Surgical Tech (Appleton & Lange) Part 6

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Surgical Technology Quizzes & Trivia

Part 6 of the book the Surgical Tech Appleton & Lange study book is a critical part of the study and perfect understanding is not negotiable for all surgical students. Try the quiz and see how much you have comprehended.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    A forcep used in nasal surgery is a (n)

    • A.

      Bayonet

    • B.

      Russian

    • C.

      Rat-tooth

    • D.

      Alligator

    Correct Answer
    A. Bayonet
    Explanation
    A bayonet forceps is commonly used in nasal surgery. It has a long, slender shape with a curved tip resembling a bayonet. This design allows for precise and controlled manipulation of tissues in the nasal cavity. The bayonet forceps are specifically designed for nasal procedures and provide the surgeon with better access and visibility during the surgery.

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  • 2. 

    All of the following instruments can be found on a nasal setup EXCEPT

    • A.

      Freer elevator

    • B.

      Bayonet forceps

    • C.

      Potts forceps

    • D.

      Frazier suction tube

    Correct Answer
    C. Potts forceps
    Explanation
    A nasal setup is a collection of instruments used during nasal surgeries or procedures. The Freer elevator, bayonet forceps, and frazier suction tube are all commonly used instruments in nasal setups. However, Potts forceps are not typically found in a nasal setup. Potts forceps are usually used in ear surgeries, specifically for grasping and manipulating tissue in the ear canal. Therefore, Potts forceps are the only instrument listed that cannot be found on a nasal setup.

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  • 3. 

    On which setup would bougies be found?

    • A.

      Tonsillectomy

    • B.

      Esophagoscopy

    • C.

      Radical neck

    • D.

      Parotidectomy

    Correct Answer
    B. Esophagoscopy
    Explanation
    Bougies are typically found in an esophagoscopy setup. An esophagoscopy is a procedure used to examine the esophagus using an endoscope, which is a flexible tube with a light and camera on the end. Bougies are long, flexible instruments that are used to dilate or stretch the esophagus during the procedure if there is a narrowing or blockage. Therefore, it is likely that bougies would be found in an esophagoscopy setup.

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  • 4. 

    All of the following can be found on a tonsillectomy setup EXCEPT

    • A.

      Yankauer suction

    • B.

      Hurd dissector and pillar retrator

    • C.

      Tongue depressor

    • D.

      Jameson hook

    Correct Answer
    D. Jameson hook
    Explanation
    A tonsillectomy setup includes various instruments and tools used during the procedure. The Yankauer suction is used to remove fluids and debris from the surgical site. The Hurd dissector and pillar retractor are used to dissect and retract tissues during the surgery. A tongue depressor is used to hold the patient's tongue down and provide better access to the tonsils. However, a Jameson hook is not typically used in a tonsillectomy setup. It is a dental instrument used for tooth extraction, not specifically for tonsillectomy procedures.

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  • 5. 

    Tissue expanders are used in

    • A.

      Augmentation mammoplasty

    • B.

      Reduction for gynecomastia

    • C.

      Transrectus myocutaneous flap

    • D.

      Breast reconstruction

    Correct Answer
    D. Breast reconstruction
    Explanation
    Tissue expanders are used in breast reconstruction. This procedure involves creating a pocket under the chest muscle and gradually expanding it over time by injecting saline into the expander. This helps to stretch the skin and create space for a breast implant. Once the desired size is achieved, the expander is replaced with a permanent implant. Breast reconstruction is typically performed after a mastectomy or for individuals who have congenital breast abnormalities.

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  • 6. 

    The fracture treated with arch bars is

    • A.

      Nasal

    • B.

      Mandibular

    • C.

      Zygomatic

    • D.

      Orbital

    Correct Answer
    B. Mandibular
    Explanation
    The correct answer is mandibular because arch bars are commonly used to treat fractures of the mandible, which is the lower jaw bone. Arch bars are metal bars that are attached to the teeth to stabilize the fractured jaw and allow for proper healing. Fractures of the nasal bone, zygomatic bone, and orbital bone would typically require different treatment methods.

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  • 7. 

    Rib removal for surgical exposure of the kidney requires all of the following EXCEPT a (n)

    • A.

      Alexander periosteotome

    • B.

      Doyen raspatory

    • C.

      Heaney clamp

    • D.

      Stille shears

    Correct Answer
    C. Heaney clamp
    Explanation
    The Heaney clamp is not required for rib removal for surgical exposure of the kidney. The Alexander periosteotome is used to cut and lift the periosteum, the Doyen raspatory is used to scrape and remove bone, and the Stille shears are used to cut the ribs. The Heaney clamp, on the other hand, is typically used in gynecological procedures to clamp and control bleeding.

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  • 8. 

    Stone forceps on a kidney set are

    • A.

      Lewkowitz

    • B.

      Randall

    • C.

      Satinsky

    • D.

      Mayo

    Correct Answer
    B. Randall
    Explanation
    Randall forceps are used in kidney sets. These forceps are designed with a curved and serrated tip, allowing for a secure grip on stones during surgical procedures. They are commonly used for removing kidney stones or manipulating them during surgeries. The other options mentioned (Lewkowitz, Satinsky, Mayo) are not specifically associated with stone forceps on a kidney set.

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  • 9. 

    A Sarot is a

    • A.

      Bronchus clamp

    • B.

      Scapula retractor

    • C.

      Lung retractor

    • D.

      Lung grasping clamp

    Correct Answer
    A. Bronchus clamp
    Explanation
    A Sarot is a bronchus clamp. A bronchus clamp is a surgical instrument used to occlude or clamp the bronchus, which is a tube that carries air into the lungs. This clamp is used during procedures involving the lungs, such as lung resections or lobectomies, to temporarily block the bronchus and prevent air from entering the lung. It allows the surgeon to have better control over the lung and facilitates the procedure by preventing air leakage.

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  • 10. 

    Which item would not be included on a setup for a transvenous (endocardial) pacemaker?

    • A.

      Tunneling instrument

    • B.

      Intra-aorta calloon pump

    • C.

      Fluoroscopy

    • D.

      Defibrillator

    Correct Answer
    B. Intra-aorta calloon pump
    Explanation
    A transvenous (endocardial) pacemaker is a type of pacemaker that is inserted through a vein and placed inside the heart. It is used to regulate the heart's rhythm. The items required for setting up this type of pacemaker include a tunneling instrument for creating a path for the pacemaker leads, fluoroscopy for guiding the placement of the leads, and a defibrillator for emergency situations. However, an intra-aorta calloon pump is not used in the setup of a transvenous pacemaker. An intra-aorta calloon pump is a device used to assist the heart in pumping blood and is not directly related to the placement or function of a pacemaker.

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  • 11. 

    The most frequent conditions requiring the use of a permanent pacemaker are

    • A.

      Coronary or mitral insufficiency

    • B.

      Pulmonary artery or vein stenosis

    • C.

      Heart block, bradyarrhythmia

    • D.

      Pumonary stenosis, ventricular septal defect

    Correct Answer
    C. Heart block, bradyarrhythmia
    Explanation
    Heart block and bradyarrhythmia are the most frequent conditions requiring the use of a permanent pacemaker. Heart block refers to a condition where the electrical signals in the heart are delayed or blocked, leading to a slow or irregular heartbeat. Bradyarrhythmia refers to a slow heart rate, which can also be caused by heart block. Both of these conditions can significantly affect the heart's ability to pump blood effectively, and a permanent pacemaker is often needed to regulate and stabilize the heart's rhythm. The other conditions mentioned in the options, such as coronary or mitral insufficiency and pulmonary artery or vein stenosis, are not typically treated with a permanent pacemaker.

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  • 12. 

    Which setup would include distraction and compression components?

    • A.

      Harrington rods

    • B.

      Intramedullary nail

    • C.

      Arthrodesis

    • D.

      Tibial shaft fracture

    Correct Answer
    A. Harrington rods
    Explanation
    Harrington rods are a type of spinal instrumentation used in the treatment of scoliosis. They consist of distraction and compression components. The distraction component helps to straighten the spine by pulling it apart, while the compression component holds the spine in the corrected position. Therefore, the setup that includes distraction and compression components is Harrington rods.

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  • 13. 

    Traction applied directly on bone via pins, wires, or tongs is

    • A.

      Internal

    • B.

      Closed

    • C.

      Skeletal

    • D.

      Counter pressure

    Correct Answer
    C. Skeletal
    Explanation
    Traction applied directly on bone via pins, wires, or tongs is referred to as skeletal traction. This method involves the use of devices that are inserted into the bone to provide stability and allow for controlled pulling or stretching of the affected area. Unlike external traction, which involves the use of braces or splints, skeletal traction provides a more direct and precise means of applying traction to the bone. This technique is commonly used in orthopedic surgeries or in the treatment of fractures, dislocations, or other skeletal injuries.

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  • 14. 

    Skeletal traction of a lower leg is accomplished with the use of a (n)

    • A.

      Kirschner wire

    • B.

      Knowles pin

    • C.

      Eggers plate

    • D.

      Smith-Peterson nail

    Correct Answer
    A. Kirschner wire
    Explanation
    Skeletal traction is a method used to immobilize and align fractured bones. It involves inserting a device into the bone to provide stability and traction. A Kirschner wire, also known as a K-wire, is a type of pin that is commonly used for skeletal traction. It is a thin, stainless steel wire that is inserted into the bone and secured externally with clamps or other devices. The K-wire allows for controlled traction and helps to align the fractured bone, promoting proper healing. Therefore, the correct answer is Kirschner wire.

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  • 15. 

    In orthopedic surgery, the viewing of the progression of a procedure on a television screen is known as

    • A.

      Image intensification

    • B.

      Radiography

    • C.

      Portable filming

    • D.

      X-ray

    Correct Answer
    A. Image intensification
    Explanation
    Image intensification is the correct answer because it refers to the process of viewing the progression of a procedure on a television screen. This technique is commonly used in orthopedic surgery to enhance the visibility of images and provide real-time visualization of the procedure being performed. It involves the use of an image intensifier, which amplifies the brightness of the X-ray image and allows for better visualization on a screen.

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  • 16. 

    A neurologic study in which a radiopaque substance is infected into the subarachnoid space through a lumbar puncture is called a (n)

    • A.

      Cerebral angiography

    • B.

      Myelogram

    • C.

      Encephalogram

    • D.

      Diskogram

    Correct Answer
    B. Myelogram
    Explanation
    A myelogram is a neurologic study where a radiopaque substance is injected into the subarachnoid space through a lumbar puncture. This procedure helps to visualize the spinal cord and nerves, allowing for the detection of abnormalities such as tumors, herniated discs, or spinal stenosis. It is commonly used to diagnose conditions affecting the spinal cord and surrounding structures. Cerebral angiography, encephalogram, and diskogram are different procedures used to diagnose conditions related to the brain and discs, respectively, and are not performed through lumbar puncture.

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  • 17. 

    A neuro headrest skull clamp is called a (n)

    • A.

      Sachs

    • B.

      Frazier

    • C.

      Adson

    • D.

      Mayfield

    Correct Answer
    D. Mayfield
    Explanation
    A neuro headrest skull clamp is called a Mayfield.

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  • 18. 

    Maintenance of acceptable blood pressure and prevention of the development of air emboli in the neurosurgical patient can be effected by preoperative utilization of

    • A.

      An antigravity suit

    • B.

      Ace bandages

    • C.

      Thrombo-embolic device (TED) stockings

    • D.

      Adequate body support

    Correct Answer
    A. An antigravity suit
    Explanation
    An antigravity suit can help maintain acceptable blood pressure and prevent the development of air emboli in neurosurgical patients. This suit works by applying pressure to the lower body, which helps in preventing blood from pooling in the lower extremities and promotes blood flow back to the heart. By doing so, it helps maintain blood pressure and reduces the risk of air emboli formation. This is particularly important in neurosurgical patients as they are at a higher risk of developing complications related to blood pressure and air emboli during surgery.

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  • 19. 

    A ____________ is a mounth gag.

    • A.

      Burlisher

    • B.

      Blair

    • C.

      Dingman

    • D.

      Forman

    Correct Answer
    C. Dingman
    Explanation
    A Dingman is a mouth gag.

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  • 20. 

    Specialized instruments for a cleft lip repair would include

    • A.

      Cupid's bow

    • B.

      Logan's bow

    • C.

      Arch bar

    • D.

      Wire scissors

    Correct Answer
    B. Logan's bow
    Explanation
    Logan's bow is a specialized instrument used in cleft lip repair. It is designed to help shape and position the Cupid's bow, which is the central part of the upper lip. The Cupid's bow is an important feature in achieving a natural and symmetrical appearance after cleft lip surgery. The other options, such as arch bar and wire scissors, are not specifically used for cleft lip repair.

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  • 21. 

    Cloward instrumentation would be included for surgery of the

    • A.

      Hip

    • B.

      Femur

    • C.

      Cervical spine

    • D.

      Lumbar spine

    Correct Answer
    C. Cervical spine
    Explanation
    Cloward instrumentation is a surgical technique used for stabilizing the cervical spine. It involves the use of metal plates and screws to fuse the vertebrae together, providing stability and reducing pain. This technique is commonly used to treat conditions such as cervical disc herniation, spinal stenosis, and degenerative disc disease in the cervical spine. It is not applicable for surgery of the hip, femur, or lumbar spine, as these areas require different surgical approaches and techniques.

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  • 22. 

    On which setup would a Beave knife handle be found?

    • A.

      Orthopedic

    • B.

      Pediatric

    • C.

      Gynecologic

    • D.

      Eye

    Correct Answer
    D. Eye
    Explanation
    A Beave knife handle would be found on an eye setup. This is because Beave knives are commonly used in ophthalmic surgeries and procedures, which involve the eyes. The handle of the knife is designed to provide a comfortable grip and precise control during delicate eye surgeries. Therefore, it is logical to assume that a Beave knife handle would be found in an eye setup.

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  • 23. 

    Which procedure requires a sterile setup?

    • A.

      Manual skin traction

    • B.

      Skin traction

    • C.

      Skeletal traction

    • D.

      Closed reduction

    Correct Answer
    C. Skeletal traction
    Explanation
    Skeletal traction requires a sterile setup because it involves the insertion of pins or wires into the bone to provide traction and stabilize fractures. This procedure carries a higher risk of infection due to the direct contact with the bone, making it necessary to maintain a sterile environment to minimize the chance of introducing bacteria or other pathogens into the body.

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  • 24. 

    A craniotomy may employ the use of a (n) ___________ for exposure.

    • A.

      Mayfield

    • B.

      Sugita

    • C.

      Heifetz

    • D.

      Leyla-Yasargil

    Correct Answer
    D. Leyla-Yasargil
    Explanation
    A craniotomy is a surgical procedure that involves opening the skull to access the brain. In order to expose the area of interest during the procedure, a specific tool or instrument may be used. The correct answer, Leyla-Yasargil, refers to a type of instrument or technique commonly used in craniotomies for exposure.

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  • 25. 

    On which setup would either a Pereyra or a Stamey needle be found?

    • A.

      Urologic

    • B.

      Eye

    • C.

      Orthopedic

    • D.

      Thoracic

    Correct Answer
    A. Urologic
    Explanation
    A Pereyra or Stamey needle would be found in a urologic setup. These needles are commonly used in urology procedures, specifically for urinary tract surgeries. They are designed to aid in suturing and closing wounds or incisions in the urinary tract. Therefore, it is logical to find these needles in a urologic setup where such procedures are performed.

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  • 26. 

    Disintegration of kidney stones through a liquid medium is accomplished with a (n)

    • A.

      Nephroscope

    • B.

      Extracorporeal shock wave lithotriptor

    • C.

      Laser

    • D.

      Cystoscope

    Correct Answer
    B. Extracorporeal shock wave lithotriptor
    Explanation
    The correct answer is extracorporeal shock wave lithotriptor. This is a device that uses shock waves to break down kidney stones into smaller pieces, allowing them to pass more easily through the urinary tract. It is a non-invasive procedure that does not require any incisions or surgery. The shock waves are generated outside the body and focused on the kidney stones, causing them to break apart. This method is effective in treating kidney stones of different sizes and locations within the kidney.

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  • 27. 

    A urology perineal retractor system is called

    • A.

      Bookwalter

    • B.

      O'Sullivan-O'Conner

    • C.

      Omni-Tract

    • D.

      Lowsley

    Correct Answer
    C. Omni-Tract
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Omni-Tract. Omni-Tract is a urology perineal retractor system. It is a well-known and widely used brand in the field of urology. The Omni-Tract system is designed to provide optimal visualization and access during urological surgeries. It consists of various retractors and instruments that can be adjusted and positioned according to the surgeon's requirements. The Omni-Tract system is known for its durability, ease of use, and versatility, making it a preferred choice for urologists.

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  • 28. 

    Which procedure would utilize a Mason-Judd retractor?

    • A.

      Bladder

    • B.

      Uterus

    • C.

      Hip

    • D.

      Nose

    Correct Answer
    A. Bladder
    Explanation
    A Mason-Judd retractor is specifically designed for surgical procedures involving the bladder. This retractor is used to hold back the surrounding tissues and organs, providing a clear view and access to the bladder during surgery. It helps to create a working space and maintain exposure, allowing the surgeon to perform the necessary procedures on the bladder effectively and safely.

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  • 29. 

    A Furlow inserter is used in

    • A.

      Penile implantation

    • B.

      Femoral-popliteal bypass

    • C.

      Total hip replacement

    • D.

      Intracular lens (IOL) implant

    Correct Answer
    A. Penile implantation
    Explanation
    A Furlow inserter is a surgical tool specifically designed for use in penile implantation procedures. It is used to create a tunnel in the erectile tissue of the penis, allowing for the placement of a penile prosthesis. This procedure is typically performed to treat erectile dysfunction in men who have not responded to other forms of treatment. The Furlow inserter helps to ensure precise placement of the penile prosthesis, allowing for improved functionality and patient satisfaction.

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  • 30. 

    On which case would a boomerang be found?

    • A.

      Prostate

    • B.

      Ovary

    • C.

      Eye

    • D.

      Nose

    Correct Answer
    A. Prostate
  • 31. 

    A Millin is a (n)

    • A.

      Prostatic enucleator

    • B.

      Urological needle holder

    • C.

      Stone forceps

    • D.

      Retropubic bladder retractor

    Correct Answer
    D. Retropubic bladder retractor
    Explanation
    A retropubic bladder retractor is a surgical instrument used to hold back the bladder during certain procedures. It is specifically designed to retract the bladder in a retrograde direction, allowing the surgeon better access to the surgical site. This instrument helps to create a clear field of view and provides space for the surgeon to work effectively. It is commonly used in urological surgeries where access to the bladder is required.

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  • 32. 

    Which setup would include a Gomco clamp?

    • A.

      Colostomy

    • B.

      Breast augmentation

    • C.

      Circumcision

    • D.

      Femoral popliteal bypass

    Correct Answer
    C. Circumcision
    Explanation
    A Gomco clamp is a surgical instrument used during circumcision procedures. It is specifically designed to remove the foreskin by applying pressure and cutting off the blood supply to the area. Therefore, the correct answer is circumcision.

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  • 33. 

    In which surgical specialty would a Humi Cannula be used?

    • A.

      Gynecologic

    • B.

      Ophthalmic

    • C.

      Orthopedic

    • D.

      Vascular

    Correct Answer
    A. Gynecologic
    Explanation
    A Humi Cannula is a surgical instrument used in gynecologic procedures. It is a cannula specifically designed for use in the female reproductive system. Therefore, it is used in gynecologic surgeries to perform various procedures such as hysteroscopy or laparoscopy.

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  • 34. 

    An instrument used in laparoscopy to manipulate the uterus for increased structure visibility is the

    • A.

      Verres

    • B.

      Pratt

    • C.

      Mayo-Hegar

    • D.

      Hulka

    Correct Answer
    D. Hulka
    Explanation
    The Hulka instrument is used in laparoscopy to manipulate the uterus, allowing for increased visibility of the structures. This instrument is specifically designed for this purpose and is commonly used in gynecological procedures. It helps the surgeon to position and manipulate the uterus in order to perform the procedure accurately and safely.

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  • 35. 

    A central venous pressure (CVP) catheter insetion requires

    • A.

      A sterile setup

    • B.

      A crash cart

    • C.

      An IV technician

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    A. A sterile setup
    Explanation
    A sterile setup is required for a central venous pressure (CVP) catheter insertion to prevent any contamination or infection. This procedure involves inserting a catheter into a large vein near the heart, so maintaining sterility is crucial to minimize the risk of complications. A sterile setup includes wearing gloves, using sterile drapes, and using sterile equipment to ensure a clean and safe procedure. The presence of a crash cart or an IV technician is not necessary for a CVP catheter insertion, making the correct answer "none of the above."

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  • 36. 

    The purpose of a set of Bakes would be

    • A.

      Anal dilation

    • B.

      Esophageal dilation

    • C.

      Common duct dilation

    • D.

      Cervical dilation

    Correct Answer
    C. Common duct dilation
  • 37. 

    A Steffee plate is a

    • A.

      Shoulder replacement

    • B.

      Knee joint replacement

    • C.

      Femoral implant

    • D.

      Spinal implant

    Correct Answer
    D. Spinal implant
    Explanation
    A Steffee plate is a type of spinal implant. It is used in spinal fusion surgeries to stabilize the spine and promote bone growth. The plate is made of metal and is attached to the vertebrae using screws. It helps to maintain alignment and stability of the spine while the fusion process occurs. Steffee plates are often used in cases of spinal degeneration, fractures, or deformities to provide support and restore spinal function.

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  • 38. 

    Skeletal traction is accomplished with

    • A.

      Sayre sling

    • B.

      Minerva jacket

    • C.

      Crutchfield tongs

    • D.

      Steffee system

    Correct Answer
    C. Crutchfield tongs
    Explanation
    Crutchfield tongs are used for skeletal traction. Skeletal traction is a method used to immobilize and align fractured bones by applying traction directly to the skeletal system. Crutchfield tongs are a type of traction device that is inserted into the skull to provide traction and stabilize the head and neck. They are commonly used in cases of cervical spine injuries or fractures. The other options listed, such as the Sayre sling, Minerva jacket, and Steffee system, are not specifically designed for skeletal traction.

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  • 39. 

    The Bookwalter is a ____________ instrument.

    • A.

      Clamping

    • B.

      Holding

    • C.

      Suturing

    • D.

      Retracting

    Correct Answer
    D. Retracting
    Explanation
    The Bookwalter is a retracting instrument. This means that it is used to hold back or separate tissues or organs during surgical procedures. It helps to provide better visibility and access to the surgical site by keeping the surrounding tissues out of the way. This instrument is commonly used in various surgical specialties, such as general surgery, gynecology, and orthopedics.

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  • 40. 

    Which instrument is a retractor?

    • A.

      Harrington

    • B.

      Doyen

    • C.

      Crile

    • D.

      Allen

    Correct Answer
    A. Harrington
    Explanation
    Harrington is the correct answer because it is a type of retractor commonly used in surgical procedures. Retractors are instruments used to hold back tissues or organs during surgery to provide better visibility and access to the surgical site. The Harrington retractor is specifically designed for retracting soft tissues and is commonly used in orthopedic and spinal surgeries.

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  • 41. 

    A long thoracic forceps is a

    • A.

      Semb

    • B.

      Schnidt

    • C.

      Sauerbruch

    • D.

      Doyen

    Correct Answer
    B. Schnidt
  • 42. 

    A bougie is a

    • A.

      Clamp

    • B.

      Dilator

    • C.

      Retractor

    • D.

      Grasper

    Correct Answer
    B. Dilator
    Explanation
    A bougie is a dilator used in medical procedures to widen or open up a narrow passage or structure in the body. It is typically a long, flexible instrument that is inserted into the body and gradually expanded to stretch and dilate the area. This helps to improve the flow or accessibility of fluids, such as in the case of dilating a narrowed blood vessel or a strictured esophagus. The other options - clamp, retractor, and grasper - do not accurately describe the function or purpose of a bougie.

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  • 43. 

    Which graft must be obtained with a dermatome?

    • A.

      Split-thickness mesh graft

    • B.

      Full-thickness Wolfe graft

    • C.

      Free myocutaneous graft

    • D.

      Full-thickness pinch graft

    Correct Answer
    A. Split-thickness mesh graft
    Explanation
    A split-thickness mesh graft is obtained with a dermatome. A dermatome is a surgical instrument used to harvest a thin layer of skin from a donor site. In a split-thickness graft, only the epidermis and a portion of the dermis are harvested, leaving behind a deeper layer of skin. This type of graft is often used to cover large areas of skin loss and promote wound healing. The harvested skin is then meshed, meaning it is cut into a pattern of small slits, which allows it to be stretched and cover a larger area when applied to the recipient site.

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  • 44. 

    A Cavitron unit is used for

    • A.

      Cyclodialysis

    • B.

      Photocoagulation

    • C.

      Phacoemulsification

    • D.

      Cryotherapy

    Correct Answer
    C. Phacoemulsification
    Explanation
    A Cavitron unit is used for phacoemulsification, which is a surgical procedure used to remove cataracts. During phacoemulsification, the Cavitron unit uses ultrasonic energy to break up the cloudy lens of the eye, allowing it to be suctioned out. This procedure is commonly used in cataract surgery as it is less invasive and has a faster recovery time compared to traditional methods of cataract removal.

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  • 45. 

    The power source for Hall power equipment is

    • A.

      Carbon dioxide

    • B.

      Nitrous oxide

    • C.

      Nitrogen

    • D.

      Electricity

    Correct Answer
    C. Nitrogen
    Explanation
    The power source for Hall power equipment is nitrogen. Nitrogen is commonly used as a power source in Hall power equipment because it is an inert gas that can be easily compressed and stored. It is also readily available and cost-effective. Nitrogen gas is used to generate power by expanding it through a turbine, which in turn drives a generator to produce electricity. This process is commonly used in various industries and applications where a reliable and efficient power source is required.

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  • 46. 

    A neurosurgical drill used for precision cutting, shaping, and repair of bone is the

    • A.

      Bermann

    • B.

      Air Drill 100

    • C.

      Mayfield

    • D.

      Gardner

    Correct Answer
    B. Air Drill 100
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Air Drill 100. The Air Drill 100 is a neurosurgical drill specifically designed for precision cutting, shaping, and repair of bone. It is commonly used in neurosurgery procedures to create burr holes, remove bone fragments, and perform other delicate bone-related tasks. The Air Drill 100 is known for its high speed and efficiency, making it an essential tool for neurosurgeons in achieving accurate and precise results.

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  • 47. 

    In what surgery would a small fragment compression set be used?

    • A.

      Hip fracture

    • B.

      Femoral fracture

    • C.

      Pelvic fracture

    • D.

      Olecranon fracture

    Correct Answer
    D. Olecranon fracture
    Explanation
    A small fragment compression set is typically used in surgeries to treat fractures in the olecranon, which is the bony prominence at the back of the elbow. This type of fracture occurs when there is a break in the bone of the olecranon. By using a small fragment compression set, surgeons can stabilize the fracture and promote proper healing by compressing the bone fragments together. This type of surgery is commonly performed to restore function and relieve pain in patients with olecranon fractures.

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  • 48. 

    A permanent pacemaker operates on a pulse generator powered by

    • A.

      Nitrogen

    • B.

      Titanium

    • C.

      Electricity

    • D.

      Lithium

    Correct Answer
    D. Lithium
    Explanation
    A permanent pacemaker operates on a pulse generator powered by lithium. Lithium batteries are commonly used in medical devices like pacemakers because they have a long lifespan and provide a stable source of power. The small size and lightweight nature of lithium batteries make them ideal for implantable devices like pacemakers. Additionally, lithium batteries have a high energy density, meaning they can store a significant amount of energy in a small space, which is crucial for devices that need to operate continuously for long periods of time.

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  • 49. 

    Which item is an air drill?

    • A.

      Reese

    • B.

      Padgett-Hood

    • C.

      Hall

    • D.

      Brown

    Correct Answer
    C. Hall
  • 50. 

    Hypothermia is employed in cardiac surgery

    • A.

      To reduce oxygen consumption

    • B.

      To reduce elevated temperature

    • C.

      To slow metabolism

    • D.

      To induce ventricular fibrillation

    Correct Answer
    A. To reduce oxygen consumption
    Explanation
    Hypothermia is employed in cardiac surgery to reduce oxygen consumption. When the body is cooled down, the metabolic rate decreases, resulting in a reduced demand for oxygen. This is beneficial during cardiac surgery as it allows the heart to work with less oxygen, minimizing the risk of damage to the heart muscle. Additionally, lowering the body temperature can also help protect other organs, such as the brain, from potential injury during the surgery. Therefore, hypothermia is used as a technique to optimize the conditions for a successful cardiac surgery.

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Quiz Review Timeline +

Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Mar 22, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Oct 15, 2012
    Quiz Created by
    Tigger28384

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