Chapter 6 General Anatomy And Physiology

43 Questions | Total Attempts: 3296

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Chapter 6 General Anatomy And Physiology

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    The dense active protoplasm found in the center of the cell is
    • A. 

      Cytoplasm

    • B. 

      Cell membrane

    • C. 

      Nucleus

    • D. 

      Chromatid

  • 2. 
    The____is the protoplasm of a cell expect for the protoplasmin the nucleus
    • A. 

      Cystine

    • B. 

      Neuron

    • C. 

      Cytoplasm

    • D. 

      Mandible

  • 3. 
    The chemical process through which cells are nourished and carry out their activities is called
    • A. 

      Metabolism

    • B. 

      Mitosis

    • C. 

      Meiosis

    • D. 

      Respiration

  • 4. 
    The constructive phase of metabolism is called
    • A. 

      Anabolism

    • B. 

      Catabolism

    • C. 

      Mitosis

    • D. 

      Meiosis

  • 5. 
    Which type of tissue contracts and moves various parts of the body?
    • A. 

      Nerve tissue

    • B. 

      Muscle tissue

    • C. 

      Connective tissue

    • D. 

      Epithelial tissue

  • 6. 
    Which type of tissue lines the heart and the digestive and repiratory organs?
    • A. 

      Nerve tissue

    • B. 

      Muscle tissue

    • C. 

      Connective tissue

    • D. 

      Epithelial tissue

  • 7. 
    The___is the larger of the two bones that form the leg below the knee
    • A. 

      Patella

    • B. 

      Fibula

    • C. 

      Tibia

    • D. 

      Femur

  • 8. 
    The oval, bony case that protects the brain is the
    • A. 

      Cranium

    • B. 

      Facial skeletion

    • C. 

      Hyoid bone

    • D. 

      Thorax

  • 9. 
    The maxillae bones form the
    • A. 

      Lower jaw

    • B. 

      Upper jaw

    • C. 

      Upper arm

    • D. 

      Forearm

  • 10. 
    The two bones that form the sides and crown (top) of the cranium are the
    • A. 

      Parietal bones

    • B. 

      Occipital bones

    • C. 

      Lacrimal bones

    • D. 

      Zygomatic bones

  • 11. 
    The inner and larger bone in the forearm, attached to the wrist and located on the side of the little finger is the
    • A. 

      Carpus

    • B. 

      Ulna

    • C. 

      Metacarpus

    • D. 

      Radius

  • 12. 
    Which muscles are also known as the smooth muscles?
    • A. 

      Nonstriated muscles

    • B. 

      Cardiac muscles

    • C. 

      Striated muscle

    • D. 

      Trapezius muscles

  • 13. 
    The part of the muscle that does not move is the
    • A. 

      Belly

    • B. 

      Insertion

    • C. 

      Origin

    • D. 

      Tendon

  • 14. 
    The broad muscle that covers the top of the head is the
    • A. 

      Temporal

    • B. 

      Epicranius

    • C. 

      Deltoid

    • D. 

      Occipital

  • 15. 
    The___are the muscle that straighten the wrist, hand, and fingers to form a straight line
    • A. 

      Extensors

    • B. 

      Pronators

    • C. 

      Supinators

    • D. 

      Flexors

  • 16. 
    The system of nerves that carries impulses or messages to and from the central nervous system is called the
    • A. 

      Involuntary nervous system

    • B. 

      Voluntary nervous system

    • C. 

      Atuonomic nerve system

    • D. 

      Peripheral nervous system

  • 17. 
    Sensory nerve ending called___are located close to the surface of the skin
    • A. 

      Reactors

    • B. 

      Receptors

    • C. 

      Capillaries

    • D. 

      Aural neurons

  • 18. 
    The largest artery in the human body is the
    • A. 

      Jugular

    • B. 

      Ventricle

    • C. 

      Aorta

    • D. 

      Carotid

  • 19. 
    The main blood supply of the arms and hands are the
    • A. 

      Facial and superficial arteries

    • B. 

      Ulnar and radial arteries

    • C. 

      Radial and posterior arteries

    • D. 

      Ulnar and external jugular arteries

  • 20. 
    The popliteal artery supplies blood to the foot and divides into two separate arteries known as the
    • A. 

      Anterior tibial and posterior tibial arteries

    • B. 

      Anterior tibial and dorsalis pedis arteries

    • C. 

      Internal and external jugular arteries

    • D. 

      Supraorbital and infraorbital arteries

  • 21. 
    The___is the primary nasal muscle of concern to cosmetologists.
    • A. 

      Platysmua

    • B. 

      Procerus

    • C. 

      Popliteal

    • D. 

      Pronator

  • 22. 
    The mental nerve affects the skin of the
    • A. 

      Lower eyelid, side of the nose, upper lip, and mouth

    • B. 

      Nose

    • C. 

      Forehead, scalp, eyebrow, and upper eyelid

    • D. 

      Lower lip and chin

  • 23. 
    The ___cranial nerve is the chief motor nerve of the face
    • A. 

      Fourth

    • B. 

      Fifth

    • C. 

      Sixth

    • D. 

      Seventh

  • 24. 
    The median nerve supplies impulses to the
    • A. 

      Fingers

    • B. 

      Wrist

    • C. 

      Arm and hand

    • D. 

      Arm and wrist

  • 25. 
    The deep personeal nerve is located in the
    • A. 

      Front of the arm

    • B. 

      Front of the leg

    • C. 

      Back of the leg

    • D. 

      Front of the leg

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