A&p I Chapt 1-2

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A&p I Chapt 1-2 - Quiz

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Anatomy is the study of:

    • A.

      Functions

    • B.

      Structure

    • C.

      Pathophysiology

    • D.

      Physiology

    Correct Answer
    B. Structure
    Explanation
    Anatomy is the study of the structure of organisms, including humans. It involves examining the different parts and systems of the body and how they are organized and connected. This field of study focuses on understanding the physical makeup of living organisms, such as the arrangement of organs, tissues, and cells. By studying anatomy, scientists and medical professionals gain insights into how the body functions and how diseases or abnormalities can affect its structure.

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  • 2. 

    Physiology is the study of:

    • A.

      Structure

    • B.

      Pathophysiology

    • C.

      Function

    • D.

      None of these

    Correct Answer
    C. Function
    Explanation
    Physiology is the study of the functions and processes of living organisms. It focuses on understanding how different systems and organs in the body work together to maintain homeostasis and carry out various functions. This includes studying processes such as digestion, respiration, circulation, and metabolism. Pathophysiology, on the other hand, is the study of the functional changes that occur in the body as a result of disease or injury. Therefore, the correct answer is "function" as it accurately describes the main focus of physiology.

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  • 3. 

    The word part in a medical terminology that provides the main meaning of the term is known as?

    • A.

      Prefix

    • B.

      Suffix

    • C.

      Wood root

    • D.

      Combining vowel

    Correct Answer
    C. Wood root
  • 4. 

    the word part tachy- means:

    • A.

      Slow

    • B.

      Moderate

    • C.

      Rapid

    • D.

      None of these

    Correct Answer
    C. Rapid
    Explanation
    The word part "tachy-" is derived from the Greek word "tachys" which means rapid or fast. Therefore, the correct answer is "rapid".

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  • 5. 

    The following is an example of a sign:

    • A.

      Nausea

    • B.

      Pain

    • C.

      Dizziness

    • D.

      Blood pressure

    • E.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. Blood pressure
    Explanation
    The given options are symptoms that can be indicated by a sign. However, "blood pressure" is the only option that represents a measurable physiological parameter rather than a subjective symptom. Therefore, it can be considered as a sign.

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  • 6. 

    The following is (are) example(s) of a symptom:

    • A.

      Blood pressure

    • B.

      Temperature

    • C.

      Pain

    • D.

      Redness

    Correct Answer
    C. Pain
    Explanation
    Pain is considered a symptom because it is a subjective experience that indicates something is wrong in the body. It is often described as an unpleasant sensation and can be a result of injury, illness, or inflammation. Unlike blood pressure and temperature, which are objective measurements, pain is a subjective feeling that can vary in intensity and location. Redness can be a symptom as well, but it is not listed as an option in the answer choices.

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  • 7. 

    Laying face upward, on your back is referred to as:

    • A.

      Prone

    • B.

      Supine

    • C.

      Lateral

    Correct Answer
    B. Supine
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "supine." When someone is lying face upward, on their back, it is referred to as the supine position. This position is commonly used in medical settings for examinations, surgeries, and other procedures. It allows for easy access to the front of the body and provides a neutral alignment for the spine.

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  • 8. 

    Sitting in bed with head of bed elevated 45–60 degrees is called?

    • A.

      Prone position

    • B.

      Fowler's Position

    • C.

      Supine

    Correct Answer
    B. Fowler's Position
    Explanation
    Fowler's Position refers to sitting in bed with the head of the bed elevated at an angle of 45–60 degrees. This position is commonly used in healthcare settings to promote comfort and facilitate breathing in patients who are bedridden or have respiratory difficulties. It helps to reduce the risk of aspiration, improve lung expansion, and prevent pressure ulcers. The prone position refers to lying flat on the stomach, while the supine position refers to lying flat on the back.

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  • 9. 

    When would you use lithotomy position?

    • A.

      In a pelvic exam, labor

    • B.

      Breathing difficulty (facilitates breathing)

    • C.

      Orthostatic hypotension

    • D.

      None of these

    Correct Answer
    A. In a pelvic exam, labor
    Explanation
    The lithotomy position is commonly used during a pelvic exam and labor. This position involves the patient lying on their back with their legs flexed and supported in stirrups. It allows for better access to the pelvic area and facilitates the examination or delivery process. The other options mentioned, breathing difficulty and orthostatic hypotension, do not require the lithotomy position for management. Therefore, the correct answer is using the lithotomy position in a pelvic exam or labor.

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  • 10. 

    This plane divides body into front and back sections is known as:

    • A.

      Midsaggital

    • B.

      Transverse or horizontal plane

    • C.

      Frontal or Coronal Plane

    Correct Answer
    C. Frontal or Coronal Plane
    Explanation
    The frontal or coronal plane is a plane that divides the body into front and back sections. It is perpendicular to the sagittal and transverse planes. This plane is commonly used in anatomy to describe the position and orientation of structures in the body.

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  • 11. 

    Liver or gallbladder problems are mostly to present with symptoms in this quadrant:

    • A.

      LLQ

    • B.

      RUQ

    • C.

      RLQ

    • D.

      LUQ

    Correct Answer
    B. RUQ
    Explanation
    Liver or gallbladder problems are mostly to present with symptoms in the right upper quadrant (RUQ). The liver is located in the RUQ of the abdomen, and the gallbladder is positioned just below it. Therefore, any issues with these organs, such as liver inflammation or gallstones, can cause pain or discomfort in the RUQ. Additionally, conditions like hepatitis or liver cirrhosis can also manifest symptoms in this quadrant. It is important to consider RUQ symptoms when evaluating for liver or gallbladder problems.

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  • 12. 

    Areas of body allow X-rays to pass through to film easily; produce dark areas on film called:

    • A.

      Radiolucent

    • B.

      Radiopaque

    • C.

      Dense

    Correct Answer
    A. Radiolucent
    Explanation
    Radiolucent refers to areas of the body that allow X-rays to easily pass through to the film, resulting in dark areas on the film. This term is used to describe tissues or structures that are less dense and do not absorb X-rays as much, allowing them to appear darker on the X-ray image.

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  • 13. 

    X-ray beam passes from patient’s back to patient’s front and then onto film(Standard view for chest X-ray) this type of x-ray is called?

    • A.

      Lateral

    • B.

      AP

    • C.

      PA

    Correct Answer
    C. PA
    Explanation
    The correct answer is PA. In a PA (posteroanterior) chest X-ray, the X-ray beam passes from the patient's back to the patient's front and then onto the film. This is the standard view for a chest X-ray and allows for better visualization of the heart and lungs. The PA view is commonly used to diagnose various conditions such as pneumonia, lung cancer, and heart diseases.

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  • 14. 

    The body works to make things function smoothly and maintain balance known as:

    • A.

      Homeostasis

    • B.

      Pathology

    • C.

      Pathophysiology

    • D.

      None of these

    Correct Answer
    A. Homeostasis
    Explanation
    Homeostasis refers to the body's ability to maintain a stable internal environment despite external changes. It involves various physiological processes that work together to regulate temperature, pH levels, blood pressure, and other vital functions. This balance is essential for the proper functioning of cells, tissues, and organs. Pathology refers to the study of diseases, while pathophysiology focuses on understanding the mechanisms behind diseases. Therefore, the correct answer is homeostasis as it best describes the body's ability to maintain balance and ensure smooth functioning.

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  • 15. 

    A specific grouping of signs and symptoms related to a specific disease:

    • A.

      Etiology

    • B.

      Pathology

    • C.

      Pathophysiology

    • D.

      Syndrome

    Correct Answer
    D. Syndrome
    Explanation
    A syndrome refers to a specific grouping of signs and symptoms that are associated with a particular disease. It is a recognizable pattern of symptoms that occur together and are characteristic of a specific condition. Unlike etiology, which refers to the cause of a disease, or pathology, which is the study of disease processes, a syndrome focuses on the collection of symptoms that are commonly seen in a particular disease. Pathophysiology, on the other hand, is the study of the functional changes that occur in the body as a result of a disease.

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  • 16. 

    Identification of disease determined by studying patient’s signs, symptoms, history, and results of diagnostic tests is known as:

    • A.

      Prognosis

    • B.

      Etiology

    • C.

      Diagnosis

    Correct Answer
    C. Diagnosis
    Explanation
    Diagnosis refers to the process of identifying a disease by studying a patient's signs, symptoms, medical history, and the results of diagnostic tests. It involves analyzing all available information to determine the specific condition or illness that the patient is experiencing. Prognosis, on the other hand, relates to predicting the probable outcome or course of a disease, while etiology focuses on understanding the causes or origins of a disease. Therefore, the correct answer in this case is diagnosis.

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  • 17. 

    Prediction about outcome of a disease is known as:

    • A.

      Prognosis

    • B.

      Diagnosis

    • C.

      Etiology

    • D.

      None of these

    Correct Answer
    A. Prognosis
    Explanation
    Prognosis refers to the prediction or forecast of the likely outcome or course of a disease. It involves assessing the expected progression of the disease, the chances of recovery, and the potential complications or long-term effects. This term is used to estimate the future health status of a patient based on various factors such as the nature and severity of the disease, response to treatment, and individual characteristics. Therefore, prognosis is the correct answer as it specifically relates to predicting the outcome of a disease.

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  • 18. 

    Infected insect spreads infection to person (example: malaria), this is known as?

    • A.

      Common Vechicle

    • B.

      Biological Vector

    • C.

      Idiopathic disease

    Correct Answer
    B. Biological Vector
    Explanation
    A biological vector refers to an infected insect that can transmit a disease-causing pathogen to a person. This transmission occurs when the insect bites the person, introducing the pathogen into their bloodstream. Malaria is a prime example of a disease that is spread by a biological vector, specifically the Anopheles mosquito. The mosquito acts as a carrier for the Plasmodium parasite, which causes malaria. Once the mosquito bites a person, the parasite is transmitted, leading to the development of the disease.

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  • 19. 

    A disease that exists permanently in a particular region or population is known as:

    • A.

      Plague

    • B.

      Epidemic

    • C.

      Pandemic

    • D.

      Endemic

    Correct Answer
    D. Endemic
    Explanation
    An endemic disease refers to a disease that is constantly present in a particular region or population. Unlike an epidemic or pandemic, which are temporary and widespread, an endemic disease is consistently found in a specific area. This term is often used to describe diseases that are common in certain geographic locations or among certain groups of people. Therefore, the correct answer for this question is "Endemic."

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  • 20. 

    Units of measurements all based on units that relate to each other by powers of 10 is known as:

    • A.

      Metric units

    • B.

      US system

    • C.

      Pounds

    • D.

      Inches

    Correct Answer
    A. Metric units
    Explanation
    Metric units are a system of measurement that is based on units that relate to each other by powers of 10. This means that each unit is either 10 times larger or 10 times smaller than the next unit. The metric system is widely used around the world and is known for its simplicity and ease of conversion between units. In contrast, the US system uses different units that do not relate to each other in a consistent way. Pounds and inches are specific units within the US system, but they do not follow the same pattern of measurement as the metric units.

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  • 21. 

    Process of simple compounds being built up and then used to manufacture materials for growth, reproduction, and repair:

    • A.

      Catabolism

    • B.

      Canabolism

    • C.

      Anabolic

    Correct Answer
    C. Anabolic
    Explanation
    Anabolic refers to the process of building up simple compounds into more complex ones, which are then used to manufacture materials for growth, reproduction, and repair. This process involves the synthesis of molecules and requires energy. Catabolism, on the other hand, involves the breakdown of complex molecules into simpler ones to release energy. Canabolism is not a recognized term in biology. Therefore, the correct answer is anabolic.

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  • 22. 

    Areas of body allow fewer X-rays to pass through to film; produce light areas on the film called?

    • A.

      Radiopaque

    • B.

      Radiolucent

    • C.

      PA

    • D.

      AP

    Correct Answer
    A. Radiopaque
    Explanation
    Radiopaque refers to areas of the body that allow fewer X-rays to pass through to the film, resulting in light areas on the film. In other words, radiopaque substances absorb or block X-rays, making them appear as bright or white areas on the X-ray film. This term is commonly used in radiology to describe structures or materials that are dense and can be easily visualized on X-ray images.

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  • 23. 

    Refers to body parts away from point of reference:

    • A.

      Proximal

    • B.

      Distal

    • C.

      Abduction

    • D.

      Adduction

    Correct Answer
    B. Distal
    Explanation
    The term "distal" refers to body parts that are located away from a point of reference. It is the opposite of "proximal," which refers to body parts that are closer to a point of reference. In anatomical terms, "distal" is often used to describe the position of limbs or appendages in relation to the body. For example, the fingers are considered distal to the wrist, as they are further away from the point of reference (the body) compared to the wrist.

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  • 24. 

    Refers to body parts towards or on back of body:

    • A.

      Posterior

    • B.

      Anterior

    • C.

      Distal

    • D.

      Proximal

    Correct Answer
    A. Posterior
    Explanation
    The term "posterior" refers to body parts that are located towards or on the back of the body. This means that the correct answer is "posterior." "Anterior" refers to body parts towards or on the front of the body, "distal" refers to body parts that are further away from the center of the body or a specific point of reference, and "proximal" refers to body parts that are closer to the center of the body or a specific point of reference.

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  • 25. 

    Refers to body parts towards or on front of body:

    • A.

      Back

    • B.

      Posterior

    • C.

      Dorsal

    • D.

      Anterior

    Correct Answer
    D. Anterior
    Explanation
    The term "anterior" refers to body parts that are located towards or on the front of the body. It is the opposite of "posterior," which refers to body parts located towards or on the back of the body. "Dorsal" refers to body parts located on or towards the back, specifically in reference to the back of an animal. "Back" is a general term that can refer to the rear or posterior part of the body.

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  • 26. 

    Using the figure below, the structure labeled A is the _______region.

    • A.

      Pedal

    • B.

      Cervix

    • C.

      Cervical

    • D.

      Sternal

    Correct Answer
    C. Cervical
    Explanation
    The structure labeled A in the figure is the cervical region.

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  • 27. 

    Using the figure in question 26, The structure labeled B represents ____________ region

    • A.

      Axillary

    • B.

      Epigastric

    • C.

      Sternal

    • D.

      Abdominal

    Correct Answer
    C. Sternal
    Explanation
    The structure labeled B in the figure represents the sternal region. This region refers to the area of the chest that includes the sternum, or breastbone. It is located in the center of the chest, between the two pectoral muscles. The sternal region is important for protecting the heart and lungs, as well as providing support for the upper body.

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  • 28. 

    Using the figure in question 26, The structure labeled C represents ____________ region

    • A.

      Axillary

    • B.

      Epigastric

    • C.

      Sternal

    • D.

      Abdominal

    • E.

      Brachial

    • F.

      None of these

    Correct Answer
    A. Axillary
    Explanation
    The structure labeled C in the figure represents the axillary region.

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  • 29. 

    Using the figure in question 26, The structure labeled D represents ____________ region

    • A.

      Axillary

    • B.

      Epigastric

    • C.

      Sternal

    • D.

      Abdominal

    • E.

      Brachial

    • F.

      None of these

    Correct Answer
    F. None of these
  • 30. 

    Using the figure in question 26, The structure labeled E represents ____________ region

    • A.

      Axillary

    • B.

      Epigastric

    • C.

      Sternal

    • D.

      Abdominal

    • E.

      Brachial

    • F.

      Carpal

    • G.

      None of these

    Correct Answer
    F. Carpal
    Explanation
    The structure labeled E in the figure represents the carpal region.

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  • 31. 

    Using the figure in question 26, The structure labeled F represents ____________ region

    • A.

      Axillary

    • B.

      Epigastric

    • C.

      Sternal

    • D.

      Lumbar

    • E.

      Brachial

    • F.

      Carpal

    • G.

      None of these

    Correct Answer
    D. Lumbar
    Explanation
    The structure labeled F in the figure represents the lumbar region.

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  • 32. 

    Using the figure below, the body position labeled A is referred to as ____________position

    • A.

      Prone position

    • B.

      Supine

    • C.

      Fowlers

    • D.

      Trendelenburg

    Correct Answer
    D. Trendelenburg
    Explanation
    The body position labeled A in the figure is referred to as the Trendelenburg position. This position is characterized by the patient lying flat on their back with the head lower than the feet. It is often used in medical settings to improve blood flow to vital organs and to facilitate certain surgical procedures. In this position, the patient's legs are elevated, which helps to increase venous return to the heart and improve circulation.

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  • 33. 

    Using the figure below, the body position labeled B is referred to as ____________position

    • A.

      Prone

    • B.

      Supine

    • C.

      Fowlers

    • D.

      Trendelenburg

    Correct Answer
    A. Prone
    Explanation
    The body position labeled B in the figure is referred to as the prone position. In the prone position, the person lies face down on their stomach with their back facing upwards. This position is commonly used in medical settings for procedures or examinations that require access to the back or spine.

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  • 34. 

    Using the figure below, the body position labeled C is referred to as ____________position

    • A.

      Prone

    • B.

      Supine

    • C.

      Fowlers

    • D.

      Trendelenburg

    Correct Answer
    B. Supine
    Explanation
    The figure below is not provided, so it is difficult to determine the exact body position labeled C. However, based on the options given, the correct answer is "Supine." Supine position refers to lying flat on the back, facing upward. This position is commonly used in medical settings for procedures, examinations, and patient care.

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  • 35. 

    Using the figure below, the body position labeled D is referred to as ____________position

    • A.

      Prone

    • B.

      Supine

    • C.

      Fowlers

    • D.

      Trendelenburg

    Correct Answer
    C. Fowlers
    Explanation
    The body position labeled D is referred to as Fowlers position. This position is characterized by the patient lying on their back with the head of the bed elevated at a 45-degree angle. It is commonly used in medical settings to facilitate breathing, improve oxygenation, and promote comfort.

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  • 36. 

    Disease in the gallbladder is likely to produce pain in the _________

    • A.

      LUQ

    • B.

      RUQ

    • C.

      LLQ

    • D.

      RLQ

    Correct Answer
    B. RUQ
    Explanation
    Disease in the gallbladder is likely to produce pain in the RUQ (right upper quadrant) of the abdomen. The gallbladder is located in the upper right side of the abdomen, so any issues or diseases affecting it can cause pain in that specific area. This pain may be sharp or dull and can radiate to the back or shoulder. It is important to note that other conditions or organs in the RUQ can also cause pain, so a proper diagnosis is necessary.

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  • 37. 

    Disease Hepatitis is likely to produce pain in the _________

    • A.

      LUQ

    • B.

      RUQ

    • C.

      LLQ

    • D.

      RLQ

    Correct Answer
    B. RUQ
    Explanation
    Hepatitis is a disease that causes inflammation of the liver. The liver is located in the upper right quadrant (RUQ) of the abdomen. Therefore, it is likely to produce pain in the RUQ.

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  • 38. 

    Disease of the appendix is likely to produce pain in the _________

    • A.

      LUQ

    • B.

      Umbilicus initially

    • C.

      LLQ

    • D.

      Only in the RLQ

    • E.

      None of these

    Correct Answer
    B. Umbilicus initially
    Explanation
    When a person has a disease of the appendix, it is likely to produce pain in the umbilicus initially. This is because the appendix is located near the umbilicus, so inflammation or infection in the appendix can cause pain in that area. However, as the disease progresses, the pain may shift to the right lower quadrant (RLQ) of the abdomen, which is a characteristic symptom of appendicitis. Therefore, the correct answer is "Umbilicus initially."

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  • 39. 

    Ultrasound exposes a patient to radiation

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The statement is false. Ultrasound does not expose a patient to radiation. Ultrasound uses high-frequency sound waves to create images of the inside of the body. It is a non-invasive imaging technique that does not involve the use of radiation.

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  • 40. 

    In a PA x-ray the patient is standing with their back facing the x-ray machine.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    In a PA x-ray, the patient is positioned with their back facing the x-ray machine. This positioning allows for a posterior-anterior (PA) view of the body. By standing with their back towards the machine, the x-ray beam passes through the patient's back and towards the front of their body, capturing an image of the internal structures from the back to the front. This positioning is commonly used for chest x-rays to visualize the lungs and heart.

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  • Mar 17, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Apr 18, 2011
    Quiz Created by
    Bismarkf
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