options. It helps organizations make informed decisions by considering factors such as cost-effectiveness, quality control, expertise, and strategic alignment. By conducting a make-or-buy analysis, organizations can optimize their resources, reduce costs, and focus on their core competencies.

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  • 5. 

    Type of contract were it involves a fixed total price for a well-defined product or service

    Explanation
    This type of contract is known as a fixed price or lump sum contract. In this type of contract, there is a predetermined and fixed total price for a well-defined product or service. The contractor agrees to provide the product or service for this fixed price, regardless of any changes in costs or circumstances. This type of contract provides certainty for both parties involved and is commonly used in construction projects or for purchasing goods or services.

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  • 6. 

    Involve payment to the seller for direct and indirect costs

    Explanation
    The term "cost reimbursable" refers to a type of contract or payment arrangement where the buyer agrees to reimburse the seller for all direct and indirect costs incurred during the project. This means that the seller will be paid for the actual costs they have incurred, including materials, labor, and other expenses. The buyer assumes the risk of cost overruns, but this type of contract allows for more flexibility and can be beneficial when the scope of work is uncertain or subject to change.

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  • 7. 

    Hybrid of both fixed price and cost reimbursable contracts, often used by consultants

    Explanation
    A time and material contract is a hybrid of both fixed price and cost reimbursable contracts. It is often used by consultants because it allows for flexibility in pricing and scope of work. In this type of contract, the client pays for the actual time spent by the consultant on the project, as well as the materials used. This allows for adjustments to the project scope and pricing as needed, making it suitable for projects where the requirements may change or are not well-defined.

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  • 8. 

    Require the buyer to pay the seller a predetermined amount per unit of service

    Explanation
    The correct answer is "unit price." This refers to a pricing strategy where the buyer is required to pay the seller a predetermined amount for each unit of service. In other words, the cost is calculated based on the quantity of service provided. This approach is commonly used in various industries, such as telecommunications, utilities, and transportation, where the price is directly linked to the quantity or volume of the service being consumed or purchased.

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  • 9. 

    Is the cost at which the contractor assumes total responsibility for each additional dollar of contract cost

    Explanation
    The Point of Total Assumption (PTA) is the cost at which the contractor assumes total responsibility for each additional dollar of contract cost. It is the point in a cost-reimbursement contract where the contractor bears all the costs above the ceiling price. This means that if the actual costs exceed the ceiling price, the contractor will have to cover the additional expenses. The PTA is an important factor to consider in contract negotiations as it determines the level of risk and potential financial burden for the contractor.

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  • 10. 

    The buyer pays the supplier for allowable performance costs plus a predetermined fee and an incentive bonus

    Explanation
    The correct answer is Cost plus incentive fee (CPIF) or cpif. In this type of contract, the buyer pays the supplier for the allowable performance costs, which includes the actual costs incurred by the supplier, plus a predetermined fee and an incentive bonus. The incentive bonus serves as motivation for the supplier to meet or exceed the agreed-upon performance targets. This type of contract allows for flexibility in costs and provides an incentive for the supplier to perform well.

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  • 11. 

    The buyer pays the supplier for allowable performance costs plus a fixed fee payment usually based on a percentage of estimated costs

    Explanation
    The correct answer is Cost plus fixed fee (CPFF) or cpff. In this type of contract, the buyer agrees to pay the supplier for the allowable performance costs incurred, such as labor, materials, and other direct costs, plus a fixed fee payment. The fixed fee is usually based on a percentage of the estimated costs. This type of contract is commonly used when the scope of work is uncertain or when the buyer wants to incentivize the supplier to control costs and perform efficiently.

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  • 12. 

    The buyer pays the supplier for allowable performance costs plus a predetermined percentage based on total costs

    Explanation
    The correct answer is cost plus percentage of costs (CPPC). In this type of contract, the buyer agrees to pay the supplier for allowable performance costs, such as materials and labor, plus a predetermined percentage based on the total costs. This allows the supplier to recover their costs and also ensures that they receive additional profit based on the percentage agreed upon. CPPC contracts are commonly used in situations where the total costs are uncertain or difficult to determine in advance.

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  • 13. 

    Is a description of the work required for the procurement

    Explanation
    The statement of work is a detailed description of the work that needs to be done for the procurement. It outlines the objectives, deliverables, timeline, and any other relevant information about the project. This document is crucial for both the buyer and the seller as it helps in clarifying expectations, setting milestones, and ensuring that the work is completed as per the requirements. It serves as a reference point for all parties involved and helps in minimizing misunderstandings and disputes.

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  • 14. 

    Used to solicit proposals from prospective sellers

    Explanation
    This answer refers to a common business practice known as a "Request for Proposals" (RFP). An RFP is a formal document used by organizations to solicit proposals or bids from potential sellers or vendors. It outlines the specific requirements, expectations, and evaluation criteria for the project or service being sought. By using an RFP, organizations can gather detailed information from prospective sellers and compare their proposals to make an informed decision. The answer provided correctly identifies the different variations of the term "Request for Proposals" that can be used interchangeably.

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  • 15. 

    Used to solicit quotes or bids from prospective suppliers

    Explanation
    The term "request for quotes" refers to a process used to solicit quotes or bids from prospective suppliers. This allows organizations to gather information on pricing, availability, and other relevant details from different suppliers before making a purchasing decision. By sending out a request for quotes, organizations can compare the offers received and choose the most suitable supplier based on their requirements and budget. This process helps ensure transparency, competitiveness, and value for money in procurement activities.

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  • 16. 

    Is a document prepared by sellers providing pricing for standard items that have been clearly defined by the buyer

    Explanation
    A bid is a document prepared by sellers providing pricing for standard items that have been clearly defined by the buyer. This document is typically used in a competitive bidding process where multiple sellers submit their offers to win a contract or project. The bid includes details such as the price, quantity, and specifications of the items being offered. It helps the buyer compare different offers and select the most suitable one based on their requirements and budget.

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  • Current Version
  • Mar 21, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Mar 13, 2012
    Quiz Created by
    Waltz121
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