Pharmacology Chapters 1 And 2

118 Questions | Total Attempts: 708

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Pharmacology Chapters 1 And 2

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Which information is of highest priority when obtaining a pharmacologic history from a patient?
    • A. 

      Allergies

    • B. 

      Use of over-the-counter medications

    • C. 

      Home remedy use

    • D. 

      Alcohol intake

  • 2. 
    During the implementation phase of the nursing process, which action will the nurse perform when administering medications?
    • A. 

      Switch the route of administration based on drug availability.

    • B. 

      Call the patient by name when entering the room to verify the drug is for the right person.

    • C. 

      Check the patient’s armband before administering the medication.

    • D. 

      Prepare medications for all patients first, then administer by room to manage time

  • 3. 
    For which activity is the nurse responsible during the evaluation phase of drug administration?
    • A. 

      Preparing and administering prescribed medications safely

    • B. 

      Planning measurable outcomes for the patient related to drug therapy

    • C. 

      Monitoring the patient continuously for therapeutic as well as adverse effects

    • D. 

      Gathering data in a drug and dietary history

  • 4. 
    The nurse should include which information when evaluating the outcome after a patient’s medication has been administered?
    • A. 

      Dose of medication administered

    • B. 

      Time medication administered

    • C. 

      Patient allergies to medications

    • D. 

      Therapeutic effect of patient

  • 5. 
    The nurse should check a medication how many times before administration of a medication under the “right drug” part of the Six Rights?
    • A. 

      One time

    • B. 

      Three times

    • C. 

      Five times

    • D. 

      Depends on the drug being administered

  • 6. 
    The nurse notes that a medication was scheduled to be administered at 0900. A medication error has occurred if the medication was administered at which time?
    • A. 

      0800

    • B. 

      0830

    • C. 

      0900

    • D. 

      0930

  • 7. 
    While the nurse is taking an admission history, the patient reports having a previous allergic reaction to penicillins. What will the nurse document as part of the patient’s allergic reaction response to penicillins?
    • A. 

      Hives

    • B. 

      Dry eyes

    • C. 

      Frequent urination

    • D. 

      Constipation

  • 8. 
    The nursing process is important as a well-established, research-supported framework for professional nursing practice. Which is the correct order for the steps of the nursing process?
    • A. 

      Evaluation, Planning, Diagnoses, Assessment, Implementation

    • B. 

      Planning, Assessment, Diagnoses, Implementation, Evaluation

    • C. 

      Diagnoses, Assessment, Planning, Evaluation, Implementation

    • D. 

      Assessment, Diagnoses, Planning, Implementation, Evaluation

  • 9. 
    The nurse has an order for administering a medication to the patient. Which providers have legal authority to prescribe medications for patients? (Select all that apply.)
    • A. 

      Physician

    • B. 

      Physical therapist

    • C. 

      Pharmacist

    • D. 

      Dentist

    • E. 

      Physician assistant

    • F. 

      Nurse practitioner

  • 10. 
    Which phase of the nursing process requires the nurse to establish a comprehensive baseline of data concerning a particular patient?
    • A. 

      Assessment

    • B. 

      Planning

    • C. 

      Implementation

    • D. 

      Evaluation

  • 11. 
    The nurse monitors the fulfillment of goals, and may revise them, during which phase of the nursing process?
    • A. 

      Assessment

    • B. 

      Planning

    • C. 

      Implementation

    • D. 

      Evaluation

  • 12. 
    The nurse prepares and administers prescribed medications during which phase of the nursing process?
    • A. 

      Assessment

    • B. 

      Planning

    • C. 

      Implementation

    • D. 

      Evaluation

  • 13. 
    When developing a plan of care, which nursing action ensures the goal statement is patient-centered?
    • A. 

      Considering family input

    • B. 

      Involving the patient

    • C. 

      Developing the goal first, and then sharing it with the patient

    • D. 

      Including the physician

  • 14. 
    The nurse includes which information as part of a complete medication history? (select all that apply)
    • A. 

      Use of street drugs

    • B. 

      Current laboratory work

    • C. 

      History of surgeries

    • D. 

      Use of alcohol

    • E. 

      Use of herbal products

    • F. 

      Family history

  • 15. 
    During which phase of the nursing process does the nurse prioritize the nursing diagnosis?
    • A. 

      Assessment

    • B. 

      Planning

    • C. 

      Implementation

    • D. 

      Evaluation

  • 16. 
    The nurse is administering a medication and the order reads: Give 250 mcg PO now. The tablets in the medication dispensing cabinet are in milligram strength. What is the right does of the drug in milligrams?
  • 17. 
    The nurse is preparing to administer morning doses of medications to a patient and has just checked the patient's name on the identification band. The patient has stated his name. Which is the nurse's next appropriate action?
    • A. 

      Administer the medications

    • B. 

      Ask the patient's wife to verify the patient's identity

    • C. 

      Ask the patient to verify his date of birth

    • D. 

      Check the chart for the patient's date of birth

  • 18. 
    The nurse is administering a medication and the order reads: Give 0.125 mg PO now. The tablets in pixis are in microgram strength. What is the right dose of the drug in micrograms?
  • 19. 
    Examples of enteral dosage routes (select all that apply)
    • A. 

      Sublingual

    • B. 

      Subcutaneous

    • C. 

      Buccal

    • D. 

      Time released tablets

    • E. 

      Transdermal

  • 20. 
    Examples of Parenteral dosage routes
    • A. 

      Transdermal

    • B. 

      Intradermal

    • C. 

      Tablets

    • D. 

      Inhaled

    • E. 

      Rectal

  • 21. 
    Examples of topical dosage routes
    • A. 

      Inhaled

    • B. 

      Intramuscular

    • C. 

      Sublingual

    • D. 

      Nitroglycerin ointment

    • E. 

      Elixir

  • 22. 
    Which organ is most responsible for the metabolism of drugs?
    • A. 

      Spleen

    • B. 

      Stomach

    • C. 

      Liver

    • D. 

      Kidney

  • 23. 
    What is the primary organ responsible for elimination?
    • A. 

      LIver

    • B. 

      Kidney

    • C. 

      Large Intestine

    • D. 

      Lungs

  • 24. 
    After how many half-live are most drugs considered to be effectively removed from the body?
    • A. 

      Five

    • B. 

      Three

    • C. 

      Eight

    • D. 

      Two

  • 25. 
    When considering the various routes of drug elimination, the nurse is aware that elimination occurs mainly by which routes?
    • A. 

      Renal tubules and skin

    • B. 

      Skin and lungs

    • C. 

      Bowel and renal tubules

    • D. 

      Lungs and gastrointestinal tract