Surgical Tech (Appleton And Lange) Part 12

100 Questions | Total Attempts: 154

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Surgical Technology Quizzes & Trivia

Appleton and Lange part 12 Questions 1100 thru 1199


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    A drug used intraoperatively for its antispasmodic effect on the smooth muscle of the vessel wall is
    • A. 

      Ringer's lactate

    • B. 

      Papaverine hydrochloride

    • C. 

      Physiosol

    • D. 

      Protamine sulfate

  • 2. 
    Compression of subclavian vessels and brachial plexus at the superior aperture of the thorax is known as
    • A. 

      Thymoma

    • B. 

      Pectus excavatum

    • C. 

      Thoracic outlet syndrome

    • D. 

      Pectus carinatum

  • 3. 
    In vascular surgery, the term in situ graft references the use of a (n)
    • A. 

      Autogenous graft

    • B. 

      Heterogeneous graft

    • C. 

      Allograft

    • D. 

      Synthetic graft

  • 4. 
    The surgery scheduled as "Greenfield filter insertion" indicates a diagnosis of
    • A. 

      Emboli formation

    • B. 

      Venous stasis

    • C. 

      Arteriovascular occlusion

    • D. 

      Kidney failure

  • 5. 
    The intraoperative endoscopic visualization of internal vessels is known as
    • A. 

      Angiography

    • B. 

      Angioplasty

    • C. 

      Angioscopy

    • D. 

      Arthrectomy

  • 6. 
    During a vascular procedure, monitoring the activated clotting time intraoperatively provides useful data for judging the need for reversal or addition of
    • A. 

      Angiovist

    • B. 

      Papaverine

    • C. 

      Heparin

    • D. 

      Protamine sulfate

  • 7. 
    A low-molecular-weight protein that, when combined with heparin, causes a loss of anticoagulant activity postoperatively is
    • A. 

      Papaverine

    • B. 

      Protamine sulfate

    • C. 

      Tromethamine

    • D. 

      Angiovist

  • 8. 
    What is the purpose for the surgical creation of an arteriovenous fistula?
    • A. 

      Hemodialysis

    • B. 

      Insertion of Greenfield filter

    • C. 

      Peritoneal dialysis

    • D. 

      Placement of Javid shunt

  • 9. 
    Conservative treatment of occlusive dissease involving recanalization to restore the lumen of a vessel is called
    • A. 

      Polytetrafluoroethylene prosthetic (PTFE)

    • B. 

      Percutaneous transluminal angioplasty (PTA)

    • C. 

      Greenfield filter

    • D. 

      Endarterectomy

  • 10. 
    What catheter is used to remove thrombi or emboli from vascular structures?
    • A. 

      Gruntzig

    • B. 

      Fogarty

    • C. 

      Swan-Ganz

    • D. 

      Foley

  • 11. 
    What procedure is used intraoperatively and postoperatively to determine blood flow in a vessel?
    • A. 

      Anteriogram

    • B. 

      Swan-Ganz

    • C. 

      Doppler ultrasound

    • D. 

      Angioscopy

  • 12. 
    Removal of atherosclerotic plaque from a major artery is termed
    • A. 

      Embolectomy

    • B. 

      Aneurysmectomy

    • C. 

      Enddarterectomy

    • D. 

      Thrombectomy

  • 13. 
    An abnormal localized dilatation of an artery resulting from mechanical pressure of blood on a weakened wall is called
    • A. 

      Atherosclerosis

    • B. 

      Arteriosclerosis

    • C. 

      Collateral circulation

    • D. 

      Aneurysm

  • 14. 
    What is the treatment of choice for capturing emboli that arise from the pelvis or lower extremities?
    • A. 

      Permacath

    • B. 

      Greenfield filter

    • C. 

      Vas-cath

    • D. 

      Porto-cath

  • 15. 
    What intraoperative test determines the needed reversal or addition of heparin?
    • A. 

      Arterial blood gases (ABGs)

    • B. 

      ACT

    • C. 

      APPT

    • D. 

      None of the above

  • 16. 
    What drug is used intraoperatively in a topical manner for its direct effect on the muscle of the vessel wall?
    • A. 

      Papaverine hydrochloride

    • B. 

      Heparin

    • C. 

      Topical thrombin

    • D. 

      Protamine sulfate

  • 17. 
    The technique applied to the patient who is unable to be weaned from cardiopulmonary bypass is
    • A. 

      IAPB

    • B. 

      VADs

    • C. 

      Pacemaker

    • D. 

      A and B

  • 18. 
    What is the most common acquired valvular lesion?
    • A. 

      Mitral regurgitation

    • B. 

      Mitral stenosis

    • C. 

      Tricuspid valve regurgitation

    • D. 

      Aortic insufficiency

  • 19. 
    What drug is used to effect coronary thrombolysis in the cardiac catheterization laboratory?
    • A. 

      Tissue plasminogen activator

    • B. 

      Heparin

    • C. 

      Streptokinase

    • D. 

      A and C

  • 20. 
    The term in situ graft represents the use of a (n)
    • A. 

      Autograft

    • B. 

      Biograft

    • C. 

      Dacron graft

    • D. 

      Filamentous velour

  • 21. 
    Which suture is commonly used to attach tendon to bone?
    • A. 

      Wire

    • B. 

      Cotton

    • C. 

      Chromic

    • D. 

      Vicryl

  • 22. 
    Seamless tubular cotton that stretches to fit a contour and is used for padding is called
    • A. 

      Ace bandage

    • B. 

      Webril

    • C. 

      Sheet wadding

    • D. 

      Stockinette

  • 23. 
    What is the proper wrapping procedure utilizing an Esmarch bandage?
    • A. 

      Start at the distal end of the extremity

    • B. 

      Start at the proximal end of the extremity

    • C. 

      Start after the cuff is inflated

    • D. 

      Start at the incision site

  • 24. 
    Fracture of the patella may be repaired with all of the following hardware EXCEPT
    • A. 

      Buttress plate

    • B. 

      Bone screws

    • C. 

      Tension band

    • D. 

      Circumferential loop

  • 25. 
    A variation of bunionectomy, in which the surgeon includes resection of the proximal third of the phalanx and possible silicone implant is called a
    • A. 

      McBride procedure

    • B. 

      Keller arthroplasty

    • C. 

      Bankart procedure

    • D. 

      Metatarsal osteotomy