Test Your Molecular Biology Knowledge With This Quiz

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Test Your Molecular Biology Knowledge With This Quiz - Quiz

Do you know everything about molecular biology? Take this molecular biology quiz, and test your knowledge. A student who undertakes molecular biology in school should properly understand protein functions in molecular cloning and understand the DNA of living things. One gets to understand the activity between biomolecules in the various systems of a cell. If you are looking for revision material for the introduction to the molecular biology quiz, this test is for you. All the best for a perfect score!


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Complex molecules (macromolecules) are made by joining smaller molecules together using dehydration synthesis.

    • A.

      TRUE

    • B.

      FALSE

    Correct Answer
    A. TRUE
    Explanation
    Complex molecules, also known as macromolecules, are formed through a process called dehydration synthesis. This process involves joining smaller molecules together by removing a water molecule. Dehydration synthesis is a common mechanism in biological systems for building large and complex molecules such as proteins, nucleic acids, and carbohydrates. Therefore, the statement that complex molecules are made by joining smaller molecules together using dehydration synthesis is true.

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  • 2. 

    The flow of genetic information is from DNA to RNA to protein via the processes of transcription (TC) and translation (TL). This concept is known as the Central Dogma of molecular biology.

    • A.

      TRUE

    • B.

      FALSE

    Correct Answer
    A. TRUE
    Explanation
    The explanation for the given correct answer is that the flow of genetic information from DNA to RNA to protein is indeed a fundamental concept in molecular biology, known as the Central Dogma. Transcription is the process by which DNA is converted into RNA, and translation is the process by which RNA is used to produce proteins. This sequence of events is a crucial aspect of how genetic information is expressed and utilized within living organisms.

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  • 3. 

    Nucleic acids are polymers composed of nucleotides; RNA is deoxyribonucleic acid, and DNA is ribonucleic acid.

    • A.

      TRUE

    • B.

      FALSE

    Correct Answer
    B. FALSE
    Explanation
    The statement in the question is incorrect. Nucleic acids are indeed polymers composed of nucleotides, but RNA stands for ribonucleic acid, not deoxyribonucleic acid. On the other hand, DNA stands for deoxyribonucleic acid, not ribonucleic acid. Therefore, the correct answer is FALSE.

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  • 4. 

    In DNA, the bases pair A T and G C; this complementary base. Pairing is the key to storage, transfer, and use.

    • A.

      TRUE

    • B.

      FALSE

    Correct Answer
    A. TRUE
    Explanation
    The statement is true because in DNA, the bases adenine (A) always pairs with thymine (T), and guanine (G) always pairs with cytosine (C). This complementary base pairing is essential for the storage, transfer, and use of genetic information in DNA.

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  • 5. 

    Three important types of RNA are a copy of RNA (cRNA), messenger RNA (mRNA), and transfer RNA (tRNA).

    • A.

      TRUE

    • B.

      FALSE

    Correct Answer
    B. FALSE
    Explanation
    There are actually three main types of RNA: messenger RNA (mRNA), transfer RNA (tRNA), and ribosomal RNA (rRNA). The given statement is false because it incorrectly states that a copy of RNA (cRNA) is one of the three important types of RNA.

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  • 6. 

    The gene is the basic unit of genetic information.

    • A.

      TRUE

    • B.

      FALSE

    Correct Answer
    A. TRUE
    Explanation
    The gene is indeed the basic unit of genetic information. Genes are segments of DNA that contain instructions for building proteins, which are essential for the functioning and development of living organisms. These instructions determine the traits and characteristics of an individual. Genes are passed down from parents to offspring and can be inherited or mutated, leading to variations in traits within a population. Therefore, it is accurate to say that the gene is the fundamental unit of genetic information.

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  • 7. 

    Genes in prokaryotes tend to be grouped together in operons, with several genes under the control of a single regulatory region.

    • A.

      TRUE

    • B.

      FALSE

    Correct Answer
    A. TRUE
    Explanation
    In prokaryotes, genes are often organized into operons, which are functional units consisting of multiple genes that are transcribed together as a single mRNA molecule. This allows for coordinated regulation of gene expression. The operon is controlled by a single regulatory region, such as a promoter and an operator, which determines when and how the genes within the operon are transcribed. Therefore, the statement that genes in prokaryotes tend to be grouped together in operons with a single regulatory region is true.

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  • 8. 

    Prokaryotic genes are often regulated in response to external signals such as nutrient availability.

    • A.

      TRUE

    • B.

      FALSE

    Correct Answer
    A. TRUE
    Explanation
    Prokaryotic genes are often regulated in response to external signals such as nutrient availability. This means that the expression of these genes can be turned on or off based on the presence or absence of certain nutrients in the environment. This regulation allows prokaryotes to adapt to changing conditions and optimize their use of available resources.

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  • 9. 

    Transcription is the name of the first step of protein synthesis.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The explanation for the correct answer is that transcription is indeed the name of the first step of protein synthesis. During transcription, the DNA sequence is copied into a complementary RNA molecule called messenger RNA (mRNA). This mRNA molecule carries the genetic information from the DNA to the ribosomes, where it is used as a template for protein synthesis. Therefore, the statement "Transcription is the name of the first step of protein synthesis" is true.

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  • 10. 

    Transportation is the name of the second step of protein synthesis.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The given statement is false. The second step of protein synthesis is actually called "Translation," not "Transportation." Translation is the process where the mRNA molecule is used as a template to assemble amino acids in the correct order to form a protein. Transportation is not a step in protein synthesis.

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Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Aug 23, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • May 04, 2009
    Quiz Created by
    Faunsoed
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