Association Of Surgical Tech

95 Questions | Total Attempts: 392

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Surgical Technology Quizzes & Trivia

Practice exam questions from AST study guide


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Which of the following structures is located in the alveolar processes?
    • A. 

      Teeth

    • B. 

      Villi

    • C. 

      Sinuses

    • D. 

      Tonsils

  • 2. 
    • A. 

      Clean

    • B. 

      Contaminated

    • C. 

      Dirty and infected

    • D. 

      Clean-contaminated

  • 3. 
    The enzyme used to soften the zonules of the lens before cataract surgery is:
    • A. 

      Atropine sulfate

    • B. 

      Alpha-chymotrypsin

    • C. 

      Acetylcholine chloride

    • D. 

      Pilocarpine hydrochloride

  • 4. 
    Which of the following is a curved, transverse incision across the lower abdomen frequently used in gynecological surgery?
    • A. 

      Midline

    • B. 

      Paramedian

    • C. 

      McBurney's

    • D. 

      Pfannenstiel

  • 5. 
    When perforated metal trays are placed on the shelves of the steam sterilizing cart, they should be positioned:
    • A. 

      Flat

    • B. 

      Upside down

    • C. 

      Vertical

    • D. 

      Angled

  • 6. 
    Hyperkalemia is a high concentration of:
    • A. 

      Calcium

    • B. 

      Nitrogen

    • C. 

      Potassium

    • D. 

      Albumin

  • 7. 
    Which of the following tissues are cut using curved Mayo scissors?
    • A. 

      Fascia

    • B. 

      Periosteum

    • C. 

      Dura mater

    • D. 

      Arterial wall

  • 8. 
    Which laser beam can travel through clear tissues without heating them?
    • A. 

      Argon

    • B. 

      Excimer

    • C. 

      Carbon dioxide

    • D. 

      Neodymium: YAG

  • 9. 
    Permission for treatment given with full knowledge of risk is a/an:
    • A. 

      Tort

    • B. 

      Malpractice

    • C. 

      Personal liability

    • D. 

      Informed consent

  • 10. 
    Which portion of the stomach surrounds the lower esophageal sphincter?
    • A. 

      Cardia

    • B. 

      Fundus

    • C. 

      Pylorus

    • D. 

      Antrum

  • 11. 
    Low level disinfectants kill most microbes, but do not destroy:
    • A. 

      Viruses

    • B. 

      Bacteria

    • C. 

      Fungi

    • D. 

      Spores

  • 12. 
    Syndactyly refers to:
    • A. 

      Cleft palate

    • B. 

      Webbed fingers

    • C. 

      Fused tarsals

    • D. 

      Torn ligaments

  • 13. 
    The islets of Langerhans secrete:
    • A. 

      Bile

    • B. 

      Insulin

    • C. 

      Intrinsic factor

    • D. 

      Inhibiting hormones

  • 14. 
    Through which of the following do the common bile duct and the pancreatic duct empty?
    • A. 

      Ampulla of Vater

    • B. 

      Duct of Santorini

    • C. 

      Wirsung's duct

    • D. 

      Sphincter of Oddi

  • 15. 
    Which of the following identifiers must be verified by the patient or their ID bracelet prior to transporting a patient to the OR?
    • A. 

      Name, social security #, physician

    • B. 

      Name, medical record #, allergies

    • C. 

      Name, DOB, diagnosis

    • D. 

      Name, DOB, physician

  • 16. 
    What are spiral-shaped bacteria called?
    • A. 

      Cocci

    • B. 

      Bacilli

    • C. 

      Spirilli

    • D. 

      Diplococci

  • 17. 
    The primary function of the gallbladder is to:
    • A. 

      Store bile

    • B. 

      Produce bile

    • C. 

      Emulsify fats

    • D. 

      Metabolize fats

  • 18. 
    Which of the following is not a benefit of using surface-mounted sliding doors for access to the OR?
    • A. 

      Uses less space for opening

    • B. 

      Aid in controlling temperature

    • C. 

      Eliminate air turbulance

    • D. 

      Provides for thorough cleaning

  • 19. 
    What are the three factors for reducing ionizing radiation exposure?
    • A. 

      Type of procedure, equipment, radiation dose

    • B. 

      Exposure, frequency, concentration

    • C. 

      Time, shielding, distance

    • D. 

      Site, age, gender

  • 20. 
    Which is the first part of the small intestine?
    • A. 

      Duodenum

    • B. 

      Jejunum

    • C. 

      Ileum

    • D. 

      Cecum

  • 21. 
    What is the surgical position frequently used for patients undergoing kidney surgery?
    • A. 

      Prone

    • B. 

      Lateral

    • C. 

      Supine

    • D. 

      Lithotomy

  • 22. 
    How are rickettsiae transmitted?
    • A. 

      Arthropod bites

    • B. 

      Physical contact

    • C. 

      Blood exposure

    • D. 

      Airborne organisms

  • 23. 
    Which of the following is an examination of the cervix using a binocular microscope?
    • A. 

      Colposcopy

    • B. 

      Laparoscopy

    • C. 

      Urethroscopy

    • D. 

      Hyeroscopy

  • 24. 
    Compression of the heart from excessive fluid or blood buildup is called:
    • A. 

      Tamponade

    • B. 

      Pericarditis

    • C. 

      Infarction

    • D. 

      Cardiomyopathy

  • 25. 
    Which surgical team member determines when the patient can be transported from the OR to the PACU?
    • A. 

      Anesthesia provider

    • B. 

      Circulator

    • C. 

      Surgeon

    • D. 

      Surgical tech