A&p II Exam 3 Review

139 Questions | Total Attempts: 675

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AP Biology Quizzes & Trivia

We all get pre-exam jitters, when studying for that human anatomy and physiology final exam one needs all the help they can get so as to nail down a pass grade. This means enrolling in study groups and taking quizzes to polish up your knowledge. Give the test review below a try. All the best


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    • A. 

      RNA or DNA core

    • B. 

      Causes cell lysis

    • C. 

      Protein coating

    • D. 

      Cause infections in body fuids

  • 2. 
    Which of the following is not characteristic of a bacteria?
    • A. 

      May have a slime coat

    • B. 

      One chromosome

    • C. 

      Not a living cell

    • D. 

      Has a cell wall

  • 3. 
    • A. 

      Prevents the spread of the injurious agent to nearby tissue

    • B. 

      Sets the stage for repair processes

    • C. 

      Replaces injured tissues with connective tissue

    • D. 

      Disposes of cellular debris and pathogens

  • 4. 
    Which of the following is a part of the second line of defense against microorganisms?
    • A. 

      Macrophage

    • B. 

      Gastric juice

    • C. 

      Keratin

    • D. 

      Cilia

  • 5. 
    B cells respond to the initial antigen challenge by ___________.
    • A. 

      Forming of a large number of cells that are unlike the original B cell

    • B. 

      Producing progeny cells that include plasma cells and memory cells

    • C. 

      Immediately producing antigen-specific antibodies

    • D. 

      Reducing its size

  • 6. 
    Cytotoxic T cells
    • A. 

      Require the double recognition signal of I MHC plus II MHC on the target cell in order to function

    • B. 

      Self-destruct once the antigen has been neutralized

    • C. 

      Function mainly to stimulate the proliferation of other T cell populations

    • D. 

      Are the only T cells that can directly attack and kill other cells

  • 7. 
    The primary immune response ________________.
    • A. 

      Is another name for immunological memory

    • B. 

      Has a lag period while B cells proliferate and differentiate into plasma cells

    • C. 

      Occurs when memory cells are stimulated

    • D. 

      Occurs more rapidly and is stronger than the secondary response

  • 8. 
    Select the correct statement about the function of antibodies.
    • A. 

      Neutralization is the process by which antibodies cause invading cells to clump together

    • B. 

      Antibodies may directly destroy "invaders"

    • C. 

      Complement activation is the main mechanism by which antibodies provide protection

    • D. 

      The most potent agglutinating agent is IgG

  • 9. 
    Which of the following cells combines bother cell-mediated and antibody-mediated immunity?
    • A. 

      Cytotoxic T cells

    • B. 

      APC

    • C. 

      B cell

    • D. 

      Helper T cell

  • 10. 
    The cells directly responsible for cellular immunity are the ___________ cells. 
    • A. 

      Suppressor T

    • B. 

      Cytotoxic T

    • C. 

      B

    • D. 

      Plasma

    • E. 

      Helper T

  • 11. 
    The cells responsible for humoral immunity are the _________ cells.
    • A. 

      Helper T

    • B. 

      NK

    • C. 

      Suppressor T

    • D. 

      B

    • E. 

      Cytotoxic T

  • 12. 
    Examples of physical barriers against pathogens include
    • A. 

      Mucus

    • B. 

      Sebaceous glands

    • C. 

      Epidermal layers

    • D. 

      Epithelia

    • E. 

      All of the answers are correct

  • 13. 
    Inflammation produces localized
    • A. 

      Heat

    • B. 

      Pain

    • C. 

      Swelling

    • D. 

      Redness

    • E. 

      All of the answers are correct

  • 14. 
    Adaptive defenses depend on the activities of
    • A. 

      Agranulocytes

    • B. 

      Lymphocytes

    • C. 

      Monocytes

    • D. 

      Erythrocytes

    • E. 

      Leukocytes

  • 15. 
    T cells and B cells can be activated only by
    • A. 

      Interleukins, interferons, and colony-stimulating factors

    • B. 

      Exposure to a specific antigen at a specific site in a plasma membrane

    • C. 

      Pathogens

    • D. 

      Cells infected with viruses, bacteria, or cancer cells

    • E. 

      Disease-causing agents

  • 16. 
    The role of antigen-presenting cells in immunity is to
    • A. 

      Activate T cells

    • B. 

      Display antigen fragments

    • C. 

      Bind antigens to glycoproteins

    • D. 

      Process antigens

    • E. 

      All of the answers are correct

  • 17. 
    The human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) that causes the disease known as AIDS selectively infects _________ cells.
    • A. 

      Helper T

    • B. 

      B

    • C. 

      Cytotoxic T

    • D. 

      Suppressor T

    • E. 

      Plasma

  • 18. 
    What is the average normal pH range of blood?
    • A. 

      4.65-4.75

    • B. 

      8.35-8.45

    • C. 

      7.35-7.45

    • D. 

      7.75-7.85

  • 19. 
    Which blood type is generally called the universal donor?
    • A. 

      A

    • B. 

      O

    • C. 

      AB

    • D. 

      B

  • 20. 
    Which of the following is not a distribution function of blood?
    • A. 

      Delivery of oxygen to body cells

    • B. 

      Transport of hormones to their target organs

    • C. 

      Transport of salts to maintain blood volume

    • D. 

      Transport of metabolic wastes from cells

  • 21. 
    Which of the following might trigger erythropoiesis?
    • A. 

      An increased number of RBCs

    • B. 

      Hypoxia of EPO-producing cells

    • C. 

      Moving to a lower altitude

    • D. 

      Decreased tissue demand for oxygen

  • 22. 
    What organ in the body regulates erythrocyte production?
    • A. 

      Kidney

    • B. 

      Pancreas

    • C. 

      Brain

    • D. 

      Liver

  • 23. 
    Normal heart founds are caused by which of the following events?
    • A. 

      Opening and closing of the heart valves

    • B. 

      Friction of blood against the chamber walls

    • C. 

      Closure of the heart valves

    • D. 

      Excitation of the SA node

  • 24. 
    Which of the events below does not occur when the semilunar valves are open?
    • A. 

      AV valves are closed

    • B. 

      Ventricles are systole

    • C. 

      Ventricles are diastole

    • D. 

      Blood enters pulmonary arteries and the aorta

  • 25. 
    The P wave of a normal electrocardiogram indicates ____________.
    • A. 

      Ventricular repolarization

    • B. 

      Atrial repolarization

    • C. 

      Ventricular depolarization

    • D. 

      Atrial depolarization