Know About Electrophoresis- The Laboratory Quiz

Approved & Edited by ProProfs Editorial Team
The editorial team at ProProfs Quizzes consists of a select group of subject experts, trivia writers, and quiz masters who have authored over 10,000 quizzes taken by more than 100 million users. This team includes our in-house seasoned quiz moderators and subject matter experts. Our editorial experts, spread across the world, are rigorously trained using our comprehensive guidelines to ensure that you receive the highest quality quizzes.
Learn about Our Editorial Process
| By Themes
T
Themes
Community Contributor
Quizzes Created: 410 | Total Attempts: 790,582
Questions: 17 | Attempts: 913

SettingsSettingsSettings
Know About Electrophoresis- The Laboratory Quiz - Quiz

Electrophoresis is a laboratory technique used to separate DNA, RNA, or protein molecules based on the size and electrical charge. An electric current is used to move around molecules to be separated through a gel. Learn new facts about this interesting topic in this quiz about Electrophoresis.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Migration of small ions is known as

    • A.

      Electropherogram

    • B.

      Iontophoresis

    • C.

      Zone electrophoresis

    Correct Answer
    B. Iontophoresis
    Explanation
    Iontophoresis is the correct answer because it refers to the migration of small ions. It is a technique that uses an electric current to transport ions through a solution. This process is commonly used in medicine and pharmacology to deliver drugs or other substances into the body through the skin. Electropherogram is not the correct answer because it refers to the graphical representation of electrophoresis results, while zone electrophoresis is a broader term that encompasses various techniques for separating and analyzing molecules based on their charge and size.

    Rate this question:

  • 2. 

    Charged molecules migrate as zones, usually in a porous supporting medium (agarose gel film) after the sample is mixed with a buffer solution is referred to as

    • A.

      Iontophoresis

    • B.

      Zone electrophoresis

    • C.

      Electropherogram

    Correct Answer
    B. Zone electrophoresis
    Explanation
    Zone electrophoresis refers to the migration of charged molecules as distinct zones in a porous supporting medium, typically an agarose gel film, after the sample is mixed with a buffer solution. This technique allows for the separation and analysis of different components in a mixture based on their charge and size. By applying an electric field, the charged molecules move through the gel at different rates, resulting in the formation of distinct bands or zones. This method is commonly used in molecular biology and biochemistry for various applications, such as DNA sequencing and protein analysis.

    Rate this question:

  • 3. 

    The isoelectric point (pI) of an ampholytes molecule is

    • A.

      The pH at which the molecule has no electrical charge & does not migrate within an electrical field

    • B.

      The pH at which the molecule has electrical charge & does not migrate within an electrical field

    Correct Answer
    A. The pH at which the molecule has no electrical charge & does not migrate within an electrical field
    Explanation
    The isoelectric point (pI) of an ampholytes molecule refers to the pH at which the molecule becomes electrically neutral, meaning it has no electrical charge. At this pH, the molecule does not migrate within an electrical field because there are no charges to interact with the field.

    Rate this question:

  • 4. 

    A ampholyte molecule takes on a -ve charge in a solution that is more acidic than its pI & migrates toward the cathode

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    An ampholyte molecule is capable of both accepting and donating protons, which means it can act as both an acid and a base. In a solution that is more acidic than its isoelectric point (pI), the ampholyte molecule will be in its basic form and will have a positive charge. Therefore, it will migrate towards the anode (positive electrode) rather than the cathode (negative electrode). Therefore, the correct answer is false.

    Rate this question:

  • 5. 

    In a more alkaline solution, an ampholyte molecule is negatively ionized & migrates toward the anode

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    In a more alkaline solution, the pH is higher, which means there are more hydroxide ions (OH-) present. The ampholyte molecule can act as both an acid and a base, and in this case, it acts as a base. In an alkaline solution, the ampholyte molecule will accept a proton (H+) from the solution, becoming negatively charged (negatively ionized). Since like charges repel, the negatively ionized ampholyte molecule will migrate toward the anode, which is the positively charged electrode. Therefore, the statement is true.

    Rate this question:

  • 6. 

    The speed of migration of ions in electric field depends upon:

    • A.

      Shape and size of molecule

    • B.

      Magnitude of charge and shape of molecule

    • C.

      Magnitude of charge and mass of molecule

    • D.

      Magnitude of charge shape and mass of molecule

    Correct Answer
    B. Magnitude of charge and shape of molecule
    Explanation
    The speed of migration of ions in an electric field depends on the magnitude of charge and shape of the molecule. The magnitude of charge determines the strength of the electric field experienced by the ion, which affects its movement. The shape of the molecule also plays a role as it determines the resistance encountered by the ion as it moves through the medium. Therefore, both the magnitude of charge and shape of the molecule are important factors in determining the speed of ion migration in an electric field.

    Rate this question:

  • 7. 

    Which of the following statements is true about Electrophoretic mobility or migration of biomolecules?

    • A.

      The rate of migration is directly proportional to the resistance of medium

    • B.

      Rate of migration is inversely proportional to current

    • C.

      Rate of migration is directly proportional to net charge & inversely proportional to molecular size & viscosity

    Correct Answer
    C. Rate of migration is directly proportional to net charge & inversely proportional to molecular size & viscosity
    Explanation
    The correct answer states that the rate of migration of biomolecules during electrophoresis is directly proportional to their net charge and inversely proportional to their molecular size and viscosity. This means that molecules with a higher net charge will migrate faster, while larger molecules and molecules in more viscous mediums will migrate slower. This is because molecules with a higher charge experience a greater force from the electric field, while larger molecules and molecules in more viscous mediums experience more resistance to movement.

    Rate this question:

  • 8. 

    Other actors that affect Electrophoretic mobility include endosmotic flow and wick flow

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Electrophoretic mobility is influenced by various factors, including endosmotic flow and wick flow. Endosmotic flow refers to the movement of solvent molecules in the opposite direction of the electrophoretic migration, while wick flow refers to the movement of solvent through the gel or matrix. These additional flows can affect the overall mobility of the particles being analyzed during electrophoresis. Therefore, the statement that other actors, such as endosmotic flow and wick flow, affect electrophoretic mobility is true.

    Rate this question:

  • 9. 

    Carries the applied current and Determines the electrical charge on the solute

    • A.

      Buffer

    • B.

      Support medium

    Correct Answer
    A. Buffer
    Explanation
    The correct answer is buffer. A buffer is a solution that resists changes in pH when small amounts of acid or base are added to it. In this context, a buffer carries the applied current and determines the electrical charge on the solute. It helps maintain a stable pH level in the solution by neutralizing any added acid or base. The buffer acts as a support medium for the solute, allowing it to carry the applied current and maintain its electrical charge.

    Rate this question:

  • 10. 

    The buffer’s ionic strength influences

    • A.

      The conductance of the support

    • B.

      The thickness of the ionic cloud (buffer & non buffer ions) surrounding a charged molecule

    • C.

      The rate of its migration

    • D.

      The sharpness of the electrophoretic zones

    • E.

      All the above

    Correct Answer
    E. All the above
    Explanation
    The buffer's ionic strength influences the conductance of the support, which refers to the ability of the support to conduct electricity. A higher ionic strength can increase the conductance of the support, allowing for better movement of charged molecules during electrophoresis. The buffer's ionic strength also affects the thickness of the ionic cloud surrounding a charged molecule. A higher ionic strength can lead to a thicker ionic cloud, which can impact the rate of migration and the sharpness of the electrophoretic zones. Therefore, all of the given options are influenced by the buffer's ionic strength.

    Rate this question:

  • 11. 

    Provides the matrix in which separation takes place

    • A.

      Buffer

    • B.

      Support media

    Correct Answer
    B. Support media
    Explanation
    Support media refers to the material or substance used in a separation process to facilitate the separation of components. In the context of the question, the support media is the matrix that provides the necessary environment for the separation to occur. It acts as a medium or platform on which the separation process takes place, allowing the components to interact and separate from each other. Therefore, the support media is the correct answer as it directly relates to the matrix in which the separation occurs.

    Rate this question:

  • 12. 

    1st material used as a support medium that Separate macromolecules (surface charge & molecular size)

    • A.

      Starch gel

    • B.

      Cellulose acetate

    • C.

      Agarose

    • D.

      Polyacrylamide

    Correct Answer
    A. Starch gel
    Explanation
    Starch gel is the first material used as a support medium to separate macromolecules based on their surface charge and molecular size. This means that starch gel can effectively separate macromolecules by considering both their charge and size.

    Rate this question:

  • 13. 

    Which of the following support media is used  for the separation of a variety of analytes such as Serum, urine, or CSF proteins, Hemoglobin variants, Isoenzymes and Lipoproteins

    • A.

      Starch gel  

    • B.

      Cellulose acetate

    • C.

      Agarose

    • D.

      Polyacrylamide

    Correct Answer
    C. Agarose
    Explanation
    Agarose is the correct answer because it is a type of support media that is commonly used for the separation of various analytes such as serum, urine, or CSF proteins, hemoglobin variants, isoenzymes, and lipoproteins. Agarose is a polysaccharide derived from seaweed and has a porous gel-like structure that allows for the separation of different molecules based on their size and charge. It is widely used in techniques such as gel electrophoresis and gel filtration chromatography.

    Rate this question:

  • 14. 

    What does the electrophoresis apparatus consist of?

    • A.

       Gel, buffer chamber and fire pack

    • B.

      Buffer chamber and electrophoresis unit

    • C.

      Power pack and electrophoresis unit

    Correct Answer
    C. Power pack and electrophoresis unit
    Explanation
    The electrophoresis apparatus consists of a power pack and an electrophoresis unit. The power pack provides the necessary electrical current for the process of electrophoresis, while the electrophoresis unit is where the gel and samples are placed for separation. The gel acts as a medium through which the samples can migrate based on their charge and size. Therefore, the correct answer is power pack and electrophoresis unit.

    Rate this question:

  • 15. 

     what is agarose gel ?

    • A.

      Cross linkage molecules

    • B.

      Purified unchange poly saccharide

    • C.

      It is prepared by dissolving 0.5% agarose in boiling water and allowing it to cool to 40°C

    • D.

       All of the above

    Correct Answer
    D.  All of the above
    Explanation
    Agarose gel is a substance used in molecular biology for various purposes such as DNA separation and protein analysis. It is a purified, uncharged polysaccharide that forms a gel-like matrix when dissolved in water. Agarose gel can be prepared by dissolving 0.5% agarose in boiling water and then allowing it to cool to 40°C. The gel matrix is formed by cross-linking agarose molecules, which helps to create a stable and uniform medium for electrophoresis. Therefore, all of the given statements are correct and describe different aspects of agarose gel.

    Rate this question:

  • 16. 

    The average pore size in a typical 7.5% polyacrylamide gel is about 5 nm (50 Å)

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    A typical 7.5% polyacrylamide gel has an average pore size of about 5 nm (50 Å). This means that the gel has small openings or spaces between the polymer chains that make up the gel matrix, and these openings are about 5 nm in size. This information is true and accurately represents the average pore size in such a gel.

    Rate this question:

Quiz Review Timeline +

Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Mar 22, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • May 06, 2021
    Quiz Created by
    Themes
Back to Top Back to top
Advertisement
×

Wait!
Here's an interesting quiz for you.

We have other quizzes matching your interest.