Pharm CNS & Anti-bacterial Medications

47 Questions | Total Attempts: 31

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CNS Quizzes & Trivia

CNS drugs, anti-bacterials, anti-virals, anti-fungals, HIV


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Which of the below serum salicylate levels would indicate a therapeutic range?
    • A. 

      6 mg/dL

    • B. 

      9 mg/dL

    • C. 

      16 mg/dL

    • D. 

      32 mg/dL

  • 2. 
    Select all of the following that apply to Aspirin's drug-lab interactions
    • A. 

      Increased PT

    • B. 

      Decreased uric acid

    • C. 

      Increased INR

    • D. 

      Decreased potassium

    • E. 

      Increased T3 and T4 levels

  • 3. 
    Which of the following is used to decrease abdominal cramping and blood in stools in a patient with Crohn's disease?
    • A. 

      Remicade (Infliximad)

    • B. 

      Sumatriptan (Imatrex)

    • C. 

      Phenytoin (Dilantin)

    • D. 

      Allopurinol (Zyloprim)

  • 4. 
    Celebrex selectively inhibits COX 1 enzyme.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 5. 
    In order to avoid liver damage, Acetaminophen (Tylenol) is recommended to be used no longer than _ days.
    • A. 

      30

    • B. 

      10

    • C. 

      20

    • D. 

      5

  • 6. 
    Which of the following patient's receiving Morphine IV would be of greater concern to the nurse
    • A. 

      Pt with respirations of 12/minute

    • B. 

      Pt with decreased peristalsis on auscultation

    • C. 

      Pt experiencing N/V with urinary retention

    • D. 

      Pt with pinpoint pupils when observing reaction

  • 7. 
    Select all of the following that are listed as side effects or adverse reactions for Nubain 
    • A. 

      Urinary urgency

    • B. 

      Bitter taste

    • C. 

      Sedation

    • D. 

      Anxiety

    • E. 

      Respiratory depression

    • F. 

      Clammy skin

  • 8. 
    Select all of the following contraindications when using Imitrex
    • A. 

      Hypotension

    • B. 

      Hx of MI

    • C. 

      Stable angina

    • D. 

      Diabetes

    • E. 

      Hypertension

    • F. 

      Smoking

    • G. 

      Silent ischemia

  • 9. 
    A patient has been in the hospital for 7 days, and complains of insomnia. Which of the following should the nurse do first?
    • A. 

      Discuss with the patient their normal bedtime routine, and attempt to follow

    • B. 

      Contact physician and request a sedative

    • C. 

      Offer patient a 15 minute back massage

    • D. 

      Contact family member to help

  • 10. 
    Which of the following medications may cause: gingival hyperplasia, decreased coordination, diplopia, and/or Stevens-Johnson syndrome.
    • A. 

      Romazicon

    • B. 

      Sinemet

    • C. 

      Risperdal

    • D. 

      Dilantin

  • 11. 
    Which of the following patient's taking Dilantin takes priority?
    • A. 

      Pt experiencing headache and dizziness

    • B. 

      Pt with a serum Dilantin level of 13 mcg/mL

    • C. 

      Pt c/o reddish-brown urine and diarrhea

    • D. 

      Pt c/o N/V, diplopia, and confusion

  • 12. 
    When is the best time to administer a patient's Ritalin?
    • A. 

      With breakfast

    • B. 

      1 hour before bedtime

    • C. 

      Immediately when waking up in the morning

    • D. 

      1 hour before lunch

  • 13. 
    Which of the following actions by a student nurse with a patient receiving Zyloprim, would cause a nurse to intervene?
    • A. 

      Advising a patient to avoid Vitamin C intake

    • B. 

      Educating the patient to increase fluid intake

    • C. 

      Administering Aspirin to a patient c/o headache

    • D. 

      Providing food during medication administration

  • 14. 
    Select all of the following conditions that Carisoprodol (Soma) is used to treat:
    • A. 

      Parkinson's disease

    • B. 

      Stroke

    • C. 

      Rheumatoid Arthritis

    • D. 

      Spinal cord injury

    • E. 

      Myasthenia gravis

    • F. 

      Multiple sclerosis

    • G. 

      Cerebral palsy

  • 15. 
    Which of the following patient's taking Sinemet for Parkinson's disease requires immediate attention?
    • A. 

      Peripheral neuropathy and muscle weakness

    • B. 

      Drown discoloration of urine and sweat with a bitter taste in the mouth

    • C. 

      Constipation and decreased urine output

    • D. 

      Tongue protrusion, twitching, and eye spasms

  • 16. 
    Which of the following is NOT a contraindication for Mestinon?
    • A. 

      Diabetes

    • B. 

      Hypotension

    • C. 

      Bradycardia

    • D. 

      Bowel obstruction

  • 17. 
    Which of the following foods is high in tyramine? (avoid when taking Sinemet)
    • A. 

      White wine

    • B. 

      Milk

    • C. 

      Bananas

    • D. 

      Cashews

  • 18. 
    Select all of the following that needs to be included in patient education for a patient taking oral suspension Risperidone (Risperdal)?
    • A. 

      Teach to take BP and advise if a drop of 30 mmHg occurs, needs to be reported

    • B. 

      Store in light-resistant container, avoid contact with skin during preparation

    • C. 

      Importance of good oral hygiene

    • D. 

      Avoid diluting with fruit juice, only water or milk

    • E. 

      Avoid high heat environments to decrease risk of hypotension

  • 19. 
    Which of the following anti-psychotic medications commonly causes metallic taste?
    • A. 

      Risperdal

    • B. 

      Prolixin

    • C. 

      Haldol

    • D. 

      Lithium

  • 20. 
    Select all of the following conditions that Haloperidol (Haldol) is used to treat:
    • A. 

      Manic depression

    • B. 

      Schizoprenia

    • C. 

      Tourette syndrome

    • D. 

      Hiccups

    • E. 

      Delirium

    • F. 

      Bipolar disorder

  • 21. 
    Which of the following situations takes priority?
    • A. 

      Patient waiting to receive already prepared Ativan via IV

    • B. 

      Patient who is sedated with decreased urine output after receiving Elavil

    • C. 

      Patient who is experiencing a cough and fever after taking Prozac

    • D. 

      Patient with a drop in BP of 20 mmHg when taking Prolixin

  • 22. 
    Which of the following is used to treat resistant staph?
    • A. 

      Amoxil

    • B. 

      Bactrim

    • C. 

      Cefazolin

    • D. 

      Vancomycin

  • 23. 
    Select all of the following that should be included in discharge of a patient taking Doxycycline (Vibramycin).
    • A. 

      Hold dose once, and continue treatment if severe diarrhea occurs

    • B. 

      Take dose with 8 ounces of water, 1 hour before lying down to prevent ulceration

    • C. 

      Maintain a diet high in iron during treatment

    • D. 

      Store medication out of light and extreme heat

    • E. 

      Take medication around the clock to maintain blood levels

  • 24. 
    Which type of infection is Garamycin effective in treating?
    • A. 

      Bacterial

    • B. 

      Fungal

    • C. 

      Viral

    • D. 

      Parasitic

  • 25. 
    When administering a drug with a narrow therapeutic index, which of the following actions is most important?
    • A. 

      Maintaining alkaline urine

    • B. 

      Obtaining serum peak and trough levels

    • C. 

      Obtaining blood and electrolyte lab values prior to each dose

    • D. 

      Rinsing mouth after consumption