PM Practice Week11 Procurement Management

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PM Practice Week11 Procurement Management - Quiz


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Contract closeout is a process that involves:

    • A.

      Customer satisfaction analysis and final payment

    • B.

      Administrative closeout and archiving records

    • C.

      Final contractor payment and lessons learned

    • D.

      Product verification and administrative closeout

    Correct Answer
    D. Product verification and administrative closeout
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Product verification and administrative closeout." Contract closeout involves verifying that the product or service delivered meets the requirements and specifications outlined in the contract. This includes conducting inspections, tests, and evaluations to ensure that the product is acceptable. Administrative closeout refers to the process of completing all necessary paperwork, archiving records, and finalizing any outstanding administrative tasks related to the contract. Both product verification and administrative closeout are essential steps in the contract closeout process.

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  • 2. 

    The process of monitoring contract performance, making payments, and awarding contract modifications occurs during:

    • A.

      Contract administration

    • B.

      The award phase

    • C.

      The closeout phase

    • D.

      Contract resolution

    Correct Answer
    A. Contract administration
    Explanation
    Contract administration involves the process of monitoring contract performance, making payments, and awarding contract modifications. This phase ensures that both parties fulfill their obligations and that the contract is executed according to its terms and conditions. It includes activities such as tracking deliverables, assessing performance, resolving disputes, and managing any necessary changes or modifications to the contract.

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  • 3. 

    Ending a contract before the objectives have been met by either mutual agreement or breach is called:

    • A.

      Partial completion

    • B.

      Closeout

    • C.

      Cessation

    • D.

      Termination

    Correct Answer
    D. Termination
    Explanation
    Termination refers to the act of ending a contract before the objectives have been met, either through mutual agreement or due to a breach. It signifies the complete and final conclusion of the contract, with both parties no longer bound by its terms and obligations. This can occur when there is a failure to fulfill the agreed-upon conditions, non-performance, or a violation of the contract terms. Termination allows the parties to sever their relationship and move on without further obligations or liabilities.

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  • 4. 

    Which term describes those costs in a contract that are associated with two or more project but are not traceable to each of them individually?

    • A.

      Variable

    • B.

      Direct

    • C.

      Indirect

    • D.

      Semivariable

    Correct Answer
    C. Indirect
    Explanation
    Indirect costs refer to those expenses in a contract that cannot be directly attributed to any specific project but are incurred for the overall operation and management of multiple projects. These costs are shared among different projects and cannot be easily traced to each project individually. They may include overhead expenses, administrative costs, or shared resources that are used across various projects. Indirect costs are important to consider when estimating the total cost of a contract or project as they contribute to the overall budget and can impact profitability.

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  • 5. 

    Contract type selection is dependent on the degree of risk or uncertainty facing the project manager. From the perspective of the buyer, preferred contract type in a low risk situation is:

    • A.

      Firm fixed price

    • B.

      Fixed price incentive

    • C.

      Cost-plus fixed fee

    • D.

      Cost-plus-a-percentage-of-cost

    Correct Answer
    A. Firm fixed price
    Explanation
    The preferred contract type in a low risk situation is a firm fixed price contract. This is because in a low risk situation, the project manager can accurately estimate the project costs and scope, and there is little uncertainty. A firm fixed price contract provides a fixed price for the project, ensuring that the buyer does not have to bear any additional costs. This type of contract also incentivizes the seller to complete the project within the agreed budget, as any cost overruns will be their responsibility. Therefore, in a low risk situation, a firm fixed price contract is the most suitable option.

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  • 6. 

    Which term describes the failure by either the buyer or seller to perform part or all of the duties of the contract?

    • A.

      Termination of the contract

    • B.

      Partial performance

    • C.

      Breach of contract

    • D.

      Contract waiver

    Correct Answer
    C. Breach of contract
    Explanation
    Breach of contract refers to the failure by either the buyer or seller to fulfill their obligations as stated in the contract. It can occur when one party fails to deliver goods or services, or when they do not meet the agreed-upon terms and conditions. This failure to perform part or all of the duties of the contract constitutes a breach of contract.

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  • 7. 

    Which of the following is an input to contract closeout?

    • A.

      The contract file

    • B.

      Contract documentation

    • C.

      The procurement audit

    • D.

      Formal acceptance

    Correct Answer
    B. Contract documentation
    Explanation
    Contract documentation is an input to contract closeout because it includes all the relevant information and records related to the contract. This documentation provides a comprehensive overview of the contract terms, deliverables, and any changes or amendments made throughout the contract lifecycle. It is essential for the contract closeout process as it serves as a reference for verifying that all contractual obligations have been fulfilled, final payments have been made, and any necessary documentation or approvals have been obtained. The contract documentation also helps in resolving any disputes or claims that may arise during the contract closeout phase.

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  • 8. 

    In some cases, contract termination refers to:

    • A.

      Contract closure by mutual agreement

    • B.

      Contract closure by delivery of goods and services

    • C.

      Contract closure by successful performance

    • D.

      Certification of receipt of final payment

    Correct Answer
    A. Contract closure by mutual agreement
    Explanation
    Contract closure by mutual agreement refers to the termination of a contract by both parties involved in the agreement. This means that both parties have agreed to end the contract and have reached a mutual understanding. This can occur for various reasons, such as changes in circumstances or the completion of the contract's objectives. It is a voluntary decision made by both parties to bring the contract to an end.

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  • 9. 

    Which of the following terms is an expression by one party of its compliance to certain terms in the contract provided that the other party expresses its compliance to the identical terms?

    • A.

      Offer

    • B.

      Bargain

    • C.

      Proposal

    • D.

      Excahange

    Correct Answer
    A. Offer
    Explanation
    An offer is a term used in contract law to express one party's willingness to enter into a contract and comply with certain terms. In this context, an offer can also include a condition that the other party must express their compliance to the identical terms in order for the contract to be formed. Therefore, an offer is the correct term that represents one party's expression of compliance to certain terms, contingent upon the other party's expression of compliance to the same terms.

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  • 10. 

    Which term is not a common name for a procurement document that solicits an offer from prospective sellers?

    • A.

      Invitation for bid

    • B.

      Request for information

    • C.

      Request for quotation

    • D.

      Invitation for negotiation

    Correct Answer
    B. Request for information
    Explanation
    The term "Request for information" is not a common name for a procurement document that solicits an offer from prospective sellers. This term typically refers to a document that is used to gather information and details about a product or service, rather than soliciting an offer or proposal. The other options, such as "Invitation for bid," "Request for quotation," and "Invitation for negotiation," are more commonly used to solicit offers from prospective sellers.

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  • 11. 

    A procurement contract will include terms and conditions, and may incorporate other items that the buyer specifies to establish what the seller is to provide or perform.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    A procurement contract is a legally binding agreement between a buyer and a seller. It outlines the terms and conditions of the purchase, including what the seller is expected to provide or perform. This can include specific items or services that the buyer has specified. Therefore, it is true that a procurement contract will include terms and conditions and may incorporate other items specified by the buyer.

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  • 12. 

    Sellers are always external to the company performing the project.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    This statement is false because sellers can be both external and internal to the company performing the project. Sellers refer to individuals or organizations that provide goods or services to the project. While external sellers are commonly used, internal departments or teams within the company can also act as sellers by providing goods or services to the project. Therefore, sellers can be both external and internal to the company performing the project.

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  • 13. 

    The Plan Procurements process includes consideration of the risks involved with each make-or-buy decision.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    In the Plan Procurements process, the risks associated with each make-or-buy decision are taken into consideration. This means that before deciding whether to make a product or service in-house or buy it from an external source, the project team analyzes the potential risks involved in each option. By considering the risks, the team can make an informed decision that minimizes any potential negative impacts on the project. Therefore, the statement is true.

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  • 14. 

    In project procurement management, the performance data file consists of:

    • A.

      The project WBS

    • B.

      Cost information

    • C.

      Invoice and payment records

    • D.

      Cost, schedule, and quality information

    Correct Answer
    D. Cost, schedule, and quality information
    Explanation
    The performance data file in project procurement management consists of cost, schedule, and quality information. This file is used to track and monitor the performance of the project, including the cost incurred, the progress made according to the schedule, and the quality of deliverables. By analyzing this information, project managers can assess the overall performance of the project and make informed decisions to ensure its success. The project WBS, cost information, invoice and payment records may be important documents in project procurement management, but they are not specifically included in the performance data file.

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  • 15. 

    Requirements for formal acceptance and closure of the contract are usually defined in the:

    • A.

      Proposal

    • B.

      Statement of Work

    • C.

      Contract

    • D.

      Procurement audit report

    Correct Answer
    C. Contract
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Contract" because the requirements for formal acceptance and closure of the contract are typically outlined within the contract itself. The contract serves as a legally binding agreement between parties and includes details such as terms and conditions, deliverables, payment terms, and acceptance criteria. It provides a clear framework for both parties to understand their obligations and responsibilities, ensuring that the contract is properly executed and closed upon completion of the agreed-upon terms.

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  • 16. 

    Which of the following activities is an important element of effective contract administration?

    • A.

      Holding a bidders conference

    • B.

      Establishing the appropriate contract type

    • C.

      Implementing a contract change control system

    • D.

      Developing a statement of work

    Correct Answer
    C. Implementing a contract change control system
    Explanation
    Implementing a contract change control system is an important element of effective contract administration because it helps to manage and control any changes or modifications that may arise during the contract execution. This system ensures that any changes to the contract are properly documented, evaluated, and approved, preventing unauthorized or uncontrolled changes that could lead to disputes or misunderstandings between the parties involved. By implementing a contract change control system, the contract administrator can ensure that all changes are properly reviewed, approved, and implemented in a systematic and controlled manner, promoting transparency and accountability in contract administration.

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  • 17. 

    Contract closeout and administrative closure are similar in that they both require:

    • A.

      That someone other than the project manager manage the activities involved

    • B.

      Verification that no errors occurred at any time while the work was being performed

    • C.

      That a WBS was prepared

    • D.

      Verification that the work was completed satisfactorily

    Correct Answer
    D. Verification that the work was completed satisfactorily
    Explanation
    Contract closeout and administrative closure are similar in that they both require verification that the work was completed satisfactorily. This means that both processes involve reviewing the project deliverables and ensuring that all the requirements and objectives have been met. This verification step is crucial to ensure that all the work has been done according to the agreed-upon terms and standards. It helps to confirm that the project has been successfully executed and can be officially closed.

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  • 18. 

    Requirements for inspection and acceptance are defined in the:

    • A.

      Contract

    • B.

      Procurement management plan

    • C.

      Overall project plan

    • D.

      Specifications

    Correct Answer
    A. Contract
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Contract". The requirements for inspection and acceptance are typically defined in the contract between the buyer and the seller. The contract outlines the terms and conditions of the agreement, including the criteria for inspection and acceptance of the deliverables. It specifies what needs to be inspected, how it should be inspected, and the acceptance criteria that must be met. The contract serves as a legally binding document that both parties must adhere to, ensuring that the deliverables meet the agreed-upon requirements.

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  • 19. 

    During solicitation planning, the project team is responsible for:

    • A.

      Determining the make or buy decision

    • B.

      Developing the procurement documents

    • C.

      Specifying the schedule perimeters in the form of delivery dates

    Correct Answer
    B. Developing the procurement documents
    Explanation
    During solicitation planning, the project team is responsible for developing the procurement documents. This involves creating the necessary documents and forms that will be used to solicit bids or proposals from potential vendors or suppliers. These documents outline the project requirements, specifications, terms and conditions, and evaluation criteria. Developing the procurement documents is crucial as it ensures that all potential vendors have a clear understanding of what is expected and can submit accurate and competitive bids. It also helps in the selection process by providing a standardized framework for evaluating and comparing vendor proposals.

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  • 20. 

    Teaming agreements are not legal documents, they are formulated between team members only

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Teaming agreements are legal documents that are formulated between team members. They outline the terms and conditions of the collaboration between the team members, including the roles, responsibilities, and expectations. These agreements are legally binding and can be enforced in a court of law if necessary. Therefore, the correct answer is False.

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  • 21. 

    A make-or-buy analysis is a general management technique used to determine whether particular work can be best accomplished by the project team or must be purchased from outside sources

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    A make-or-buy analysis is a useful tool in project management that helps determine the most efficient and cost-effective approach for completing a task or obtaining a product or service. It involves evaluating the capabilities and resources of the project team and comparing them to external suppliers or vendors. By conducting this analysis, organizations can make informed decisions on whether to produce the work in-house or outsource it. Therefore, the statement "A make-or-buy analysis is a general management technique used to determine whether particular work can be best accomplished by the project team or must be purchased from outside sources" is true.

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  • 22. 

    Budget constraints are not considered when making make-or-buy decisions

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    When making make-or-buy decisions, budget constraints are indeed considered. These decisions involve comparing the costs of producing a product or service in-house versus purchasing it from an external supplier. Budget constraints play a crucial role in determining whether it is more cost-effective to produce internally or outsource. Therefore, the statement that budget constraints are not considered in make-or-buy decisions is false.

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  • 23. 

    Many companies have a lawyer on staff to manage the procurement management.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Many companies have a lawyer on staff to manage the procurement management because legal expertise is crucial in ensuring that all procurement activities comply with relevant laws and regulations. The lawyer can review contracts, negotiate terms, and handle any legal issues that may arise during the procurement process. Having a lawyer on staff helps companies avoid potential legal pitfalls and ensures that their procurement management is conducted in a legally sound manner.

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  • 24. 

    The guaranteed profit type of contract for a third party supplier is the fixed cost contract.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The fixed cost contract is not the guaranteed profit type of contract for a third party supplier. While a fixed cost contract may provide stability in terms of costs, it does not guarantee profit for the supplier. Other types of contracts, such as cost-plus contracts or performance-based contracts, may offer more opportunities for guaranteed profit. Therefore, the statement is false.

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  • 25. 

    The type of contract that includes performance incentives is called:

    • A.

      FP-EPA

    • B.

      FFP

    • C.

      FPIF

    • D.

      CPFF

    Correct Answer
    C. FPIF
    Explanation
    FPIF stands for Fixed Price Incentive Fee, which is a type of contract that includes performance incentives. In this type of contract, the buyer and seller agree on a fixed price, but the fee is adjusted based on the seller's performance against predetermined performance targets. If the seller exceeds the targets, they can receive additional incentives, while if they fail to meet the targets, their fee may be reduced. This type of contract is often used when there is a degree of uncertainty in the project and the buyer wants to incentivize the seller to perform well.

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