Pharmacology Quiz Exam: Basics!

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Pharmacology Quiz Exam: Basics! - Quiz

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Which of the following is not a side effect of the choline receptor blocker (Atropine)? 

    • A.

      Increased pulse

    • B.

      Urinary retention

    • C.

      Constipation

    • D.

      Mydriasis

    Correct Answer
    B. Urinary retention
    Explanation
    Atropine is a choline receptor blocker that is commonly used in medical settings. It has several side effects, including increased pulse, constipation, and mydriasis (dilation of the pupils). However, urinary retention is not a side effect of Atropine. Urinary retention refers to the inability to empty the bladder completely, and it is not caused by Atropine.

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  • 2. 

    Which of the following is not a side effect of the Ace Inhibitor (Captopril)? 

    • A.

      Rash

    • B.

      Angioedema

    • C.

      Cough

    • D.

      Congestion

    Correct Answer
    D. Congestion
    Explanation
    Congestion is not a side effect of the Ace Inhibitor (Captopril). Ace inhibitors are commonly used to treat high blood pressure and heart failure. They work by relaxing blood vessels, which helps to lower blood pressure and improve blood flow. Common side effects of Ace inhibitors include rash, angioedema (swelling of the face, lips, tongue, or throat), and cough. However, congestion is not typically associated with the use of Ace inhibitors.

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  • 3. 

    Which of the following is not a side effect of the Vasodilator (Nifedipine)? 

    • A.

      Nausea

    • B.

      Flush appearance

    • C.

      Vertigo

    • D.

      Sexual dysfunction

    Correct Answer
    D. Sexual dysfunction
    Explanation
    Nifedipine is a vasodilator medication that is commonly used to treat high blood pressure and angina. It works by relaxing and widening the blood vessels, which helps to lower blood pressure and improve blood flow. While nausea, flush appearance, and vertigo are common side effects of nifedipine, sexual dysfunction is not typically associated with this medication. Therefore, sexual dysfunction is not a side effect of the vasodilator nifedipine.

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  • 4. 

    Which of the following is not a side effect of the Sympathoplegics (Clonidine)? 

    • A.

      Hypertension

    • B.

      Asthma

    • C.

      Dry oral cavity

    • D.

      Lethargic behavior

    Correct Answer
    B. Asthma
    Explanation
    Sympathoplegics, such as Clonidine, are medications that work by blocking the sympathetic nervous system, which controls the body's "fight or flight" response. This leads to various side effects, including hypertension (high blood pressure), dry oral cavity, and lethargic behavior. However, asthma is not a side effect of Sympathoplegics. Asthma is a chronic respiratory condition characterized by inflammation and narrowing of the airways, and it is not directly related to the sympathetic nervous system. Therefore, asthma is not a side effect of Sympathoplegics like Clonidine.

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  • 5. 

    Which of the following is not a side effect of the Diuretics (Loop diuretics)? 

    • A.

      Alkalosis

    • B.

      Nausea

    • C.

      Hypotension

    • D.

      Potassium deficits

    Correct Answer
    B. Nausea
    Explanation
    Loop diuretics are medications that increase the excretion of water and electrolytes through the kidneys. They are commonly used to treat conditions such as edema and hypertension. While loop diuretics can cause side effects such as alkalosis, hypotension, and potassium deficits, nausea is not typically associated with their use. Therefore, nausea is not a side effect of loop diuretics.

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  • 6. 

    Which of the following is not an effect of the drug (Isoflurane)? 

    • A.

      Elevated lipid levels

    • B.

      Nausea

    • C.

      Increased blood flow to the brain.

    • D.

      Decreased respiratory function

    Correct Answer
    A. Elevated lipid levels
    Explanation
    Isoflurane is a type of anesthesia that is commonly used during surgeries. It works by depressing the central nervous system, resulting in decreased respiratory function. This means that it can cause a decrease in breathing rate and depth. Nausea is also a common side effect of isoflurane, as it can irritate the stomach lining. Additionally, isoflurane is known to increase blood flow to the brain, which can help maintain brain function during surgery. However, elevated lipid levels are not a known effect of isoflurane.

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  • 7. 

    Which of the following is not an effect of the drug (Midazolam)? 

    • A.

      Amnesia

    • B.

      Decreased respiratory function

    • C.

      Anesthetic

    • D.

      Dizziness

    Correct Answer
    D. Dizziness
    Explanation
    Dizziness is not an effect of the drug Midazolam. This drug is commonly used as an anesthetic and can cause amnesia and decreased respiratory function. However, dizziness is not listed as one of its effects.

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  • 8. 

    Which of the following is not an effect of the drug (Clozapine)? 

    • A.

      Agranulocytosis

    • B.

      Antipsychotic

    • C.

      Used for Schizophrenia

    • D.

      Increased appetite

    Correct Answer
    D. Increased appetite
    Explanation
    Clozapine is an antipsychotic drug used for treating schizophrenia. It is known to cause agranulocytosis, a condition characterized by a severe decrease in white blood cells. However, increased appetite is not an effect of clozapine.

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  • 9. 

    Which of the following is not treated with (Epinephrine)? 

    • A.

      Renal disease

    • B.

      Asthma

    • C.

      Hypotension

    • D.

      Glaucoma

    Correct Answer
    A. Renal disease
    Explanation
    Epinephrine is a medication used to treat conditions such as asthma, hypotension, and glaucoma. However, it is not typically used to treat renal disease. Renal disease refers to any condition that affects the kidneys, and the treatment for this condition usually involves managing the underlying cause, such as controlling blood pressure, managing blood sugar levels, or addressing any infections or blockages. Epinephrine is not directly involved in the treatment of renal disease.

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  • 10. 

    Which of the following is not treated with (Ephedrine)? 

    • A.

      COPD

    • B.

      Hypotension

    • C.

      Congestion

    • D.

      Incontinence

    Correct Answer
    A. COPD
    Explanation
    Ephedrine is not used to treat COPD. COPD, or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, is a progressive lung disease that causes breathing difficulties. While Ephedrine is a bronchodilator and can help with breathing problems, it is not typically used to treat COPD. Instead, other medications such as bronchodilators and corticosteroids are commonly prescribed to manage symptoms and improve lung function in patients with COPD.

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  • 11. 

    Which of the following are not treated with Barbiturates? 

    • A.

      Seizures

    • B.

      Hypotension

    • C.

      Insomnia

    • D.

      Anxiety

    Correct Answer
    B. Hypotension
    Explanation
    Barbiturates are a class of drugs that are primarily used as sedatives and hypnotics, meaning they are used to induce sleep and treat insomnia. They are also used to treat seizures and anxiety. However, they are not typically used to treat hypotension, which is low blood pressure. Hypotension is usually managed with other medications or lifestyle changes, rather than barbiturates.

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  • 12. 

     Which of the following are not treated with opioid analgesics like (dextromethorphan and methadone)? 

    • A.

      Pulmonary Edema

    • B.

      Cough suppression

    • C.

      Sedation

    • D.

      Pain

    Correct Answer
    C. Sedation
    Explanation
    Opioid analgesics like dextromethorphan and methadone are not used for the treatment of sedation. These medications are primarily used for pain relief, cough suppression, and in some cases, as a treatment for opioid addiction. Sedation, on the other hand, is typically managed with other types of medications such as benzodiazepines or sedative-hypnotics.

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  • 13. 

    Which of the following are not treated with Hydrochlorothiazide? 

    • A.

      CHF

    • B.

      HTN

    • C.

      Nephritis

    • D.

      Hypercalciuria

    Correct Answer
    C. Nephritis
    Explanation
    Hydrochlorothiazide is a diuretic medication used to treat conditions such as congestive heart failure (CHF) and hypertension (HTN) by reducing fluid buildup in the body. It is also used to treat hypercalciuria, a condition characterized by excessive calcium excretion in the urine. However, hydrochlorothiazide is not typically used to treat nephritis, which is inflammation of the kidneys. Other medications and treatments may be more appropriate for managing nephritis.

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  • 14. 

    Which of the following are not treated with Nifedipine? 

    • A.

      Angina

    • B.

      Arrhythmias

    • C.

      Htn

    • D.

      Fluid retention

    Correct Answer
    D. Fluid retention
    Explanation
    Nifedipine is a medication that belongs to the calcium channel blocker class and is commonly used to treat angina, arrhythmias, and hypertension. It works by relaxing and widening blood vessels, allowing for better blood flow and reducing the workload on the heart. However, it is not typically used to treat fluid retention. Other medications, such as diuretics, are usually prescribed for this condition to help remove excess fluid from the body.

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  • 15. 

    Which of the following are not treated with Methotrexate? 

    • A.

      Sarcomas

    • B.

      Leukemias

    • C.

      Ectopic pregnancy

    • D.

      Rheumatic fever

    Correct Answer
    D. Rheumatic fever
    Explanation
    Methotrexate is a medication commonly used to treat certain types of cancer, including sarcomas and leukemias. It is also used to treat ectopic pregnancies, which occur when a fertilized egg implants outside of the uterus. However, it is not typically used to treat rheumatic fever, which is an inflammatory disease that affects the joints, heart, and other organs. Rheumatic fever is usually managed with anti-inflammatory medications, such as nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) and corticosteroids.

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  • 16. 

    Which of the following are not treated with Prednisone? 

    • A.

      Cushing's disease

    • B.

      Testicular cancer

    • C.

      Lympthomas

    • D.

      Chronic leukemias

    Correct Answer
    B. Testicular cancer
    Explanation
    Prednisone is a corticosteroid medication that is commonly used to treat various conditions, including Cushing's disease, lymphomas, and chronic leukemias. However, it is not typically used to treat testicular cancer. Testicular cancer is usually treated with surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, or a combination of these treatments. Prednisone may be used in some cases to manage symptoms or side effects of treatment, but it is not a primary treatment for testicular cancer.

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  • 17. 

    Which of the following are not treated with Dexamethasone? 

    • A.

      Inflammation

    • B.

      Asthma

    • C.

      Addison's disease

    • D.

      Wilson's disease

    Correct Answer
    D. Wilson's disease
    Explanation
    Dexamethasone is a corticosteroid medication that is commonly used to treat inflammation and asthma. It is also used in the treatment of Addison's disease, which is a hormonal disorder. However, Wilson's disease, which is a genetic disorder that causes copper to build up in the body, is not treated with Dexamethasone. The correct answer is Wilson's disease.

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  • 18. 

    Which of the following are not treated with Lansoprazole? 

    • A.

      Zollinger-Ellison syndrome

    • B.

      Zollinger-Ellison syndrome

    • C.

      Hypertension

    • D.

      Reflux

    Correct Answer
    C. Hypertension
    Explanation
    Lansoprazole is a medication that belongs to a class of drugs called proton pump inhibitors (PPIs). It works by reducing the amount of acid produced in the stomach. PPIs like Lansoprazole are commonly used to treat conditions such as Zollinger-Ellison syndrome and reflux, as they help to relieve symptoms and promote healing. However, hypertension, which is high blood pressure, is not treated with Lansoprazole. Hypertension is a separate medical condition that requires different medications and lifestyle changes to manage and control blood pressure levels.

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  • 19. 

    Which of the following is the antidote for the toxin Heparin? 

    • A.

      Protamine

    • B.

      Methylene blue

    • C.

      N-acetylcysteine

    • D.

      Glucagon

    Correct Answer
    A. Protamine
    Explanation
    Protamine is the antidote for the toxin Heparin. Heparin is an anticoagulant medication that is used to prevent blood clots. However, in some cases, excessive use of Heparin can lead to bleeding or hemorrhage. Protamine works by binding to Heparin and neutralizing its anticoagulant effects. It forms a complex with Heparin, preventing it from binding to clotting factors and reversing its anticoagulant activity. Therefore, Protamine is commonly used as an antidote for Heparin overdose or to reverse the effects of Heparin during surgery or other medical procedures.

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  • 20. 

    Which of the following is the antidote for the toxin Copper? 

    • A.

      Glucagon

    • B.

      Aminocaproic acid

    • C.

      Atropine

    • D.

      Penicillamine

    Correct Answer
    D. Penicillamine
    Explanation
    Penicillamine is the correct answer because it is an effective chelating agent that binds to copper, forming a stable complex that can be excreted from the body. It is commonly used as an antidote for copper toxicity, such as in cases of Wilson's disease, where there is an accumulation of copper in the body due to a genetic disorder. Glucagon is used to treat low blood sugar, aminocaproic acid is used to prevent excessive bleeding, and atropine is used to treat certain types of poisoning, but none of these substances are specific antidotes for copper toxicity.

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Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Mar 22, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Nov 29, 2010
    Quiz Created by
    RNpedia.com
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